JANE AUSTEN

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  • ID: I1632
  • Name: Ambrose BENNET of Bulstrode, Bucks, Esq, and of University College 1 2
  • Sex: M
  • Change Date: 31 JAN 2014
  • Note:
    From the Buckinghamshire Family History Society:
    'Many famous names have been associated with the village including Judge Jeffreys, whose children's marriages are recorded in the church registers. Well known Quakers are also said to have met in the Old Quaker House in the mid 17th century, and suffered harassment from Judge Ambrose Bennet who, locally (Buckinghamshire), was more infamous than Judge Jeffreys.' 3
  • Note:
    From NOTES AND QUERIES, 5th S.X. Dec. 14, '78
    The Bennet Family and University Col lege, Oxford.—
    Baker, in his History of Northamptonshire, vol. ii. p. 342, says that Sir Simon Bennet, in grateful commemoration of having been educated at University College, Oxford, and for the advancement of learning there, devised by his will, dated August 15, 1631, the reversion of the Hanley Park estate, near Towcester, after the death of Dame Elizabeth his wife, to the master and fellows of that college, for enlarging and completing the buildings and founding four new fellowships and four new scholarships. The master and fellows were compelled to engage in a legal contest with the heir-at-law and representative of Sir Simon Bennet in order to obtain possession of the estate, as well as to determine the number and endowment of the fellows and scholars to be maintained. Sir Simon Bennet died without issue on Aug. 20, 1631, and was buried at Beachampton, Bucks, on Aug. 22, leaving Simon Bennet his nephew and heir, who, according to Baker, died on the same day as his uncle, and was buried at the same place the day after. There is, however, an evident mistake here, as the pedigree given by Baker states that he had two sons and five daughters, all born long after 1631. The two sons, Thomas and Simon, died in their infancy. From some original letters and papers in my possession, Hanley Park appears to have been, as late as 1672, in the possession of Ambrose Bennet, of Bulstrode, Bucks, who got into difficulties in consequence of the unfavourable termination of some lawsuit, and went to Jamaica, where he died soon afterwards. Was he the heir and representative of Sir Simon Bennet with whom the college had the litigation ? If so, what was the relationship between them, as his place in the pedigree does not appear ?
    J. H. Cooke, F.S.A. 4
  • Note:
    Ambrose Bennet was appointed a Fellow of University College in 1649, and resigned his Fellowship some time before 1658.
    Bennet had lived in Virginia in 1635–48, and is the earliest known member of the College to have come from America. More information on his remarkable life can be found in Jack Zoeller, “Ambrose Bennet: College Fellow, Adventurer, and Scoundrel—I”, UCR Vol. 14 no. 3 (2007), pp. 95–104, and “Ambrose Bennet II: London Orphan, Virginia Planter, and Oxford Fellow” UCR Vol. 15 no. 1 (2008), pp. 95–110). Ambrose Bennet was also a nephew of Sir Simon Bennet, who on his death in 1631, had left money to endow new Fellowships and Scholarships at University College. It had been agreed that some Bennet posts should be made available to Sir Simon’s kinsmen, and so Ambrose became a Bennet Fellow.
    The following document provides important evidence on the financial situation at University College in the 1650s. After a hearing in the Court of Chancery in 1649, it was decided that accounts relating to Fellows and Scholars supported by Sir Simon Bennet’s endowment should be administered quite separately from the Fellows who were on the College’s existing foundation. Fellows on what become known as the “new foundation” are therefore nowhere mentioned in the College’s General Accounts, which only record payments to Fellows on the “old foundation”. Bennet’s are the only accounts to survive for the new foundation during this period when two sets of accounts were being produced within one College.
    This double foundation produced financial and administrative chaos within the College, and in 1662, the decision of the Court of Chancery was reversed, so that from henceforth there would be one Bursar, and one set of accounts, to manage the finances of all Fellows and Scholars within the College. See further Robin Darwall-Smith, A History of University College (Oxford, 2008), pp. 173–5 and 184.
    UC:S11/F1/1 1652/3-1653/4
    Rough accounts of Ambrose Bennet, Bursar of University College (bound in a deed concerning property at Rickmansworth). The pages are now difficult to read. They are just a list of payments and receipts, in the order that they were paid or received. 5
  • Death: BEF OCT 1676
  • Note:
    Demise D-RA/1/28 19 October 1676
    Contents:
    (i) Rebecca Benet, widow of Ambrose Benet.
    (ii) George Jeffreys of London, esquire, John Jeffreys of London, esquire, John Morris of London, esquire.
    Property listed in D-RA/1/1
    Term: 60 years.
    6



    Marriage 1 Rebecca HAMPSON b: ABT 1629
    • Married: 1653
    • Note:
      Marriage Settlement Record:
      Lease and Release (Marriage Settlement) D-RA/1/2-3 12/13 July 1653
      Contents:
      (i) Ambrose Bennett of University College, Oxford, esquire.
      (ii) Thomas Hampson of Taplow, late Bt., and Rebecca Hampson his daughter.
      (iii) Richard Ingoldsby of Hartwell, esquire, Richard Brownlow of Grays Inn, Middlesex, esquire, Henry Hampson, citizen and merchant tailor of London.
      In consideration of forthcoming marriage between Ambrose Bennett and Rebecca Hampson.
      Conveyance to iii of property in D-RA/1/1 to hold to use of i and his heirs.
      1 7

    Sources:
    1. Title: Burke's
      Abbrev: Burke's
      Page: Burke's Peerage and Baronetage, 7th Edition 1842
    2. Title: Alumni Oxonienses: The Members of the University of Oxford1500-1714 and 1715-1886
      Abbrev: Oxford Alumni
      Author: Compiler: Joseph Foster
      Publication: Parker & Co, Oxford
    3. Title: Website
      Abbrev: Website
      Page: http://www.bucksfhs.org.uk/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=884&Itemid=182
    4. Title: Website
      Abbrev: Website
      Page: http://www.mocavo.com/Notes-and-Queries-Volume-1878-Part-2/931949/475
    5. Title: Website
      Abbrev: Website
      Page: http://www.univ.ox.ac.uk/content/ambrose-bennet-fellow-1649-1658
    6. Title: The National Archives (Kew)
      Abbrev: The National Archives (Kew)
      Page: D-RA/1/28
    7. Title: The National Archives (Kew)
      Abbrev: The National Archives (Kew)
      Page: D-RA/1/2-3
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