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  • ID: P4543
  • Name: Richard FitzAlan
  • Sex: M
  • Birth: Abt. 1313 in Arundel Castle, Sussex, England
  • Death: 24 Jan 1376 in Arundel Castle, Sussex, England
  • Title: Sir
  • Note: {{Magna Carta}}
    '''Richard FitzAlan''' is a descendant of Magna Carta surety barons
    '''[[De_Vere-309|Robert de Vere]]''' and '''[[Quincy-226|Saher de Quincy]]'''

    [[Category:Quincy-226 Descendants]][[Category:De_Vere-309 Descendants]][[Category:Hundred Years' War]] [[Category: Battle of Sluys]][[Category: Battle of Cressy]] [[Category: This Day In History January 24]] ==Biography== Titles of Sir Richard de Arundel (Royal Ancestry):: of the Castle and Honour of Arundel, Sussex, and Oswestry, Shropshire :Chief Butler of England :Constable of Chirk Castle 1333 :Chief Justiciar of North Wales 1334 :Privy Councillor 1334 :Constable of Portchester Castle 1336 :Governor of Caernarvon Castle 1339 :Sheriff of Caernarvonshire 1339 :Admiral of the West 1340-1, 1345-7 :Joint Warden of the Marches toward Scotland 1342 :Joint Lieutenant of Aquitaine 1344 :Sheriff of Shropshire 1345-8 :Chief Warden for cos. Surrey and Sussex 1352 :Joint Guardian and Lieutenant of England 1355 ----'''Sir Richard FitzAlan, 10th Earl of Arundel and 9th Earl of Surrey''' : Richard Fitz Alan, Earl of Arundelrestored 1331 (confirmation 1351 and 1354), getting Arundel Castle back also Dec 1330-31 from the widow of Edmund Earl of Kent : 9th Earl of Surreyafter death of maternal uncle the 8th Earl of Surrey's widow 31 Aug 1361, Richard assumed title : Knight of the GarterTout: contracted in youth : Nickname: Copped Hat : born aft. 1307Tout: had castle of Arundel -- given to Edmund, Earl of Kent, the king's uncle -- rendered to him, thus became 9th earl; "FITZALAN, RICHARD II, Earl of Arundel and Warenne (1307?-1376), son of Edmund Fitzalan, earl of Arundel, and his wife, Alice Warenne, was born not before 1307. : died 24 Jan 1375/6 Arundel. Age 70; buried Lewes.[[#ODNB]]Will date: 5 Dec 1375. Complete Peerage I:242-4, XIV:38, transcribed by Dave Utzinger; Tout: died 24 Jan. 1376. will dated 5 Dec. 1375: directed that his body should be buried without pomp in the chapter-house of Lewes priory, by the side of his second wife, and founded a perpetual chantry in the chapel of St. George's within Arundel Castle (Nicolas, _Testamenta Vetusta_, pp. 94-6); Will of Richard (c1313-1376) 10th Lord Arundal is in Testamenta Vetusta, the editor thereof states that the only issue he had by Isabel le Despencer was a daughter Philippa who married Sir Richard Serjeaux of Cornwall, knigh; Will states issue as Richard; Thomas [Ed. Bishop of Ely]; John [Ed. Maltravers]; Joane [Ed. wife of Humphrey Bohun, KG, earl of Hereford] and Alice [Ed. married Thomas Holland earl of Kent]. Also makes bequests to Henry and Edward, younger sons of my son John [Lord Maltravers] and also William another of his sons. [Ref: Adrian Channing msg to SGM] ===Death and burial of Sir Richard de Arundel===(Royal Ancestry) Sir Richard de Arundel, Earl of Arundel and Surrey, died at Arundel 24 Jan. 1375/6. He left a will dated 5 Dec. 1375, proved 22 October 1376. He and his wife Eleanor, were buried at Lewes Priory, Sussex. Note. Lewes Priory was more formally known as the Priory of St. Pancras. == Parents == : Edmund Fitzlan and Alice Warrene: eldest son Edmund FitzAlan, 9th Earl of Arundel (8th Earl of Arundel per Ancestral Roots) and Alice de Warenne. Maternal grandparents: William de Warenne and Joan de Vere. William was the only son of John de Warenne, 7th Earl of Surrey. == Marriage== : 1321: married '''Isabel'''Tout: cements alliance between his father and favorites of Edward II (Tout); Father: Hugh le Despenser the younger, [Lord le Despenser 1st Lord (Baron) le Despenser 29 July 1314 creation] and Eleanor, daughter and co-heir of Gilbert [de Clare], Earl of Gloucester. 09 Feb 1320/1 King's Chapel at Havering-atte-Bower. Annulled 4 Dec 1344. Issue: bastardizedpapal annulment 1344 on the grounds of his minority and of his never willingly consented to the match.Tout: 1345: repudiated wife, Isabella, on the ground that he had never consented to marriage, and, having obtained papal recognition of nullity, married Eleanor, widow of Lord Beaumont, and daughter of Henry, 3rd earl of Lancaster. This may have prevented him sharing in the warlike exploits of his new brother-in-law, Derby, in Aquitaine. Issue: * Edmund married before July 1349, SibylThe Phillips, Weber, Kirk, & Staggs families of the Pacific Northwest, by Jim Weber, rootsweb.comdaughter of William Montagu, Earl of Salisbury; Knighted 1352, living 1377; note names 2 dau: Philippa, dau of Edmund ... granddaughter of Richard, and Isabel, was to be named Mary & was a dau of Richard's father Edmund, making her a sister of Richard; 1345 divorced; errors in Complete Peerage: Arundel; Vol 1, pp. 244, note b (corrected in vol 14): By Isabel, Richard Fitz Alan, 10th Earl of Arundel (d.1375/6) had 2 children. (1) Edmund m., before July 1349, Sibyl, da. of William (Montagu), Earl of Salisbury (2) Isabel m. John, 4th Lord Strange of Blackmere; pp. 243, note d: in no document about the divorce of Richard from Isabel] mentions daughters. Richard and Isabel later claimed conception of their son was a result of being forced by violence to cohabit. | [http://www.medievalgenealogy.org.uk/register.htm medievalgenealogy.org.uk] ''Magna Carta Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families'', vol II, page 188 : married: 2nd '''Eleanor of Lancaster'''live-in mistress before marriage; dau Henry, 3rd Earl of Lancaster and Maud de Chaworth; widow of John, 2nd Baron Beaumont; died 24 Jan 1375/6." [Burke's Peerage]; 1st cousin to his 1st wife, and 2nd cousin once removed to the Earl, died 11 Jan 1372, at Arundel; buried Lewes; born abt 1311, Grismond Castle, Monmouth, Monmouthshire, Wales. died 11 Jan 1372. Married Arundel, Shropshire 05 Feb 1344/5 Ditton[[Wikipedia: Eleanor of Lancaster]] Issue: * Richard, Earl of Arundel : Successor: "His lordship died in 1376, and was succeeded by his eldest son, Richard Fitz-Alan, 10th ''[11th] '' Earl of Arundel." [Sir Bernard Burke, Dormant, Abeyant, Forfeited, and Extinct Peerages, Burke's Peerage, Ltd., London, 1883, p. 200, Fitz-Alan, Earls of Arundel, Barons Maltravers] * John, died 15 Dec. 1379At sea ''Magna Carta Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families'', vol I, page 30 Marshal of England 1377;: According to settlement by Earl Richard in 1347 (_Rot. Parl._ iv. 442), title reverted to marshal's grandson, John VI Fitzalan. summoned to parliament 4 Aug 1377 by writ ''Johanni de Arundell'' ( served1st to 3rd Richard II). * married Eleanor Mautraversgrand-daughter and co-heir of John, Lord Maltravers, in whose right he bore that title * Thomas Arundel - Bishop of Ely, Archbishop of York, Archbishop of Canterbury, Lord Chancellor of England. He crowned King Henry IV in Westminster Abbey in 1399. He crowned Henry V in Westminster Abby in 1413. ''Magna Carta Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families'', vol II, page 190 * Joanenamed in will (Tout) married Humphrey de Bohun, Earl of Hereford ''Magna Carta Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families'', vol II, page 190 * Alice married Thomas Holand, 2nd Earl of Kent ''Magna Carta Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families'', vol II, page 190 * Mary (d. before 1376)d. before father (Tout) m. John, Lord Strange, of Blackmere. Mary Is not recognized by Douglas Richardson.''Magna Carta Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families'', vol II, page 190 We show Mary as Richard's sister.See also this [http://www.wikitree.com/g2g/180222/who-is-the-father-of-mary-isabel-fitzalan-114 G2G discussion]: "Who is the father of Mary Isabel (Fitzalan-114)" (Fitzalan-114 was merged into [[FitzAlan-635]]). * Eleanor (d. before 1376) married Robert, son of William de Ufford, Earl of Suffolk.daughter of an unknown mistress{{citation needed}} Is not recognized by Douglas Richardson ''Magna Carta Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families'', vol II, page 190 * Eleanor de Arundel, daughter of Richard FitzAlan and Unknown mistress, married about 1348 John de Bereford. They had no children. She died before her husband, who died in 1356. ''Magna Carta Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families'', vol II, page 190 ==Timeline== : 1326: Father's execution deprives him of succession to title and estates. : Prof. Thomas Frederick Tout : 1330-31: Restored by parliament : 4th Edward III [1331] ... Earl of Arundel: Dec that year obtained restitution of the Castle and Honour of Arundel from widow of John, Earl of Kent, becoming Earl of Arundel : 1334: Justiciar of North Wales : For life. : 7 Edward III [1334]: Gov. Chirke Castle, co. Denbigh: next year had grant of inheritance of that castle, with all territories thereunto belonging, being part of the possessions of Roger Mortimer, the attainted Earl of March; ... soon after made gov of Porchester Castle, and the same year had a command in wars of Scotland, where he continued engaged for some years. : 1339: Gov. Carnarvon Castle : 1345: Sheriff of Salop for life : 1340-41 and 1345-47: Admiral of the West : 1346: commanded 2nd division at Battle of Crécy : 1347: assisted taking of Calais : 30 Jun 1347: inherited Warenne family estates after maternal uncle John, Earl of Surrey and Sussex : mom's bros. died. : 1349-50: Settled castle, town, and manor of Arundel on himself and Eleanor : Tout: By fine levied : 1361: Earl of Surrey: On Joan's death - widow of uncle, John, Earl of Surrey -- but not before, assumed title : 12 Apr 1366: settled Warenne estates on issue. == Timeline == * By Prof. Thomas Frederick Tout: Sources: [Rymer's F dera, vol. iii, Record edit.; Rolls of Parl. vol. ii.; Dugdale's Baronage, i. 316-18; Doyle's Official Baronage, i. 71-2; Froissart's Chroniques, vols. i-iv. ed. Luce (Société de l'Histoire de France); Murimuth and his Cont. (Engl. Hist. Soc.); Knighton in Twysden, Decem Scriptores; Tierney's Hist. of Arundel, pp. 225-240.) T. F. T.* [Ref: DNB, Editors, Leslie Stephen & Sidney Lee, MacMillan Co, London & Smith, Elder & Co., NY, 1908, vol. vii, pp. 96-8] 14th Edward III [1341]: embarked in French warsTout: in subsequent campaigns. at siege of Vannes, relief of Thouars, and Battle of Crécy. frequently employed in diplomatic missions, and was esteemed one of the most eminent generals and statesmen of the era. 1330: after Mortimer's fall of Mortimer, petitioned to be reinstated, and, after some delay, was restored in blood and to the greater part of Earl Edmund's possessions (_Rot. Parl._ ii. 50). But forbidden to avenge father by private war against John Charlton, first lord Charlton of Powys (_ib._ ii. 60). 1331: obtained castle of Arundel from heirs of Edmund, earl of Kent.: Tout: These grants were subsequently more than once confirmed (_ib._ ii. 226, 256). 1334: received Mortimer's castle of Chirk; made justice of North Wales: Tout: his large estates in that region gave him considerable local influence. Arundel took a conspicuous part in nearly every important war of Edward III's long reign. 1336: After surrendering 'hereditary right' to stewardship of Scotland to Edward for a thousand marks,: F dera_, ii. 952 he was made in 1337 joint commander of the English army in the north. Early 1338: he and Salisbury incurred no small opprobrium by their signal failure to capture Dunbar: Knighton, c. 2570; cf. _Liber Pluscardensis_, i. 284, ed. Skene 25 April: elevated to sole command, with full powers to treat with the Scots for truce or peace,: F dera_, ii. 1029, 1031 of which he availed himself to conclude a truce, as his duty now compelled him to follow the king to Brabant,: Chron. de Melsa_, ii. 385 where he landed at Antwerp on 13 Dec. : Froissaart, i. 417, ed. Luce Jan 1340 parliament: nominated admiral of ships at Portsmouth and the west that were to assemble at Mid Lent : Rot. Parl._ ii, 108 24 June: comported himself 'loyaly and nobly' at the [[:Category:Battle of Sluys|Battle of Sluys]], and was one of the commissioners sent by Edward from Bruges in July to acquaint parliament with news and to explain to it king's financial necessities : ib._ ii. 118 b Later the same year he took part in siege of Tournay: Luce, _Chronique des Quartre Premiers Valois_, p. 4, ed. Soc. de l'Histoire de France. 1342: at feast given by Edward III in honor of Countess of Salisbury; : Froissart, iii. 3 Warden of the Scottish marches in conjunction with the Earl of Huntingdon; Oct: accompanied Edward to Brittany, : ib._ iii. 225 and was left to besiege Vannes : ib._ iii. 227 while the bulk of the army advanced to Rennes. Jan 1343: truce put an end to the siege, and in July Arundel was sent on a mission to Avignon. 1344: appointed, with Henry, earl of Derby, lieutenant of Aquitaine, where the French war had broken out; and at the same time was commissioned to treat with Castile, Portugal, and Aragon : F dera_, iii. 8, 9 February 1345 - 47: reappointed admiral of the west : Nicolas, _Hist. of Royal Navy_, ii. 95 1346: accompanied Edward on his great expedition to northern France (Froissart, iii. 130), and commanded the second of the three divisions into which the English host was divided at Crecy: ib. iii. 169, makes him joint commander with Northampton, but Murimuth, p. 166, includes the latter among the leaders of the first line). He was afterwards with Edward at the siege of Calais :Rol. Parl._ ii 163 b 1348 and 1350: commissions to treat with pope at Avignon : F dera_, iii. 165, 201 1350: took part in the famous naval battle with the Spaniards off Winchelsea : Froissart, iv. 89 1351: employed in Scotland to arrange for a final peace and the ransom of King David : F dera_, iii. 225 1354: negotiator of a proposed truce with France, at a conference held under papal mediation at Guines (_ib._ iii. 253), but on the envoys proceeding to Avignon (_ib._ iii. 283), to obtain the papal ratification, it was found that no real settlement had been arrived at, and Innocent VI was loudly accused of treachery (_Cont. Murimuth, p. 184). In 1355 Arundel was one of the regents during the king's absence from England : F dera_, iii. 305 1357: negotiating in Scotland 1358: embassy head to Wenzel, duke of Luxembourg (_ib._ iii. 392). August 1360: joint commissioner in completing ratifications of treaty of Bretigny. 1362: a commissioners to prolong truce with Charles of Blois : iv._ iii. 662 1364: engaged in diplomacy (_ib._ iii. 747). The declining years of Arundel's life were spent in comparative seclusion from public affairs. 1365: maliciously cited to papal court by William de Lenne, foreign bishop of Chichester, with whom he was on bad terms. Supported by Edward in resistance to the bishop, whose temporalities were ultimately siezed by the crown. He now perhaps enlarged the castle of Arundel : Tierney, _Hist. of Arundel_, p. 239 1372: last military exploit - perhaps his share in expedition for relief of Thouars. after 1353: possessed vast wealth, especially when he succeeded, by right of his mother, to earldom of Warenne or Surrey. frequently aided Edward III in financial difficulties by large advances ... in 1370 Edward was more than twenty thousand pounds in his debt. Yet at his death Arundel left behind over ninety thousand marks in ready money, nearly half of which was stored up in bags in the high tower of Arundel,: Harl. MS._ 4840, f. 393 where is a curious inventory of all his personal property at his death. One of Arundel's last acts was to become, with Bishop William of Wykeham, a general attorney for John of Gaunt during his journey to Spain (_F dera_, iii. 1026). == Links == * [[Wikipedia: Richard FitzAlan, 10th Earl of Arundel]] * [http://goose.ycp.edu/~tgibson/RoyalAncestors/Edward.html The Descendants of King Edward I, King of England, and Eleanora of Castile] * [[Wikipedia: Battle of Crécy]] * [[Wikipedia: Battle of Sluys]] {{British Isles 742-1499}} == Sources == *Royal Ancestry 2013 Vol. II p. 606-610 *Magna Carta Ancestry 2011 2nd ed. Vol. I p. 157-158 : See also: : Richardson, ''[http://amzn.com/1461045207 Magna Carta Ancestry]'', (2011), Douglas Richardson, ''[http://amzn.com/1461045207 Magna Carta Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families]'', Royal Ancestry series, 2nd edition, 4 vols., ed. Kimball G. Everingham, (Salt Lake City, Utah: the author, 2011), volume II, pages 185-190; vol I, page 30 : Dictionary of National Biography, Vol. 1-20, 22. indexed by Ancestry World Archives Project contributors - Stephen, Sir Leslie, ed. : FamilySearch (TM) International Genealogical Index v5.0, Intellectual Reserve, Inc., (The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints http://www.familysearch.org), Film 458136, Film 1239635, Page 690, Ref 23195, Film 458041, Film 170416, Page 699, Ref 26885. : Faris, David. Plantagenet Ancestry of Seventeenth-Century Colonists. Baltimore, MD, USA: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1996. : Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, (n.d.). N.p. (ODNB) : Weis, F.L. (1991). The Magna Charta Sureties, 1215, (4th ed.). Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc. ==
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    Father: Edmund FitzAlan b: 01 May 1285 in Marlborough Castle, Marlborough, Wiltshire, England
    Mother: Alice Warenne b: Abt. 15 Jun 1287 in Warren, Sussex, England

    Marriage 1 Isabel Despenser b: Abt. 1313 in Stoke, Gloucestershire, England
    • Married: 09 Feb 1321 in King's Chapel at Havering-atte-Bower, Essex
    Children
    1. Has No Children Edmund FitzAlan b: Abt. 1329 in Arundel Castle, Sussex, England
    2. Has No Children Isabel Fitzalan b: 1344

    Marriage 2 Eleanor Plantagenet b: 11 Sep 1318 in Grosmont Castle, Monmouthshire, Wales
    • Married: 05 Feb 1345 in Ditton (in Stoke Poges), Buckinghamshire in the presence of King Edward III
    Children
    1. Has No Children Joan FitzAlan b: Abt. 1345 in Arundel Castle, Sussex, England
    2. Has No Children Richard FitzAlan KG b: 25 Mar 1346 in Arundel, Sussex, England
    3. Has Children John FitzAlan b: Abt. 1348 in West Betchworth, Dorking, Surrey, England
    4. Has No Children Alice FitzAlan LG b: 1352 in Arundel, Sussex, England
    5. Has No Children Thomas FitzAlan b: Abt. 1353 in Arundel, Sussex, England
    6. Has No Children Eleanor FitzAlan b: Abt. 1354 in Arundel, Sussex, England

    Marriage 3 Unknown Mistress b: ABT 1310
      Children
      1. Has No Children Philippa FitzAlan b: Abt. 1325 in England
      2. Has No Children Katherine FitzAlan b: 1355
      3. Has Children Ranulph FitzAlan b: 1359 in West Wycombe, Buckinghamshire, England

      Marriage 4 Spouse Unknown
        Children
        1. Has No Children Ralph FitzAlan b: Abt. 1330
        2. Has Children Margaret Fitzalan b: Abt. 1360 in Arundel Castle, Sussex, England
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