Name: Thomas Morham
Birth: ABT 1245 1
Death: AFT 18 MAY 1322 1
Occupation: Imprisoned Tower of London 1297-1314
Change Date: 29 MAY 2007
Sir Thomas Morham was well over 70 years of age at the time of the 1322 charter. He was always referred to as the "elder" or the "father" due to his younger son also being a Sir Thomas Morham. Both his known sons, Sir Herbert Morham and Sir Thomas Morham, can be proven to be adults before 1296 and to be knighted by King Edward I prior to 1301. Sir Thomas Morham the elder was the son and heir of Sir Adam Morham who had become the Lord of Morham by 1245. Considering these known dates, Sir Thomas Morham the elder must have been born by 1250 or earlier. In addition, Sir Thomas Morham the elder was captured by King Edward I in 1296 and then imprisoned in the Tower of London for the next 17 years. This date span would include all the likely birth years of Euphemia Morham. In the 1322 charter Sir Thomas Morham never refers to Euphemia as being his daughter, and his title at the beginning, "Sir Thomas Morham the father", is one that had been previously used to differentiate him from his son Sir Thomas Morham. The title must have been used in this context, and not as a reference to his relationship with Euphemia Morham. In addtion, the clauses of reversion set by Sir Thomas Morham in the charter do not seem to be ones that would normally apply to an only daughter and sole heiress. One of note is that unless John Giffard and his wife Euphemia produce a future heir of their bodies, the Morham inheritance would revert to other heirs of Sir Thomas Morham.
Fighting for Scotland during the Wars of Independence brought great risk to Scottish nobles who refused to bend their knee to King Edward.
These were rich and powerful men who, as masters of vast tracts of the country, held the welfare and livelihood of thousands of Scots in their hands. But they stood to lose everything - and possibly even their heads - if they opted for the wrong side. They often held lands on each side of the border and were required to pay homage to both the Scottish and English crowns.
With so much at stake, many found their family loyalties divided between the two camps and tended to switch sides whenever the balance swung.
One who remained defiantly committed to the cause of Scotland was Sir Thomas de Morham, who held the lands of Denny and Dunipace, an area that covered the three districts of Herbertshire, Temple-Denny and Torwood, against the Auld Enemy, which led to him being a marked and hunted man.
He was eventually betrayed and captured in Aberdeen, jailed in the dungeons of the castle Berwick on Tweed and in 1297 sent to the Tower of London where he was incarcerated for the next 17 years.
History suggests his eventual release was part of an exchange of prisoners in the aftermath of the Battle of Bannockburn. What is known is that by October 1314, the proud Baron of Dunipace was back home administering the affairs of his estate.
For his efforts and loyalty, he rightly takes his place alongside Wallace, Bruce, Sir James Douglas and Thomas Randolph as one of the great heroes of Scotland.
Father: Adam Morham
- Thomas Morham
- Type: Web Site
Title: Morham of Scotland