Name: Rene Boucher , de Laperriere
Birth: 18 JUN 1668 in Montreal, P.Q.
Késsinnimek - Roots - Racines
The Children of Pierre Boucher and Jeanne Crevier
Family of René De Laperrière
by Jacques Dunant
1-9 RENÉ DE LAPERRIÈRE (1668-1742)
René spent the greater part of his youth and adolescence in the relative calm of the Îles Percées. He listened intently to the numerous war adventures told by the members of his family. His father talked to him at length about the Amerindian's tribes whom he was very familiar with. He taught him the basic of this population's language, their warfare and the manner in which they signed peace treaties, which they would not always respect. The conflicts that existed between the French and the Iroquois worsen as of 1687 and he was brutally exposed to them.
1687 Campaign and its aftermaths
The campaign of 1687 occurred after monsieur de La Barre's disastrous expedition in 1684 in which René's brother Pierre de Boucherville, (1-1) and Ignace de Grosbois (1-4) were participants. In 1687, the French and some Amerindians friends carrying arms & baggage will attack the western Iroquois and inflict on them some considerable losses, burning their homes, destroying their crops and killing their soldiers and animals. The Iroquois escaped into the woods screaming their vengeance. A peace treaty is signed by the Iroquois, backed by the English from New York asking that the French abandon Fort Frontenac (Cataracoui) and Niagara.. (1) In respect of the peace treaty René was sent to Fort Frontenac in 1689 to examine the state of the fort that had been damaged by mines the preceding autumn.
The Iroquois vengeance happened in 1689. During the night of August fourth to fifth, in Lachine where the Amerindians acted with extreme cruelty. The military authorities of the colony decided to respond quickly and named Nicolas D'Ailleboust de Manthet and Jacques LeMoyne de Sainte-Hélène to be in charge of an expedition to Albany in reprisal. René de Laperriére was part of this group, which walked two hundred lieues on the snow; they finally reached Corlaer, then set fire and razed the village. Corlaer is presently named Schenectady, N.Y. (1)
Late in the autumn of 1690, William Phipps ships entered the Saint-Laurent river and prepared to attack Québec. Five Boucher brothers, Pierre, Lambert, Ignace, Jean and René reached the citadel and participated in person to help end the siege. The French lost Jacques Lemoyne de Ste-Hélêne during this battle. On June 5th 1691, René is in Repentigny fighting against a large party of Iroquois. The French lost many men, one of them being François LeMoyne, sieur de Bienville. Two months later they participated in the defence of the fort de La Prairies under the orders of captains de Valrennes, Saint Cirq and de Muy.. Denys de La Bruêre lost his life there; he was the Boucher brothers, brother-in-law. In 1692 René attacked the Iroquois whom were defeated and freed a number of prisoners, that had been enslaved by the Iroquois. (2) René was then named ensign in the company led by monsieur Bouillet de la Chassaigne. (3) All the men who participated in these campaigns were in excellent physical form.. Moving around by foot or in canoes transporting arms, ammunition and provisions during many weeks give proof to their endurance and courage to which we should give homage. René listened to and kept them deep in his memory, many events narrated to him by his father. His numerous moves do not stop him from participating in a few family baptismal ceremonies. On September 18th 1695 he is named godfather for Marie-Charlotte Petit de Levilliers, he is accompanied by his older sister Marie-Ursule (1-2) widow of monsieur de Varennes. He plays the same role on January 10th 1699 for René Boucher de Monbrun, (1-8-3) he is accompanied by his youngest sister Louise, (1-11) and at last on May 17th 1699, he is godfather for René Boucher de Boucherville, (1-1-8) the son of Pierre de Boucherville and Charlotte Denys. This René will become the root of the La Bruère family. He was accompanied by madame de Levilliers née Madeleine Gaultier de Varennes. These acts are all at the Boucherville registry. (R.B.)
Concession of arrière-fiefs
Pierre Boucher cedes to his children Jean de Monbrun (1-8) and René de Laperrière (1-9) a fief of six arpents by two lieues of land, close to Varennes, one side is on the river front, and on the south-west bordering land belonging to the pioneer Pierre Chaperon, and on the north east side to the seigneur lands not yet ceded, work done by Pierre Boucher on the land was estimated to be three hundred fifty livres, to be paid by the children. (4) This concession dated July 2nd 1693 was done before Antoine Adhémar notary. The interested parties agreed that Pierre Picard would benefit from his concession (l'Ile des trois frênes) a part of it that is included in the said fief conforming to the contract, which he had obtained from the seigneur Boucher. (5) On July 2nd 1603 Pierre Boucher cedes to his son Jean (1-8) an arrière-fief noble measuring approximately an acre of land squared in the borough, just below the church's land. (6) René accepted for his brother Jean who was presently at the Pointe de Lév
Pierre Boucher therefore cedes to his son René an arrière-fief noble behind the one given to Jean de Monbrun. This land also measured an acre of land squared. It is today known as a part of number 11 of the De Laperrière street. This act is from Michel Moreau notary dated July 23rd 1693. (7) On May 25th 1701 François Picard (son of Pierre Picard) and his wife Marie Favreau sold the concession of l'île des trois frênes, which measured about one hundred acres of land for two thousand livres, before Antoine Adhémar. (8) About two months later Pierre Boucher ceded a noble fief title, land measuring three arpents by two lieues in depth joining to the northeast the concession of six arpents in width, which Pierre Boucher had ceded on July 2nd 1693.. On this new concession one finds a seigniorial windmill, which had been there since 1688, that was excluded from the sale of land measuring two arpents by two, that is four square arpents (9). The two brothers are now both owners of an arrière-fief of nine arpents in width by the depth of the seigneurie. On August 4th 1703, before Marien Tailhandier, notary, the two brothers Jean and René separate the land that they had received from their father and the one bought from Pierre and François Picard. Jean de Monbrun chose three arpents and a 1/4 with the existing buildings and paid 600 livres to his brother René so that each had an even share. René will have five arpents and 3/4, which was situated northeast. This occurred before Marien Tailhandier, notary and on the same day in front of the same notary, René, a troop ensign sells to Jean Giasson de Batiscan a concession of noble fief without justice five arpents and a 3/4 frontage by two lieues in depth, holding to the south west to Jean Boucher de Monbrun in reserve of four arpents where the windmill is situated, plus 1/4 arpents through l'Île Picard. On the land there is a bakery, a rundown house, a rundown barn and animals, their harnesses as per the contract of acquisition dated July 2nd 1693 and May 25th 1701.. (10) The fief Giasson gives birth to the fief Saint-Jean that later will be in the hands of Jacques Viger, known as the first mayor of Montreal. (11)
On October 31st 1703 Pierre Boucher cedes to his son René, enseigne en pied un emplacement au bourg a l'opposite du notaire Marien Tailhandier, (a site opposite Marien Tailhandier). (12) Then on November 10th of this same year 1703, Michel Charbonneau and his wife Marguerite de Noyon sold to René de Laperrière, land with a house in the Bourg next to sieur Gilles Papin, pour le prix de 183 livres et une peau de chevreux (sic) (for the price of 183 livres and a deerskin) paid in full (13). This land belonged to them since December 18th 1700. Tailhandier, notary. René did not reside there very long; on February 6th 1706 (14) he sold it to his brother Jean-Baptiste de Niverville. (1-14) René is named foot ensign. (15) Meanwhile he was married in Montreal; we shall refer to it later on. On March 7th 1705, the pioneer Jean de Lafond, sieur de la Fontaine, made a donation to Pierre Boucher of a half arpent of land in Boucherville's Bourg. This land will be ceded to the Soeurs de la Congrégation de Ville-Marie, to be used as a school for girls. The congregation is represented by Soeur Marguerite Lemoine du Saint-Esprit and other tenants. The land touches one end of Jean de Lafond's emplacement and the other end to Pierre Arrivé's land, with a reserved area for the Chapelle de la Congrégation which is situated and should remain on the same land. This will permit them to make their prayers, which the Congréganistes of the area are used to doing. Two acts by Marien Tailhandier dated March 7th 1705. (16)
On February 21st 1708. Before Marien Tailhandier, notary, René gives quittance to Jean Giasson for all of the due rentes until la Saint-Michel 1707. An amount of 444 livres. Giasson acknowledged having received all the beasts and agricultural instruments before the following witnesses, Gilles Papin and Alexander Lacoste. (17)
René who was promoted as foot ensign, participated in the re-establishment of the Frontenac Fort with the marquis de Crisafy in 1695. During the winter of 1696-1697, he gave a helping hand to the sieurs de Brouillan, d'Iberville and de Muy attacking the English establishments of Newfoundland. The chaplain of the campaign, abbey Beaudin qualified him as a very brave man. He returned to Boucherville with a young prisoner who is about fourteen years old and relegates him to his brother Jean de Monbrun (1-8), this will permit him to continue his military career. (18) He assists his brother-in-law Daneau de Muy, commandant at Chambly Fort. (19) In 1704 he participates in the attack on Deerfield, under Jean-Baptiste Hertel de Rouville and is injured. (20) He is named commandant of fort du Sault Saint-Louis. He will remain there for a few years. (21) Since he can speak the Amérindiens language, he renders many service to his chiefs. He will also attack the English at Haverhill, where is commands with Hertel de Rouville. (22) He obtained the grade of lieutenant, on May 15th 1709 (23) at the age of forty one.
René de Laperrière's wedding
On December 15th 1705 he weds Marie-Françoise Mailhot, (1689-1708) daughter of deceased Jean and Madeleine Marchand. She was baptized in Montréal on March 16th 1689. (P .R.D.H.) She was sixteen years old and he was twenty years older then her. Present at the marriage, the parents, Charles Petit de Livilliers, Ignace Gamelin, Jean Soumande, merchant and Jean-Baptist Mailhot brother of the bride. His wife gave him two children, a daughter named Marie-Madeleine and a boy François-Clément. Unfortunately his wife died soon after the boy was born. All of these acts are in the registry of Notre-Dame in Montréal. (24) It seems that the couple lived a few years in Montréal. After the death of his wife, René returned to Boucherville with his two children. He leaves his two children with his sister Louise (1-11). His sister-in-law and his brother Jean may not accept the added responsibility of two children since they have a large family leaving little room for the La Perrière children.
Other transactions in Boucherville
In 1711, his parents sold their large farm in l'île St-Joseph for an amount of 5,000 livres. This big farm was situated at the extreme north of the island and the south side of this property was besides the one given to Pierre de Boucherville in 1685. Marien Tailhandier, notary. (25) A week later the Boucher parents signed a contract of concession for a small farm on l'île St-Joseph to their daughter Louise (1-11) to be given after their death. (26). On the same day the Boucher parents gave to René the amount of 2912 livres. and 15 sols, that is 162 livres and 15 sols in card money and 2750 livres. That was for the money owed by the Boucher parents to deceased monsieur de la Chenaye. René paid to Françoise Denis widow of de Nicolas d'Ailleboust grantee of deceased Charles Aubert de la Chenay. A quittance (end of payment) was issued by d'Ailleboust's widow to René de Laperrière on February 6th 1711, by Adhémar, notary. (27) His parents gave him a receipt and quittance on March 30th 1711 for the amount of 2087 livres, 5 sols for a perfect payment of a total of 5,000 livres. 2,050 livres shall be sent to Québec to Mr. Boucher, priest or to Mr. De Varennes as payment due by sieur and dame Boucher to the Hôpital Général grantee of deceased M. de Lachenaie, by Tailhandier, notary. (28)
On December 27th 1711, to finish off the year well, Denis Véronneau who received by donation from Jean de Lafond, an emplacement in the borough of 81 feet frontal by 45 feet in depth between the land of the church and the placement of the heirs of Pierre Arrivé which touches to the north-east land of the Soeurs de la Congrégation. Sold it to René de Laperriére for the same amount of 75 livres. Tailhandier, notary. (29)
On April 9th 1714, the Ursuline de Québec sold to Jean de Monbrun and René de Laperriére, the land which they had received from Pierre Boucher due to the occasion of his daughter Geneviève's entrance to the Dames Ursulines, that is l'arrière-fief des Mères (four arpents frontal by two lieues in depth). The pioneers Paul de Laporte and René Bault each have a concession on the first rang. The Ursulines also sell an emplacement of five arpents in the borough, which had been received in the same act from Pierre Boucher, (30) that Jean and René will soon share. The two brothers Jean and René are very close as we can see during this article by the way they sign many transactions together. René de La Perrière will sell his share to his brother Jean de Monbrun on February 6th 1715.. (31) On January 10th 1715 the Boucher parents give to their son René a concession of land measuring 50 arpents in the third rang of la Côte Saint-Jean, in front of it land belonging to Jean Bau dit Lalouette, the sieur Boucher said and declared that he could not sign à cause de son grand âge et de l'incommodité de sa vue(because of his age and declining eyesight). (32) Tailhandier, notary
Soon after his wife's death, around April 15th 1715, René left for the Sioux country where he invites this tribe to be an ally with the French against the Fox tribe. (33) On May 7th 1726 he is named captain. (34) In June 1727 he departs again with his nephew François-Pierre Boucher de Boucherville (1-1-3), arriving at the Sioux he builds a fort which we will call Beauharnois in honour of the new governor. Having fallen sick, he returns towards Montréal, but he stopped to see M. de Ligneris in Michillimackinac. He is then assigned to the fort Saint-Frédéric (Fort Crown Point) where he remained for one year. (35) In 1734, he received a concession on Champlain lake; his health does not permit him to add any value to it therefore it is returned to the crown. (36) On April 26th 1736, he received the Saint-Louis cross, an honour which is much desired by the officers of the Nouvelle-France. He was 68 years old. René Boucher de la Perrière is buried in the crypt of Saint-Famile church in Boucherville on August 2nd 1742, he was 74 years old. He was remembered as a soldier who had courage, a lot of endurance and was a competent officer, brave and disciplined, his knowledge of the ways and language of the Amerindian's made him a commandant that was capable and often indispensable.. Of all the sons that Pierre Boucher had, he is the one that rendered the greatest services to the authorities of the colony.
Births and baptisms
I will end by returning to the beginning of this article. The birth and the baptism of René Boucher de Laperriére remains a problem that I have not been able to solve. Without naming any sources an author has written that René was born in Ville-Marie on June 13th 1668, which might be possible. The same author mentioned many pages later that René was born on the same date in Boucherville. For Rene's baptism we have a source accepted by the major part of authors, it needs to be examined attentively since they mention certain things but forget a lot of information which is precious. Since it was copied in the Cahier des Dix, it is easy to reproduce.
Le 18 e dud' d'Moys (de juin) 1668
René A Esté Baptisé René fils de Pierre
Boucher Boucher Escuyer Sr de Grosbois et de Jean
Crevier sa femme, le Parr
Sr de varennes Gouverneur des
Trois Rivieres, La Marrine Damoisel
Jeanne-Mance administratrice de l'hopit
De ce lieu
Yes, this is how history was written. We do not know the name of the godfather since the writer left a blank in its place, but we know in fact that it is René Gaultier. The writer does not mention where the child was born, or when, information which becomes essential to establish his coming of age. They also do not indicate where his parents are from, nor where they resided at the moment. I have tried to clarify these omission by consulting the P.R.D.H. where they say that all of the people mentioned were present and that the redactor had omitted to add his signature.. This does seem strange: René Gaultier would have been present but did not give his name to the redactor who just left a blank space.. Since René Gaultier was present at a baptismal in Trois-Rivières on June 13th it doesn't seem plausible that he was in Ville-Marie on June the 18th due to the distance. Another problem seems to be whether the birth of this child took place in Boucherville or Montreal. If it was in Ville-Marie, everything becomes easy . I personally doubt that René Gaultier was present at the baptism. If the birth of René really took place in Boucherville could it have been on June 13th or before that date? We will retain the year 1668 as a possibly good date until we have further information.
References and bibliographies
(1) (2) The major part of the references were taken from the Archives du Séminaire des Missions Etrangères de Québec: Memoire de partie des services de moy Laperrière. Conflicts between the French-Iroquois dated from their beginning, there are periods of truces, surprise attacks and retaliations. All of this is detailed in the Mémoire de Laperrière.
(3) Ensign commission dated January 2nd 1694
(4) Greffe Antoine Adhémar, A.N.Q. Montréal.
(5) Concession by Pierre Boucher to Pierre Picard dated January 13th 1694. Lease by Pierre Picard to François Picard dated June 16th 1698. Obligation by François to Pierre Picard dated June 16th 1698. Three acts in the registry of Antoine Adhémar, A.N.Q. Montréal act dated July 2nd 1693, registry of Antoine Adhémar, A.N.Q. Montréal.
(7) Act dated July 23rd 1693, registry of Michel Moreau. A.N.Q. Montréal. This land stayed with de Laperrière family for 162 years, this was due to the surveyors minutes written by Pierre Weilbrenner dated November 11th 1806. To our knowledge it is one of the first time that we have managed to associate research being done of the French regime, with the actual restoration that was made on a Boucherville building in the 20th century. The S.H.I.P is particularly proud of this event. (Research by Mariette and Jean-Claude Savoie and published in Perspective Dimanche, September 19th 1976)
(8) Act dated May 25th 1701, registry of Antoine Adhémar. A.N.Q. Montréal. François Picard can finally acquit the debt owed to his father.
(9) Act dated July 6th 1701, registry of Marien Tailhandier. A.N.Q. Montréal.
(10) Two acts dated August 4th 1703, registry of Marien Tailhandier. A.N.Q. Montréal.
(11) Jacques Viger, journalist, scholar, collector (1787-1858), first mayor of Montréal, 1833-1836. Heir to the fief Saint-Jean at the death of his father in 1798.
(12) Act dated October 31st 1703, register of Marien Tailhandier, A.N.Q. Montréal.
(13) Act dated November 10th 1703, registry of Marien Tailhandier, A..N.Q. Montréal.
(14) Act dated February 6th 1706, registry of Marien Tailhandier, A..N.Q. Montréal.
(15) Nomination of a foot ensign, in 1706.
(16) Two acts dated March 7th 1705, registry of Marien Tailhandier, A.N.Q. Montréal.
(17) Act dated February 21st 1708, receipt in full to Giasson for revenues due. Registry of Marien Tailhandier, A.N.Q. Montréal.
(18) See our article on Jean de Monbrun. (1-8)
(19) De Muy is named commandant in Chambly in 1695, René is named second in command immediately after..
(20) The village of Deerfield was completely destroyed during this attack, which was unfortunately celebrated for its savagery and the cruelty of its participants..
(21)(22) He commands at Kanawake between 1706 and 1708. He is then called to participate in a campaign against the English where the troops attack Haverhill which was destroyed, killing many residents.
(23) On his return from this expedition he received a commission of lieutenant from monsieur de Vaudreuil.
(24) Acts found at the registry of Notre-Dame dated 1705, 1707 and 1708. Françoise dies on April 28th 1708 in Montréal. The life of her children shall be given in detail later on.
(25)(26) Acts by notary Marien Tailhandier, A.N.Q. Montréal.
(27) Act by notary Antoine Adhémar, A.N.Q. Montréal.
(28)(29) Act by notary Antoine Adhémar, A.N.Q. Montréal.
(30) Act by notary Antoine Adhémar, A.N.Q. Montréal.
(31)(32) Acts by Marien Tailhandier, A.N.Q. Montréal.
33)(34) Acts by Marien Tailhandier, A.N.Q. Montréal.
(35) Biographic dictionary of Canada
(36) Inventory of the concessions en fief et seigneurie de P.G. Roy.
Boucher de Labruère Fleurimont: Brief look at the genealogy and history of Pierre Boucher and his descendants. Not published manuscript.
Mitchell, Estelle, s.g.m.Messire Pierre Boucher, Vac offset Inc. Montréal, 1980. Trudel, Marcel, Le régime seigneurial.
Roy, Christian, L'Historie de Repentigny, 1991.
Fournier, Marcel, De la Nouvelle-Angleterre de la Nouvelle France, 1992. S.G.C.F..
Pelletier, Louis, Le Clergé en Nouvelle-France, P.U.M. 1983..
Dictionnaire Biographique du Canada, divers volumes..
Prepared in 1980 and finalized in May 2007 by Jacques Dunant
Translated by Bernice Dunant.
Father: Pierre Boucher , Écuyer de Grosbois b: ABT 1622 in Notre-Dame, Mortagne-au-Perche, Orne, France
Mother: Jeanne Crevier b: ABT 1636 in Rouen, Seine-Maritime, France