Name: Henry Wyman
Birth: ABT 1344 in Germany
Death: 5 AUG 1411
Burial: Church of St. Crux, York, Yorkshire
Residence: Coney Street, York
Occupation: Mayor of York 1407/8
Change Date: 22 FEB 2011
Eminent goldsmith, merchant and alderman of York, Lord mayor in 1407/8
In the course of the 14th century, then, alien merchants had ceased to dominate, as they had done earlier, the oversea trade centred on York. Indeed, in 1360, two Italian merchants were arrested at York 'because they were unknown and no one knew their idiom', an incident that could hardly have occurred in the reign of Edward I. A partial exception, however, is provided by the merchants of the German Hanse. They are found exporting wool from York in 1344 and importing lead and bowstaves in 1351; in 1352 three of them, 'because they had long dwelt in York', were naturalized and admitted to the freedom of the city. Henry Wyman was similarly naturalized later, and eventually became mayor despite having been arrested as an alien in 1385 during a period of conflict with the Hanse.
It is no less remarkable that Germans like Henry Wyman and Henry Market throve to high civic office in a relatively short time.
Alliances with the gentry were, again, not unusual: Henry Wyman's daughter married Sir William Gascoigne of Gawthorpe.
(VCH Yorkshire, re York City)
Henry Wyman, a German merchant living in York, was arrested in 1386, ...
(York Memorandum Book Part 2.)
Agnes De Barden
- Joan Wyman