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  • ID: I8552
  • Name: George CALVERT 1st Baron Baltimore
  • Prefix: Lord
  • Sex: M
  • Birth: 1578 in Kiplin (near Catterick in Richmond), Yorkshire, England
  • Note: ALT: 1580
  • Death: 15 APR 1632 in London, England
  • Burial: Dunstan's, London, England
  • Education: Trinity College
  • Religion: He converted to Catholicism in 1625 and, shockingly, announced it publicly. Since Catholics could not hold civil office at the time, Calvert resigned as Secretary of State.
  • Note: George Calvert, 1st Baron Baltimore (c. 1580 15 April 1632) was an English politician and coloniser.
  • Note: He was born at Kiplin near Catterick in Richmondshire and was educated at Trinity College, Oxford. In 1606 he was made a Clerk of the Crown in Connaught and was made a Clerk of the Privy Council in 1608. In 1609 he became a Member of Parliament and was knighted in 1617 for service to King James I in matters foreign and domestic.
  • Note: After Calvert became a Secretary of State in 1619, he purchased Kiplin estate and built Kiplin Hall which still stands today.
  • Note: In 1620, Calvert purchased a tract of land in Newfoundland between Fermeuse and Aquaforte on the Avalon Peninsula. In 1621, Calvert sent Edward Wynne and a group of Welsh colonists to found a settlement at Ferryland. The new colony grew and became the first successful permanent British settlement on the island. Calvert was granted a Royal Charter in 1623 and his land grant was extended from Ferryland to Petty Harbour and from Conception Bay to west of Placentia Bay and was named the Province of Avalon.
  • Note: Calvert converted to Catholicism in 1625 and, shockingly, announced it publicly. Since Catholics could not hold civil office, Calvert resigned as Secretary of State. His service in that post was a failure, as he had failed in the attempt to negotiate a marriage between the Prince of Wales (the future King Charles I) and Maria, daughter of King Philip III of Spain.
  • Note: However, in 1625 Calvert was granted the title of Baron Baltimore, of Baltimore Manor in County Longford, as a reward for his loyalty to the King and moved to his Irish estates.
  • Note: Baltimore travelled to Avalon in 1627 and in 1628 took over as Proprietary Governor of Avalon from his agent. He brought two Catholic priests with him with the intent of making the colony a haven for persecuted Catholics. One of the priests founded at Ferryland the first Catholic mission on British North American soil. In 1628 Baltimore brought his wife and eldest son, Cecil, with him to settle, but became disenchanted due to a harsh winter which killed ten settlers and afflicted many others with scurvy, as well as constant harassment of the colony by French pirates and criticism by Puritans for his covertly establishing a Catholic colony.
  • Note: Lord Baltimore applied for a new Royal Charter for what was to become the Province of Maryland and set out for the territory in 1629 leaving his son in charge of Avalon. He landed in Virginia but the English colonists rejected him and he went back to Ireland.
  • Note: In 1632 Baltimore sent Leonard Calvert and 300 settlers back to America. However, Baltimore died in April 1632, two months before his Royal Charter was officially granted, and his son Cecil established Maryland the following year.
  • Change Date: 18 NOV 2006

    Father: Leonard CALVERT b: ABT 1550 in England
    Mother: Alicia Grace CROSSLAND b: 1557 in Crossland Hill, Yorkshire, England

    Marriage 1 Anne MYNNE b: 10 NOV 1579 in Bexley, Hertfordshire, England
    • Married: 22 NOV 1604 in St. Peter's in Cornhill, London, England
    1. Has No Children Cecilius (Cecil) CALVERT 2nd Lord Baltimore b: 8 AUG 1605 in Bolton Castle, Yorkshire, England
    2. Has No Children Leonard CALVERT b: 1606 in St. Martins In The Fields, London, Middlesex, England
    3. Has No Children Ann CALVERT b: BEF 1 APR 1607 in London, England
    4. Has No Children Dorothy CALVERT b: BEF 18 AUG 1608 in England
    5. Has No Children Elizabeth CALVERT b: BEF 18 NOV 1609 in England
    6. Has Children Grace CALVERT b: BEF 5 FEB 1610 in St. Martins In The Fields, London, Middlesex, England
    7. Has No Children Henry (Harry) CALVERT b: 1611 in England
    8. Has No Children Francis CALVERT b: 1612 in St. Martins In The Fields, London, Middlesex, England
    9. Has No Children George CALVERT b: 1613 in At Sea near Virginia
    10. Has No Children John CALVERT b: 1617 in England
    11. Has No Children Helen or Ellen CALVERT b: BEF 5 DEC 1619 in England
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