Maloney, Hendrick & Many Others

Entries: 67729    Updated: 2013-08-18 15:43:29 UTC (Sun)    Owner: James Maloney

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  • ID: I18948
  • Name: Ralph de Neville KG 1st Earl of Westmoreland 1
  • Sex: M
  • Birth: 1364 in Raby Castle, Raby with Keverstone, Staindrop, Durham, England
  • Burial: Staindrop, Durham, England 1
  • Event: Fact OCT 1425 Collegiate Church, Staindrop, Durham, England 2
  • Event: Acceded 29 SEP 1397 1
  • Death: 21 OCT 1426 in Raby Castle, Raby with Keverstone, Staindrop, Durham, England
  • Name: Ralph de Neville 2 3 4
  • Death: 21 OCT 1425 in Castle Raby, Raby With Keverstone, Durham, England 1 5
  • Note:
    K.G. of Raby, created in 1399 Earl of Westmoreland and earl marshal of England for life; 4t h Baron Nevill of Raby, K.G., member of the Privy Council of King Richard II; earl marshal o f England. [Magna Charta Barons, p. 192]

    1st Earl of Westmorland, K.G.; father of Cecily. [Ped. of Charlemagne, Vol. I, p. 65]

    1st Earl of Westmoreland; m. Joan Beaufort; father of Cecily, Richard, George and Edward b y Joan. [The Royal Descents of 500 Immigrants, p. 40, 132, 159, 184, 189]

    Father of Phillipa by Margaret Stafford. Son of John Neville, K.G., 3rd Lord Neville of Rab y and his wife, Maud de Percy; m.2. Lady Joan Beaufort; father of George de Neville, Lord Lat imer. [Ped. of Charlemagne, Vol. III, p. 29, 133]

    1st Earl of Westmorland 1397, K.G.; son of John de Neville and Maud Percy; m.1 Margaret Staff ord; m.2 Joan Beaufort and was father of Eleanor who m. Sir Henry Percy. [Ancestral Roots, Li ne 207, p. 172]

    Son of John, 3rd Lord Nevill, and Maud Percy; 1st Earl of Westmorland; knighted in the French campaign by Thomas of Woodstock, 1380, presided with his cousin, "Harry Hotspur" over a duel bet. a Scot and an Englishman, 1381; joint Governor of Carlisle, 1385; joint Warden of th e West March, 1386; Keeper of the Forest beyond Trent from 1389; obtained a license to perfor m feats of arms with the Scots, 1891; was senior Commander for the office of Constable of Eng land while Gloucester was on Crusade 1391; acquired the strong castle of Wark on Tweed 1396/7 ; Constable of Lords Appellant when Richard II wreaked vengeance on his old enemies, 1397; wa s cr. an Earl 29 Sep 1397, but supported his bro-in-law Henry IV in 1390, being present in th e Tower to receive Richard II's abdication; was Marshal of England from 1399; was granted th e great Honour of Richmond for life; P.C. 1399; a Commissioner to negotiate with the Holy Rom an Emperor's ambassadors 1401; Castellan of Roxburgh 1402; intercepted and drove back his unc le Northumberland who was attempting to support Hotspur's rising 1403; Lord Warden of the Wes t March from 1403; suppressed by treachery the rebellion of Archbishop Scrope and Thomas Mowb ray; titular Earl Marshal, 1405; one of the executors of Henry V's last will, 1422; member o f the Council of Regency which ruled England during Henry VI's minority; m.1. bef 1370, Lad y Margaret Stafford, and by her had issue, John, Lord Nevill, Ralph of Oversley, Maud, Philip pe, Alice, Elizabeth, Anne, Margaret, Anastasia; m.2 Lady Joan Beaufort and by her had Richar d, Earl of Salisbury, Sir Thomas, John, 1st Marquess of Montagu, K.G., George, Archbishop o f York. The 1st Earl of Westmorland was a great church-builder, "curious flat-headed window s being peculiar to the churches on the Nevill manors"; d. 21 Oct 1425, leaving money to comp lete the College of Staindrop which he had founded near Raby, and was bur. at Staindrop, wher e his alabaster effigy in armour between his two wives "remains the finest sepulchral monumen t in the north of England." [Burke's]

    In 1399 the Honour of Richmond was granted by Henry IV to Ralph Nevill, Earl of Westmorland , and with this act the last link between Richmond and Brittany was severed. Thereafter bot h the Honour and earldom were granted to members of the English royal family or to their chie f supporters until, in 1485, Henry Tudor became King Henry VII and retained the Honour as par t of the property of the Crown of England. The castle, by then of little value, was granted s eparately and in later years fell into ruin. [Richmond Castle, p. 14]

    The transformation of Middleham Castle was probably the work of Ralph, 4th Lord Nevill and 1s t Earl of Westmorland, continued by his son Richard who, through marriage, became Earl of Sal isbury.
    Ralph succeeded his father in 1388. He saw some service in France in his early years but f or the greater part of his life he was involved with Border affairs, being appointed, befor e the death of his father, Joint Keeper of the Castle and Town of Carlisle and Joint Warden o f the West March. His inheritance made him one of the most powerful men in the north and hi s second marriage in 1396 to Joan Beaufort, day. of John of Gaunt, added to his estates and b rought him yet greater prestige.
    In 1397 he was made Earl of Westmorland by Richard II and granted the Honour of Penrith, b ut in 1399 he changed his allegiance and gave early and crucial support to Henry of Lancaste r in his bid for the throne. As a reward he was made Marshal of England and granted the Honou r of Richamond, a rich anc desirable prize which united his Durham property around Brancepet h and Raby with his Wensleydale lands around Middleham.
    His support for Henry IV was steadfast. He remained loyal to the King durint the Percy reb ellions of 1403 and 1405, and profited from the eclipse of the Percys, the Nevill family's tr aditional rivals in the north. From 1405 until his death in 1425 he enjoyed royal favour an d benefited from further grants of land.
    Ralph Nevill was the richest and most influential lord in the northern counties. He serve d Henry IV and Henry V as Warden of the Marches against Scotland and kept the Border secure d uring Henry V's campaigns in France. In 1388 he obtained for Middleham the grant of a weekl y market and also an annual fair to be held on 5 November.
    By his first wife Ralph had 9 children. By his second wife, Joan Beaufort, he had 14, fo r whom he had to make suitable provision. He completed the building of Sheriff Hutton Castl e and, probably, for there are no records of payments on building works, began the conversion of Middleham into a principal residence and the centre of a substantial estate. [Middleham Castle, p. 28-29]

    The Earl was a great church builder and his alabaster tomb in Staindrop Church, where his eff igy lies between that of his two wives, is regarded as being among the finest monuments in th e Nortth. He died in 1425.
    His successor was his grandson Ralph. [A Short Guide to Raby Castle]




    Father: John 3rd Baron de Neville of Raby KG b: ABT 1333 in Raby Castle, Durham, England
    Mother: Maud de Percy b: ABT 1344 in Warkworth Castle, Ainwick, Northumberland, England

    Marriage 1 Margaret de Stafford b: 1364 in Brancepath, Durham, England
    • Married: 1382 in Stratsfordshire, England 4
    • Married: 29 NOV 1396 in Chateau de Deaufort, Meuse-et-Loire, Anjou, France
    Children
    1. Has Children Mathilda Neville b: ABT 1384 in Raby Castle, Durham, England
    2. Has No Children Philippa Neville b: ABT 1386 in Castle Raby, Durham, England
    3. Has No Children John de Neville Master of Raby b: 1387 in Raby Castle, Durham, England
    4. Has No Children Elizabeth Neville a nun b: ABT 1390 in Raby Castle, Durham, England
    5. Has Children Ralph Neville of Oversley b: ABT 1392 in Raby Castle, Durham, England
    6. Has No Children Anne de Neville b: ABT 1393 in Raby Castle, Durham, England
    7. Has Children Margret de Neville b: ABT 1394 in Raby Castle, Durham, England
    8. Has No Children Anastasia Neville b: ABT 1395 in Raby Castle, Durham, England

    Marriage 2 Joan Beaufort b: ABT 1375 in Chateau De Beaufort, Maine-et-Loire, Anjou/Pays-de-la-Loire, France
    • Married: 29 NOV 1396 in Chateau De Beauford, Meuse-et.Foire, France
    • Married: 29 NOV 1396 in C, France 3
    • Married: 29 NOV 1396 in Chateau De Beaufort, Meuse-et-Loire, France 2
    Children
    1. Has No Children Joan Neville a nun b: ABT 1396 in Raby Castle, Durham, England
    2. Has Children Katherine Neville b: ABT 1397 in Raby Castle, Durham, England
    3. Has Children Eleanor Neville b: ABT 1399 in Raby Castle, Durham, England
    4. Has No Children Richard Neville b: 1400 in Raby Castle, Durham, England
    5. Has No Children Henry Neville infant of Raby b: ABT 1401 in Raby Castle, Durham, England
    6. Has No Children Thomas Neville infant of Raby b: ABT 1402 in Raby Castle, Durham, England
    7. Has No Children Cuthbert Neville infant of Raby b: ABT 1403 in Raby Castle, Durham, England
    8. Has No Children Robert Neville Bishop of Salisbury & Durham b: ABT 1404 in Raby Castle, Durham, England
    9. Has No Children William Neville 1st Earl of Kent b: ABT 1406 in Raby Castle, Durham, England
    10. Has No Children John Neville infant of Raby b: ABT 1407 in Raby Castle, Durham, England
    11. Has Children Anne Neville b: ABT 1408 in Raby Castle, Durham, England
    12. Has Children Edward Neville 3rd Baron Bergaveny b: ABT 1413 in Raby Castle, Raby with Keverstone, Staindrop, Durham, England
    13. Has Children George Neville b: ABT 1414 in Raby Castle, Durham, England
    14. Has Children Cecely Neville b: 03 MAY 1415 in Raby Castle, Durham, England

    Sources:
    1. Author: Brian Tompsett, Dept of Computer Science
      Title: Directory of Royal Genealogical Data
      Publication: Name: Department of Computer Science, Hull University;
      Repository:
        Name: http://www.dcs.hull.ac.uk/public/genealogy/royal/catalog.html

      Note:
      Source Medium: Electronic

      usually reliable but sometimes includes hypothetical lines, mythological figures, etc
    2. Author: Brøderbund Software, Inc.
      Title: World Family Tree Vol. 16, Ed. 1
      Publication: Name: Release date: December 15, 1997;
      Note:
      Source Medium: Family Archive CD

      Customer pedigree.

      Page: Tree #1899
      Text: Date of Import: May 21, 1999
    3. Author: Brøderbund Software, Inc.
      Title: World Family Tree Vol. 11, Ed. 1
      Publication: Name: Release date: July 1, 1997;
      Note:
      Source Medium: Book

      Customer pedigree.

      Page: Tree #1518
      Text: Date of Import: May 21, 1999
    4. Author: Brøderbund Software, Inc.
      Title: World Family Tree Vol. 16, Ed. 1
      Publication: Name: Release date: December 15, 1997;
      Note:
      Source Medium: Family Archive CD

      Customer pedigree.

      Page: Tree #2294
      Text: Date of Import: Feb 27, 1999
    5. Author: Leese, T. Anna
      Title: Blood Royal, Issue of the Kings and Queens of Medieval England 1066-1399
      Publication: Name: Heritage Books, Inc., 1996;
      Note:
      Source Medium: Book

      Page: Page 240
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