Name: John LONGHURST
Birth: ABT 1515 in Ewhurst, Surrey, England
Death: 03 MAR 1574 in Ewhurst, Surrey, England
Notes on Longhurst family by Beryl Nice. Rosebud. Vic. Australia.
Ewhurst was known as Ywehurst and Uhurst (13th century) Iwehurst (14th century) and Ewhurst (15th century).
Ewhurst is a parish bounded on the north by Shere, on the east by Ockley (formerly detached, now added to Abinger) and Abinger, on the west by Cranleigh, on the south by the County of Sussex. It is 5 miles from north to south and 1 1/2 miles from east to west, of a fairly regular form. It contains 5,417 acres. The village is 12 miles south east of Guildford, and 11 miles south-west of Dorking.
The English word "hurst" means a wood, thicket or grove; -- is a word used in the composition of many names. In olde England, the name Longhurst meant "dweller at, or near, the long wood".
The villages the Longhursts came from lie in a cluster southwest of densely-wooded Leith Hill - the highest hill in the southeast of England. There are records of Longhursts appearing in this area dating at least as far back as the reign of King Edward 111 (1327-1377 AD).
In the 1500's and 1600's, Longhursts often appear as churchwardens and as witnesses or executors to the wills of other farming families. From these records, one gets the impression that the Longhursts were fairly well off, and respected members of their communities.
The above three paragraphs I have copied from the web site of Pauline Young of Canada - a descendant of the Longhursts. She refers to a William de Longhurst, and a John de Longhurst (C 1340), and Richard de Longhurst (C1224). This leads me to believe that they may have come across to England from Normandy in 1066 with William the Conqueror, the same as our ancestors the BOXALL'S and LINDSEY'S. Refer to my book : "The Lindsay - Boxall Story" - page 5 "Baldric de Lindsay" and page 17 " Elias de Boxhull".
The Longhursts were Yeoman Farmers - yeoman denotes a farmer who cultivates his own land, especially a member of a former class of small freeholders in England. A yeoman in England is considered as next in order to the gentry.
Husbandman - a farmer; a cultivator or tiller of the ground. A husbandman would generally not own the land he worked, but would lease or rent it.
"Messuage" - a dwelling and offices with the adjoining lands appropriated to the house-hold; a mansion- house and grounds.
Will of John Longhurst, dated 4 March 1574 to be buried in the church.
To son Thomas - 20 marks, to son Walter - 20 marks at 21; to daughter Margaret - 20 marks at marriage or in four years; to daughters Christians and Alice - 20 marks each at marriage or at age 21, to Edward Stone - a ewe and lamb; to daughter Juliana - a sheep and a lamb; residue to wife Amy and son William executors. Witnesses - Robert Worsfolde, John Stone, John Longhurst of Ewhurst, John Longhurst of Wotton, William Lawe. Will proved 29 March 1575.
Was Amy the second wife of John? There is a gap between the births of Christopher in 1549 and Margaret C 1557. I believe Margaret could be the first child of the 2nd marrriage to Amy. The page covering Baptisms, Marriages and Burials between September 1554 and September 1561 are missing from the Ockley Parish Register.
It is most difficult to follow families through from one generation to the next as many parish records have been destroyed or lost - see following details:-
EWHURST PARISH REGISTERS.
Bishops Transcripts only from April 1587 to 22 March 1588 for baptisms and 4 June 1587 to 21 May 1588 for burials. Transcripts were lost between these dates and 1614 when the Ewhurst Parish Church Registers were commenced.
No baptisms recorded in Ewhurst Parish Registers after 1 December 1633 until 3 July 1636 and pages blank after 26 March 1639 until 26 May 1640.
Many children were baptised by other ministers, for the parents of the said children would not observe the Directories of the Ewhurst Parish Church. No baptisms between 15 March 1648 and 30 September 1648.
No marriages at Ewhurst Church 1647-1648-1649. Couples were joined together by such ministers as opposed the Directories.
No burials at Ewhurst from 25 May 1633 until 3 March 1642.
OAKWOOD PARISH REGISTERS.
No burials 19 January 1707 to 10 March 1727. No baptisms 30 September 1708 to April 1727. No marriages 26 May 1706 to 16 June 1727. The man employed to copy them out of the loose pages into the Register lost the pages between these years.
Oakwood had no licence for marriages between 1754 and 1853, the marriages taking place in Wotton or Abinger.
OCKLEY PARISH REGISTERS.
Baptisms missing 22 February 1647 to 20 June 1647 and page missing Burials after 16 August 1554 until 4 October 1561.
WOTTON PARISH REGISTERS.
The only gap in the registers are for marriages 1651-1654 and 1655-1657.
By Beryl Nice, I researched the Surrey Parish Registers on microfiche for Ewhurst and surrounding parishes, and although there is much more information on these registers than on the I.G.I. it was impossible to close the gaps between the generations. (Refer to missing records above).
I had come to the conclusion the only way possible would be by Wills, Valuation of Properties or Taxes, etc. Then I came across the web site of Pauline Young of Canada, who is a Longhurst descendant. To my delight it contained copies of wills of Longhurst family members. By using Pauline's information and my own research it made a much clearer picture. I do not agree with the linkage of all of Pauline's families and realise that there may be errors in mine, but have done the best I can under the circumstances.
To my knowledge the first time the Boxall line and the Longhurst line crossed was when Henry Boxall married Mary Longhurst on 9 May 1699 in Ewhurst. The second time was when their grand-daughter Anne Boxall married Richard Longhurst on 24 June 1754 in Ewhurst, (the ones who sold South Breach in 1768-9 to John Vincent of Stoke by Guildford). The third time was when their great grand-son William Boxshall married Sussanah Longhurst 20 February 1780 at Wotton. William was a gamekeeper to the Evelyn Family.
in Ewhurst, Surrey, England
- William LONGHURST b: ABT 1537 in Ewhurst, Surrey, England
- Edward LONGHURST b: JUL 1539 in Ewhurst, Surrey, England c: 24 JUL 1539 in Ockley, Surrey, England
- Thomas LONGHURST b: FEB 1541 in Ewhurst, Surrey, England
- Juliana LONGHURST b: ABT JAN 1543
- Henry LONGHURST b: ABT 1545 in Ewhurst, Surrey, England
- Hugh LONGHURST b: MAY 1546 in Ewhurst, Surrey, England c: 12 MAY 1546 in Ockley, Surrey, England
- Agnes LONGHURST b: JAN 1548 in Ewhurst, Surrey, England c: 25 JAN 1548
- Christopher LONGHURST b: DEC 1549 in Ewhurst, Surrey, England c: 06 JAN 1550 in Ockley, Surrey, England
- Margaret LONGHURST b: ABT 1557 in Ewhurst, Surrey, England c: UNKNOWN in Ockley, Surrey, England
- Christina LONGHURST b: ABT 1559 in Ewhurst, Surrey, England c: UNKNOWN in Ockley, Surrey, England
- Alice LONGHURST b: ABT 1561 in Ewhurst, Surrey, England c: UNKNOWN in Ockley, Surrey, England
- Walter LONGHURST b: SEP 1562 in Ewhurst, Surrey, England c: 28 SEP 1562 in Ockley, Surrey, England