Ancestors of a 21st century British family

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  • ID: I35948
  • Name: Richard Abberbury
  • Prefix: Sir
  • Sex: M
  • Birth: ABT 1330 1
  • Death: 1399 1
  • Note: 1 2 3 1

    Re-endowed the chantry chapel established at Donnington by his grandfather WALTER. [sic]??
    John Adderbury (d. 1346) was reported to have held a messuage and 1 yardland in Begbroke, Oxon, of John of Lyons. The estate presumably followed the descent of other Adderbury lands, passing to John's uncle Thomas Adderbury (d. by 1362), and to the latter's son Sir Richard (d. by 1401). Sir Richard was probably succeeded by his brother Thomas, whose son, also Sir Richard, sold several estates in 1415 to Thomas Chaucer (d. 1434), son of Geoffrey and Speaker of the House of Commons.
    Richard Adderbury acquired a life interest in the manor of Kidlington, Oxon, on the death of Elizabeth de la Vache in 1414. By 1428 Thomas Chaucer (d 1434) held 1 knight's fee in Kidlington, formerly held by Hugh de Plessis, which he had presumably acquired from the Adderburys.
    Before 1389 the manor of Thrupp, Kidlingotn, Oxon, was acquired by Richard Adderbury, who held in 1394 and 1399 when he gave land at Thrupp to the Crutched Friars of Donnington (Berks.), a grant which did not take effect. He was succeeded by his nephew, another Richard Adderbury who in 1448 sold Thrupp to William de la Pole, duke of Suffolk.
    Sir Richard Adderbury, the Chaucers and, later the Dukes of Suffolk, were at Donnington, Berks.
    It was the ability and success, in war and at court, of Sir Richard [ii] Abberbury (c.1330?1399), that firmly established the Abberburys as one of the leading gentry families of the Thames valley.?Sir Richard was a follower of Edward, the Black Prince. His service with the prince at NŠjera and in the principality of Aquitaine, where he acted as seneschal of the Limousin, was rewarded with the grant of a retaining fee of £40 p.a. and appointment as ?first master? to the prince's son and heir, Richard of Bordeaux. When the young Richard became prince of Wales in 1376, Sir Richard acted as his chief steward of lands and, following the prince's accession to the throne, Abberbury was immediately appointed a knight of the new king's chamber. Apart from a brief spell of disfavour in 1387?8, when he was removed from the royal household by the lords appellant, Sir Richard remained active at court throughout Richard II's reign: a chamber knight until 1387, he also acted as chamberlain to Anne of Bohemia, the king's first wife, and as chief of her council until her death. Such service brought him a substantial income in grants and annuities?amounting to over £200 p.a., to add to the yield of his own estates, which was perhaps £150 p.a.?and allowed Sir Richard to acquire several new manors in Oxfordshire and Berkshire, with the result that by the 1390s the Abberburys were among the largest landowners in an area notably lacking in resident magnates. Nowhere was this new prominence more forcibly stated than at Donnington itself, where Sir Richard built a comfortable but still defensible castle, established and endowed a dependent priory of the Crutched Friars, and founded an almshouse for thirteen of his indigent tenants.?From his marriage to Agnes, a younger daughter of Sir William Shareshull, Sir Richard had four children, two sons and two daughters, all of whom made solid matches among the local gentry. His sons, Sir Richard [iii] Abberbury (d. 1416) and Thomas [ii] Abberbury (d. 1416), followed their father into royal and princely service. Sir Richard the younger began his career in the service of John of Gaunt, duke of Lancaster, and rose to be chamberlain of the Lancastrian household during the duke's Castilian expedition. During the 1390s he gravitated towards the royal court, however, and was several times employed on diplomatic missions by Richard II, besides serving as knight of the shire for Berkshire in January 1394 and 1397. Thomas took longer to establish himself, but after a spell as an esquire of the royal household his future seemed secured by his appointment as master of the horse to Richard II's second wife, Isabella, in 1397. By the time of their father's death, early in 1399, a courtier dynasty seemed in prospect.
  • _UID: E3A5751C5EA1409BBDEA6DDDF6B55C12FDE1
  • Change Date: 10 JUN 2008

    Father: Thomas Abberbury

    Marriage 1 Agnes Shareshull b: ABT 1294 in Staffordshire
    • Married:
    1. Has No Children Richard Abberbury
    2. Has Children Thomas Abberbury
    3. Has Children Lucy Abberbury b: ABT 1388
    4. Has Children Dionysia Adderbury
    5. Has Children Elizabeth Adderbury

    1. Type: Periodical
      Author: Simon Walker
      Title: Sir Richard Adderbury (c. 1330-1399) and his kinsmen: the rise and fall of a gentry family
      Periodical: Nottingham Medieval Studies
      Date: 1990
      Page: 113-40.
    2. Type: Web Site
      Title: Victoria County History of Oxfordshire
    3. Type: Web Site
      Title: Berkshire History
      Author: © Nash Ford Publishing 2005. All Rights Reserved.
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