BEVAN BATES ATKINSON and KIDD Ancestries - with a MULTITUDE of Cousin Lines!

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  • ID: I121334
  • Name: William 6th Baron Menstrie ALEXANDER
  • Given Name: William 6th Baron Menstrie
  • Surname: ALEXANDER
  • Sex: M
  • Change Date: 13 AUG 2009
  • Note:
    Notes from

    Sir William Alxndr : 1st Lord of Stirling, 1567 ? - 1640.
    Poet & Statesman, wrote Psalms for a King James II Bible and large amounts of poetry that tended toward the dull. His trajedies preceded & influenced Shakespeare. Was an assoc. of His. Johnson, Dryden, Spenser, etc. Lived in London 20 yrs. Was on privy counsel to King James. Friend & confidant: was granted by same large tracts of land in America: Nova Scotio , New England, Martha's Vineyard, etc. -- which he tried to colonize by awarding Lordships thereto -- including one to Gilbert Ramsay of Balmayne (accepted ?) & one to Duke of York (hence New York) -- also contracted Martha's Vineyard to Gov. Thos. Mayhew, made his son Wm. Alxd'r , Jr. Governor of New Scotland (Nova Scotio 1620-30's, but did not collect money for same & died of modest means.

    m. Lady Janet Erskine, d. 1660 ?, dtr. of Sir Wm. Erskine of Balognie. -11 children:
    Sir Wm.

    Notes from
    The Right Honorable William Alexander, Viscount and Earl of Stirling, ... Alexander, who obtained from the Argyle family a grant of the lands of Menstrie,

    Notes from

    Menstrie Castle had formerly been the home of Sir William Alexander , when he was born at the castle in 1567. Sir William Alexander, later created 1st earl of Stirling , was a founder of Nova Scotia , and an advisor to king James VI of Scotland , with his proposal to form the Order of Baronets of Nova Scotia.

    Sir William Alexander was a descendant of the Earl of Argyle , a Chancellor of Scotland in the late 15th century who lived at Castle Campbell . A descendant of Sir William Alexander sold the estate to Sir James Holborne, in 1649.

    An additional property, abandoned and now utterly demolished, was once situated on the opposite side of the road, immediately opposite Menstrie Castle, to serve as a second laird's house, (or family home) which was named Windsor House, or castle.

    Notes from

    William Alexander, Earl of Stirling (c.1570, Menstrie , Clackmannanshire ? 1640 ) was a Scotsman who was an early developer of Scottish colonisation of Nova Scotia .

    He was a courtier in the Kingdom of Scotland before the accession of James VI to the throne of England , and was knighted in 1614. In 1621 King James I of_England granted him a royal charter appointing him governor of a vast territory in North America which was erected into a lordship and barony of Nova Scotia (New Scotland); the area now know as Nova Scotia, New Brunswick , and part of the northern United States . The creation of Baronets of Nova Scotia was used to settle the plantation of the new province.

    Alexander was an active promoter of his New Scotland and brought many British settlers to the maritimes. He was appointed Secretary for Scotland in 1626 and held that office for the rest of his life. In 1630, King Charles I_of_England rewarded his service by creating him Viscount of Stirling and in 1633 he became Earl of Stirling .

    Lord Stirling?s efforts at colonisation were less successful, at least from a monetary standpoint. He spent his fortune, and when the maritimes were returned to France in 1632, it was lost. He spent his later years with limited means, and died in London on September 12 , 1640 .

    Notes from
    Lord William Alexander, 1st Earl of Sterling
    Born 1567; Died 12th September, 1640.

    Born in Menstrie, Clackmannanshire Scotland, William Alexander was the grand-nephew of James Alexander, the Burgess of Sterling. Alexander attended the Universities of Glascow and Leiden; he later served as tutor and travel companion to the Earl of Argyle. An accomplished author, his talents as a poet and playwright brought favour from the royal court. Alexander was appointed tutor to Prince Henry, and in 1603, accompanied James VI to London, following his coronation as King James I of England. Alexander was nighted in 1609, assigned to the Scottish Privy Council in 1614, and named to the office of Master of Requests in 1615. Granted a royal charter for Nova Scotia in 1621, Alexander was later appointed Viscount of Canada, Scottish Secretary of State in 1626, and dubbed the Earl of Sterling in 1633. His literary works include Darius (1603); Aurora (1604); A Paraenesis to the Prince (1604); The Monarchicke Tragedies (1607); An Elegy on the Death of Prince Henry (1612); Doomes-day (1614).

    Notes from
    Sir William Alexander

    William Alexander's first years were spent in the parish of Logie, but following his father's death he was brought up in Stirling by a granduncle who was a merchant there. He was educated at the universities of Glasgow and Leiden, and became tutor to the Earl of Argyle. He joined the court of James VI in Edinburgh as tutor to Prince Henry, and was one of a number of poets whom the King surrounded himself with, known as the Castalian Band. Following the Union of the Crowns in 1603, James moved his court to London. Alexander was one of the favoured courtiers who accompanied him, and his subsequent involvement in English politics made Alexander unpopular in Scotland. He was knighted in 1609, granted the plantation of Nova Scotia in 1621 and made Viscount of Canada. He was appointed Secretary of State for Scotland in 1626, and was created Earl of Stirling in 1633.

    Despite such political achievements, however, he met with severe financial difficulties during his last years, and he died in poverty. His literary work is now regarded as an historical curiosity; it includes sonnets and songs (collected in "Aurora"); four tragedies written for Prince Henry; and "Doomesday", a poem of over 10,000 lines. At Windsor Castle on September 10, 1621 King James signed a grant in favour of Sir William Alexander covering all of the lands "between our Colonies of New England and Newfoundland, to be known as New Scotland " (Nova Scotia in Latin), an area larger than Great Britain and France combined. On October 18, 1624 the King announced his intention of creating a new order of baronets to Scottish "knichts and gentlemen of cheife respect for ther birth, place, or fortounes ". James I died on March 27, 1625 but his heir, Charles I, lost no time in implementing his father?s plan.

    By the end of 1625, the first 22 Baronets of Nova Scotia were created and, as inducements to settlement of his new colony of Nova Scotia, Sir William offered tracts of land totalling 11,520 acres "to all such principal knichts & esquires as will be pleased to be undertakers of the said plantations & who will promise to set forth 6 men, artificers or laborers, sufficiently armed, apparelled & victualled for 2 yrs ". Baronets could receive their patents in Edinburgh rather than London, and an area of Edinburgh Castle was declared Nova Scotian territory for this purpose. In return, they had to pay Sir William 1000 merks for his "past charges in discoverie of the said country ".

    Notes from

    The Clan Campbell Abstracts ofEntries Relating to CAMPBELLS in the Books of Council and Session, Acts and Decreets 1500 - 1660 From the Campbell Collections Formed by Major Sir Duncan Campbell of Barcaldine and Glenure, Baronet, C.V.O., F.S.A. Scot., Secretary to Most Ancient and Most Noble Order of the Thistle, Carrick Pursuivant of Arms, Prepared and Edited by the Rev. Henry Paton, M.A., Volume VIII MACNIVEN & WALLACE -Edinburgh 1922
    Only 100 copies of this Volume Printed

    1591-2, March 6.?The Lords advocate to themselves an action at the instance of Archibald, Earl of Argyle, against William Alexander, now of Mains of Menstrie, and James Alexander in Menstrie, his tutor, for payment of certain victual duties of the feu maills of the £5 lands of Menstrie. (137, -17.) Page 119

    Notes from

    STIRLING, WILLIAM ALEXANDER, EARL OF (c. 1567-1640) , most generally known as Sir William Alexander, Scottish poet and statesman. son of Alexander Alexander of Menstrie (Clackmannanshire), was born at Menstrie House, near Stirling, about 1567. The family was old and claimed to be descended from Somerled, lord of the Isles, through John, lord of the Isies, who married Margaret, daughter of Robert II. William Alexander was probably educated at Stirling grammar school. There is a tradition that he was at
    Glasgow University; and, according to Drummond of Hawthornden, he was a student at the university of Leiden. He accompanied Archibald, 7th earl of Argyll, his neighbour at Castle Campbell, on his travels in France, Spain and Italy. He married, before 1604, Janet, daughter of Sir William Erskine, one of the Balgonie family. Introduced by Argyll at court, Alexander speedily gained the favour of James VI., whom he followed to England, where he became one of the gentlemen-extraordinary of prince Henry's chamber. For the prince he wrote his Paraenesis to the Prince . . . (1604), a poem in eight-lined stanzas on the familiar theme of princely duty. He was knighted in 16og.
    On the death of Henry in 1612, when he wrote an elegy on his young patron, he was appointed to the household of prince Charles. In 1613 he (in conjunction withThomas Foulis and Paulo Pinto, a Portuguese) received from the king a grant of a silver-mine at Hilderston near Linlithgow, from which, however, neither the Crown nor the undertakers made any profit. In 1613 he began a correspondence with the poet Drummond of Hawthornden, which ripened into a lifelong intimacy after their meeting (March 1614) at Menstrie House, where Alexander was on one of his short annual visits. In 1614 Alexander was appointed to the English office of master of requests, and in July of the following year to a seat on the Scottish privy council. In 1621 he received from James I. enormous grants of land in America embracing the districts of Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, and the Gaspe Peninsula, accompanied by a charter appointing him hereditary lieutenant of the new colony. This territory was afterwards increased on paper, so as to include a great part of Canada. Alexander proceeded to recruit emigrants for his " New Scot-land," but the terms he offered were so meagre that he failed to attract any except the lowest class. These were despatched in two vessels chartered for the purpose, and in 1625 he published an Encouragement to Colonies in which he vainly painted in glowing colours the natural advantages of the new territory. The enterprise was further discredited by the institution of an order of baronets of Nova Scotia, who were to receive grants of land, each 6 sq. m. in extent, in the colony for a consideration of 115o. An attempt made by the French to make good their footing in the colony was frustrated (1627) by Captain Kertch, and Alexander's son and namesake made two expeditions to Nova Scotia. But Alexander found the colony a constant drain on his resources, and was unable to obtain from the treasury, in spite of royal support, 6000 which he demanded as compensation for his losses. He received, however, a grant of i000 acres in Armagh.

    He was the king's secretary for Scot-land from 1626 till his death, and in 1630 was created Viscount Stirling and Lord Alexander of Tullibody. In the same year he was appointed master of requests for Scotland, and in 1631 an extraordinary judge of the Court of Session. Meanwhile French influence had gained ground in America. In 1631 Charles sent instructions to Alexander to abandon Port Royale, and in the following year, by a treaty signed at St Germain-en-Laye, the whole of the territory of Nova Scotia was ceded to the French. Alexander continued to receive substantial marks of the royal favour. In 1631 he obtained a patent granting him the privilege of printing a translation of the Psalms, of which James I. was declared to be the author. There is reason to believe that in this unfortunate collection, which the Scottish and English churches refused to encourage, Alexander included some of his own work. He had been commanded by James to submit translations, when James was carrying out his long entertained wish to supplant the popular version of Sternhold and
    hopkins; but these the royal critic had not preferred to his own. It has been assumed from the scanty evidence that when Alexander was entrusted with the editing and publishing of the Psalms by Charles I. he had introduced some of his own work. In 1633 he was advanced to the rank of earl, with the additional title of Viscount Canada, and in 1639 he became earl of Dovan. His affairs were still embarrassed and he had begun to build Argyll House at Stirling. In 1623 he received the right of a royalty on the copper coinage of Scotland, but this proved unproductive

    He therefore secured for his fourth son the office of general of the Mint, and proceeded to issue small copper coins, known as " turners," which were put into circulation as equivalent to two farthings, although they were of the same weight as the old farthings. These coins were unpopular, and were reduced to their real value by the privy council in 1639. Alexander died in debt on the 12th of February 164o, at his London house in Covent Garden. He was succeeded in the title by his grandson William, who died a few months later, and then by his son Henry (d. 1644), who became the 3rd earl. When Henry's grandson Henry, the 5th earl (1664?1739), died, the earldom became dormant, and in 175Q it was claimed by William Alexander (see below). In 1825 the earldom was claimed by Alexander Humphreys-Alexander, who asserted that his mother was a daughter of the first earl. The charter of 1639, however, on which his title rested, was declared in 1839 to be a forgery. See W. Turnbull, Stirling Peerage Claim (1839). All Alexander's literary work was produced after 1603 and before his serious absorption in politics about 1614.
  • Birth: 1567 in Menstrie, Logie Clackmannshire, Stirling, Scotland
  • Death: 21 FEB 1640 in Convent Garden, London, Middlesex, England, United Kingdom
  • LDS Baptism: 16 NOV 1937 Temple: SLAKE 2
  • Endowment: 27 JAN 1938 Temple: SLAKE 2
  • Sealing Child: 30 MAY 2002 Temple: LANGE
  • Ancestral File #: MW2H-6S

    Father: Alexander 5th Baron of Menstrie ALEXANDER b: ABT 1550 in Menstrie, Logie Clackmannshire, Stirling, Scotland
    Mother: Marion Contee GRAHAM b: 1550 in Gartavertane, Menteith, Perth, Scotland

    Marriage 1 Janet ERSKINE b: ABT 1580 in Aberdeenshire, Scotland, United Kingdom
    • Married: 1601 in Scotland, United Kingdom
    • Sealing Spouse: 7 FEB 1997 in SDIEG
    1. Has No Children William ALEXANDER b: ABT 1606 in Menstrie, Logie Clackmannshire, Stirling, Scotland
    2. Has No Children Anthony ALEXANDER b: ABT 1608 in Menstrie, Logie Clackmannshire, Stirling, Scotland
    3. Has Children Jean ALEXANDER b: 1610 in Sterling, Stirlingshire, Scotland
    4. Has Children Col. John ALEXANDER b: ABT 1612 in Talbot, Kentyre, Scotland
    5. Has No Children Charles ALEXANDER b: ABT 1614 in Menstrie, Logie Clackmannshire, Stirling, Scotland
    6. Has No Children Robert ALEXANDER b: ABT 1616 in Tyrrel, Dobbs, North Carolina, United States
    7. Has No Children Ludovich ALEXANDER b: ABT 1618 in Tyrrel, Dobbs, North Carolina, United States
    8. Has No Children James ALEXANDER b: ABT 1620 in Tyrrel, Dobbs, North Carolina, United States
    9. Has No Children Margaret ALEXANDER b: ABT 1624 in Tyrrel, Dobbs, North Carolina, United States
    10. Has No Children Elizabeth ALEXANDER b: ABT 1626 in Tyrrel, Dobbs, North Carolina, United States
    11. Has No Children Henry ALEXANDER b: ABT 1628 in Tyrrel, Dobbs, North Carolina, United States

    1. Abbrev: Ancestral File
      Title: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Ancestral File (R) Copyright (c) 1987, June 1998, data as of 5 JAN 1998;FamilySearch® Ancestral File? v4.19" 3 Feb 2001/i> Copyright (c) 1987, June 1998, data as of 5 JAN 1998;FamilySearch® Ancestral File? v4.19" 3 Feb 2001/i> Copyright (c) 1987, June 1998, data as of 5 JAN 1998;FamilySearch® Ancestral File? v4.19" 3 Feb 2001
        Name: Family History Library
        35 N West Temple Street

      • Abbrev: IGI
        Title: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, International Genealogical Index (R) Copyright (c) 1980, 2002,;LDS Church, FamilySearch Internet Genealogy Service Internet: http://www.familysearch.orggical Index (R) Copyright (c) 1980, 2002,ical Index (R) Copyright (c) 1980, 2002,
        Text: Source Information
        Title International Genealogical Index (R)
        Author The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints
        Publisher FamilySearch? International Genealogical Index v5.0
          Name: Family History Library

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