Name: James ELDER
Birth: ABT. 1765 in Brunswick Co., VA
Death: 1824 in Rutherford Co., TN
Per Lee Marks Feb, 2001
JAMES ELDER, SR. was born abt 1765 in Brunswick County, VA and died 1824 in Rutherford County, TN. On September 9, 1789 he married Mary "Polly" Mason in Rustburg, Campbell County, VA; she was the daughter of John Mason. James (Sr.) and Mary "Polly" had several children. Joshua in 1794, James (Jr.) in 1795, Sarah (or Lucy) in 1797, Elizabeth in 1799, Lucy in 1800, David in 1803, William N. in 1806, Francis in 1808, Nancy in 1810, Clayborn in 1810, and Susan in 1812. James and Mary remained in Virginia for several years as most, if not all, of their children were born in Virginia. They were in Campbell County in 1805 but were in Charlotte County in 1809. The Charlotte County, VA Personal Property Tax lists James Elder until 1813. The family migrated to Rutherford County, TN between 1813 and 1816 and settled on Stewart's Creek in an area which is now on the outskirts of LaVergne, Tennessee. James, Jr., their son, married in 1816 in Rutherford Co. The Edith Rucker Whitley Collection of family records in Rutherford County, Tennessee appears to be correct as to the names of their children. The first census record of the family in Tennessee is the 1820 Census of Rutherford County. The listing of children "fits" the names and ages of the family members. It appears that Mary "Polly" died before 1820 as she was not in the 1820 census. James died in 1824 in Rutherford County. His son, Joshua, was appointed Administrator of his father's estate. The family were farmers as were most people of that time. James Elder was listed in the 1810 census of Charlotte County, VA. James and Polly had 10 children at that time, four sons and 6 daughters and their ages "fit" the James Elder family listed in the 1820 census of Rutherford County, TN.
REF: 1810 Census of Charlotte County, VA, page 1013 (James, age 26-45,
had 2 sons under 10, 2 sons 10-16, 3 dau. Under 10 and 3 dau. 10-16).
1813 Charlotte County, VA Personal Property Tax List shows James Elder.
1820 Census of Rutherford Co, TN page 100 (James, over 45, son under 10,
son 10-16, son 16-18, dau. 10-16 and 5 dau. 16-26.
Wills, Inventories and Settlements of Rutherford County, Vol. 16, page 67.
Inventory dated 18 Oct. 1824.
Father: Joseph ELDER b: 6 SEP 1731 in Richmond Co., VA
Mother: Mary WILLIAMS b: ABT. 1735 in VA
9 SEP 1789
in Rustburg, Campbell Co., VA
- Joshua ELDER b: 1794 in Campbell Co., VA
- James ELDER b: 14 JUN 1795 in Va
- Sarah ELDER b: ABT. 1797 in VA
- Elizabeth ELDER b: ABT. 1799 in VA
- Lucy ELDER b: ABT. 1800 in Campbell Co., VA
- David ELDER b: ABT. 1803 in VA
- William N. ELDER b: 1806 in VA
- Francis ELDER b: ABT. 1808 in VA
- Claiborne ELDER b: ABT. 1810 in Va or TN
- Nancy ELDER b: ABT. 1810 in VA
- Susan ELDER b: ABT. 1812 in VA