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  • ID: I52005
  • Name: Oscar Neville Pepper 1
  • Sex: M
  • Birth: 12 OCT 1809 in Woodford Co., KY. 2
  • Event: Census 1860 1860 Woodford Co., KY. 3
  • Reference Number: 992.101135
  • Death: BEF 19 JUN 1865 in KY. 4 5
  • Note:
    Oscar was one of the largest land owners in Woodford county and proprietor of the Old Crow Distillery. Oscar founded the Old Oscar Pepper Distillery in 1838 and made a serendipitous decision for the distillery and all whiskey-making to follow; he hired Dr. James Crow as the Master Distiller. James C. Crow was a physician and chemist, born in Scotland in 1789 and educated there. He came to Kentucky about 1825. His training made him a successful distiller because he understood moreabout sanitation and about the biochemistry of fermentation than his contemporaries. Oscar Pepper hired Crow as his master distiller and their whiskey became a big hit with big shots like Henry Clay, Andrew Jackson, John Calhoun, Ulysses S. Grant, William Henry Harrison and Daniel Webster. Crow died suddenly, at work, in 1856. He was 67 and left no heirs. After Oscar Pepper's death, his son sold the remaining Crow-made whiskey to E. H. Taylor, who eventually built the Old Crow Distillery where Old Crow Bourbon was made until 1985.

    As a physician and chemist, Dr. Crow applied his meticulous habits learned in medicine and chemistry, as well as his knowledge of organic compounds to the art of distillation. What emerged transformed distillation methodology into what it is today. It is here in the hollowed stone walls of the Old Oscar Pepper Distillery that he perfected the SourMash method.

    This method was used to distill two soon-to-be-famous bourbons of thetime: Old 1776 - Born with the Republic, Oscar Pepper's brand, and Old Crow, Dr. Crow's namesake. Crow died in 1856, but Old Crow became the most famous brand of bourbon in the Civil War era. Oscar Pepper's brands gained fame when Statesman Henry Clay proclaimed hi affinity forPepper's whiskey. In 1867, Oscar Pepper passed his legacy on to hisson James E., who soon after sold the Old Crow label to E. H. Taylor,a whiskey pioneer who helped pass the Bottled-in-Bond act of 1897.

    Father: Elijah Pepper b: 08 DEC 1760 in Fauquier Co., VA.
    Mother: Sarah O'Bannon b: 17 SEP 1770 in near Salem (now Marshall), Fauquier Co., VA.

    Marriage 1 Catherine Gaines b: ABT 1816
    • Married: ABT 1838
    1. Has No Children Laura Adelia Pepper b: JAN 1839

    Marriage 2 Nannie Annette Edwards b: ABT 1827 in KY.
    • Married: 19 JUN 1845 in KY.
    1. Has No Children Ada B. Pepper b: DEC 1849 in KY.
    2. Has No Children James E. Pepper b: 18 MAY 1850 in KY.
    3. Has No Children Oscar N. Pepper b: ABT 1852 in KY.
    4. Has No Children Dixie Pepper b: BET 1853 AND 1860
    5. Has No Children Thomas Edward Pepper b: ABT 1855 in KY.
    6. Has No Children Mary Belle Pepper b: BET 1859 AND 1861 in KY.

    1. Author: RootsWeb - Inc.
      Title: Electronic - Worldconnect (unverified)
        Name: Internet -

      Source Medium: Electronic

      Needs Verification

      Page: 16120: 25 August 2001
    2. Title: Kentucky State Records
      Page: Kentucky: A History of the State, Battle, Perrin, & Kniffin, 5th ed.,1887
    3. Author: United States Government
      Title: Census 1860 - US Federal
      Source Medium: Census

      Page: Kenton Co., Kentucky Library: 1860 Census: Woodford Co., KY. Federal Census, p. 41
      Text: As 50 year old male
    4. Title: Electronic Internet (unverified)
      Source Medium: Electronic

      Needs Verification

    5. Author: Paul O'Bannon
      Title: Descendants - O'Bannon - 2004
      Publication: Name: Name: 6 Janaury 2004;;
      Source Medium: Manuscript
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