Name: Henry Rich
Suffix: 1st Earl of Holland
Death: 9 MAR 1649 in Westminster, London 1
Baptism: 19 AUG 1590 Stratford-le-Bow, London 1
Occupation: Courtier favoured by James I
Education: Emmanuel, Cambridge
Cause: Beheaded for his support of Charles I
BATT: St Neots 1648 (captured)
PCTS: Portrait by Daniel Mytens, 1640, in NPG
FILE: ~/Documents/Ged Pics mstr/Rich, Robt 1 E Holland.jpg
Title: Rich, Robt 1 E Holland.jpg
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Change Date: 4 NOV 2011
A courtier and favourite of James I and later Henrietta Maria, whose marriage with Charles I he helped to negotiate, it was said that Rich's 'features and pleasant aspect equalled the most beautiful women'. He was opposed to the policies of Laud and Strafford and first fought on the side of the Parliamentarians during the Civil War, but he changed allegiances several times, giving his support to whichever party seemed to offer the greatest rewards, since he thought 'poverty to be the most insupportable evil that could befall any man in this world'. Eventually he was captured and executed by Parliament.
The ships and harbour pictured in the background of the Mytens portrait may refer to Rich's position as governor and captain of Harwich and Landguard-point.
Adm. Fell.-Com. at Emmanuel, Cambridge, June 4, 1603 (impubes).
2nd s. of Robert (1595), 1st Earl of Warwick. Bapt. at Stratford-le-Bow, London, Aug. 19, 1590. Matric. 1603; M.A. (on King's visit) 1615. Adm. at the Inner Temple, 1610. K.B., 1610. M.P. for Leicester, 1610-1, 1614. Created Baron Kensington, 1623, and Earl of Holland, 1624. Employed on diplomatic missions to Paris, 1624 and 1625. K.G., 1625. Privy Councillor, 1625. Chancellor of the University, 1628-49. Intrigued at Court against the King's ministers. Constable of Windsor Castle, 1629-45. First Governor of the Providence Company, 1630. Created Chief Justice in eyre South of Trent, 1631-48. Groom of the Stole and First Lord of the Bedchamber, 1636-42. Gave evidence against Strafford. Went over to the parliamentary party, but again turned to the King's side on the outbreak of the second civil war, 1648. Defeated at St Neots, and taken prisoner, 1648. Sentenced to death and beheaded, Mar. 9, 1648-9. Brother of Robert (1603). (D.N.B.)
A doubtful portrait of Holland was No. 95 in the Vandyck exhibition of 1886. Engraved portraits are contained in ?Tragicum Theatrum Londini celebratum,? 1649, 12mo (p. 232), and in Houbraken's ?Heads of Illustrious Persons?.
1. Lady Dorothy Rich (born c. 1616)
2. Lady Frances Rich (born c. 1617 ? 12 November 1672) married William Paget, 5th Baron Paget
3. Robert Rich, 5th Earl of Warwick (born c. 1619 ? 16 April 1675) married (1) Anne Montagu (2) Elizabeth Ingram
4. Lady Isabella Rich (christened 6 October 1623) married James Thynne
5. Cope Rich (christened 3 May 1635)
6. Lady Mary Rich (born c. 1636 ? 8 February 1666) married John Campbell, 1st Earl of Breadalbane and Holland
Father: Robert Rich b: 1559
Mother: Penelope Devereux b: ABT 1563
Isabella Cope b: ABT 1598
- Frances Rich b: ABT 1617
- Type: Book
Periodical: Alumni Cantabrigienses (Cambridge Alumni)