Name: Adam Banastre of Bretherton 1
Birth: ABT 1272 in Bretherton, Chorley, Lancashire, England 2
ALIA: /Adam \Bannister\/
Death: NOV 1315 in Leyland Moor, Lancaster, England (beheaded)
Death: 1314 in Duxbury, England (beheaded) 1
Sir Adam Banastre, Knight, beheaded 1314, [married] Margaret de Holand, sister of Sir Robert de Holand of Upholland, co. Lancaster, and widow of Sir John Blackburn. [Ancestral Roots, line 34-32]
Jim Weber Note: VCH Lancs, vol 2, p. 198, has Adam marrying Joan, daughter of Margaret de Holand & John Balckburn. However this conflicts with VCH Lancs, vol VI, p. 131, which agrees (except for the addition of a third husband Robert de Hepwell) with AR above. Henry Sutliff, in a post to SGM, 11 Feb 2002, said to ignore the information in vol 2.
The Banastre Rebellion
Thomas, Earl of Lancaster's patronage of Robert de Holland, caused disquiet among other important landholders who were worried about the family's rapid advance. In 1315 Adam Banastre of Shevington, with Henry de Lea and Sir William Bradshaw (of Mab's cross fame) expressed their disapproval in a violent manner by leading their followers in a reign of terror throughout southwest Lancashire. This period of unrest is usually referred to as the "Banastre Revolt". Eventually, in October of the same year, the two factions met in a fierce battle at Deepdale near Preston. The Banastres were defeated in less that an hour. Adam Banastre escaped but was later caught and beheaded.
.... Just as the King rewarded his favourites /with positions of wealth and power, so the Earl of Lancaster did in the lands he controlled, often impinging upon or overriding the hereditary rights of others. Lancaster's chief retainer and the principal beneficiary of his generosity was Robert de Holland. Holland was the head of a large and powerful Lancashire family. He held the manor of Upholland and several others in south Lancashire. It was he who founded Upholland Priory in 1310, the remains of which form part of the church there. The priory was originally occupied by secular canons, but they quarrelled with the founder and were replaced by Benedictine monks. The priory was never finished, but some idea of its planned size may be gauged from the fact that the nave of the present church was the priory's chancel. Holland, too, gave lands and privileges to his friends, and so the ladder of corruption extended from the highest to the lowest stratum of society.
The outcome of all this was a revolt by those knights and officials who felt that their power in the region was under threat. The leaders of the revolt were Sir William Bradshaigh, Sir Henry Lea of Charnock Richard and Sir Adam Banastre. The rising became known as the 'Banastre Rebellion'. On 8th October 1315 these knights and several others met at Wingates near Westhoughton, and swore revenge against the Holland faction. They then began a campaign against Holland and his supporters. First, they sent a group of armed men to Radcliffe to capture Adam de Radcliffe and his brothers. Adam was taken at the Parsonage, but, falling to find his brothers, they went to the manor house of Sir Henry de Bury to see if they were there. Falling to find them, they murdered Sir Henry, and stole his horse.
The next day the rebels were joined at Standish by Sir Ralph de Bickerstaffe and his men. They then proceeded to Wigan where the Rector, who was also lord of the manor, was a Holland supporter. During the rising against Gaveston the Rector had sent two horsemen and "four strong and able footmen, armed with swords, knives, bows and arrows" in aid of the Earl of Lancaster. He told the congregation of Wigan church that they were liegemen of the Earl, and bound to support him against the King. Those who went to fight for Lancaster were promised absolution of their sins. He must have had some success for the records state that "many who previously had no intention of going, did go".
The rebels raided the farm of the Rector's bailiffe, John del Crosse, and took away cattle, grain and other goods. They then proceeded to Norley Hall, the home of Thurstan de Norley, another of Lancaster's adherents. There exists a description of the hall in a terrier of the time; it was probably typical of other manor houses in the region. It consisted of a great hall with four rooms off, namely, a bedroom for the lord and lady, a pantry, a kitchen, and a bakehouse. Beneath was a wine cellar. The outhouses consisted of a barn and a shippon for twenty cows. Near the buildings were a vegetable garden, a herb garden, an apple orchard, and two acres of uncultivated land containing various trees. From this homestead the rebels drove away sixteen oxen, and twelve cows, and several carts piled high with household and farm goods.
From Wigan the rebels ranged across south Lancashire, raiding the manors of Holland's supporters. They claimed to be acting on the King's behalf, and carried before them a royal banner they had stolen from Manchester church. They captured Halton Castle, over the county boundary in Cheshire, by burning down the gates. They attacked, but failed to take, Liverpool Castle. They succeeded in taking Clitheroe Castle before proceeding to Preston, where they rode through the town, terrorizing the inhabitants.
But meanwhile the opposition was organising. Edmund de Neville, the Deputy Sheriff of Lancashire, gathered a force of several hundred Lancaster partisans north of the Ribble. The two forces clashed at Deepdale in Preston. The battle lasted less than an hour, and Banastre and the rebels were routed, but he and Sir William Bradshaigh managed to escape. Neville was soon joined by more Lancaster supporters, including Sir Robert de Holland, and with a force of about two thousand men be moved southwards, searching for fugitive rebels and killing them, and extorting property and money from their supporters. Adam Banastre had taken refuge at the house of Henry de Enfurlong at Charnock Richard, but he was betrayed, and Neville had him beheaded. Thurstan de Norley took revenge for the attack on his house by stealing Banastre's weapons, armour, and rosary beads.
The Banastre Rebellion of 1315 was closely associated with Standish parish. This was a rising directed against Thomas, Earl of Lancaster, and his favourite Sir Robert Holland, whom the local gentry regarded as an upstart; and the outbreak reflected the friction between the Earl and King Edward.
Sir Adam Banastre, who held the manor of Shevington and other lands in the parish, was the leader of the insurgents. He was supported by Sir Henry de Lea, of Park Hall, in Charnock Richard, who had married Sir Adams step-daughter, and by Sir William Bradshaw, of Haigh, and Sir Thomas Banastre, who were near neighbours.
The chief confederates met at Wingates, in Westhoughton, on the Wednesday before the Feast of St. Wilfrid, 8 October 1315, and took an oath to live and die together. Within a few days they sent a party including William de Charnock to bring before them Adam Radcliffe and his brothers. This party slew Sir Henry de Bury, a murder which caused a great sensation. The King appointed Robert de Lathom and other justices to inquire into the matter; some of those concerned in the crime were hung, and others outlawed.
After a short delay, perhaps due to the commotion caused by this outrage, Sir Adam and his associates gathered in force at Charnock Richard, on Wednesday, 22nd October. Among the adherents whose names are given many Standish parishioners are found e.g. Adam le Taylor of Coppull, and Robert, his brother, John de Adlington, Thomas Proudfot of Charnock, William del Riding of Charnock, Adam, son of Jordan de Charnock. At Charnock they sent for Sir Adam de Walton, and against his will, compelled him him to join them. The next day they set off towards Wigan; and on the way there they met at Standish Church Sir Ralph de Bickerstaffe and John Henry, and Gilbert de Bickerstaffe, who took oath to join them and rode with them to Wigan, where they all spent the night, and commandeered cattle, corn and merchandise. The insurgents sent a party to Clitheroe, and they captured the castle, taking away 40 haketons and 40 lances. The main force, after spending a night at Knowsley, attacked Liverpool castle on Saturday, 25th October without success. Here they displayed the banner of Sir Adam Banastre; and after extorting ?10 ransom from certain men of West Derby and a similar sum at Knowsley, "lest they should destroy the vill," they spent another night at the latter place.
On Sunday 26th October, the confederates moved towards Warrington. When near Prescot they showed to the people letters patent bearing the Kings seal, and said they had the Kings commission to act as they were doing. Sir Henry de Lea, Sir Thomas Banastre and others were sent from Warrington on Monday, the 27th, to attack Halton Castle beyond the Mersey. By putting fire at the gates, they took it and carried off 50 haketons, 100 lances and 100 basinets. On the same day Sir William Bradshaw plundered the house of Sir William Holland at Haydock, carrying off 100 sheep, 60 oxen, and 12 cows; and in returning to Warrington his forces broke into a grange at the house of Sir John de Langton at Newton-in-Makerfield, and seized ten pounds worth of corn. They also entered a grange of Thomas de Hales at San key, taking away grain and oats.
On the Eve of All Saints, Friday, 31st October, Sir Adams army proceeded from Warrington to Manchester, despoiling Henry de Trafford of Trafford of certain cattle on the way. On All Saints Day they took from the church at Manchester a banner figured with the Kings arms, and showed it to the people to gain adherents, stating that King Edward had just sent it to them. They now returned north, having heard that the sheriff was marching against them. They arrived at Wigan on the 2nd of November, where they stayed the night, after taking goods from Gilbert de Culcheth.
On Tuesday, 4th November, Sir Adam Banastre and his associates arrived at Preston, where with banners flying they overcame a small force, sent to check them, led by Sir Adam de Huddleston, Sir Richard de Waleys, and Sir Walter le Vavasour; the latter was fatally wounded. The confederates captured the town and made levies on the citizens. But later in the same day the sheriff arrived from the north with his friends and the main county force. The sheriff was Sir Edmund de Nevill of Middleton, near Lancaster. He was accompanied by Sir William Dacre, Sir John and Sir Nicholas de Harrington, and about 300 men. They were acting for the Earl of Lancaster. Sir Walter de Strickland also came up on behalf of the Earl, perhaps with a separate force. After less than an hours battle, the insurgents were entirely defeated between Deepdale and Preston. Robert de Charnock and others were killed. Sir Ralph de Bickerstaffe fled to Croston Church where he died of his wounds.
Sir Thomas Banastre was captured and taken to Lancaster gaol. Sir William Bradshaw fled from the country (extra patriam). After hiding in the woods and moors for a week, Sir Adam Banastre and Sir Henry de Lea were betrayed by a certain Henry de Eufurlong, of Charnock Richard, in whose house they had taken refuge. Another account, perhaps reconcilable with this, states that there was another final struggle in a barn, where Banastre fought with the courage of despair and made a stout resistance. He was not, however, killed in the attack as this chronicler says, but was taken to Leyland Moor and beheaded by Robert, son of Jordan le Pretsone of Manchester. This was at the command of Thomas, Earl of Lancaster. Other parishioners were involved. Several members of the Charnock family were adherents of Banastre; and Henry de Duxbury eventually lost his manor of Duxbury through his complicity in the rising. The hard case of Thomas de Langtree, from whom goods were taken to the value of twenty pounds illustrates the illegal fines imposed on Banastres sympathisers by Walter de Strickland, who, acting on behalf of Earl Thomas and Robert Holland, rode armed into Leylandshire, taking cattle and treasure in that wapentake alone to the value of ?5000.
source - http://www.standish-history.org.uk/history.php?year=1315
Father: Thomas Banastre b: ABT 1253 in Mollington, Banastre, Cheshire, England
Mother: Joan de Singleton b: ABT 1255 in Fylde, Lancashire, England
Margaret de Holand b: ABT 1265 in Upholland, Lancashire, England
- Adam Banastre of Bretherton & Croston b: ABT 1305 in Bretherton, Chorley, Lancashire, England
- Katherine Banastre b: ABT 1307 in Shevington, Standish, Lancashire, England
- Author: Weis, Frederick Lewis, additions by Walter Lee Shippard Jr.
Title: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists, 7th Ed
Publication: Name: Genealogical Publishing Company, Inc., Baltimore, 1999;
Source Medium: Book
- Author: Weber, Jim
Title: The Phillips, Weber, Kirk, & Staggs families of the Pacific Northwest
Source Medium: Ancestry.com
downloaded periodically 2001-2006. Updated frequently, with many sources.
Text: citing Memorials of the Danvers Family, F.N. MacNamara, 1895, p,.71