Ancestors of a 21st century British family

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  • ID: I3686
  • Name: Baptist Hicks
  • Suffix: 1st Vct Campden
  • Sex: M
  • Birth: ABT 1551 1
  • Death: 18 OCT 1629
  • Residence: Kensington, London
  • HONO: 5 MAY 1628
  • Note: Created Vct
  • Occupation: Mercer (Master)
  • PCTS: Portrait from a book, on file. A portrait was (in 1865) at the Sessions House, London
  • MEM: Chipping Campden, Glos: sumptous monument in church
  • CITG: Mercer
  • Note: 2 3

    3rd son.
    ---
    No male heirs.
    ?There are many Monuments and Inscriptions in the Church [at Chipping Campden], most of them for the Noels. The most sumptuous of them is for Sir Baptist Hicks. It is supported by twelve Pillars, and in the Epitaph it is said, that he gave in his Life-time to charitable Uses 10000. There are other Monuments for the Noels, which tho' inferior to this, yet are so noble and many, that no Church in England can exceed them, if they can shew the like.?
    ---
    Exton itself was purchased in 1613 by Sir Baptist Hicks, created Viscount Campden in 1628: on his death in 1629 it descended, with the viscountcy, to Lord Noel, who had married his elder daughter Julian in 1605.

    Baptist Hicks was a Londoner of Gloucestershire yeoman origins who amassed a large fortune in trade, and acquired property in the City of London (St Lawrence Jewry), Middlesex (Campden House in Kensington 1609 and the manor of Hampstead 1620), Kent, Essex, Warwickshire, Cheshire, Yorkshire and elsewhere. His major purchase outside London was, however, the Chipping Campden estate in Gloucestershire, acquired in 1609. On his death the Chipping Campden and Exton estates (the last-named supplemented by the purchase of Whitwell in 1620), together with Campden House (Kensington) and Hampstead, passed to his elder daughter Lady Noel; and, at least in the case of Exton, the estate may well have been purchased with that descent in mind. Other estates (Ilmington (Warwickshire) and Cheltenham and Tewkesbury (Gloucestershire)) passed to Mary Morrison, another daughter and co-heir (and thence to the Capell family, Earls of Essex), whilst yet other properties appear to have been sold soon after 1629.
    ---
    In the same year (1612), he built the Sessions House in the broad part of St. John Street, Clerkenwell; it was named after him, Hicks's Hall, a name more familiar than Campden House, from the former being inscribed upon scores of milestones in the suburbs of London, the distances being measured 'from Hicks's Hall.' This Hall lasted about a century and a half, when it fell into a ruinous condition, and a new Hall was built on Clerkenwell Green, and thither was removed a handsomely carved wood mantelpiece from the old Hall, together with a portrait of Sir Baptist Hicks, painter unknown, and stated by Sir Bernard Burke to have never been engraved: it hung in the dining-room at the Sessions House.
  • _UID: 57A83D2F3EE740DC9AB7CC3F881A8936699C
  • OBJE:
  • FORM: jpg
  • FILE: /Ged Pics mstr/Hicks, Baptist d 1629.jpg
  • Title: Hicks, Baptist d 1629.jpg
  • _TYPE: PHOTO
  • _PRIM: Y
  • _SIZE: 548.000000 700.000000
  • Change Date: 18 MAR 2012



    Father: Robert Hicks b: ABT 1524
    Mother: Julia Arthur

    Marriage 1 Elizabeth May b: 1584 in London
    • Married: 6 SEP 1584
    Children
    1. Has Children Julian Hicks b: ABT 1581

    Sources:
    1. Type: Web Site
      Title: Stirnet Genealogy
      Author: Patrick Barns-Graham
      URL: www.stirnet.com
    2. Type: Web Site
      Title: Historic Manuscripts Commission - Noel Papers
      URL: http://www.hmc.gov.uk/nra/lists/GB-0056-DE3214.htm#The%20Noel%20family%20and%20its%20estates%A0
    3. Type: Book
      Periodical: Chambers Book of Days
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