Name: Nial Mor NAOIGHILLACH
Given Name: Nial Mor
Suffix: Of the Nine Hostages
Birth: in Kingdom of Ulster (now IRELAND)
Death: Abt 450-455 in On the Banks of the river Loire, FRANCE
Event: Niallus Magnus Macgeoghegan
Event: "Niall of the Nine Hostages"
Occupation: 126th King of Ireland and Tara 377-405
Event: Carried home some youths from Gaul as captives
Military Service 388 Gaul ( now SPAIN ) 1
Alt. Death 453
Event: "Hy-Nyall" of Ulster, Meath and Conacht
Title Ulster, IRELAND
Change Date: 4 Jan 2010 at 14:22
Crowned High King in 377
** 1 **
Also known as King of Tara
** 2 **
Several of the sons of Niall were baptized by Saint Patrick.
** 3 **
He was the son of Eochaid Medom and Cairenn Chasdubh.
Niall acceded in 445 and died in 453.
He was killed on the banks of the river Loire, in France, by Eochaid, the son of Enna Ceannselaigh, King of Leinster, who ambushed him with an arrow. (Wurts, 1945)
After he was killed, his body was shipped back to Ireland and taken to Ochann (Faughan Hill, near Navan, in County Meath) for burial. His court poet was Torna Eigeas (the learned), of whom 3 poems have survived to modern times.
He married INDÍU LUGDACH, daughter of LUGAID LORC MAC ÁENGUSA DÁL FIATACH.
– Fiacha mac Néill Noígiallach
He married RÍOGHNACH/Rígnach, daughter of Medabh/Meadaib macRos - granddaughter of Ross macTrithem (Wurts, 1945).
– Laeghaire (Tompsett, 2004)
– Conall (Tompsett, 2004)
– Conall Cremthainne (Tompsett, 2004)
– Coirpre (Wurts, 1945); (Tompsett, 2004)
He married INE DUBTHAIG, daughter of Dubthach mac Moindach.
– Éogan Find mac Néill/Eóghan
** 4 **
Niall was one of the great Irish kings. He was the only son of Eochaid Muighmedon, high king and his wife Catharann, daughter of an English king. Eochaid later married Mong-Fionn, daughter of the king of Munster, and had another four sons. These sons were Brian, Fiachra, Ailill and Fergus.
It is said that Mong-Fionn was jealous of her stepson Niall; she wanted Brian to succeed to Eochaid. She did not rest until she had Niall as an outcast and his mother reduced down to servant.
As Niall was entering manhood, he was returned to the court and welcomed by his father. One of his first acts was to restore his mother to her rightful place. Niall underwent many tests and did excellent on every one.
Niall's stepmother still had her hopes for Brian and upon Eochaid's death, she managed to get her brother king until Brian came of age. Once in power, however, Crimthann betrayed his sister and took full control of the kingdom instead of regency. To Crimthann's credit, he proved to be a strong king and ruled for twenty years.
During his early reign, Niall consolidated his power and home by subduing his enemies and taking hostages from the families in opposition. Meanwhile the Picts were getting wary of the small Lirsh colony of Dalriada which is now Scotland. They attacked and severely damaged the colony. In response Niall ventured to Scotia Minor and the land of the Picts, here again subduing all and gaining submission through the taking of royal hostages - hence the name, Niall of the Nine Hostages.
After a short consolidation, he marched south with his Scot and Pict allies against the Romans in Britain. It was there that Niall's forces took hostage one Succat, who is better known by his later name of St. Patrick.
Besides taking St. Patrick in his youth, Niall is known mainly for two things. First, he consolidated the northern region of Ireland and created a dynasty that kept his descendants High Kings of Ireland for six hundred years. Second, his military ability led him to the Irish taking control of all of Alba and a large part of Britain.
He seriously damaged the Roman's ability to control Britain and even managed to carve out some Irish controlled territory in France. It is said this Irish empire was only eclipsed in size by Dathi's, Niall's nephew and successor.
** 5 **
Map of Ireland, circa 400 AD, at the time of Niall of the Nine Hostages:
The areas controlled by the sons of Niall are identified on this map:
** 6 **
by Eochaid, the son of Enna Ceannselaigh, King of Leinster, who ambushed him with an arrow
After Niall of the Nine Hostages, son of Eochaidh Muighmheadhoin, had been twenty seven years in the sovereignty of Ireland, he was slain by Eochaidh, son of Enna Ceinnseallach, at Muir nIcht, i.e. the sea between France and England.
source: Analls of the Four Massters
Father: Eochaid MUIGHMEADHOIN b: in IRELAND
RÍOGHNACH | Rígnach
- Change Date:
3 Aug 2004
- EÓGAN "Eugene" or "Owen" b: in Tir-Eoghan, Kingdom of Ulster (now IRELAND)
- Loegaire MAC NEILL b: Abt 415
- CONALL CREMTHAINNE MACNÉILL
- CONALL GULBAN
- MAINE b: Prob 400-420
- COIRPRE MACNÉILL
- Ualdhearg NAOIGHILLACH
- Fergus ALTLEATHAN
- Change Date:
3 Jan 2007
- Fiachu MACGEOGHEGAN
- Media: Book
Abbrev: Irish Pedigrees
Title: Irish Pedigrees - The Origin and Stem of the Irish Nation
Author: John O'Hart
Publication: 5th Edition
J Duff, Dublin