Name: Andrew Lewis
Prefix: Brigadier General
Birth: 9 OCT 1720 in , Donegal Co., IRE
Death: 26 SEP 1781 in , Bedford, VA, USA
Burial: Salem, , VA, USA
Ancestral File #: BN32-J2
!BURIAL: East Hill Cemetery
Change Date: 20 SEP 2009 at 09:18:32
!MILITARY: Andrew Lewis (1720-1781) as a young man became known as an out standing frontiersman and surveyor. In 1745, he assisted in surveying la rge tracts in the Cowpasture valley and, between 1749 and 1754, he helpe d survey about 50,000 acres in the Greenbrier (now West Virginia) area . In the early 1740s, he married Elizabeth Givens, daughter of an earl y Augusta settler, and the couple had seven children. They establishe d a homestead named Richfield in Botetourt County (established in 1769 fr om Augusta) near Salem, in what is now Roanoke County .
In 1754 he began his illustrious career as a soldier, serving as a captai n in General Washington's Virginia Regiment. He was with Washington at th e surrender of Fort Necessity in Southwestern Pennsylvania. He later sup ervised the construction of frontier forts along the Greenbrier River, an d was appointed county lieutenant (the highest county military rank) fo r Augusta County. He fought with distinction in several military expedit ions against the French and Indians. On one occasion, he was captured an d spent 13 months imprisoned by the French before being exchanged. A s a colonel, in Dunsmore's War in 1774, he led his forces of mostly Augus ta men in the Battle of Point Pleasant, at the confluence of the Ohio an d Kanawha Rivers. With 600 men, Andrew fought to bloody victory agains t Cornstalk and his Shawnee warriors. His brother Charles Lewis, was kill ed in this engagement, which has been recognized as the first battle of t he American Revolution.
With his brother, Thomas, Andrew served in the Virginia Conventions of th e 1770s, as a delegate from Botetourt County. As a general in the Revolu tionary War, Andrew, and his Virginia force were instrumental in drivin g Governor Dunsmore from Virginia. In 1780-81, Andrew Lewis served in th e governor's council, first under Governor Thomas Jefferson, then under G overnor Thomas Nelson. He died in Bedford, on his way home to Richfiel d from Richmond in 1781.
The statue of Andrew Lewis stands with those of five other prominent Virg inians around the base of the equestrian statue of George Washington in C apitol Square in Richmond.
LEWIS, Andrew, soldier, born in Donegal, Ireland, about 1720; died in Bed ford county, Virginia, 26 September, 1781. His father, John Lewis, of Hug uenot descent, killed his landlord in resisting an illegal attempt to eje ct him from his possessions, and came to this country in 1732, settling i n Beliefonte, Augusta County, Virginia, of which he was the first white r esident. Andrew, with his brothers, early became conspicuous in the front ier struggles, and volunteered in the expedition to take possession of th e Ohio region in 1754. He was a major in Washington's Virginia regiment , and highly esteemed by the latter for his courage and skill. He was wit h Washington at the surrender of Fort Necessity, and, according to some a uthorities, at Braddock's defeat in 1755. He commanded the Sandy creek ex pedition in 1756, and was made prisoner in that of Major James Grant to F ort Duquesne in 1758, and taken to Montreal. In 1768 he was a commissione r from Virginia to conclude a treaty with the Six Nations at Fort Stanwix , New York In 1774, when hostilities had begun again on the western front ier of Virginia, he received the appointment of brigadier-general, and a s commander-in-chief at the battle of Point Pleasant, at the mouth of Gre at Kanawha river, gained a victory over the Shawnee confederacy under th e celebrated "Cornstalk" in what was probably the most severe engagemen t with the Indians that had taken place in this country up to that period . He was a member of the house of burgesses for several years, and a dele gate to the Virginia conventions of May and June, 1775. When Washington w as appointed commander-in-chief of the Continental army, he recommended L ewis for major-general, but the latter was overlooked, and accepted the r ank of brigadier-general on 1 March, 1776, which he resigned on 15 April , 1777. In 1776 the committee of safety sent him to dislodge Lord Dunmore , whom he attacked on 9 July, driving him from Gwynn's island. He resigne d his command on account of illness, and died on the way to his home on R oanoke river. He possessed a strong physique and commanding presence, an d was extravagantly described as making the earth "tremble as he walked. " His statue occupies one of the pedestals around the Washington monumen t in Richmond, Virginia--His brother, Thomas, legislator, born in Donegal , Ireland, in 1718; died in 1790, was a member of the Virginia house of b urgesses, where he faithfully supported the rights of the colonies. He ad vocated the resolutions of Patrick Henry in the session of 1765, was a me mber of the conventions of 1775 and 1776, and also of the State conventio n that ratified the Federal constitution.--Another brother, William, sold ier, born in Ireland in 1724; died in Virginia in 1811, was engaged in th e French and Indian warfare under his brother Andrew, and served during t he Revolution with the rank of colonel.--Another brother, Charles, born i n Virginia; killed at the battle of Point Pleasant, 10 October, 1774, als o served under his brother Andrew, was a leader in the conflicts on the w estern frontier of the state, and became a colonel in the army.--Charles' s nephew, Joshua, jurist, born in Virginia in 1774; died in New Orleans , Louisiana, 5 June, 1833, emigrated to Kentucky in early manhood, and se ttled in Lexington, where he was the political adviser of Henry Clay. H e was appointed by President Jefferson in 1803 one of the three commissio ners to take possession of the newly purchased province of Louisiana, an d was subsequently judge of the state supreme court.--Joshua's son, Joh n Lawson, soldier, born in Lexington, Kentucky, 26 March, 1800; died in N ew Orleans, Louisiana, 15 May, 1886, removed to New Orleans in boyhood, a nd was educated in that city and at Litchfield, Connecticut He served a s courier to General Andrew Jackson at the battle of New Orleans, was adm itted to the bar in 1821, became inspector-general and major-general of t he first division of Louisiana state troops in 1842, was sheriff in 1850 , and mayor in 1855. During the civil war he was major-general of state m ilitia in the Confederate service, was severely wounded at Mansfield, an d served throughout the campaign that ended in the retirement of Genera l Nathaniel P. Banks from the Red river. After the war he held several pu blic posts in New Orleans, including that of jury-commissioner.
!DEATH: Lewis was struck down while returning home from a council meeting , and died of a fever in Bedford County on September 25, 1781. He was tak en home to Richfield, and buried in the family plot there. In 1887 he wa s re-interred in the East Hill Cemetery at Salem, Virginia.
Elizabeth Anne Givens b: 1728 in , Augusta, VA
in , Augusta, VA
- John Lewis
- Samuel Lewis
- Charles Lewis
- Thomas Lewis b: 1752
- Andrew Lewis b: 1759
- Ann Lewis b: 1760
- William Lewis b: 1764