Name: Walter Abberbury 1
Death: ABT 1316 1
Note: 1 1|
Change Date: 10 MAY 2013
Established as early was 1208 as one of the leading peasant families in the N Oxfordshire village of Adderbury, the Abberbury family owed their subsequent rise from the ranks of the free tenantry largely to the talents of Walter?s elder brother, Master Thomas Abberbury, who made his way, and the fortunes of his kinsamen, in the service of successive Archbishops of York.
Middle aged at his brother?s death in 1307.
On Thomas's death both groups of estates passed to his brother, Walter Abberbury (d. in or before 1316), who further consolidated the north Oxfordshire lands of the family, and then to Walter's son, Sir Richard [i] Abberbury (d. 1334).
For the cadet branch of the family in Oxfordshire, who had never risen so high as the Sir Rihcard Abberbury?s family, the experience of decline was less dramatic but hardly less inexorable: John Abberbury of Cotesford (d. after 1421), descended from a younger son of Walter (d. in or before 1316), had been MP for Oxfordshire in 1394 and 1397 and was still acquiring lands early in the fifteenth century. Yet, here too, a gradual liquidation of the Abberbury estates was soon in train; by the 1450s even the family's original free tenement at Adderbury was lost to them.?Though the Abberburys' rise and fall was replicated many times among the gentry families of later medieval England, their transformation from one of the leading families of Oxfordshire and Berkshire to modest burgesses of Newbury within a single generation was unusually rapid. What lay at the root of their change of fortune remains imponderable but their history encapsulates many of the opportunities and pitfalls the later medieval gentry were required to negotiate.?---
Had son John who was coheir of his (John?s) nephew John (dsp).
- Richard Abberbury
- Type: Periodical
Author: Simon Walker
Title: Sir Richard Adderbury (c. 1330-1399) and his kinsmen: the rise and fall of a gentry family
Periodical: Nottingham Medieval Studies