Name: Juan de Salinas 1
Death: ABT JUL 1495
Note: Will 15 July 1495
Residence: Castile, Spain
Religion: Jewish origins
Change Date: 1 OCT 2010
From: email@example.com (History Writer)
Subject: Maria de Salinas, Baroness Willoughby de Eresby
Date: 25 Aug 2003 20:42:32 -0700
The ancestry of Maria de Salinas, wife of William Willoughby, Baron Willoughby de Eresby, appears uncertain and could probably be clarified with additional work. I report the following in the hope that someone may have additional references or information to clarify Maria's ancestry. While there are many references to Maria de Salinas being a possible relative of Henry VIII's first wife, Catherine of Aragon, through the Foix family, this not appear to be substantiated. (I have not yet been able to check the main source for this story which appears to be Lady Georgina Bertie's "Five Generations of a Loyal House" (1845).)
"The Complete Peerage", sub Willoughby, (Vol. XII/2, page 671) notes that Maria de Salinas was either the daughter of Juan or Martin de Salinas. I have unfortunately found no references to either Juan or Martin in the history books I have checked on this period. In a paper posted on the web by three Spanish historians (Molero, Sevillano, and Suarez) for a History of Accounting conference, I found a brief bio of the brothers Juan and Martin de Salinas in an article on their cousin, Ochoa Perez de Salinas, who was a court banker to Queen Isabel of Castile. This article states (the English translation by the authors is not perfect):
"It seems nevertheless, that Ochoa was from Alava, and it was related with two important personages that much in the House of the Catholic Kings, and in which arrived to perform charges of importance and confidence; the brothers Juan and Martin de Salinas (or Sanchez de Salinas, as is them flame in other occassions).
About Juan (that seems the older) we know that by September of 1492 [he] was Waiter and after Secretary of the first born daughter of the Kings, Isabel, Princess of Portugal by her marriage in 1490, in first nuptials, with the Prince, D. Alfonso de Portugal; and that, by those dates, was possessing some house in the Real Street of Vitoria, old site of the Jewry of this city, in whose property were sheltered to him. Two months afterwards and from Barcelona, the Catholic Queen was making to him mercy of 200.000 maravedies originating from the goods that, by the heresy offense, they had been confiscated in Jerez de la Frontera.
Juan disappears soon, because he had to die around the end of July of 1495, since his Testament is dated in Burgos 15 of July of said year.
In his marriage with Ines de Albornoz, had at least six children, the greater than those which, with the name of Juan, as his father, there would be of maintaining below relationships with Ochoa." (NOTE FROM HISTORY WRITER: In "A Woman of the Tudor Age", Lady Cecilie Goff's bio of Maria de Salinas's daughter, Katherine, Duchess of Suffolk, Goff states that Maria de Salinas's sister Ines de Albornos lived in England and was married to Francis Guevara, of Stanyott . Spanish custom at the time permitted daughters to use their mother's or even their grandmother's surname. There were Guevara descendants in Lincolnshire in the early 17th century, including a Willoughby Guevara. If Ines de Albornos wife of Francis Guevara was the daughter of Juan de Salinas and Ines de Albornoz, and Maria de Salinas, Baroness Willoughby, was as stated by Goff, was Ines's sister, then Maria would presumably also be the daughter of Juan de Salinas.
As for Martin de Salinas, he bacame the guardian or "tutor" of Juan's children, according to this article:
"More importance reached Martin, that occupied the public notary of Vitoria in 1491, later he happened also to perform the Secretariat of the Queen and Princess D. Isabel of Portugal, maybe to the death of his brother, and therinafter the Payer and Treasurer charges of the Catholic Queen. We know also some familiar activity of Martin, as the tutorship that performed on his nephews, the children of Juan. He expunged in Segovia, 26 of September of 1503, dying the day 28. Their testamentary, to instance of his dowager, Mari Martinez de Buendia, transacted quickly the movement of their corpse to the monastery of San Francisco of Vitoria, being inhumed in the Chapel that in the same had the family from Alava of the Ardurza, for this the segovian monks, where previously was deposited his body, conceded the license the 2 of October of 1503. Mari Martinez of Buendia no longer moved of Vitoria, in which at least two of their children, Juan and Pedro, devoted to the Church, occupied Canongias and Benefits in the Collegiate Church of San Andres of Armentia, and in Vitoria. By the reason of his Treasurer cargo of the Queen, Martin de Salinas wide had professional relationships with the changer Ochoa, in one of those which calls to him precisely his cousin, upon extending to him a certificate, dated 7 of August of 1499 in Granada, so that effected determined payments to the Veedor Sarmiento and to Juan de Escalate, page boy of the Prince D. Miguel." (NOTE: Lady Cecilie Goff in her book also noted that Maria de Salinas was a relative of Juan Ardursa, a merchant in Flanders.)
I have checked Garcia Carraffa's "Enciclopedia heraldica y genealogica hispano-americana" for the Salinas family, where it appears possible that the Salinas family had Jewish ancestry. Not many Salinas family members are mentioned by Garcia Caraffa, but he noted that Juan Garcia de Salinas, son of Martin Ochoa de Aroca and Maria Martinez de Salinas, married Maria Perez de Santa Maria (the Santa Maria family of Burgos were Jews who converted in 1391 when they changed their name from ha-Levi to Santa Maria in honor of their relationship with the Virgin Mary). Garica Caraffa lists only two children of this marriage (with no dates), including a daughter, who became the wife of Pedro Garcia de Salcedo, and used the named Maria Perez de Salinas (the same surname as court banker Ochoa Perez de Salinas). Since the Spanish Ambassador to England during the early 1500s, Dr. Rodrigo Gonzalez de Puebla, was of Jewish origin (see reference to this in David Starkey's latest book "Six Wives"), it would not be unthinkable for Maria de Salinas, who traveled to England in 1503 and was Catherine of Aragon's closest friend, to also have some Jewish ancestry, which considering the prejudices of that time period may be why her ancestry has not been clearer. Maria de Salinas's closeness to Queen Catherine may be a reason the English assumed they were somehow related, for they must have known each other their entire lives and treated each other like relatives. Maria de Salinas, who was as strong-willed as her very Protestant daughter, even defied Henry VIII in ensuring she was at Catherine's bedside when she died.
Ines de Albornoz
- Maria de Salinas
- Ines de Albornoz
- Text: ?History Writer?