Ancestors of a 21st century British family

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  • ID: I3219
  • Name: Anthony Brockholls or Brockholst
  • Prefix: Lt Gen
  • Sex: M
  • Birth: ABT 1656 in England 1
  • Death: ABT 1723
  • Note: Will proved Aug 1723
  • Residence: 1710 Pompton, Bergen County, New Jersey, America
  • Note: Will
  • LVG: 1699
  • Note: Birth of dau Johanna 1700
  • Occupation: 5th Governor of New York, 1677-83
  • Religion: Catholic
  • Note: 2 3 4

    In 1674 Governor Andros arrived, and with him, as Lieutenant Governor, came Anthony Brockholls, a Lancashire Catholic.
    (Cradle Days of New York by Hugh Entwistle McAtamney. 1909. Page 152.)
    The second in command under Andros was First Lieutenant Anthony ... Lieutenant Brockholls was a native of Claughton in Lancashire, England
    (Monograph Series, by United States Catholic Historical Society - 1973, Page 68)
    In Oct 1675 Andros sent reinforcements under the recently promoted Captain Brockholls.
    A military association of future importance began at this time [1672] when Andros took on as one of his junior officers Anthony Brockholls, who had previously served in the duke of York?s own Troop of Horse Guards.
    (The Andros Papers: 1674-1676.)
    Anthony Brockholls had been a soldier in the duke of York's horse guards and [before that] a dragoon in Barbados before going to New York in 1674 as second in command to Gov. Edmund Andros.
    (The papers of William Penn: Volume 2)
    By the king's special permission, the Duke of York raised a company of infantry, consisting of one hundred men, besides officers, to serve in his province. Of this company he commissioned Andros to be captain, and Brockholls lieutenant.
    (History of the state of New York: Volume 2 John Romeyn Brodhead - 1871.)
    One of the most prominent Catholics in New York in that day was Major Anthony Brockholes.
    After the reconquest of the province, King Charles appointed Andros governor, specifying, at the same time, that in case of
    the death of Andros Lieut. Anthony Brockholes was to succeed him in his office. Brockholes, of an old Catholic family of Lancashire, England, was known to be a Papist, and would have been excluded from holding office, were it not that the "Test Act" of March 23d, 1673, did not apply to the British American Plantations.
    Brockholes was an efficient officer and served the colony well, until the Leisler usurpation, when a price was set upon his head, and he and Arent Schuyler sought in New Jersey refuge from the storm. In 1696 they together bought five thousand five hundred acres of land, and large tracts in other parts of the State, extending in part from Paterson to Pompton, where Brockholes passed to the end of his days a very retired life. He entered a matrimonial union, so often fatal to the heritage of faith, espousing Susanna Maria, daughter of Paulus Schrick, a member of the Dutch Reformed Church, in which their children were all baptized. They were, of course, brought up Protestants, and his son Henry made a gift to the Dutch Reformed Church of Paterson "for one acre of land I give to the good will I owe, and the regard I have, for the low duch (sic!) Reformed Church of Holland." Pew No. I of that church belongs to his heirs forever. Henry Brockholes, or Brockholst, as the family later pleased to spell the name, was a member of the New Jersey Legislature in 1717.
    (The Catholic Church in New Jersey. 1904.)
    Born about 1679.
    Also had:
    Anthony, d unm
    Margaret d unm.
    Judith, m Henry Vanvactor, and had 1 son, 1 dau
    Anne, m Philip French, and died early in life leaving issue:
    1. Susanna, m William Livingstone, esq of New Jersey
    2. Anne, m David Vanhorne, esq, of New York
    3. Margaret, m david Clarkson, esq. of of N York
    4. Mary, m William Brown, esq, of Boston
    A younger scion of the Claughton [Lancashire] Brockholes (Anthony Brockholes), who went to America in 1674, as second in command to Major Edmund Andros, the first Governor of New York, became the second Governor of that city in 1677.
    ('Northward', Anthony Hewitson, 1900, quoted on
    SUSANNA MARIA SCHRICK . . . married at Albany, May 2, 1681, CAPT. ANTHONY BROCKHOLST. This name was usually spelled Brockholes, but the Captain's autographs in the Secretary of State's office at Albany are written Brockholls, in the records of the New York Dutch Church it is Brockholst, Broeckholt, Brockholt, Brochols, Brochold, and Brokholes, while in the Surrogate's office it is written Brocholst and BROCKHOLST, which latter seems to have been the name preferred by his descendants.
    Colonel Nicholson was made Lieutenant-Governor over the province of New York. He arrived in the city on October 1, 1688, and his Council was composed of Anthony Brockholls, an English Catholic, who had been a member of the Council under former governors, and once or twice had acted as their lieutenant in his absence.
    [The History of New York State, Book II, Chapter III, Part II. Editor, Dr. James Sullivan]
    An Anthony Brockhalls married Anne Morley 23 Jan 1657 at St James, Clerkenwell, London. Could they possibly be his parents?
    Governor of New York 1677 (see and 13 Jan 1681 - 27 Aug 1683.
    Early in January, 1681, Andros left for London, where he speedily cleared his name of all suspicion, and came into high favor once more. New York meanwhile was left under the charge of Lieutenant-Governor Brockholls, a Roman Catholic, and of course a high Tory, ? an inefficient man, utterly unable to cope with the situation. He was hampered rather than aided by the duke's special agents, who bungled everything, and soon became the laughing-stock of the population. In consequence, the province speedily fell into a condition not very far removed from anarchy. The traders refused to pay customs duties, and Brockholls was too timid to try to collect them; and the taxes, generally, fell into arrears.
    (New York. A Sketch of the City?s Social, Political, and Commercial Progress from the First Dutch Settlement to Recent Times, Theodore Roosevelt. New York. 1906)
    (There is a section titled ?The Administration of Lieutenant-Governor Brockholls? in the book )
    In 1683 when Thomas Dongan arrived to act as Governor of New York, Anthony Brockholls, carried over from the previous administration, continued to serve as deputy governor and commander-in-chief of Fort James in New York.
    Museum of City of New York has a brandywine bowl marked by Gerrit Onckelbag, c.1700-1720. Engraved "MB" on the base for Maria Brockholst (1682-1766) and on the inside with arms. (Bequest of Charlotte A. Van Cortlandt). Presumably this Maria is Anthony?s daughter or grandaughter.
    In 1694, the English in New York City sent a young surveyor, miner and land speculator named Arent Schuyler on a secret mission to North Jersey and beyond to check on a rumor that the French were trying to rouse the Indians to rebel against the English. Schuyler found the rumor to be false, but discovered a rich fertile valley where the Indians grew a variety of crops. 
    Schuyler reported his findings to the English in New York City; and then convinced seven prominent men to invest in the purchase of the land he referred to as the Pompton Valley. These men were Major Anthony Brockholst, Samual Bayard, Samual Berry, Hendrick and David Mandeville, George Ryerson and John Mead.
    A grievance and petition was drawn up at a General Training of the Militia in June, 1682, [addressed to To the Honorable the Governour, under his Royal Highness the Duke of York], and delivered to Anthony Brockholst, the then Governor of the colony of New York. Governor Brockholst was shortly thereafter (1683) succeeded in his position by Thomas Dongan, an Irish Catholic and the Earl of Limerick.
    I have not been able to identify any references to Anthony Brockholes in a search of our published history sources held here in the Lancashire Record Office. For example, he does not appear to be referred to in the Victoria County History of Lancashire which mentions other members of the Brockholes family in connection with Claughton, and we do not hold any specific histories of Claughton or the Brockholes family.
    (Lancashire County Record Office)
    Baptism at Reformed Dutch Church of New Amsterdam, 18 Sept 1692; Child: Jenneken; Parents: Anthony Brochols, Susanna Schrick; Witnesses: Arent Schuylder, Caspar Teller, Jenneken Schrick.
    [Would a Catholic have his child baptised at the Reformed Dutch Church ?]
    The Duke of York, now better informed as to the nature and value of the territory, on June 29, 1674, obtained from his royal brother a new patent with enlarged authority. To Andros, who bore the King?s authority to receive submission, the Duke now conferred his commission to govern the province in his name. Lieutenant Anthony Brockholls was named his successor in case of death. ... Brockholls was a professed Papist.
    In obedience to Yo'r Excêll. Com'ds I doe retourne a List of the Roman Catholics in the Citty of New Yorke, which are: ?
    Maj'r Anthony Brockholes. Peter Cavileir John Fenny.
    Mr Thomas Howarding John Cooly. Phillip Cunningham
    Mr William Duglas John Patte
    John Caveleir Christian Lowrence.
    (signed) P'r WILL. MERRETT May'r
    June, 1696.
    New York State Library and Archives, Albany, New York
    The New York State Historical Association Library
    [Require search fee]
    The will of Anthony Brockholst is alluded to in New Jersey history, but hitherto no one has ever found it.? WSP] [Among the papers of the Philipse family is ...
    (Collections of the New York Historical Society for the Year ...1903 by New York Historical Society. Page 91.)
    In the name of God, Amen. Know all men by these Presents that I, ANTHONY BROCKHOLST, residing at Pompton, in Bergen County, in the Province of East New Jersey, being in perfect health, this 15 of June, 1710, in the 9 year of Queen Anne. I commit my body to the Earth to be buried in such decent manner and form as my executors shall think fit. All debts to be paid. I leave to my dear and loving wife Susanna, during her life or widowhood, all my estate both real and personal, whatsoever or wheresoever, in New York, or New Jersey or elsewhere, without being bound to anyone, to give any account or to make an inventory, For her support and the support of my children, who are to be supported till of full age. After her death all my estate is to be appraised, by persons chosen by my children, and an inventory to be duly recorded. I leave to my son, Henry Brockholst, £50 as being my first born son. All the rest to all my children, Mary, Henry, Judith, Susanna, and Jannettie, or such as shall then be living. I make my wife executor.
    Witnesses, Nicholas Bayard, Abraham Post, William Cutler. Proved, August 29, 1723.
    Dutch Army Officers Arent Schuyler and Anthony Brockholst were the first developers of Pompton Lakes and the surrounding area. In 1695-96, they purchased 5,500 acres from the Leni-Lenapes and the British East Jersey
    (From revolution to redevelopment, by By MARY AMOROSO, North Jersey Record.)
    However, Catholic individuals gradually found their way into the colonies of New York and New Jersey; for instance, Anthony Brockholls (1674), who was second in authority to Governor Andros...
    (A History of the Roman Catholic Church in the United States by Thomas O'Gorman - 1895 - 515 pages Page 230)
    Colonial homesteads and their stories. Marion Harland - 1912 - 960 pages - Snippet view
    ...homesteads within a few hundred yards of one another. The house built by Schuyler stands yet and is occupied by William Colfax, one of his descendants. That built by Brockholls has disappeared and on the site is one more modern, ...
  • _UID: 510281719CCC4AEF8B40EF42144315D3216A
  • Change Date: 22 SEP 2010

    Father: Unknown generations of Brockholls ?

    Marriage 1 Susannah Maria Schrect or Shrik
    • Married: 2 MAY 1681 in Albany, Albany, New York 1
    1. Has Children Johanna Brockholes b: 15 FEB 1700

    1. Text: IGI
    2. Type: Book
      Periodical: Burke?s Commoners
      Date: 1838
    3. Type: Periodical
      Author: Edwin R Purple
      Title: Contributions to the History of the Ancient Families of New York: Varleth-Varlet-Varleet-Verlet-Verleth
      Date: 1878
      Publication: New York Genealogical and Biographical Record
      Page: 113-125
    4. Type: Web Site
      Author: Wayne Township Historical Commission
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