Name: LORD JOHN (1st Earl of Shrewsbury) K.G. * TALBOT
Sex: M 1
Birth: ABT 1384 in Shrewsbury, Shropshire, England
Death: 17 JUL 1453 in killed at Battle of Castillon, Bordeaux, France
Burial: St. Alkmund's, Whitchurch, Salop
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Title: Talbot Arms 1st Earl Shrewsbury
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FILE: ~/Pictures/Genealogy Photos/Talbot John Earl of Shrewsbury d. 1453 Whitchurch.jpg
Title: John Talbot Earl of Shrewsbury d. 1453 Whitchurch
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FILE: ~/Pictures/Genealogy Photos/Talbot John Earl of Shrewsbury.gif
Title: Sir John Talbot
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Title: Talbot Earl of Shrewsbury Arms
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Change Date: 10 JUL 2008
aka "The Renowned Sir John Talbot"
DESCENDANT OF CHARLEMAGNE, ALFRED THE GREAT, WILLIAM THE CONQUEROR, HENRY I, EMPRESS MATILDA, HENRY II, KING JOHN, EDWARD I, SIR WILLIAM MARSHALL, STRONGBOW DE CLARE, AND LADY GODIVA
DESCENDANT OF MALCOLM III, DAVID I, AND THE ANCIENT KINGS OF SCOTLAND
DESCENDANT OF LLEWELYN THE GREAT PRINCE OF WALES, AND KING BRIAN BORU, IRELAND'S GREATEST KING
7TH LORD TALBOT, 1ST EARL OF SHREWSBURY, EARL OF WATERFORD, MARSHALL OF FRANCE, LORD LIEUTENANT OF IRELAND, 10TH LORD STRANGE OF BLACKMERE
A BIOGRAPHY OF JOHN TALBOT, 1ST EARL OF SHREWSBURY, by Larry Overmire:
Lord Talbot is one of the most illustrious figures in the whole of English history. He distinguished himself in the wars of Kings Henry V and Henry VI. The mere mention of his name brought terror to the French on account of his numerous victories there. In 1422, he was created the 1st Earl of Shrewsbury by Henry VI in reward for his service. He was finally defeated by Joan of Arc at the Siege of Orleans near Petay in 1429 where he was taken prisoner and detained for 4 years before a ransom was paid. He continued his brilliant military career upon his release, was named Marshall of France and Lord Lieutenant (Viceroy) of Ireland. He built Whites Castle there in County Kildare.
BATTLE OF ORLEANS, 1429, by Larry Overmire:
At the age of 17, Joan of Arc led her troops in a glorious victory over the English. Fear of her soldiers was so intense that the English under commander Sir John Fastolfe fled the battlefield. Fastolfe was stripped of the Order of the Garter for his cowardice. Lord Talbot held his ground, but lost the battle and was captured. William Shakespeare took the name of the historical Fastolfe and turned him into Sir John Falstaff, the colorful rogue of HENRY IV.
Lord Talbot moved the chief residence of the Talbot family from Goodrich Castle to Alton Towers (now an amusement park in Staffordshire).
In his 80's, Lord Talbot was sent by Henry VI to do battle once again in France. The people of Bordeaux were so taken by his love of fine wine that they named the area Talbot d'Aux in his honor. At the Battle of Chastillon in 1453, the last battle of the 100 Years' War, Lord Talbot died from a head wound received from a battle axe.
Lord Talbot was immortalized in Shakespeare's play, HENRY VI, PART ONE. In Act I, Sc. iv, Talbot relates the story of his imprisonment by the French:
Talbot, my life, my joy, again return'd!
How wert thou handled being prisoner?
Or by what means got'st thou to be released?
Discourse, I prithee, on this turret's top.
The Duke of Bedford had a prisoner
Call'd the brave Lord Ponton de Santrailles;
For him was I exchanged and ransomed.
But with a baser man of arms by far
Once in contempt they would have barter'd me:
Which I, disdaining, scorn'd; and craved death,
Rather than I would be so vile esteem'd.
In fine, redeem'd I was as I desired.
But, O! the treacherous Fastolfe wounds my heart,
Whom with my bare fists I would execute,
If I now had him brought into my power.
Yet tell'st thou not how thou wert entertain'd.
With scoffs and scorns and contumelious taunts.
In open market-place produced they me,
To be a public spectacle to all:
Here, said they, is the terror of the French,
The scarecrow that affrights our children so.
Then broke I from the officers that led me,
And with my nails digg'd stones out of the ground,
To hurl at the beholders of my shame:
My grisly countenance made others fly;
None durst come near for fear of sudden death.
In iron walls they deem'd me not secure;
So great fear of my name 'mongst them was spread,
That they supposed I could rend bars of steel,
And spurn in pieces posts of adamant:
Wherefore a guard of chosen shot I had,
That walked about me every minute-while;
And if I did but stir out of my bed,
Ready they were to shoot me to the heart.
Shakespeare on the death of Lord Talbot from HENRY VI:
"But where's the great Alcides of the field, Valiant Lord Talbot, Earl of Shrewsbury, Created, for his rare success in arms, Great Earl of Washford, Waterford and Valence; Lord Talbot of Goodrig and Urchinfield, Lord Strange of Blackmere, Lord Verdun of Alton, Lord Cromwell of Wingfield, Lord Furnival of Sheffield, The thrice-victorious Lord of Falconbridge; Knight of the noble order of Saint George, Worthy Saint Michael and the Golden Fleece; Great marshal to Henry the Sixth, Of all his wars within the realm of France?" [Lucy, Act IV, Scene VII]
Historical figures from Shakespeare's HENRY VI, PART I who appear in this database include:
Henry VI, King of England (1421-1471)
Margaret of Anjou, Queen of England (1429-1482)
Humphrey Plantagenet Duke of Gloucester (1390-1447)
John Plantagenet Duke of Bedford (1389-1435)
Cardinal Henry Beaufort, Bishop of Winchester (1375-1447)
Thomas Beaufort, Duke of Exeter (c. 1377-1426)
John Beaufort, Duke of Somerset (c. 1404-1444)
Richard Plantagenet, Duke of York (1411-1460)
Sir Richard Neville, Earl of Salisbury (1400-1460)
Richard "Kingmaker" Neville, Earl of Warwick (1428-1471)
William de la Pole, 4th Earl of Suffolk (1396-1450)
Lord John Talbot, Earl of Shrewsbury (1384-1453)
Sir John Talbot (1413-1460)
Edmund Mortimer, 5th Earl of March (1391-1425)
Sir John Fastolf (1377-1459, model for Falstaff)
Charles VII, King of France (1403-1461)
Regnier Duke of Anjou (1408-1480)
Interesting fact: Lord John's mother and mother-in-law died on the very same day.
Notes on this website are authored by Larry Overmire, unless noted otherwise. Permission of the author is required to reproduce elsewhere.
1) Raymond L. Montgomery Database
2) Ron Hilton Database
3) Chateau Talbot Vineyards
4) Joan of Arc Pages
5) HereditaryTitles.com, Earl of Shrewsbury
6) List of the Knights of the Garter
7) Cheryl Chandler Database
8) President Grover Cleveland's Royal Descents
9) Jim Weber Database
10) Burke's Peerage & Baronetage, 106th Edition, Charles Mosley Editor-in-Chief, 1999 Page: 2241, 2605
11) Magna Charta Sureties 1215, Frederick Lewis Weis, additions by Walter Lee Sheppard Jr, 5th Edition, 1999 Page: 141-8
12) Complete Peerage of England Scotland Ireland Great Britain and the United Kingdom, by G. E Cokayne, Sutton Publishing Ltd, 2000 Page: XI:698-704, VIII:55
Father: Sir Richard (1st Lord of Blakemere) * 4th Baron Talbot b: ABT 1361 in Goodrich Castle, Eccleswall, Herefordshire, England
Mother: Ankaret * Baroness le Strange b: 1361 in Blakemere, Weobley, Herefordshire, England
Maud (Baroness Furnival) * Neville b: ABT 1392 in Worksop, Nottinghamshire, England
Bef 12 Mar 1406-1407
- Change Date:
10 JUL 2008
- Note: 17:25
- SIR JOHN (2nd Earl of Shrewsbury) K.G. * TALBOT b: 12 DEC 1413 in Shrewsbury Abbey, Shropshire, England
Margaret (Baroness Lisle) de Beauchamp b: ABT 1404 in Goodrest in Wedgnock Park, Warwickshire, England
6 SEP 1425
in Warwick Castle, Warwick, England
- Change Date:
24 JUN 2005
- Note: 20:51
- John (1st Viscount Lisle) Talbot b: AFT 1425
- Media: Website
Title: The Ancestry of Overmire, Tifft, Richardson, Bradford, Reed
Author: Larry Overmire
Publication: RootsWeb World Connect Project, © 2000-2010
Date: 26 Jan 2010
Date: 26 JAN 2010