Thomas Flowers of Maryland

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  • ID: I0400
  • Name: Jacob Flowers 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
  • Sex: M
  • ALIA: Uncle /Jake/
  • Birth: 4 JUL 1827 in Greene Co., Pennsylvania
  • Death: 15 NOV 1900 in Bellvue, Larimer Co., CO
  • Burial: 17 NOV 1900 Grandview Cemetery, Ft. Collins, Larimer Co., CO
  • Occupation: 1865 Steamboat captain and owner of sternwheeler Malta, and joint owner of Oil City, Marietta, OH and Parkersburg, WV
  • Occupation: 1860 Plantation overseer, Wood County, WV
  • Occupation: BET 1873 AND 1900 Builder, store owner, town planner, in Pleasant Valley, CO
  • Occupation: 1894 Road builder, Bellvue to North Park, Colorado
  • Census: 1850 Wood Co., VA (WV)
  • Census: 1860 Wood Co., (VA) WV
  • Census: 1870 Ward 2, Wyandotte City, Wyandotte, KS
  • Census: 1880 LaPorte, Larimer Co., CO
  • Census: 1900 Bellvue, Larimer Co., CO
  • Military Service: 1863 West Virginia 113th Union Militia 11
  • PROP: 10 NOV 1882 Patent for 160 acres, Larimer Co., Colorado 12
  • Event: Tax list BET 1846 AND 1850 Wood Co., Virginia
  • Note:
    Jacob Flowers was born July 4, 1827 in Greene Co., PA, the son of John Flowers and Catherine Lemley. About 1844, when Jacob was sixteen, the family moved to Wood Co., Virginia (later West Virginia), where they settled on Bull Creek. According to an autobiographical dictation given by Jacob in 1886, he worked on a farm for four years, at which time "he went to steamboating on the river, and followed this business for ten years." He is listed as a farmer on the birth record of his first child, Thornton Wesley, in 1854, and as a farm laborer on the 1860 census. Perhaps he didn't own a steamboat prior to 1860 but was learning the trade.

    On January 8, 1852, Jacob married Elizabeth Meeks in Parkersburg, daughter of Matthew George Meeks and Lydia Sinclair. "Fireside chats" between Iola Oglesby Pennock and Jacob and Elizabeth's daughter Lydia (Flowers) Pennock reveal the following: "Jacob Flowers and his family lived a storybook existence. The eastern home of the Flowers family was in Parkersburg, WV and Marietta, OH." Lydia related that Jacob had been a ringmaster in a circus and also an overseer on a plantation. The chief conversations with Lydia were regarding the three steamboats which Jacob operated on the Ohio River. "They plied from Parkersburg, West Virginia to St. Louis, Missouri." Recalled incidents indicate that the family often traveled with him on the boats. Jim Flowers, a relative, cites some local lore about Jacob and John H. Flowers. The strength of some members of the Malone family, who cut and seasoned firewood for the steamboats, was legendary, but "the only men they couldn't beat were Jacob and John H. Flowers." Lydia recalled that in 1865 two of her father's boats were sunk on the same day in a storm, one-hundred miles apart, with no insurance or coverage. Disheartened, Jacob sold his eastern property, loaded his family and possessions on the remaining boat and sailed down river to St. Louis and up the Missouri River to Kansas City, Kansas to a community called Wyandotte. Here he sold his last boat and planned to make his home.

    Jacob's boats were the "Oil City," the "Malta" (of which he was sole owner), the "Elk" and the "Buck." In October of 2008, this researcher made a trip to West Virginia and Marietta, Ohio, and found more information about Jacob's boats. From the Marietta Register, Thursday, April 6, 1865 (p. 3, col. 1): "Steamboats Sunk.-The steamer Malta struck a flatboat, at the mouth of the Muskingum, last Thursday afternoon, knocking a hole into her hull. She ran to the point and sunk. On Monday morning, the water having risen, it almost covered her pilot house ... That night, the Oil City, struck a sunken coal barge at Wheeling, badly tearing her bottom, and she sunk almost immediately, a total wreck. The yawl was launched, and took off the eight persons on board ... Captain Flowers is the sole owner of the Malta, and had one-fourth interest in the Oil City. No insurance. The boats were both small, but the loss of Capt. Flowers is heavy ...The little sternwheeler Malta had an Ohio River trade in 1864, described as Parkersburg, Bull Creek, Marietta and Newport. Captain Jacob Flowers was master, and the boat left Newport daily at six a.m. and Parkersburg at one p.m. The same year she changed over to the New Matamoras-Marietta trade ... In 1865 after a sinking, the Malta was repaired and returned to the Muskingum ..." (Steamboats on the Muskingum, by J. Mack Gamble. Providence, RI: Steamship Historical Society of America, c.1971, p. 65) An advertisement for the Oil City in the Parkersburg Weekly Times, Vol. 1, no. 9, Nov. 18, 1865 (microfilm copy in the West Virginia Regional History Collection, West Virginia University, Morgantown) reads: "Plying between St. Mary's, Newport, Marietta, Parkersburg, Hockingport, Bellville, Murrayville, Portland and Ravenswood, the fine, light draught, fast-running steamer Oil City, Jacob Flowers, Captain, B. Dovener, Clerk."

    The Oil City was a sternwheel towboat-packet with a wood hull built at Wellsburg, WV in 1863. She made trips to Oil City, PA before being sold in late 1863 to Wheeling [though they appear to have been from Marietta] parties (of which Jacob was a member). After she sank in 1865, she was raised. In 1866 and 1867 she was on the Muskingum, and in 1868 she operated in the Parkersburg-McConnelsville tri-weekly trade. She was dismantled in 1876. (Way's Steam Towboat Directory, compiled by Frederick Way, with Joseph W. Rutter. Athens, OH: Ohio University Press, 1990, p. 174) The Malta was a sternweel packet with a wood hull, built in Marietta, Ohio in 1864, weight 33 tons. She ran from Marietta to Beverly on the Muskingum in 1865. After sinking on March 30, 1865, she was repaired and plied from Marietta to Zanesville from 1866-1867. She sank on a snag in the Current River on Sept. 10, 1870. (Way's Packet Directory, 1848-1983, compiled by Frederick Way. Athens, OH: Ohio University, 1983, p. 305)

    The Wheeling Daily Register for Friday, March 31, 1865, states
    “Particulars of the Sinking of the Steamer Oil City.—We yesterday briefly mentioned the sinking of the steamer Oil City, which catastrophe occurred on Wednesday night. We yesterday had a conversation with Capt. Flowers, who was in command of the boat when she sunk. The boat had been to Pittsburg, where she had taken a heavy tow, and was returning to this city for the balance of the barges contracted to be towed to Pittsburg ... While passing the boatyard of Wilson, Dunlevy & Co., the boat struck the sunken coal barge, which lies near the channel ... At the time of the accident there was but the boat’s crew aboard, consisting of nine persons, two females and seven males. Although the boat sank in three or four minutes after she struck the sunken coal barge, every person on the the boat escaped in safety from the wreck ... The Oil City was comparatively a new boat and was valued at $9,000. She was built near Pittsburg—and owned as follows: Captain Jacob Flowers, of Williamstown, Va., one-fourth; Thomas Rowlan of Marietta, one-fourth; Lewis Rowlan of Marietta, one-eighth; Charles Rowlan of Marietta, one-eighth. There was no insurance on the boat. The wreck will be removed from the river as soon as possible. In the meantime lights will be hung out for the benefit of river men.” (Wheeling Daily Register, Friday, March 31, 1865; FHL microfilm 180,599)

    By October 28, 1865, the Oil City was back in business:
    "The Oil City came in from Wheeling, looking as bright as a new pin; she has been rebuilt and repainted from stem to stern; in fact she is a new boat. With Capt. Flowers on the roof, she makes quite a fine appearance. She will run as a regular packet betweeen Parkersburg and Matamoras daily." (The West Virginia Weekly Times, "River Items," Oct. 28, 1865; FHL microfilm 215,305)

    There is mention of the steamboat "Elk" in the West Virginia Weekly Times for Sat., March 24, 1866: "The steamers Elk and Falcon have taken advantage of the present rise and gone up the Little Kanawha River to tow a lot of barges to the vicinity of the oil regions where they will receive the [oil] in bulk and in barrels; and if they can get towed soon enough they will float down the subsiding tide of the present rise. If not they will await another rise ... The shipping of oil this way has ... become a very extensive business." (FHL microfilm 215,305) There is no mention of the owners.

    The Parkersburg Daily News carried ads for the Oil City, Jacob Flowers, Captain, until March 29, 1866, after which the ads ceased. The West Virginia Weekly Times for April 7, 1866, in the "River News" section, reported that: "The Oil City, Capt. Henderson, has entered the McConnelsville and Parkersburg trade, making three trips a week." So we think that it was about this time that Jacob and his family departed for Kansas and settled in Wyandotte County.

    Jacob is listed as having been paid $77.44 (though the date of payment is not given) for transportation of the National Guards when they were called into United States service on May 2, 1864. This is found in a Report of the Board of Military Claims to the Governor of Ohio, Dec. 15, 1866. (Executive Documents: Message and Annual Reports for 1866, Made to The Fifty-seventh General Assembly, State of Ohio, at its Second Session, Begun and Held in the City of Columbus, January 2, 1867. Columbus: L. D. Myers, State Printers, 1867; Digitized by Google, Oct. 31, 2007 <> Pt. 1, p. 412) It is not clear whether the payments were made in 1866.

    "The steamboats that plied the Missouri and Kansas rivers in fifties and sixties, before the railroads were builded, had an important part in the making of Kansas and Wyandotte county... Nearly all of those pioneers who figured in our early history caught a first glimpse of Kansas from the deck of a steamboat in the Missouri River at the mouth of the Kansas River, and many are the delightful stories of the impressions of that first glimpse and of the emotions that were awakened. Hon. Albert R. Greene, one of those early day pioneers, writing for the Kansas State Historical Society from Portland, Oregon, recently, gives the following first glimpse in 1855 of Wyandotte: 'The first glimpse of the territory, obtained from the deck of a steamer ascending the Missouri, was at Wyandotte, where the Kansas river emerges from the bluffs and mingles its clear waters with the turbid and tawny flood of the greater stream. That was Kansas, the New England of the west, and the immigrant in his enthusiasm as gladly gave up the Missouri for the Kansas as he exchanged the land of sloth, superstition and slavery for the heritage of freedom and honest labor." (from Ch. 12 of History of Wyandotte County Kansas and its People, ed. and comp. by Perl W. Morgan. Chicago, Lewis Pub. Co., 1911. 2 v., on Kansas Genweb)

    In Wyandotte, KS, the family lived in a house which had previously been the Governor's home.The hot, humid climate was not agreeable to all the family, so in 1872 Jacob and a man named Laidlaw organized members of the "Wyandotte Colony" and in 1873 they traveled by train to Greeley, Colorado, where some joined the Union Colony, a religious agricultural cooperative. However the Union Colony was too strict for Jacob, he continued on to Pleasant Valley, just west of Fort Collins."The colony movement, which led to the successful founding of Greeley, was also important in the growth of Fort Collins and the surrounding area. The movement was an attempt to reduce the hazards of moving to the frontier by bringing an entire community to help establish a settlement. In this way, a homogeneous group of people could settle into an area and more quickly enjoy the benefits of schools, churches, and community life." (Fort Collins Public Library Local History Archive: Establishing the City: Old Town and New Town, 1866-1877, from the Library's web site at <>

    In the first year after settling (1874) his crops were eaten by grasshoppers, so he bought a sawmill and constructed a logging road in rough terrain over the nearby mountains, which eventually reached North Park--a remarkable feat.This road is known today as "Old Flowers Road," now a popular hiking trail. (Tatanka, Bellvue Store, p. 8, sec.4) By 1886, he had owned and sold "five saw mills in the mountains." However he had lumber from the mills after they were sold. By 1886, he owned 220 acres of land in Pleasant Valley, including the land upon which the town of Bellvue was situated.

    Jacob envisioned a town in the valley, and he proceeded to lay out six square blocks. He named the town Bellevue ("Beautiful View") after Bellevue, Pennsylvania or according to Glenn Pennock (Bingham Hill Cemetery, p. 34) and Eugene Flowers, son of Thornton Wesley, after Bellevue, Idaho, where Thornton Wesley had moved in 1882. Of course there were several sites named "Belle vue" along the Ohio River, named by French explorers. Bellevue, Idaho was a thriving mining town in the 1880's. The spelling of the Colorado town was later shortened to "Bellvue" by the Post Office. By the 1880's Bellvue was booming, and it was incorporated in 1887. In its heyday, Bellvue had a store, a racetrack, a livery stable, a blacksmith shop, a butcher shop, a saloon, a jail, a ball park, a park, farms and fruit orchards. There were also hotels and rooming houses for the workers.

    An area south of the town near Stout (under waters of the present-day Horsetooth Reservoir) was the location of stone quarries developed by the Union Pacific Railroad. (Wikipedia <>) In 1882, Jacob built a general store in Bellvue to cater to the quarry workers and their families. A general store built in 1887 and a lovely house built in 1880, were constructed from the native "redstone." The general store, later called the B. F. Flowers General Store, "soon became a local meeting place. Jacob liked people and liked to see them happy, so he put in tables for cards, a pool table, and chairs and benches for the weary travelers ..." (Jackson, C16) For this he became known fondly as "Uncle Jake." The "Flowers boys" built a horse racetrack east of the store, where they raced their horses. It is told that "Uncle Jake" had a horse that would go around the track riderless. Naturally his horse always won! There was also a park and baseball diamond, since Jacob wanted to provide a place for people to meet. The Fourth of July was a special holiday, perhaps partly because it was Jacobs's birthday. There was a big celebration, with a community picnic in the park, horse racing, a rodeo, ball games, and other entertainments.

    Jacob had a large garden and fruit orchard, and he raised hogs. He put in a supply of food so that no one would go hungry. He and a partner, Theo Kutcher, built a gristmill, which "was three stories high, with beams 12 inches x 12 inches and walls 3 feet thick." ("Bellvue," an article by Helen Burgess in The History of Larimer County, ed. by Andrew J. Morris) On June 24, 1884, Jacob opened the first post office in Bellvue at his store, and he was the first postmaster, travelling back and forth from Fort Collins daily with the mail.

    Jacob lists himself as a "capitalist" in the 1900 census, and he engaged in some enterprises that proved unpopular: From "The Weekly Gazette," Colorado Springs, CO, June 2, 1894, p. 8: "New Enterprises: The following new incorporations have been filed with the Secretary of State: The Flowers Toll Road Company, capital stock, $20, 000. Jacob Flowers, W. L. Clayton, Charles E. Pennock, B. F. Flowers, Charles Baker, and James C. Evans, incorporators; to operate in Larimer County." ("The Weekly Gazette," June 2, 1894, Colorado Springs, Colorado [database online: Provo, UT:, Inc., 2006. Database created from microfilm copies of the newspaper) We don't know if Old Flowers Road was one of the toll roads, but evidently one of the roads was the Rist Canyon Road, on which the toll became very unpopular and earned Jake some derision. He later removed the toll from the road.

    Jacob's house and store still stand in Bellvue as of 2015 (although Bellvue is no longer incorporated), preserved by the local chapter of the DAR and the Jackson family. The store is now the Bellvue Grange and is used for meetings. The Board of Directors of the Colorado Historical Society approved the listing of the store to the Colorado State Register of Historic Properties on February 24, 2006. (Colorado Historical Society web site; <>) As of 2008 the house is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

    Combined Roster: 113th and 10th Regiments (WV Union Militia), includes Jacob Flowers, Lemuel Flowers, William Flowers. Colonels: John W. Davis, J.M. Jackson, W.F. Sensensy, Charles B. Smith, Rathbone Van Winkle. Source: Combined Roster: 113th and 10th Regiments, U. S. Genweb Archives ( Jacob enrolled July 1863 from Wood Co., with the 113th Militia. Lemuel (Lemley?) and William also enrolled July 1863 with the 113th. The West Virginia Memory Project ( states that: "Many soldiers started out in the original Virginia State Militia units, which had been functioning since the colonial period. While most secessionists joined regular Confederate regiments, many Union men stayed with the county militia regiments, which were then dubbed "Home Guards" or "Scouts". These men were useful in guarding rail lines and as local forces fighting Confederate guerillas. Many of the men later joined regular Union regiments. After the conclusion of the war, West Virginia Adjutant General Francis P. Peirpoint noted that 'the conduct of these companies with few exceptions, has been uniformly good, considering the slight restraint under which they were unavoidably held. Much objection was made against the organization of such companies, for fear that they would, under the slight authority given them, and by the virtue of their power, go beyond their authority, and commit unwarrantable depredations. In this, however, their most bitter enemies have been disappointed, and the most sanguine hopes of their friends more than realized.' " (Also found here: Belcher Civil War information on

    TAX lists, Wood Co., VA: (Personal Property Tax, Wood County, VA, 1845-1850, FHL film)
    1846 (Feb. 2) Flowers, Jno, 1 WM over 16, 2 horses, tax .20; Flowers, Jacob, 1 WM over 16, 2 horses, tax .25.
    1847. Flowers, John, 1 WM over 16, 1 horse, tax .10; Flowers, Jacob (not next to John in list) 1 WM over 16, 1 horse.
    1848 (March 16th) Flowers, John, 2 WM over 16, 1 horse, tax .10; Flowers, William, 1 WM over 16, .10; Flowers, Jacob, 1 WM over 16, tax .10.
    1849 (May 30th) Flowers, John, 1 WM over 16, 1 horse, tax .10; Flowers, William, 1 WM over 16, no horse; Flowers, Jacob, 1 WM over 16, no horse.
    1850 (Feb. 11th) Flowers, William, 1 WM over 16, 1 horse, tax .10; Flowers, Jacob, 1 WM over 16, 1 horse, tax .10.

    1850, Dist. 65, Wood County, VA (WV), enumerated July 4, 1850
    23-23 Flowers, William, 26 Farmer, b. PA
    Margaret, 18, b. PA
    Jacob, 22, Farmer, b. PA
    Sullivan, John, 17, Farmer, b. Ohio

    24-24 Flowers, John, 52, Farmer, b. PA
    John L. Flowers, 20, b. PA
    Lumly Flowers, 16, b. PA (Lemley)
    Elizabeth Flowers, 18, b. PA
    Jno H. Flowers, 4/12, b. VA

    1860. Wood County, WV. Post Office: Parkersburg.
    Jacob Flowers 33 M Farm Labor Value of Personal Estate: 175 Place of Birth: PA
    Elizabeth Flowers 29 F Wife Place of Birth: VA
    Wesley Flowers 6 M Place of Birth: VA
    Sardes Flowers 4 M Place of Birth: VA
    Lydia Flowers 3 F Place of Birth: VA
    Salvina R. Flowers 7/12 F Place of Birth: VA
    Jerry Gard 11 M Place of Birth: VA

    1870. Wyandotte Co., KS. Wyandotte Ward 2
    298 304 Flowers, David 30 MW Laborer PA (We feel that this must refer to Jacob, whose middle name may have been David)
    Flowers, Elizabeth 28 FW Keeping house VA
    Flowers, Thornton 16 MW At home VA Attended school within the year
    Flowers, Sardis, 12, VA
    Flowers, Lydia 10 FW VA Had not attended school within the year
    Flowers, Salvina 9 FW VA
    Flowers, Benjamin7 MW VA
    Flowers, Cora 8 FW OH
    Flowers, Clark 2 MW VA

    Also in the same census is Elizabeth's brother Thomas Meeks and family. This census record has numerous errors. The head of household is named David, and the ages are wrong for Jacob and Elizabeth and several of the children. Perhaps the info was taken from one of the children or a neighbor who was guessing at the ages. Still the record shows that they were in Wyandotte Co., in 1870. There is a possibility that Jacob's middle name was David.

    1880. LaPorte, Larimer, Colorado. Precinct 6.
    Jacob Flowers, Head, 53, PA, PA, PA
    Elizabeth Flowers, 49, wife, VA, VA, VA
    Thornton Flowers, 26, VA, PA, VA
    Sardis Flowers, 24, VA, PA, VA
    Benjamin Flowers, 19, VA, PA, VA
    Cora Flowers, 15, OH, PA, VA

    1885, Colorado State Census, Larimer County, CO
    Flowers, Jacob, WM, 57, head, Machinist, Born PA, FATHER BORN FRANCE, Mother born Germany
    This census introduces written evidence of the tradition that the Flowers family was of French origin. We now know that the Flowers family is not French, but of British origin, though legend has it that one of the earliest ancestors may have been a Norman archer (hence the name LeFleur--shooter of arrows) who arrived in England during the Battle of Hastings in 1066. So it is a mystery as to where the information on this census originated. The tradition that was passed down was that the family was French and that the name had changed from LeFleur to Flowers when the first ancestors arrived in this country. This myth long proved a stumbling block in tracing the family history. This census has other obvious errors, such as occupation of Jacob as machinist and Catherine Lemley's birthplace as Germany. She was born in Greene Co., PA, though her family was of German origin.

    1900 US Census. Bellvue Precinct, Larimer Co., Colorado
    Flowers, Jacob, Head, WM, b. July, 1827, Age 72, Widower, Occupation, Capitalist, Born PA, Father born France, Mother born Germany
    Wires, Mary, Boarder, WF, b. Aug., 1834, age 65, Widow, Housekeeper, Born PA, Father born NJ, Mother born NJ
    Mary Wires was Elizabeth's sister who had come to Colorado to help Jacob after Elizabeth died in 1890. She was widowed at the time so was able to stay on as housekeeper for Jacob. This census also shows Jacob's father as born in France. It should be noted that Jacob's brother John Lemuel Flowers's 1900 census record shows both parents as born in PA, which is correct.

    Father: John Flowers b: ABT 1798 in Greene Co., Pennsylvania
    Mother: Catherine Lemley b: ABT 1789 in Washington Co., PA

    Marriage 1 Elizabeth Meeks b: 15 AUG 1830 in Wood County, VA
    • Married: 8 JAN 1852 in Parkersburg, Wood Co., VA (WV) 13
    1. Has Children Thornton Wesley Flowers b: 3 MAY 1854 in Wood Co., VA (WV)
    2. Has No Children Sardis W. Flowers b: 1855 in Wood County, VA (WV)
    3. Has Children Lydia Catherine Flowers b: 8 JUL 1857 in Bull Creek, Pleasants County, VA
    4. Has Children Salvina Rebecca Flowers b: 11 DEC 1859 in Cow Creek, Pleasants Co., VA
    5. Has Children Benjamin Franklin Flowers b: 30 APR 1862 in Parkersburg, Wood Co., VA
    6. Has Children Cora M. Flowers b: 22 AUG 1865 in Belpre, Washington Co., Ohio
    7. Has No Children Clark Flowers b: 22 DEC 1868 in Prob. Wyandotte Co., KS
    8. Has No Children George Flowers b: 11 JUN 1870 in Wyandotte Co., KS

    1. Title: Articles written for the dedication of markers in Bellvue by the DAR in 1990 for the store and house of Jacob Flowers.
      Author: Daughters of the American Revolution (Cache la Poudre Chapter)
      Publication: Photocopies of articles from various newspapers
      Media: Book
    2. Title: Fireside Chats
      Author: Iola Oglesby Pennock
      Publication: Letter to author from Lois Johnson
      Media: Letter
    3. Title: Jacob and Elizabeth Flowers tombstone, Grandview Cemetery, Fort Collins, Larimer Co., CO
      Publication: Photo and transcription by the author, 2002
      Media: Tombstone
    4. Title: Larimer County, Colorado 1885 State Census, With Index
      Publication: Fort Collins, CO: Larimer County Genealogical Society, 2000
      Note: Fort Collins Public Library
      Media: Book
      Page: p. 82
    5. Title: History of Larimer County Colorado
      Author: Ansel Watrous
      Publication: Fort Collins, CO: Courier, 1911
      Note: Fort Collins Public Library
      Media: Book
    6. Title: History of Larimer County, Colorado
      Author: Andrew J. Morris
      Publication: Fort Collins, CO: Larimer County Heritage Association, no date
      Note: Fort Collins Public Library
      Media: Book
      Page: C15, C16, F130
    7. Title: United States Federal Census and Index [database on-line]
      Author: United States. Bureau of the Census
      Publication: Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1790-; Provo:UT,Generations Network, various dates <>
    8. Title: Jacob Flowers land purchase receipt #3360, Pre-emption Act, Sept. 21, 1881
      Publication: Records of the Bureau of Land Management, U. S. National Archives, Denver, CO, Denver Land Office Tract Book 22 N., accessed Feb. 11, 2011.
      Note: Jacob Flowers land purchase receipt #3360, Pre-emption Act, Sept. 21, 1881, Records of the Bureau of Land Management, U. S. National Archives, Denver, CO, Denver Land Office Tract Book 22 N., accessed Feb. 11, 2011.
    9. Title: Personal Property Tax Lists, 1801-1850
      Author: Wood Co., Virginia, Commissioner of the Revenue
      Publication: FHL microfilm
      Page: microfilm #2,024,611
    10. Title: Index of Wood Co., West Virginia, Military, Union
      Publication: web site, West Virginia U. S. Genweb Archives (( : accessed May 13, 2016).
      Note: U. S. Genweb Archives, West Virginia, Index of Wood Co., West Virginia, Military, Union ( : accessed May 13, 2016).
      Note: Index of Wood Co., West Virginia, Military, Union, web site, West Virginia U. S. Genweb Archives (( : accessed May 13, 2016).
    11. Title: Combined Roster: 113th and 10th Regiments
      Publication: U. S. Genweb Archives (
      Media: Internet
    12. Title: General Land Office Records
      Author: United State, Bureau of Land Management
      Publication: database (
      Media: Internet
      Page: Accession/Serial #: COCOAA 040104 BLM Serial #:COCOAA 040104
    13. Title: West Virginia Vital Research Records
      Author: West Virginia, Division of Culture and History
      Publication: digital images (
      Media: Internet
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