PARKER-LEATHERMAN AND RELATED FAMILIES

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  • ID: I11114
  • Name: James,John or Ambrose WHEELER
  • Surname: Wheeler
  • Given Name: James,John or Ambrose
  • Prefix: maybe
  • Sex: M
  • Birth: abt 1730's in
  • Death: Ambrose Abt 5 Sep 1781 in Battle of the Capes, Yorktown, VA
  • _UID: B093D860179C31449A94EFC7524C41FF6569
  • Note:
    I have entered all end of line Wheelers here as possible sons of James, or Ambrose or John. The one certain thing is that George Wheeler had a brother James(re Will also signed John), and probably a brother John ( re land records). Solomon is listed because he has a son Ambrose and he is in the same KY towns as John Wheeler (who married Susannah Clark) and his descendants. Charles, Reuben, Lewis and 5 dau are named as siblings by Bryan Brown in his query (brownb@magpage.com) from 12 Jan 1997.

    re Bryon Brown http://www.zianet.com/wheelerwc/otherwhe/Virginia1.html
    (XIII)Date: Sun, 12 Jan 1997 16:03:44 -0700 Name: Bryan Brown Bryan Brown wrote: Bill, My name is Bryan Brown. Attached is what is known of my Wheeler genealogy. Please email me any comments- (1) James Wheeler b. ca 1729 in VA m ca 1754(wife unk) 11 children James II John George Charles Rueben Lewis 5 unamed daughter (2) John Wheeler b. ca 1757 Prince Edward Co, VA m. Susanna Clark on 15 December 1779. Susanna's father was Col Henry Clark (Rev War) John was a lt. in his outfit. Their children- Henry Wheeler born 16 Nov 1780 James M. Wheeler born 16 Oct 1782 in Rutherford Co, NC d. 1 Nov 1868 at Prentenden Co, KY John Wheeler II born 9 Dec 1784 Mary Ann Wheeler born 25 Dec 1786 Sarah Wheeler born 10 May 1789 Benjamin Wheeler born 22 Mar 1791 Mary Wheeler born 28 July 1793 Matilda Wheeler born 15 Apr 1798 Isaac H. Wheeler born 25 June 1800 Susanna Wheeler born 11 Mar 1804 (3) James M. Wheeler m. Mary Elder, 8 Nov 1805 at Livingston Co, KY Mary Wheeler (2) born 19 March 1807 Henry Clark Wheeler born 19 Nov 1809 John Elder Wheeler born 19 Jan 1812 Sarah Morrow Wheeler born 14 May 1814 James Marcus Wheeler born 14 Apr 1817 Benjamin Wheeler (2) born 23 Nov 1819 Susannah Clark Wheeler born 29 Aug 1822 Matilda Jane Wheeler born 13 Mar 1825 Isaac Lowery Wheeler born 10 Apr 1829 (4)Susannah Clark Wheeler m to Francis Irvin 'Frank' Travis, 18 Dec 1840 at Rockcastle, Livingston Co, KY d. 12 Dec 1849 at Livingston Co, KY James Murray Travis born 28 Nov 1841 Mary Jane Travis born 1844 Marcus Francis Travis born 27 Dec 1847 John Irvin Travis born 1849

    Re DAR Patriot Index:
    John Wheeler, born 1757 VA, died 24 Nov 1838 KY, married Susanna Clark.
    John was a lieutenant; VA; NC; PNSR.
    A lieutenant was a rank in the Navy.
    VA is Virginia.
    NC is North Carolina.
    PNSR is a soldier pensioned.

    Re DAR (from Kay)
    James Wheeler b. ca. 1735, Cavalry, died VA before 1804, married Abigail.

    I have Ambrose Wheeler in an index from the following:
    "Historical Register of Virginians in the Revolution, Soldiers - Sailors - Marines 1775-1783",
    by John H. Gwathmey, publisher Genealogical Publishing Co, Inc 1987, originally published:Richmond, VA 1938, Lib of Congress Catalogue Card # 73-4558
    There are three listings in the index:
    Wheeler, Ambros, 12 CL, 8 CL
    Wheeler, Ambrose, 4, 8, & 12 CL
    Whealer, Ambros, 8 CL.
    The CL is for the 15 Virginia Regiments of the Continental Line. So the above represents the 4th, 8th and 12th Virginia Regiments of the Continental Lines.
    4th Virginia Regiment:
    Colonels-Adam Stephen, Thomas Elliott, Robert Lawson, Isaac Read, John Neville.
    Lieutenant Colonels-Isaac Read, Robert Lawson, William Taliaferro, Thomas Gaskins, Robert Ballard, Samuel J Cabell, Richard Campbell, William Darke.
    Majors-Robert Lawson, John Sayres, Isaac Beall, George Gibson, Charles Fleming, Andrew Russell, John Brent, William Crogan.
    8th Virginia Regiment:
    Colonels-Peter Muhlenberg, Abraham Bowman, John Neville, James Wood.
    Lieutenant Colonels-Abraham Bowman, John Markham, Charles Fleming, Samuel J Cabell, Jonathan Clark.
    Majors-Peter Helphenstone, William Taliafero, William Darke, Morgan Alexander, William Crogan, Jonathan Clark, Andrew Waggener, John Poulson.
    12th Virginia Regiment:
    Colonel-James Wood
    Lieutenant Colonels-John Neville, Levin Joynes
    Majors-Charles Simms, George Slaughter, Jonathan Clark.

    Other Wheelers listed are:
    Whealer, James (Wheeler) 5 CL
    John, 9 CL
    Matthew, 15 CL
    Samuel (Wheeler) Sgt., 1 Va. State Reg.
    Wheelar, James E - (no reference as to what branch of service.)
    Wheeler, Benjamin, Pvt., WD (War Dept - record there)
    Benjamin Dod, Captain in 1780-81, E (Index of the Revolutionary records in the VA State Archives, compiled by Dr. H J Eckenrode in 1912 and 1914.
    Edward, Va. Battalion
    James, 5 CL, 6 CL
    James, 1st Light Dragoons
    James, Morgan's Riflemen
    James, Lee's Legion
    James, 75, Jackson Co, GA mpl (Militia Pension List)
    James, 74, Gibson Co, IN, mpl
    Jesse, Pitts.(paid off at Fort Pitt-Pittsburg) Name also appears in Hist of Frederick Co, E (Index see above)
    John, Cav, Clark's IL Reg T-FV2P758
    John, Clark's IL Reg Pitts. (paid off...)
    John, Capt John Roberts' Co, Mil
    John, 2 CL, 6 CL, 14 CL
    John, Morgan's Riflemen
    John, 1st Light Dragoons
    John, Lee's Legion
    John, Grayson's Reg, deserted Apr 29, 1777
    John, of Augusta, E
    Joseph, Master's Mate, Brig Liberty in 1776
    Mark, E
    Micajah, Albemarle Mil Albemarle pens.
    Micajah Sr, Nelson pens
    Samuel, Sgt 1 Va. State Reg
    Thomas, Henrico pens.
    Wheelor, John, 2 CL
    Wheler, John, 13 CL, IP (Illinois Papers)
    Wheller, John, BW (Bounty Warrants)
    Whelor, Edward, of Fairfax, E
    ---------
    Re Chuck: Ambrose was an ensign in the US Navy and lost his life during the Battle of the Capes which blocaded the British (Cornwallis Army) from resupplying their troops.
    ---------
    - Chapter Section Navigation
    Overview of the Continental Navy <03a.htm>
    Washington's Navy: April 1775-March 1776 <03b.htm>
    War at Sea: John Paul Jones at Flamborough Head <03c.htm>
    Naval Force on Lake Champlain, 1776 <03d.htm>
    Yorktown and the Battle of the Capes
    Yorktown and the Battle of the Capes The naval force that played the most important role in achieving American independence was not American at all--it was French. General Washington knew that as long as the Royal Navy controlled the seas, the British army could maintain its mobility and never be pinned down or destroyed.
    George Washington. From the collections of The Mariners' Museum.
    The greatest opportunity for Washington to trap a major British force on land developed in the summer of 1781 at Yorktown, Virginia. British General Cornwallis, after making a sweeping movement across the southern states, had withdrawn to the port of Yorktown to establish a base of operations.
    Battle of the Capes. Historical Atlas of the U.S. Navy. Naval Institute Press.
    From Yorktown, located on the Virginia shore of the Chesapeake Bay, Cornwallis's army of 7,000 could rely on the Royal Navy to provide supplies, reinforcements, and, if need be, a means of retreat. As the British established themselves at Yorktown, Washington and his army of 9,000 camped around New York City. Seeking an opportunity to cut off Cornwallis's contact with the Royal Navy, Washington urgently requested the support of the French fleet then operating in the Caribbean. Washington's plan called for a combined naval and land offensive against Cornwallis. Rear Admiral J. P. Compte de Grasse responded to Washington's call by sailing his French battle fleet of twenty-eight ships north toward Virginia. Simultaneously, on August 21, 1781, Washington began moving his army south.
    General Charles Cornwallis. From the collections of The Mariners' Museum.
    Leaving 2,500 troops with Major General Heath in New York to screen the withdrawal of the remainder of the American army, Washington began the long trek south through New Jersey and Philadelphia to the northern end of the Chesapeake Bay. Meanwhile, Admiral Sir George Rodney, commanding the British naval forces in the West Indies, realized that de Grasse had begun moving his fleet northward. Rodney dispatched fourteen ships of the line under the command of Rear Admiral Samuel Hood to pursue the French fleet. However, in an effort to avoid detection by the British, de Grasse did not follow the main shipping lanes north. By slowly navigating through the seldom-used Bahama Channel, de Grasse avoided Hood.
    In fact, as he followed a more direct route, Hood not only failed to spot the French, but also outdistanced them and arrived at the Chesapeake Bay some four days ahead of de Grasse. Finding no sign of the French at the Chesapeake Bay, Hood continued north to New York. There, with de Grasse's whereabouts unknown, Hood met with the commander of the British squadron in New York, Rear Admiral Thomas Graves. Graves's concern at this point centered on reports that another French squadron had set sail from Newport, Rhode Island. This French fleet of eight ships was rumored to be carrying siege guns and troops to help the Americans encircle Cornwallis at Yorktown. On September 1, 1781, in an effort to cut off this second French fleet, Graves and Hood set sail once again for the Chesapeake Bay with a combined fleet of nineteen ships of the line. What neither Graves nor Hood realized was that on August 29, de Grasse had successfully arrived in Virginia. Finding no opposition, he anchored his fleet just inside the Chesapeake Bay. There de Grasse landed some 2,500 French troops to support American forces already at Yorktown.
    <../caption_pages/03r_LP2003Hood.htm> <../caption_pages/03r_LP2003Hood.htm>
    Rear Admiral Sir Samuel Hood. From the collections of The Mariners' Museum.
    The combination was sufficient to hold Cornwallis in place at Yorktown while de Grasse ferried Washington's army from the northern end of the Bay. Cornwallis was now nearly trapped. On the morning of September 5, 1781, the British fleet, approaching from the north, sighted the French fleet at anchor inside the mouth of the Chesapeake Bay. At first, the British assumed they had located the French squadron they had been tracking from Newport; but as they drew closer, the forest of masts showed their mistake. De Grasse moved quickly to put his ships to sea, where he could maneuver against the British. In their haste, the twenty-four French ships rounded Cape Henry in an undisciplined mass and failed to form a proper battle line. At this point, the British fleet had the opportunity to defeat the vessels as they emerged from the Bay. Instead, Graves stopped to form a line of battle, which allowed the French to prepare for the coming action. At 3:45 P.M., with the two fleets on nearly parallel courses a mile or two apart, Graves hoisted the signal "line ahead," meaning that his ships were to remain in single file, bow to stern, as they approached the enemy. As the forward end, or "van," of the British line approached the French at a slight angle, forming a "V," Graves signaled for his fleet to "bear down and engage," meaning that each ship was to engage its opposite in battle. However, Graves continued to fly the signal for "line ahead." Hood, knowing that the requirement to follow the "line ahead" signal superceded all other signals, remained doggedly in line in the rear, positioned too far back to be actively engaged. For nearly an hour and a half, only the van of the British fleet engaged de Grasse's ships. Finally, at 5:20 P.M., Graves lowered all signals and hoisted the sign for "close action." Hood's squadron joined the fight. However, by this time, three British ships had been disabled.
    As the afternoon wore on, de Grasse ordered his ships to break contact and bear away. The battle ended by 6:30 P.M., as daylight failed. For the next two days the rival fleets maneuvered within sight of each other in blustery weather, but no further engagements took place. The objective for de Grasse was not to destroy the British fleet, but protect the entrance to the Chesapeake Bay. On September 11, he ordered his ships back to anchorage inside the Bay's entrance. There he found that the eight French ships from Newport had successfully arrived. The British realized that the addition of these ships brought the French fleet to thirty. Facing this overwhelming strength, Graves withdrew to New York. Cornwallis's fate was sealed. Without the navy to resupply or reinforce his army, and with no means of retreat, surrender was certain. While the Battle of the Capes was a minor tactical victory for the French, it was decisive for the Franco-American allies, for it led directly to Cornwallis's surrender. Hemmed in by the French navy and the allied army, with no chance of rescue by the Royal Navy, Cornwallis formally surrendered on October 22, 1781. This did not necessarily mean an end to the war, but when news of the surrender reached Prime Minister Lord North, he threw up his hands and cried, "Oh God, it is all over!"
    *****
    http://www.uswars.net/1775-1783/campaigns/1780-yorktown.htm
    Yorktown
    Time Period: 30 December 1780 - 19 October 1781
    Area: Virginia
    Explanation: Siege of Yorktown and preliminaries beginning with Arnold's Raid
    In May 1781, French Admiral de Barras arrived in Rhode Island to take command of the blockaded fleet there and brought word that Admiral de Grasse would be bringing the long-awaited French fleet later in the year. General George Washington met with French Lt. General Rochambeau to plan operations up to and after Admiral de Grasse arrived. They decided to operate around New York City where Lt. General Henry Clinton was located, although Washington feared that Maj. General Nathanael Greene could not keep Lt. General Charles Cornwallis occupied in the Carolinas and would soon move into Virginia in an effort to link up with Clinton.
    As a matter of fact, following the loss of his light infantry and cavalry at the Battle of Cowpens on January 17, 1781, burning his baggage train in pursuit of General Greene later that month and a costly victory at the Battle of Guilford Courthouse, General Cornwallis abandoned the Carolinas in May 1781. He arrived in Petersburg Virginia later that month and soon received reinforcements from General Clinton, which increased his force to around 7,000 men.
    General Cornwallis spent the next couple of months maneuvering against the Maquis de Lafayette in an effort to destroy the Frenchman's roving force, but aside from a few raids in the countryside, Cornwallis was unable to carry out his objective. He also was also receiving conflicting orders from General Clinton, so he now moved to establish a fort on the James River Peninsula at Yorktown as well as across the river at Gloucester. His fortifications were ready by August 22, 1781.
    Meanwhile, General Washington received word that Admiral de Grasse was on his way to the Chesapeake Bay area. Washington immediately abandoned his operations around New York and while decoying General Clinton like he was preparing to attack various coastal positions around New York began marching south for Virginia in late August. While Washington was marching through Philadelphia, Clinton finally learned that Washington was heading south, but he was not alarmed because of the perceived superiority of the British fleet.
    Long before General Washington arrived at Yorktown, the French Navy had established control of the Chesapeake. The British Navy arrived first in late August, but left when they found the waters empty. The next day Admiral de Grasse arrived and began landing forces from the West Indies. The British fleet returned and Admiral de Grasse engaged them. The two fleets drifted south before the French broke off. When Admiral de Grasse returned to the Chesapeake, he found that Admiral de Barras had arrived from Rhode Island. All the naval action had taken place before mid-September arrived.
    General Washington arrived at the end of the month. After maneuvering and an action at Gloucester, official siege operations began on October 9, 1781. General Cornwallis attempted to hold out until reinforcements arrived from General Clinton. However, on October 17, he could no longer hold out and a parley was called. Terms of Surrender were negotiated on October 18 and the official surrender ceremony took place without Cornwallis, who claimed illness, on October 20, 1781. Yorktown turned out to be the last major engagement of the American Revolutionary War.
    *****
    http://www.uswars.net/1775-1783/battles/810928.htm
    The Siege of Yorktown September 28 - October 19 1781; Yorktown, South Carolina
    Americans Commanded by Gen George Washington French Commanded by Gen Rochambeau
    Forces Killed Wounded Captured
    11,133(Am) 23 65 -
    7,800(Fr) 60 193 -
    British Commanded by Cornwallis
    Forces Killed Wounded Captured
    8,885 156 326 8,087
    Conclusion: American Victory
    The combined Continental and French force under Generals Washington and Rochambeau arrived at Yorktown on September 28, 1781. There were three divisions with two brigades in the American force. Marquis de Lafayette's division included the brigades of Brig. General Peter Muhlenberg and Brig. General Moses Hazen. Maj. General Benjamin Lincoln's division included the brigades of Brig. General James Clinton's New York Regiments and Colonel Elias Dayton, who commanded New Jersey and Rhode Island regiments. Brig. General Baron von Steuben commanded the brigades of Brig. General Anthony Wayne, which included Pennsylvania and Virginia regiments, and Brig. General Modrecai Gist, which included Maryland regiments. 1,700 Virginia militia present. Brig. General Henry Knox commanded a 310-man artillery brigade. Cavalry was 100 men strong while there were 100 sappers and miners.
    Lt. General Comte de Rochambeau was comprised of four 900-man regiments that had come from Newport, Rhode Island and three 1000-man regiments that Admiral de Grasse had brought from the West Indies for a total of 6600 infantry. He also had 600 artillerymen, 600 horse and foot from Lauzun's Legion and 600 marines for operations against Gloucester. British Lt. General Charles Cornwallis had the 1,500 men that had been with him in the Carolinas, which included infantry under Brig. General Charles O'Hara and Lt. Colonel Banastre Tarleton's British Legion. His remaining troops and come south with Benedict Arnold and Maj. General William Phillips, which numbered about 5,500 men. They included the Queen's Rangers commanded by Lt. Colonel John Simcoe, Captain John Ewald's Jäger Company, 200 artillerymen and 800 marines.
    The Allied Army Arrives and Action At Gloucester: September-October 1781 As late as September 5, 1781, General Cornwallis still had a chance to retreat to Richmond and then south back into the Carolinas, but Cornwallis did little more than probe the Marquis de Lafayette's blocking forces. He was still expecting Lt. General Henry Clinton to send his reinforcements, so he was content to continue to fortify his positions at Yorktown and Gloucester. On September 28, the combined Continental and French allied force left Williamsburg, Virginia at around 5:00 A.M. and moved to with a mile of Cornwallis' Yorktown defenses by dark. On the British right, Lt. Colonel Robert Abercromby withdrew as the French Wing adavnced there, while Lt. Colonel Tarleton withdrew as the American Wing moved to the southeast of Yorktown.
    On September 29, General Washington inspected the British position while the army continued to surround Yorktown. Artillery and siege equipment and stores were also brought to the front. On September 30, the allies discovered that the British had abandoned three outposts that had covered the southwest approach to Yorktown. General Cornwallis had chosen to withdraw from those positions to maximize defenses with his limited forces after he had received word from General Clinton that a relief fleet would be departing New York on October 5.
    Across the York River at Gloucester, Virginia, General George Weedon and his 1,500 Virginia militia had been opposing the British garrison commanded by Lt. Colonel Thomas Dundas. On September 28, 1781, Weedon was reinforced by 600 men of the French Lauzun's Legion. On October 1, General de Choisy assumed allied command of these operations while 800 marines were detached to Gloucester as well. On October 2, Lt. Colonel Tarleton's British Legion arrived to support Dundas bringing the British garrison's strength to nearly 1,000 men.
    On October 3, 1781, Lt. Colonel Dundas was returning to camp after leading a foraging expedition when General de Choisy pushed forward. Dragoons from Lauzun's Legion formed an advance for de Choisy, while Lt. Colonel Tarleton's cavarly formed a rear screen for the British. Tarleton was nearly captured by Lauzun when he was pinned under his horse, but some of his men rode in and saved him. Tarleton reassembled his men, but John Mercer held the allied line and Tarleton withdrew. He would not see any more action on the American continent. For the remainder of the campaign, Choisy kept the British garrison at Gloucester pinned.
    On October 6, 1781, the allied force commanded by General George Washington and Lt. General Comte de Rochambeau was ready to begin formal siege operations. While Comte de Saint-Simon's troops began efforts toward Fusilier's Redoubt on the north side of Yorktown in the evening, engineers staked out the main operations. After dark, work parties began building trenches and redoubts. While Saint-Simon was shelled during the evening, Cornwallis did not even know that the main siege operation had begun until after daylight on October 7th.
    After the completions of the first parallel, the bombardment of Yorktown began on October 9, 1781 with Saint-Simon firing the first shots at 3:00 P.M. By October 10, forty-six guns were in place and inflicted so much damage that Lt. General Charles Cornwallis was only able to return about six round an hour. A flag of truce appeared at noon on the 10th. That evening three or four ships were destroyed by the allied fire. After dusk on October 11, digging was begun in preparation for an assault on British Redoubts Nos 9 and 10 on the southeast side of Yorktown, which was necessary to complete the second tighter parallel.
    After concentrating artillery fire on those positions, General Washington was notified at about 2:00 P.M. on October 14, 1781, that an assault was now possible. Marquis de Lafayette was given responsibility for the capture of Redoubt No. 10 and he selected Jean-Joseph de Gimat to lead the assault, but Alexander Hamilton protested. Washington ruled in Hamilton's favor and Hamilton was to lead 400 men against Redoubt No. 10. Colonel William Deux-Ponts led the assault on Redoubt No. 9 with 400 French grenadiers and chasseurs.
    Saint-Simon and General de Choisy began diversionary attacks on the Fuselier Redoubt and Gloucester. at 6:30 P.M. Hamilton and Deux-Ponts moved forward at 7:00 P.M. After taking heavy losses, Deux-Ponts secured Redoubt No. 9 as the British and Hessian defenders surrendered. Meanwhile, Hamilton had quickly overrun Redoubt No. 10 with few casualties. The allies immediately consolidated their positions in anticipation of a British counterattack. However, Cornwallis did not counterattack, but massed all his artillery against the newly captured position.
    On October 16, 1781, at about 4:00 A.M. Lt. Colonel Robert Abercromby led 350 British troops on a sortie to spike allied guns now in position on the second parallel. Abercromby was able to spike four guns after pretending to be an American detachment. Moving to another position along the parallel, the British were this time driven back to their lines by a French covering party. However, they had managed to spike two more guns, but the allies were able to get all the spiked guns back into action within six hours.
    On the evening of October 16, 1781, General Cornwallis attempted to ferry across the York River to see about fighting his way out by way of Gloucester, but a storm frustrated these efforts. On October 17, the allies brought more than 100 guns into action for their heaviest bombardment yet. Cornwallis could no longer hold for reinforcements from Lt. General Henry Clinton and around 10:00 A.M. on October 17, 1781, a parley was called for by the British. General Washington gave Cornwallis two hours to submit his proposals, which were received by 4:30 P.M. that afternoon.
    On the morning of October 18, 1781, terms of surrender were negotiated with Lt. Colonel Thomas Dundas and Major Alexander Ross represented Lt. General Charles Cornwallis and Lt. Colonel John Laurens and Noailles represented the allies. On October 20, the surrender document was delivered to Cornwallis. He was to sign and return it by 11:00 A.M. and the garrison was to march out at 2:00 P.M. to surrender. Sometime before noon, the document returned with Cornwallis' signature as well as Captain Thomas Symonds, the highest ranking British naval officer present. Generals George Washington and Rochambeau as well as Admiral de Barras signed for the allies.
    The terms of the surrender were honorable. The British were to march out with colors cased and drums playing a British or German march. The principal officers could return to Europe or go to a British-occupied American port city on parole. Officers were allowed to retain their side arms and all personnel kept their personal effects. Infantry at Gloucester could ground their arms there, while the cavalry including Lt. Colonels John Simcoe and Banastre Tarleton were to proceed to the surrender field outside Yorktown. All troops would be marched to camps in Virginia, Maryland and Pennsylvania.
    At 12:00 P.M., two detachments of 100 men each, one American and one French, occupied two British redoubts to the southeast of Yorktown, while the rest of the victorious army formed along both sides of the Hampton road where the British Army would march to the surrender field, which was located about a mile and a half south of Yorktown. At 2:00 P.M. the defeated British troops marched down the road, supposedly to the tune of "The World Turned Upside."
    The formal surrender ceremony has become a legend unto itself. General Cornwallis was not present, but had remained at Yorktown claiming illness. He was represented by his second-in-command, Brig. General Charles O'Hara. He first attempted to surrender to French General Comte de Rochambeau, but Rochambeau refused and pointed him to General Washington. Washington's only reaction was to ask him to surrender to his own second-in-command, Maj. General Benjamin Lincoln. The British and German troops grounded their arms with some of the British soldiers obviously drunk. Washington did not witness the surrender proceedings, but remained at his post along the road a few hundred yards away.
    Out of 11,133 American and 8,800 French allied forces at Yorktown, there were no more than 125 American casualties and 253 French casualties. The British force had numbered about 9,750, including roughly 1,500 seamen about British ships. 600 of these were casualties and 8,081 were surrendered, which was nearly one-fourth of all their forces in America. More importantly, Yorktown was the last major engagement of the American Revolutionary War.
    The victory cemented General George Washington's legend as the father of the country in America, while the defeat sorely damaged Lt. General Charles Cornwallis more so than Lt. General Henry Clinton, who was the British Commander-in-Chief in America. General Clinton had finally arrived at Chesapeake on October 27, 1781, but discovered that the battle was over. It is improbable that Admiral William Graves would have been able to fight through the French fleet to even land Clinton's 7,000 strong relief force. Clinton returned to New York City and remained there until he was recalled to England in 1782.

    *****
    4th Virginia Regiment LINEAGE
    Authorized 28 December 1775 in the Continental Army as the 4th Virginia Regiment.
    Assigned 27 February 1776 to the Southern Department .
    Organized 28 February 1776 at Suffolk Court House to consist of 10 companies from Berkley, Charlotte, Prince Edward, Sussex, Southampton, Nansemond, Brunswick, Isle of Wight, Surry and Princess Anne Counties.
    Relieved 3 September 1776 from the Southern Department and assigned Stephen's Brigade, an element of the Main Army .
    Relieved 11 May 1777 from Stephen's Brigade and assigned to the 4th Virginia Brigade, an element of the Main Army .
    4th Virginia Brigade redesignated 22 July 1778 as the 3d Virginia Brigade.
    Reorganized 1 November 1777 to consist of 8 companies.
    Consolidated 12 May 1779 with the 8th Virginia Regiment and redesignated as the 4th Virginia Regiment, to consist of 9 companies; concurrently relieved from the 3d Virginia Brigade and assigned to the 2d Virginia Brigade, an element of the Main Army .
    Captured 12 May 1780 by the British Army at Charleston, South Carolina .
    Disbanded 1 January 1783
    ENGAGEMENTS
    Chesapeake Bay
    Northern New Jersey
    Trenton - Princeton
    Defense of Philadelphia
    Philadelphia - Monmouth
    Charleston 1780
    ***** 8th Virginia Regiment LINEAGE
    Authorized 11 January 1776 in the Virginia State Troops as the 8th Virginia Regiment.
    Organized 9 February - 4 April 1776 at Suffolk Court House to consist of 10 companies from Frederick, Dunmore, Berkley, Augusta, Hampshire, Fincastle, and Culpepper Counties.
    Adopted 25 May 1776 into the Continental Army and assigned to the Southern Department .
    Relieved 21 January 1777 from the Southern Department and assigned to the Main Army .
    Assigned 11 May 1777 to the 4th Virginia Brigade, an element of the Main Army .
    4th Virginia Brigade redesignated 22 July 1778 as the 3d Virginia Brigade.
    Reorganized 1 November 1777 to consist of 8 companies.
    Consolidated 12 May 1779 with the 4th Virginia Regiment .
    ENGAGEMENTS
    Chesapeake Bay
    Charlestown 1775-1778
    Northern New Jersey
    Defense of Philadelphia
    Philadelphia - Monmouth
    *****
    http://www.uswars.net/1775-1783/states/va/va-12.htm
    12th Virginia Regiment

    LINEAGE
    Authorized 16 September 1776 in the Continental Army as the 12th Virginia Regiment.
    Assigned 27 December 1776 to the Main Army .
    Organized 12 February 1777 to consist of 5 companies from Hampshire, Berkley, Botetourt, Dunmore and Prince Edward Counties and 4 existing companies of State Troops (organized August 1775 - September 1776 from Botetourt, Augusta, Hampshire and Frederick Counties and the West Augusta District) in garrison at Fort Pitt, Point Pleasant, Tyger's Valley and Wheeling.
    Assigned 11 May 1777 to the 4th Virginia Brigade, an element of the Main Army .
    4th Virginia Brigade redesignated 22 July 1778 as the 3d Virginia Brigade.
    Reorganized 1 November 1777 to consist of 8 companies.
    Reorganized and redesignated 12 May 1779 as the 8th Virginia Regiment, to consist of 9 companies; concurrently relieved from the 3d Virginia Brigade and assigned to the 2d Virginia Brigade.
    Relieved 4 December 1779 from the 2d Virginia Brigade and assigned to the Southern Department .
    Captured 12 May 1780 by the British Army at Charleston, South Carolina .
    Disbanded 1 January 1783
    ENGAGEMENTS
    Northern New Jersey
    Defense of Philadelphia
    Philadelphia - Monmouth
    Charleston 1780
    *****
  • Change Date: 30 Jul 2007 at 07:21:15



    Father: maybe Ambrose WHEELER b: in maybe England

    Marriage 1 (Abigail)
      Children
      1. Has No Children James WHEELER b: ABT 1755 in of, Culpeper, VA
      2. Has Children John WHEELER b: ABT 1757 in Prince Edward, VA
      3. Has No Children Charles WHEELER b: ABT 1761
      4. Has No Children John WHEELER b: ABT 1762 in of, Culpeper, VA
      5. Has Children George WHEELER b: ABT 1755/1770 in of, Culpeper, foreign born
      6. Has Children dau WHEELER b: in of, Culpeper, foreign born
      7. Has Children Solomon WHEELER b: abt 1770's in SC
      8. Has No Children Reuben WHEELER
      9. Has No Children Lewis WHEELER
      10. Has No Children Four or Five dau WHEELER
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