Name: Ancient Kraus
Name: Ancient Craus
Name: Ancient Crouse
Name: Ancient Krause
Name: Ancient Krauss
Name: Ancient Krausz
Name: Ancient Krausza
Name: Ancient Krouse
On the family name:
no one should get too invested in the exact spelling of the family name. Family names have only been around for a few hundred years and our genes are a lot older than that. Our various base versions (e.g. Kraus, Krause, Krauss) are Germanic and mean "curly" ... in some places one surely was spelled as some variation of Krauskopf, or "curly-headed". Then family members have lived in places where other languages influenced spelling and pronunciation. So sometimes it was convenient to switch the initial letter to "C", and/or the initial vowel to "o", and/or a final "e" to and "a", and on and on. In my own direct line there have been at least four different spellings in common use at one time or another.
About current distribution:
Krause. Today there are some 40,000 telephone book entries for Krause in Germany making it the 29th most common German family name; there is only an additonal 300 in Austria. They are scattered throughout the country but found mostly in the areas north of where Kraus families are concentrated.
Kraus. Today there are some 21,500 telephone book entries for Kraus in Germany making it the 69th most common German family name. They are scattered throughout all parts of German but are concentrated in the south: Bavaria, Wittemberg, and southern Hesse, with an additional 1,500 in Austria.
Krauss. Today there are some 2000 telephone book entries for Krauss in Germany making it only the 373rd most common family name there. There are only another 140 in Austria.
if you are not prepared to find that you had ancestors who practiced other religions, then probably you should let genealogy alone. Among the Krauses we will find several kinds of Christians (Catholic, Orthodox, and a whole raft of Protestant types), Jews, and Muslims. We will find few if any family lines going back to the beginning of family names that has been of one faith the whole time; and we are likely to find some lines that have been all of the above at one time or another in their history! An, of course, the current "European" faiths are all very young. Our family genes go way, way back, long before there was an Old Testament or a Koran ... so all of our lines have been of a different faith at other times in their histories.
skin color and other things we today associate with race can change very quickly. If you marry someone of another race, and your child does the same, and your grandchild does the same, your great grand child will look far more like the person you married than like you. So you are likely to find ancestors who look very, very different from you! In a very small number of generations, fair can become dark, and dark can become fair.
About prehistory (via DNA):
Every male human carries a bit of DNA which he gets from his father, who got it from his father and right on back. Within that bit there is a small segment which seems to have nothing to do with how we look, or act, or anything else of any practical importance. But every 5,000 to 10,000 years a small change may occur which is permanent. That man will pass that small change on to all his descendants and so on forever. These small changes are called "Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms" or SNPs for short. They are studied and labeled. They allow us to track our ancestry, way, way back.
Alpha: All male humans tested to date (Oct. 2006) carry a set of SNP which comes from one male who lived in what is now the East African plains some 120,000 years ago. I will here call him Alpha. There were lots of other humans then, but this one male was the only one with the SNP set which we now all have in common. As luck would have it, somewhere along the line the male lines from every male alive then have apparently died out. So in a very real sense, all humans tested so far on every continent are cousins. We are all descended from Alpha.
His descendants are classified into "Haplogroups" which are labeled with letters of the alphabet, A-R based on the SNPs which are in the DNA we got from our fathers. In the following I will identify each of our significant ancestors by the number of his significant SNP.
M42: About 80,000 years ago in Alpha's homeland a baby boy descendant of his was born with a new SNP. Actually by then a total of four SNPs (M42, M94, M139 and M299) had occurred in his line, but the male lines of his cousins died out and only his has survived. He is our ancestor. Some of his descendants moved up into what is today Ethiopia. All of the males alive today, except those in Haplogroup A, descend from him.
M168: among those folk some 50-60,000 years ago another boy was born a new SNP. Actually in his line by then a total of three SNPs (M168, M294 and P9) had occurred, but as with M42, no male has survived in this line except those carrying all three of these SNPs. We will call this ancestor M168. Some of his descendants went east through India, Southeast Asia, and even the Pacific Islands. But others went north and west into what is now the Sahara, only to be forced out as water there dried up. Those folk escaped through what is now Egypt into the Middle East. Our ancestors were among them. All males today, except those in Haplogroups A and B descend from our ancestor M168.
M89: then, about 45,000 years ago, probably in what is now Iran or Iraq, another boy was born with new SNP. Actually in his line by then a total of three new SNPs (M189, M213 and P14) had occurred, but as with M168, no male in this line has survived except those carrying all three of these SNPs. We will call this ancestor M89. He turned out to be the ancestor of most folks who today live in or come from Europe, the Middle East, as well as most Asians and Native Americans, including the Krauses; this is all the males in Haplogroups F through R.
Among his descendants who stayed, at least for a time, in the Middle East, were Haplogroups G, I and J. So far we have found Krauses who belong to each of those three haplogroups.
M9: it seems that the bulk of M89's descendants kept going north. There weather was bitter, life was very hard, but food was plentiful. It turned out that the closer they got to the mile-high ice-cap which covered much of Europe and Asia, the more they were on grassland-tundra in the midst of huge herds of giant mammals which provided them food in abundance. Among those who went north another boy was born, some 40,000 years ago, with a new SNP. It is called M9 and so we will call him. He is the ancestor of all males in Haplogroups K through R.
M207: One of M9's descendants was born with this new SNP. This boy was the porgenitor of Haplogroup R. Haplogroup R folks populated the areas right up against the ice-cap and when they could go no further north, many of them (R1b) kept moving west right across Europe. Some (R1a) stayed for a long while on the steppes of central Eur-Asia, and then moved into eastern Europe. Krauses have been found among both R1a and R1b.
- Haplogroup G Kraus
- Haplogroup I Kraus
- Haplogroup J Kraus
- Haplogroup R Kraus
- Haplogroup Unknown Kraus