The Ancestors of Brian Doig

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  • ID: I15321
  • Name: Joseph COMBS
  • Surname: Combs
  • Given Name: Joseph
  • Sex: M
  • Birth: 1684/1690 in Of Rappahanock Co.,VA
  • Death: ABT 1756 in Overwharton Par, Stafford, Va
  • Ancestral File #: PD2K-VK
  • _UID: CC99EFA4457BD511AA29444553540000A135
  • Note:
    See .

    Although some researchers have assigned Joseph Combs I of Stafford Co, VA as an elder son o f John Combs who died in Richmond Co, Virginia ca 1717, the records of Richmond and Essex Cou nties seem to indicate clearly that the eldest son of John Combs of Richmond was Archdale Com bs II who died in King George Co, VA in 1735. The ancestry of Joseph Combs I has not yet bee n determined although it appears that a relationship of some kind existed between him and th e descendants of Archdale Combs of Old Rappahannock, particularly since (a) our findings of p re-1700 Combs records in Stafford County and (b) the fact that at least one descendant of Jos eph Combs I was named Archdale (See Clark Co, KY).

    Both Joseph Combs' year and location of birth are unknown; however, he was an adult by 1723 w hen he first appears in the recordsl of Stafford County:

    "From the Stafford Co, VA rent roll for the year 1723 Returned by James Carter, July ye 18th , 1724." Combs, Jos., 243 acres, Paid 59 lbs. Tobacco. Land that was Michael JUDD'S.

    "1723 Tenders of Tobacco: Joseph Combs - with James CEED, Sofias ROGERS, Patrick BARRAWAY.. . 36,000 plants"
    (The Register of Overwharton Parish, Stafford Co, VA, 1723-1758 and Sundry Historical and Ge nealogical Notes, Compiled and Published by George Harrison Sanford King Fellow, American So ciety of Genealogist, Fredericksburg, VA, Southern Historical Press, Easley, SC, 1961, herei nafter OPR)

    Although the original deed to Joseph Combs for the above land is not extant, the following se ries of deeds assist in both locating the property and identifying his neighbors:

    12 Sep 1711- 21 Jun 1712 (Stafford - NN Land Patent Book 4:91) George SIMSON of Stafford Co . Wrnt. 12 Sept. last. He assigned to Michaell JUDD, Jr. of said Co., half of land 21 Mar. la st. Surv. by Mr. Thomas HOPPER. Grant to SIMSON & JUDD for 243 A. on Beaver Damn Run of N. Ru nn of Ocquia Cr. in said Co. (Virginia North Neck Land Grants, 1694-1742, Vol. I, compiled b y Gertrude E. Gray, GPC, Baltimore, 1987)

    9 Aug 1726 (Stafford - NN Pat Bk A:211) Joseph COMBE of Stafford Co., 576 acs. in sd. count y on Acquia Crk. adj. COMBE'S land. (Virginia Northern Neck Land Grants, 1694-1742. Gertrud e E. Gray)

    27 Feb 1728/9 (NN Pat Bk C:195) John GREEN of Stafford 323 acs. in Stafford adj. Col. ROBINSO N, Geo. WALLER, Marquis CALAMIES, Jas. BUTLER, on Beaverdam Run of Acquia. [Deed granted Joh n EDY. GREEN neglected to pay charges, but paid before EDY had his deed. EDY'S deed cancelled . D. B. B. fo. 189.] . (Virginia Northern Neck Land Grants, 1694-1742. Gertrude E. Gray)

    7 Feb 1728/9 (NN Pat Bk B:168) John WARNER of Stafford, 225 acs. in Stafford on Long Br. of A cquia near Marquis CALMIES, on Cannons Run, on Occaquan Path. (Virginia Northern Neck Land Gr ants, 1694-1742. Gertrude E. Gray)

    16 Feb 1729/30 (NN Pat Bk C:25) John COOK of Stafford, 1,514 acs. in Stafford on Beaverdam Ru n of Acquia adj. Joseph Combs, Great Rocky Run, CARY'S line, Br. of Chappawomsick, Wm. BRENT , Mr. John LEE. (Virginia Northern Neck Land Grants, 1694-1742. Gertrude E. Gray)

    5 Apr 1730 (NN Pat Bk C:55) Thos. BARBER of Richmond Co., 161 acs. in Stafford adj. Joseph Co mbs on Beaverdam Br. of Acquia. (Virginia Northern Neck Land Grants, 1694-1742. Gertrude E. G ray)

    6 Jun 1731 (NN Pat Bk C:152) John COOK of Stafford Co., 1,665 acs. in Stafford on Beaverdam R un of Acquia adj. CARY'S Patent under which Geo. FITZHUGH claimed, ALLERTON'S Patent, Nichola s BRENT, John WARNER, path from CALAMEZE to COOMBS'S Mill, Joseph COOMBS. (Virginia Norther n Neck Land Grants, 1694-1742. Gertrude E. Gray)

    28 Nov 1739. (Stafford NN Pat Bk ) Charles HARDING of Stafford County 269 acs. in said County , Mr. WARNER to survey. Adj. Capt. John LEE, Samuel TIMMONS now PEYTON'S, Joseph COMBES, nea r South Run of Chappawamsick, Brent Town Road. (Virginia Northern Neck Land Grants, 1694-1742 . Gertrude E. Gray)

    Of particular interest are (1) the above record of 16 Feb 1729/30, which indicates that Josep h Combs owned property adjacent to a William BRENT; and (2) the following record:

    21 Jun 1712 - 31 Oct 1763 (NN Land Patent Book I:100) Mr. John Combs of Stafford Co. 180 A. B eaver Dam & Long Br. of Acquia in said county. Surv. Mr. John MAUZY. Adj. CARY or FITZHUGH (n ow Washington), grant of George SIMSON & Michael JUDD 21 June 1712, Joseph Combs, said Josep h COMBE, WALLER & WARNER now RALLS. 31 Oct 1763 (Virginia North Neck Land Grants, 1742-1745 , Vol. II, compiled by Gertrude E. Gray, GPC, Baltimore, 1987)

    The former record is also of interest because we know that Mason Combs, Sr. of Overwharton Pa rish was on the estate rent list of Capt. Wm. BRENT, dec'd, during the years 1746-1750, and o ne of our goals is to attempt to determine just how closely the two men lived to each other . As to the second record, it further establishes John Combs, Sr. as a son of Joseph Comb s I of Stafford, and that Joseph Combs I was the same individual as the Joseph Combs on the 1 723 rent roll. A third land grant of interest is the following:

    26 Feb 1728/9 (NN Land Patent Book Born-188) William KENDALL of Stafford County "containing 4 02 acres situated, lying and being in Stafford County binding on ye land of Coll. CARTER, Nic holas BRENT, Henry BRENT and Maurica LINAH". Dated 26th day of February, in ye second year o f ye reign of our Sovereign Lord George the second of Great Brittian, France, and Ireland KIN G defender of the faith ANNO DOMINI 1728/9.

    William Kendall Deed for four hundred and two acres of land in Stafford County (Researcher De nise Mortorff)

    The above William KENDALL was the husband of Elizabeth Combs, daughter of John Combs, died Ri chmond 1717, and thus the brother-in-law of Mason Combs. The KENDALLS are a significant par t of our continuing efforts to determine precise property locations in Stafford County as ca n be seen when reading the files of William and Elizabeth Combs Kendall and John Combs of Ric hmond.

    Numerous land patents are extant for Joseph Combs, totalling over 2,500 acres between 1725 an d 1741. (Combs, A Study in Comparative Philology and Genealogy, privately published ca 1976 , based on the manuscript of the late Josiah H. Combs, by Norris K. Combs of Pensacola, Flori da, hereinafter JHC) Various land patents and tax lists show that his early holdings were pri marily in the Beaver Dam-Aquia Creek area of Overwharton Parish, and later records help to pi npoint the location of his residence, including the following:

    27 Jul 1756 (Stafford County Liber N 1739-49: RALLS from Combs 505.) from (Prince William Cou nty Minute (Order) Books1755-57; 27 Jul 1756. John RALLS sues John MURDOCK.. the following co me to Court: James PHILLIPS (8 mi.), John ASHBY (12 mi), William KENDALL (5 days ten mi.); Ri chard HEWITT (5 days, 18 mi. for RALLS); William ETHRING (5 days, 13 mi for MURDOCK); Charle s HARDIN (1 day, 12 mi for MURDOCK); William BUSSELL (1 day 27 mi for RALLS), Jemima MASON ( 5 days for RALLS); George MASON (5 days for RALLS); John CARTER (1 day 20 mi. for MURDOCK); J ohn PEYTON Junr (1 day for RALLS); Richard Joseph Combs (4 days 9 mi for MURDOCK; Jane WILLIA MS (2 days 9 mi. for RALLS); John RALLS Junr (2 days, 9 mi for RALLS) (Posted by Patricia Jun kin to the Old Frederick Co VA Rootsweb List, 21 Jan 1998, and reprinted with permission)

    Notes: This record needs to be ordered due to the "Richard Joseph Combs" listed. No other Ric hard Combs (with or without middle name of Joseph) has been found in any records, Stafford o r otherwise.

    Unlike Mason Combs and the KENDALLS, other than the marriage record of his daughter, Jane, t o John ASHBY on 11 May 1741, Joseph Combs' family does not appear in the Overwharton Parish R egister. It is possible that this indicates Joseph Combs was either Catholic or a Church of E ngland dissenter; however, thus far no evidence as to his religious preferences has been disc overed.

    In 1739 Joseph Combs I purchased land in Prince William Co, VA that other deeds show was clos e to the Stafford County line:

    12 Mar 1738/9 - 26 Mar 1739 (Prince William Co, VA DB D:69-72) Mar. 12, 1739. Deeds of Leas e & Release. John CLARK & Margaret CLARK his wife of St. Mary's Par., Caroline Co., planter , to Joseph Combs of Overwharton Par., Stafford Co., planter, 14 pds. for 152 acs in Hamilto n Par., on Derrells' Run...corner to Jeffrey James PETERS land... to corner of J ohn CATLET.
    /s/ John CLARKE /s/ Margaret (+) CLARKE Wits: Jonathan GIBSON, James BOWIE John RALLS
    At a court Mar. 26, 1739, John CLARKE acknowledged this release.

    (Pr. Wm. DB D:116-117) Richd. TALIAFERO and Wm. TALLIAFERRO, Gent., of Caroline, in private e xamining Margaret CLARK the wife of John CLARK apart from her sd. husband...her free consen t duly execute certain deeds of lease and release dated March 19, 1738 [sic] between sd. Joh n CLARKE and Margaret his wife to Joseph Combs and conveying unto Joseph Combs tract of lan d of 152 acs. in Hamilton Parish. March 31, 1739. Wm. TALIAFERRO, Richd. TALIAFERRO
    At Court May 28, 1739 this comission and certificate were presented in Court. (Prince Willia m County, Virginia, Deed Book Liber D, 1738-1740. June Whitehurst Johnson)

    So far as is we know at this point, the above John and Margaret CLARK are not of the St. Mary 's Co, MD, Combs-CLARK family. (See Abraham Combs of St. Mary's) Likewise, it is not known i f it is significant that they were from Caroline where Mason Combs, presumably the same who w as later in Stafford, owned property on Peumans End Run bequeathed to him by his father, Joh n Combs of Richmond. The James PETERS who witnessed the above will may also be of interes t - if he was kin to Henry PETERS of Peumans End Run of Old Rappa. (See Combs of old Rappahan nock and Combs, Joanne & John MEADOR).

    Another possible connection is the CATLETTS: John Combs of Richmond was the step-brother of W illiam UNDERWOOD, Sr. whose aunt, Elizabeth, married John CATLETT, Sr. Their son, John CATLET T, Jr., was born ca 1658 in Old Rappa County and the above John CATLETT was probably a relati ve although that has not yet been determined. Combs & CATLETTS &c are found living nearby t o each other in many early records. Nor did the association between the CATLETTS and Joseph C ombs' descendants did end in 1739. In a 1784 Stafford County deed, a Henry CATLETT witnesse d the deed of Benjamin and Sarah Combs of Frederick County, to Joseph Combs of Stafford. (Sta fford D&W8:348-9) (Research in progress)

    Although Joseph Combs I of Stafford did not leave a will, he did leave a series of deeds of g ifts that identify his three known children and the land he gifted:

    (Stafford Co DB P:121-125) Indenture made Sept. 10 & 11, 1756 between Joseph Combs the Elde r of Stafford and Joseph Combs the Younger, son of sd. Jos. the Elder, of Frederick Co., Va.. .for love and affection and 5 shillings...1,000 acs., all that tract of land in Overwharton P arish on the north side of beaver dam run b/b the North bank of sd. run as far as Brent Tow n Road & then by sd. road. Said Jos. the younger and heirs shall not by virtue of the present s claim any right to any profit arising from or appertaining to the said Stream called beave r dam run or any part thereof nor build or attempt to build any mill or mills upon any par t f sd. stream nor any way disturb John Combs brother to the sd. possession of th e mill now upon that stream or of the stream itself with all its profits and provided furthe r that nothing hereby granted shall restrain John from bulding & erecting as many mills on sd . stream as he shall think proper.
    Wits: Evan WILLIAMS Clk. to Thomson MASON Esqr. s/Joseph (mark) Combs John RALLS, John NELSON /NEILSON, George CROSBY Admitted to record at Stafford Co.Ct. Oct. 12, 1756. (Stafford Co, V A Deeds, Sparacio)

    (Stafford Co DB P:125-126) Sept. 11, 1756. I, Joseph Combs the Elder of Overwharton Parish, S tafford Co., Va. in consideration of natural love & affection I bear unto my son Joseph Comb s the Younger of Frederick Co., Va....have granted ans sell unto Jos. the Younger all and eve ry the Negro Slaves (10 named) togetheer with all my Smiths tools2...
    Wits: Evan WILLIAMS Clk. to Thomson MASON Esqr.
    /s/ Joseph (mark) Combs
    John RALLS, John NELSON, George CROSBY
    Admitted to record at Stafford Co.Ct. Oct. 12, 1756. (Stafford Co, VA Deeds, Sparacio)

    (Stafford Co DB P:126) Sept. 11, 1756. I, Joseph Combs the Elder of Overwharton Parish, Staff ord County, for love I bear unto my Son in Law John ASHBY of Frederick County who married m y daughter Jane...have granted my Negro man called Phill...
    /s/ Joseph (mark) Combs
    Wits: Evan WILLIAMS Clk. to Thomson MASON Esqr.
    John RALLS, John NELSON, George CROSBY

    Oct. 12, 1756. Deed of gift proved and admitted to record (Stafford Co, VA Deeds, Sparacio)
    (Stafford Co DB P:126-129) Indenture made Sept. 10-11, 1756 between Joseph Combs the Elder o f Stafford Co. and John Combs, son of said Joseph of Prince William Co., for natural love whi ch he hath unto his sd. son John Combs and 5 shillings, doth grant all that land on which sd . Joseph Combs dwelling plantation now is, lying and being in Overwharton Parish, Stafford Co unty on South side of Beaver dam run b/b North side of sd. run as high as Brent Town Road an d then extending over the North bank of the sd. run so as to include all the land above the s d. road to the sd. Tract containing by estimatin 1000 acs. more or less together with the mil l upon the sd. run & all the appurtances thereof... John shall possess the separate and sol e use of the stream called Beaver dam run with all profits therefrom arising and shall enjo y the same together with the mill thereon without hindrance.
    Wits: Evan WILLIAMS Clk. to Thomson MASON Gent.
    /s/ Joseph (mark) Combs
    John RALLS, John NELSON, George CROSBY

    Oct. 12, 1756. Deed proved and admitted to record (Stafford Co, VA Deeds, Sparacio)
    (Stafford Co DB P:129) Sept. 11, 1756. Joseph Combs the Elder of Overwharton Parish, Staffor d Co., for natural love I bear my son John Combs of Hamilton Parish, Prince William Co., hav e granted all the Negroe Slaves following (9 named) together with my Still...
    Wits: Evan WILLIAMS Clk. to Thomson MASON Gent.
    /s/ Joseph (mark) Combs
    John RALLS, John NELSON, George CROSBY

    Oct. 12, 1756. Deed of gift proved and admitted to record. (Stafford Co, VA Deeds, Sparacio)
    (Stafford Co DB P:130) Sept. 11,1756. Joseph Combs the Elder of Overwharton Parish, Staffor d County for natural love I bear unto my two sons John Combs of Hamilton Parish, Prince Willi am Co., and Joseph Combs the Younger of Frederick County... have given all my household good s household stuff & implements of household linnen bedding brass and pewter & all my stock o f horses cattle sheep & hoggs & my crop of corn and tobacco and all my debts rights & persona l estate whereof I am now possessed to be equally divided between them share and share alik e to take the same in common and not as joint tenants.
    Wits: Evan WILLIAMS Clk. to Thomson MASON Gent.
    /s/ Joseph (mark) Combs
    John RALLS, John NELSON, George CROSBY

    Oct. 12, 1756. Deed of gift proved and admitted to record (Stafford Co, VA Deeds, Sparacio)

    The above deeds are a genealogical treasure, of course. Moreover, his identification of Josep h the Younger as a resident of Frederick at this time should be of assistance in sorting ou t the numerous other Joseph Combs in the North Neck during the 18th century. No deeds of gif t for other than the above three children have been located in Stafford County, and it is bel ieved that they are the only issue of Joseph Combs who lived to adulthood. No extant record s have been located thus far naming his wife. These final deeds of gift are the last record o f Joseph Combs the Elder in Stafford County and probably signaled his impending death.

    See also, however, the aged and infirm Joseph COOMBS of Loudoun Co, VA who in 1763, was order ed Levy Free due to 'age and infirmities.' Could Joseph Combs I have removed to Loudoun prio r to his death?
  • Change Date: 18 Feb 2016 at 09:23:07

    Father: William COMBS b: ABT 1665
    Mother: Mary

    Marriage 1 Mary EDWARDS b: ABT 1708 in Of Stafford Co., VA
      1. Has No Children John COMBS Sr. b: BEF 1725
      2. Has Children Joseph COMBS b: ABT 1725 in Of Louden Co., Va
      3. Has No Children Jane COMBS b: BEF 1727
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