Name: Jean Boucher , deMontbrun
Birth: 6 FEB 1666/67 in Trois Rivieres, P.Q.
PIERRE BOUCHER AND JEANNE CREVIER'S CHILDREN
by Jacques Dunant
1-8 JEAN BOUCHER DE MONBRUN (1667-1744)
Jean was born in Trois-Rivières on February 6th 1667; he was baptized on the seventh.(1) His godfather was Arnoul de Laubia captain in the Carignan troops, and his godmother was Périne Picoté de Belestre. He is therefore the eighth child in this family. We have no information regarding his youth or his education. He was quite young when he arrived in Îles Percées with his parents, and entered a military career as three of his eldest brothers did. When he was seventeen he accompanied the governor De La Barre during his expedition to l'Anse-à-la-Famine. He returned humiliated by their lost to the Iroquois tribes, and three years later in 1687, a new campaign against the Iroquois Tsonnontouans (Sénécas). The French soldiers managed to burn their villages. It is expected that the Iroquois war will be a long struggle before victory is attained, the enemy retaliates without pity. The destruction of the Iroquois villages in 1687 will drive the Iroquois to a terrible and comprehensible vengeance, which occurred in August 1689 at Lachine. These two campaigns (1684 and 1687) should diminish the Iroquois tribes desire to fight since their main objective was victory and extermination of the French. Jean accompanied Frontenac in 1689 and the following year with five of Jean's brothers, they descended to Quebec to fight against the Boston admiral William Phipps. This campaign ended with the sinking of many ships due to the rocks and low water level. The English pilots were not familiar with the dangers of navigation in the gulf of the St-Laurent.(2)
We lose sight of Jean Boucher for a few years, and then he reappeared and is dating Françoise-Claire Charet de Pointe-de-Lévis. His brother Philippe (1-7) acts as curate in this parish. Respecting tradition, Jean and Françoise Charet sign a marriage contract before Louis Chamballon, notary. This occurred on November 16th 1692 before a gathering of visitors, which included the Governor Frontenac, Bochart Champigny intendent and his wife, François Provost, the king's royal lieutenant in Quebec, Gourdeau, Martel, Nolan, the lieutenant Pierre Noël Legardeur and Madeleine Bouché his wife and others. The future couple's parents are wealthy, their dowry amounts to two and three thousand livres. (3) The wedding ceremony is held at la Point-de-Lévis on November 24th 1692. (4) Françoise-Claire Charet is Etienne and Catherine Bissot's daughter; the curate Philippe (1-7) brother of the spouse officiates since he is curate of this area. Jean participates in the community at la Pointe-de-Lévis, he acts as godfather during the baptismal of Geneviève Samson on February 12th, 1693. Catherine Bissot is godmother. He also attends Jacques Charet and Jeanne Dubois's wedding with his father-in-law Etienne Charet, who owns a tannery. The two brothers Philippe and Jean are present during the signing of a marriage contract between his brother Lambert (1-3) and Marguerite Vauvril de Blason, before Chamballon, notary on August 12th 1693 in Quebec. (5) This wedding was celebrated in Québec City on August 13th 1693.
Jean is named godfather during the baptismal of Catherine Geseron on September 29th 1693 in Lévis, the godmother is his mother-in-law Catherine Bissot and the priest who officiates is Philippe, Jean's brother. The young couple seem to reside for a few months with the Charet parents, while living there they have a daughter who was born in September 1693. Jean de Monbrun (1-8) then brought his small family to Îles Percées.
On the 2nd of July 1693, Pierre Boucher concedes jointly to Jean who is absent and to his younger brother René de La Perrière (1-9) an arrière-fief conceded jointly and which shows a sign of good faith, which exists between the two brothers. However, there is a small complication. There is in this arrière-fief an island which is named the île des trois frênes (ash trees), which covers an area of about one hundred arpents that Pierre Boucher had conceded to Pierre Picard and his wife Jeanne Sederay; All parties are in agreement that the Picards should continue to enjoy their concession and to let Pierre Boucher receive monies due by Picard. The same day, Pierre Boucher concedes to his son Jean who is absent a concession of a royal fief in the burg measuring one square arpent down river from the parish church. His brother René signs for him. This being another example of good faith between the two brothers.
An act was discovered in the baptismal registers, wedding and sépulture dated June 9th 1698 written by the curate De La Saudrays which follows: I baptized in this parish church of Boucherville Joseph Thomas, fourteen years of age, native of l'île de gersé, (Jersey) close to Saint-Malo His parents were unknown, he was taken when he was about two years old by the English, then was taken at plaisance (Placentia) when he was eightenn months old, is presently residing at monsieur de Monbrun, who resides in this parish of Boucherville, Monseigneur Evéque de Québec was willing to present him to the saint baptismal fonts and name him Joseph. It is René Boucher de La Perrière who held him as prisoner during 1696-97 Terre-Neuve campaigns, and brought him back to Boucherville in the care of his brother Jean de Monbrun and his family where he will be less exposed to the enemy! René being unmarried cannot face teaching French to the young soldier. He therefore leaves him with his brother Jean and his wife Françoise Charet who will care for the young Joseph Thomas, while René de La Perrière pursues his military career.
On May 25th 1701, Jean and René sign a contract before Antoine Adhémar for the sale of Picard's concession (l'île des trois frênes (ash trees) situated within the arrière-fief. This sale ends Picard's dream of owning land in Boucherville, they will therefore continue their lives in Varennes. On this same day, Renée received an arrière-fief in the burg just below the land belonging to the church. The two brothers receive another arrière-fief of three arpents by two lieues from their father on July 6th 1701 (6) which is adjunct to l'arrière-fief conceded on July 2nd 1693. They are then able to separate their respective fiefs on August 4th 1703 before Tailhandier. On May 10th 1705, Jean de Monbrun passes an agreement with Auban Salone who will fabricate some pottery for him. Beginning that year he takes charge of the mill for his father. Contracts concerning the mill will be discussed in a future article on Jean Boucher de Montbrun (to follow).
At last on April 9th 1714, the Dames Ursulines of Québec sell to Jean and René 200 arpents of land measuring 4 arpents in front by 50 arpents in depth. In front of their property, land is reserved for building houses in the bourgarde. Behind them lies the land of the Dames Ursulines.
His wife Françoise-Claire Charet has thirteen children. All are born in Boucherville except for the first child. Françoise-Claire Charet died in Boucherville, she was inhumed in the church on December 20th 1725. (R.B.) In order to console himself Jean de Monbrun goes out west to do some fur trading. He is named within the Company of the Sioux. He goes to the lake Nipigon in 1727 where he meets his nephew Pierre de La Vérendrye who has established a fur post. He returns to Boucherville where he is named commander of all the milice covering the southern coast of the St-Laurent river.
Children from his first marriage
1-8-1 Jeanne (1693-1749) marries Augustin Roy dit Desjardins in Boucherville on October 22 1725.
1-8-2 Catherine (1697-1752) marries Joseph Damours from Plaine in Lévis, on July 17th 1735.
1-8-3 René (1699-1773) marries Madeleine Godefroy from Saint-Paul at Trois- Rivières on September 14th 1738.
1-8-4 Jean-Baptiste de St-Laurent (1700-1747) went to Illinois to marry in New Orleans Françoise Petit de Coulanges on February 6th 1736.
1-8-5 Françoise (1701-1745) nun.
1-8-6 Pierre-Joseph (1702-1774) sieur de Nois, marries in Varennes Agathe Hébert on June 13th 1729; he remarries Marianne de Bailleul in Verchères on November 11th 1736.
1-8-7 François de Bon-accueil (1704-1745) went to Illinois, then to La Louisiane where he married Geneviève Rivard.
1-8-8 Pierre (1706-1708)
1-8-9 Marie-Anne (1708-1737) Two marriages, one with Joseph Outlan on July 25th 1729 in Montreal, then with Nöel Chartrand.
1-8-10 Pierre de Soudraye (1710-1776) gone to Illinois, marries Antoinette Langlois.
1-8-11 Marie-Angélique (1711-1788)
1-8-12 Claude (1713) born September 16th, baptized September 17th 1713 in Boucherville. (R .B.) Burial on September 19th 1713. (R.B.)
1-8-13 Etienne (1714-1773) continues the descendants in Canada. Marries in Boucherville, Marie Racicot on November 17th 1744.
One must return to Claude's baptismal (1-8-12) to mention his godfather who is Laurens Monbrun. We do not know who Laurens is at this moment. The above information referring to Jean's children were taken from the parish of Sainte-Famille and a publication by Kathryn de Montbrun Whitefort, named: A genealogy and history of Jacques Timothé Boucher sieur de Monbrun and his ancestors and descendants. Edwards Brothers Inc. situated in Ann Arbor Michigan 1939. An article will be written in the near future regarding Jean's descendance.
(1) Trois-Rivière Registry
(2) Alain Frank's article: la navigation sur le Saint-Laurent published in Histoire Québec, November 2000.
(3) Greffe du notaire Louis Chamballon, A.N.Q. Québec
(4) Pointe de Lévis Registry, P.R.D.H.
(5) Refer to Kessinnimek-Roots-Racines article
Prepared during the autumn and winter of 2006 by Jacques Dunant
Translated by Bernice Dunant
Father: Pierre Boucher , Écuyer de Grosbois b: ABT 1622 in Notre-Dame, Mortagne-au-Perche, Orne, France
Mother: Jeanne Crevier b: ABT 1636 in Rouen, Seine-Maritime, France