Name: Baptist Hicks
Suffix: 1st Vct Campden
Birth: ABT 1551 1
Death: 18 OCT 1629
Residence: Kensington, London
HONO: 5 MAY 1628
Note: Created Vct
Occupation: Mercer (Master)
PCTS: Portrait from a book, on file. A portrait was (in 1865) at the Sessions House, London
MEM: Chipping Campden, Glos: sumptous monument in church
Note: 2 3|
FILE: /Ged Pics mstr/Hicks, Baptist d 1629.jpg
Title: Hicks, Baptist d 1629.jpg
_SIZE: 548.000000 700.000000
Change Date: 18 MAR 2012
No male heirs.
?There are many Monuments and Inscriptions in the Church [at Chipping Campden], most of them for the Noels. The most sumptuous of them is for Sir Baptist Hicks. It is supported by twelve Pillars, and in the Epitaph it is said, that he gave in his Life-time to charitable Uses £10000. There are other Monuments for the Noels, which tho' inferior to this, yet are so noble and many, that no Church in England can exceed them, if they can shew the like.?
Exton itself was purchased in 1613 by Sir Baptist Hicks, created Viscount Campden in 1628: on his death in 1629 it descended, with the viscountcy, to Lord Noel, who had married his elder daughter Julian in 1605.
Baptist Hicks was a Londoner of Gloucestershire yeoman origins who amassed a large fortune in trade, and acquired property in the City of London (St Lawrence Jewry), Middlesex (Campden House in Kensington 1609 and the manor of Hampstead 1620), Kent, Essex, Warwickshire, Cheshire, Yorkshire and elsewhere. His major purchase outside London was, however, the Chipping Campden estate in Gloucestershire, acquired in 1609. On his death the Chipping Campden and Exton estates (the last-named supplemented by the purchase of Whitwell in 1620), together with Campden House (Kensington) and Hampstead, passed to his elder daughter Lady Noel; and, at least in the case of Exton, the estate may well have been purchased with that descent in mind. Other estates (Ilmington (Warwickshire) and Cheltenham and Tewkesbury (Gloucestershire)) passed to Mary Morrison, another daughter and co-heir (and thence to the Capell family, Earls of Essex), whilst yet other properties appear to have been sold soon after 1629.
In the same year (1612), he built the Sessions House in the broad part of St. John Street, Clerkenwell; it was named after him, Hicks's Hall, a name more familiar than Campden House, from the former being inscribed upon scores of milestones in the suburbs of London, the distances being measured 'from Hicks's Hall.' This Hall lasted about a century and a half, when it fell into a ruinous condition, and a new Hall was built on Clerkenwell Green, and thither was removed a handsomely carved wood mantelpiece from the old Hall, together with a portrait of Sir Baptist Hicks, painter unknown, and stated by Sir Bernard Burke to have never been engraved: it hung in the dining-room at the Sessions House.
Father: Robert Hicks b: ABT 1524
Mother: Julia Arthur
Elizabeth May b: 1584 in London
- Julian Hicks b: ABT 1581
- Type: Web Site
Title: Stirnet Genealogy
Author: Patrick Barns-Graham
- Type: Web Site
Title: Historic Manuscripts Commission - Noel Papers
- Type: Book
Periodical: Chambers Book of Days