Ancestors of a 21st century British family

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  • ID: I34788
  • Name: John Hedworth
  • Sex: M
  • Death: JAN 1656 1
  • Burial: 8 JAN 1656 2
  • Residence: Harraton, co Durham
  • Baptism: 14 AUG 1630 Chester-le-Street, co Durham 3
  • Note: 4 2

    Just of age in 1642.
    ---
    Brief history of Harraton Colliery, by James Lake, on www.durham-miner.org.uk:
    16th Century "Havetune" granted by Bishop Hambord to William de Herrington.
    1599 Harraton owned by Sir John Hedworth
    1644 Leased to Sir William Wray
    1647 Leased to George Grey and George Lilburn
    1669 Sir Arthur Hazelrigg took Harraton by force letting it to Colonels Hacker, Mayers, Jackson and Major Tolhurst.
    1696 Dorothy Hedworth married Ralph Lambton. Harraton came into the hands of the Lambtons. By 1724 the Lambtons had complete control.
    ---
    Author of ?The Oppressed Man?s Outcry? 11 Sept 1651.
    ---
    Sir John Hedworth, " a man of indolent temper and weak intellect," sold and leased his estates and mines for trifling considerations, and was at length driven from the house of his ancestors, and subsisted on the charity of his neighbours. He died in 1642, leaving his son,John Hedworth, then just of age, involved in the difficulties his father had created.
    The collieries of Harraton had been leased, for a mere acknowledgment, to Sir William Wray, of Beamish, "a Papist and recusant convict," so that they were sequestered in 1644, when valued at 3,000/. per annum. In 1647, these collieries were leased, under the state, to George Grey of Southwick, and George Lilburn, " who also made title under a lease of Sir John Hedworth to Robert Conyers, transferred by Conyers to Josiah Primate, and by him to Grey and Lilburn." Primate, who petitioned parliament in support of his claims, and Lieutenant-colonel Lilburn, were each fined 7,000/.; and though young Hedworth, who had married the daughter of George Grey, might have been expected to regain possession of his own property, yet Sir Arthur Haslerigg, then governor of Newcastle, sequestered Harraton on Wray's delinquency, attd let both land and colliery to Colonel Hacker, Colonel Mayers, and Major Tolhurst.
    Hedworth was consequently "forced to hire his own ground of those who occupied it, to put in some cowes to give a little milke to feed his poor young babes."
    He published "The oppressed Man's Outcry, an Epistle writ by John Headworth, of Harraton, in the County of Durham, Esquire, the 11th of September, 1651, unto the Honourable Sir Henry Vane the elder, a Member of the Honourable Parliament of the Commonwealth of England, William Vane his Sonne, Lieutenant Colonel Paul Hobson, John Middleton, Esquires, and Members of the Committee of the Militia, in the County of Durham, by Authority of Parliament." In this epistle, he states that "he is the son and heire of a deceased knight, Sir John Hedworth, who was lord, owner, or proprietor of the lands of Harraton, in the county of Durham, and all the cole mynes thereof, and left them unto me by an unblemished ancient entayle, as strong as the law of England (his undoubted birthright) could make any, as his eldest sonne and heire; and being by his decease left young, and destitute of the support of powerful friends and allies, and thereby fit to become a prey to every devouring wolfe?and it was my unhappy fate to live in the age when Sir Arthur Haselrigge became governor of Newcastle, a man of high and covetous spirit, the whole county of Durham being too little in revenue to content his greedy appetite, a man that will admit of no rule to walk by but his own crooked and perverse will of the sword."
    Mr. Hedworth died in 1655; and Colonel Jackson, who had served in the royal army, but afterwards acquired the confidence of Haslerigg, married Mrs. Hedworth, and got possession of two parts of Harraton, having obtained a lease under the Protector. He "Secured Lady Hedworth's gowns and petticoats for his own daughters, secured also his own sisters' fortunes for his own use, and transmitted a large slice of the Harraton estate, Chatershaugh, to his descendants." He was knighted at the Restoration for his loyalty. The remaining third of Harraton was the dowry of Dame Dorothy Hedworth, the relict of old Sir John.
    John Hedworth, her grandson, left a minor in 1655, in some measure retrieved his shattered fortunes by marriage with the co-heiress of James of Washington. He died in 1688, leaving two daughters and co-heiresses, of whom the elder, Dorothy, intermarried with Ralph Lambton, Esq., of Lambton, and the younger became the wife of William Williamson, Bart. In 1714, the whole estate of Harraton was re-united in Lambton by purchase of Williamson's moiety.
  • _UID: 2B82C181DDF8425AA758451886B1ABAB490D
  • Change Date: 3 AUG 2010



    Father: John Hedworth b: 1587
    Mother: Dorothy Delaval

    Marriage 1 Susan Grey
    • Married:
    Children
    1. Has Children John Hedworth b: 16 MAR 1640

    Sources:
    1. Type: Book
      Periodical: History and Antiquities of County & Palatinate of Durham
      Author: William Fordyce
      Date: 1857
      Page: Just 1655
    2. Type: Book
      Periodical: The History & Antiquities of the County Palatine of Durham
      Author: Robert Surtees
      Date: 1818-24
    3. Title: Ancestral File (R)
      Author: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints
      Publication: Copyright (c) 1987, June 1998, data as of 5 January 1998
      Date: 8 Dec 2000
      Repository: Family History Library, 35 N West Temple StreetSalt Lake City, Utah 84150 USAFamily History Library35 N West Temple StreetSalt Lake City, Utah 84150 USA
    4. Type: Book
      Periodical: History and Antiquities of County & Palatinate of Durham
      Author: William Fordyce
      Date: 1857
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