Name: WILLIAM WALLACE GROUT
Birth: 24 MAY 1836 in Compton, Compton County, Quebec, Canada
Death: 7 OCT 1902
Burial: Grove Cemetery, East St. Johnsbury, Caledonia County, Vermont
Change Date: 7 FEB 2009
Biography of William W. GROUT
Men of Vermont: Illustrated Biographical History of Vermonters & Sons ofVermont. Ullery. Brat tleboro: Transcript Publishing Company, 1894, pp166-167
William W. GROUT, of Kirby [Caledonia County, Vermont], was born 24 May1836 in Compton, Provi nce of Quebec, Canada, of American parents. Hisancestry is traced back to Dr. John GROUT wh o came from England in 1630and settled in Watertown [Middlesex County], Massachusetts. His gr eatgrandfather, Elijah GROUT, of Charlestown [Sullivan County], NewHampshire, served as commi ssary
in the Revolutionary War. His grandfather, Theophilus GROUT, settled onthe Moose River in th e new State of Vermont upon land afterward includedin the present town of Kirby, in 1799, an d there cleared a large farmwhich his father, Josiah GROUT, afterwards owned and on which h e liveduntil near the time of his death.
William W. GROUT received a common school and academic education, and wasgraduated at the Pou ghkeepsie Law School [Dutchess County, New York] in1857. He was admitted to the bar in Decemb er 1857, and settled in thepractice of the law at Barton [Orleans County, Vermont]. In July 1 862 hewas nominated by the Republicans of the [Orleans] county to the office ofstate's attorn ey, but declined the nomination and enlisted in a companythen being raised in Barton for th e Civil War. On its organization he wasmade captain, and subsequently was promoted to be lieu tenant colonel ofthe Fifteenth Regiment, which was attached to the brigade of GeneralSTANNARD , afterward so famous for the repulse of PICKETT's charge atGettsyburg. The Fifteenth Regimen t did not remain at Gettysburg until theclose of the battle, but on the afternoon of the seco nd day was orderedto the defense of the First Corps train, then on the way to Westminster[Win dham County, Vermont], and liable to attach from STUART's cavalry,which were prowling in th e rear of the Union army. A few days after theregiment joined the brigade at Funkstown [Washi ngton County, Maryland],and the next day brought up in front of the enemy at Hagerstown [als o inWashington County], and Colonel GROUT with two hundred men from theSixteenth Regiment wen t upon the skirmish line against which the enemywas actively demonstrating, while LEE with th e bulk of his army wascrossing the Potomac. In August 1863 Colonel GROUT was mustered out wit hhis regiment on account of expiration of term of service.
In the fall of 1864 the enemy raided St. Albans [Franklin County,Vermont], robbing banks, etc ., and by order of the Governor of Vermont,Colonel GROUT was placed in command of the provisi onal forces raised onthe east side of the mountain to guard the Canadian frontier. TheLegisla ture then in session organized three brigades of militia, andColonel GROUT was elected brigad ier general and assigned by the Governorto the command of one of them. In 1865 he was electe d state's attorney ofOrleans County, and was re-elected in 1866; represented Barton [in theVe rmont Legislature] in 1868, 1869, 1870, and 1874; in 1876 was electedto the state Senate fro m Orleans County, and on organization madepresident pro tempore of that body; in 1878 was nom inated for Congress bythe Republicans of the third district, but was beaten by Bradly BARLOW , agreenbacker; in 1880 was elected to the 47th Congress from the thirddistrict. By the tent h census, Vermont lost a member, and the third wasabsorbed by the first and second districts . General GROUT was a candidatefor nomination in the second district in 1882, but was beate n by JudgePOLAND, ex-member of both House and Senate, and ex-chief judge of the ofthe Suprem e Court.
In 1884 General GROUT was nominated by the Republicans of the seconddistrict and was electe d to the 49th Congress by a majority of nearlythirteen thousand, and has since been re-electe d to the 50th, 51st, 52nd,and 53rd Congresses, invariably running ahead of his ticket. He has served on the committees on territories, levees and improvements of theMississippi River, edu cation, District of Columbia (of which he waschairman in the 51st Congress), expenditures i n the interior and treasurydepartments, and upon the committee on appropriations, of which h e is nowa member. In the meantime General GROUT has been engaged in an active lawpractice unt il quite
recently, and all the time interested in agriculture. He now owns andresides upon the old hom estead in Kirby where his grandfather settled in1799, and which has been in the family ever s ince. In 1860 General GROUTmarried [Miss?] Loraine M. SMITH, who died in 1868. He has not rem arried.
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William Wallace Grout
Birth: May. 24, 1836
Death: Oct. 7, 1902
Civil War Union Army Officer, Civil War Veteran US Congressman.Commissioned in July 1862 a s a Captain in the 15th Vermont VolunteerInfantry, eventually being promoted up to Lieutenan t Colonel. He foughtwith his regiment on the Third Day of the Battle of Gettysburg, where his unit was part of the Vermont Brigade's celebrated flank attack onPickett's Charge. Became a B rigadier General in the Vermont militia andwas assigned to command a brigade that defended th e US border during thetime of the Confederate 1864 St. Albans Raid. After the war he waselect ed to represent 2 VT Districts in the House of Representatives ontwo separate terms. First re presented the 3rd District from 1881 to 1883,then the 2nd District from 1885 to 1901. (bio by : Russ Dodge)
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East Saint Johnsbury
Plot: Section 2, Block 30, Lot 346, Grave 1
Record added: Apr 4 2001
Father: THEOPHILUS GROUT b: 29 AUG 1768 in Charlestown, Sullivan County, New Hampshire
Mother: JOANNA WILLARD b: 1777