Name: John Scott 1
Birth: ABT 1290 in of New Castle-Upon-Tyne, Northumberland, England
Reference Number: 53778
Death: BEF 1322|
Christiana de MOWBRAY b: ABT 1305 in Kirklington, Yorkshire, England
- Title: Doug Hickling --soc.genealogy.medieval, at groups - google.com
Doug Hickling --soc.genealogy.medieval, at groups - google.com.
JOHN SCOT, SON OF HENRY
John Scot, son of Henry, was the scion of a family of wealthy and influential merchants in Newcastle-upon-Tyne. [Madeleine Hope Dodds, A HISTORY OF NORTHUMBERLAND (hereafter NCH) (1930) 13: 216.] Henry Scot, John's father, was mayor (chief bailiff) of Newcastle many times between 1274 and 1299. ["Early Deeds Relating to Newcastle upon Tyne," ed. Arthur Maule Oliver, PUBLICATIONS OF THE SURTEES SOCIETY 137 (1924): 209-212.] John Scot's grandfather Peter Scot was a bailiff or chief bailiff (mayor) of Newcastle intermittently between 1240 and 1251. [Ibid. 202.] John Scot, son of Henry, served Newcastle as a bailiff in 1314 during one of Richard de Emeldon's many terms as chief bailiff (mayor). [Ibid. 210.]
John Scot first appears in the public records as "son of Henry" in 1302 when he witnessed a local deed. ["Members of Parliament for the Boroughs of Northumberland (1295-1377)," ed. C. H. Hunter Blair, ARCHAEOLOGIA AELIANA, 4th series, 13 (1936): 59, p. 68.] From this, one can conclude that he was born no later than 1281. John Scot served as a member of parliament representing the Borough of Newcastle in 1307 (at Carlisle), and 1309 (at Stamford). He last appeared alive in the public record when he was named as one of the two representatives of Newcastle at the parliament of 1320 (at London). [Ibid. 67-69, and 72.] No returns were found for the parliament called for 15 July 1321, but, at the 2 May 1322 parliament at York, John Scot was replaced by Robert de Angerton. [Ibid. pp. 210-211.]
The only known public record which establishes his marriage to Christiana is in the rolls of the Court of Common Pleas, cited but not quoted in NCH 13: 314 as De Banco Rolls, Easter, 1 Edward III, m. 74 (1327). In 1327-1328 the Court of Common Pleas considered the request of Richard de Emeldon and Christiana, his wife, for her dower in properties owned by her late husband John Scot. [CP 40/269, m. 74; CP 40/270, m. 117; CP 40/272, m. 9d; CP 40/273, m. 98d; and CP 40/275, m. 183.] These citations are from the index of plea rolls contained in LISTS AND INDEXES v. 32 (Part II), published by the Public Record Office, London (Kraus Reprint 1963) p. 506.
At my request, Chris Phillips has examined these documents at the National Archives, and he has provided transciptions and translations of them. The action was brought against Richard Scot, apparently Christiana's stepson, and sought a third part of six messuages, 160 acres of arable land, and 20 acres of meadow in Thirston, a town located about 23 miles north of Newcastle. Richard Scot did not defend the action, and the court adjudged that Richard de Emeldon and Christiana should recover their seisin by default. Pursuant to court order, the Sheriff determined that Richard and Christiana had been damaged by the "detention of the dower to the value of 70s. 8d.," which the court directed the Sheriff to recover from the lands and chattels of Richard Scot in his jurisdiction.
Roger de Angerton, who in 1322 succeeded John Scot in parliament, was no doubt well acquainted with both Scot and Richard de Emeldon. Angerton had a long career in Newcastle's civic life. He and Scot were among the burgesses of Newcastle who were pardoned by Edward II in 1313 in connection with the killing of Piers Gaveston. [CPR Edward II 1313-1317, pp. 21, 24-25.] Angerton served as a bailiff during Richard Emeldon's mayoralty from 1319 through 1322. [Oliver, "Early Deeds, etc.," pp. 210-211.] He is described by Blair, in his "Members of Parliament, etc.," p. 73, as a shipowner and a wool merchant and mayor several times between 1348 and 1371.
In July 1364, more than forty years after John Scot's death, Angerton, then the mayor of Newcastle and its escheator, conducted an inquisition post mortem into Christiana's holdings. In the record of that inquisition, Angerton refers to "the death of Richard de Emeldon, her first husband." [CIPM 11: 460.] Angerton may simply have forgotten Christiana's marriage to John Scot, his former associate. In the alternative, it is possible that, although Scot and Christiana were lawfully married so as to entitle her to dower in Scot's assets, the marriage, which resulted in no children, may not have been consummated.