Name: Leonard CALVERT
Birth: 1606 in St. Martins In The Fields, London, Middlesex, England
Death: 9 JUN 1647 in Maryland
Baptism: 21 NOV 1610 St. Martins In The Fields, London, Middlesex, England
Occupation: 1st Govenor of Maryland
Note: In 1632 Baltimore (George Calvert ie..Lord Baltimore) sent Leonard Calvert and 300 settlers back to America. However, Baltimore died in April 1632, two months before his Royal Charter was officially granted, and his son Cecil established Maryland the following year.
Note: Settled in Maryland 1634. He was the 1st Govenor of Maryland. Leonard Calvert, Maryland's first colonial governor, was born in England circa 1606. His father, Sir George Calvert, received the title, Baron of Baltimore, from King James I of England, and thus became 1st Lord Baltimore in February 1625. When George died on April 15, 1632, Leonard's brother, Cecilius Calvert, succeeded to the title 2nd Lord Baltimore. Cecilius was granted the Charter of Maryland on June 20,1632 by King Charles I of England. In 1633, Leonard sailed to Maryland with the first two ships of immigrants, and he became the colony's first governor. He served until his death on June 11, 1647. Leonard Calvert was the younger brother of Cecilius Calvert and the son of George Calvert, 1st Lord Baltimore. Upon George Calvert's death in 1632, Cecilius inherited the family title and also became proprietor of the newly chartered Roman Catholic colony of Maryland. Leonard Calvert was there upon deputized as governor of the colony, and in November 1633 he sailed from England in the ships Ark and Dove with 17 gentlemen and their wives and about 200 others. The emigrants landed in Maryland the following spring and established a settlement at St. Mary's on Chesapeake Bay. In accordance with his brother's instructions, Governor Calvert initially attempted to administer the new colony under feudalistic precepts with the assistance of only two commissioners. In February 1635, however, he summoned the first assembly to meet, and in the following years the proprietor in England, acting through Governor Calvert, and the colonial assembly struggled for the power to initiate legislation. Although the aristocratic governor initially tried to restrict the legislative powers of subsequent assemblies, he did submit in 1638 to the legislature's proposals that he govern according to the laws of England, and the right of initiative in legislation soon afterward passed to the assembly. In 1638 Governor Calvert seized the trading post on Kent Island that had been established and was still claimed by William Claiborne, a prominent Virginia trader. Claiborne, who had been hostile toward Maryland since its founding, later joined with Richard Ingle in 1644 to instigate a successful rebellion of Protestants in the colony that forced Governor Calvert to flee to Virginia. Two years later, however, Calvert returned from Virginia with an armed force and reinstated proprietorial rule in Maryland. [Encyclopedia Britannica]
Note: Descent from "Governor Leonard Calvert" of "Trinity Manor, Saint Gabriel's Manor, and Saint Michael' --- Leonard Calvert -- (1606 - 9 June 1647) Second son of George Calvert , brother to Cecil , and governor of Maryland from 1633 to 1647. He led the first expedition from England tothe new colony; established good relations with the local Indians; selected the site of the capital at St. Mary's City; and attempted to execute the orders and designs of his brother amidst the almost constant hostility of the Virginians. He was out of the colony for almost two years following Richard Ingle's invasion of Maryland in 1645, but finally restored proprietary authority and died soon after. He made Margaret Brent, his sister-in-law, his executrix.
Note: Colonial Governor of Maryland, appointed in 1633. King Charles I granted the Charter of Maryland on 20 JUN 1632, to Cecilius Calvert, second Lord Baltimore and first Lord Proprietor of Maryland. Lord Baltimore dispatched colonists to Maryland in two vessels, "The Ark and The Dove" under the command of his brother, Governor Calvert. On 22 NOV 1633, the ships sailed from Cowes, Isle of Wight, England, and first landed at Saint Clement's Island on 25 MAR 1634. The Province was founded at Saint Mary's City two days later. He and 140 colonists created the colony.Saint Mary's City is called the fourth permanent English settlement in North America, established 27 MAR 1634. For the first sixty years, the "tiny frontier village" was the capitol of the Province of Maryland. Following that time, the Capitol was shifted to Annapolis, Anne Arundel, Maryland, where it remains in 1997. Saint Mary's City fell into disrepair and ultimately disappeared. It has been re-discovered and partially restored. The city site lies next to the grounds of the Saint Mary's College of Maryland (1997). Saint Mary's City site now has a Museum and Visitor's Center with Offices and Gift Shop. Contact: Historic Saint Mary's City, Post Office Box 39, Saint Mary's City, Maryland 20686. Telephone - (301) 862-0990 or (301) 862-0960.
Note: Today, there are several living descendants of Leonard Calvert. Many from the Dulany, Debutts, Hayden, and Onnen families currently live in Virginia and Maryland.
Note: On the female line, he had some blood of Plantagenet Kings of England (Plantagenet - Mortimer - Wroth - Mynne - Calvert). Leonard's wife, Anne Brent, also descended from Edward III (Plantagenet - Beaufort - Neville - Willoughby - Greville - Reed - Brent).
Change Date: 18 NOV 2006|
Father: George CALVERT 1st Baron Baltimore b: 1578 in Kiplin (near Catterick in Richmond), Yorkshire, England
Mother: Anne MYNNE b: 10 NOV 1579 in Bexley, Hertfordshire, England