John Buren CHANDLER 1837-1916 ancesters and descendants with some allied and collateral lines

Entries: 3510    Updated: 2017-02-01 20:55:01 UTC (Wed)    Owner: John Clement

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  • ID: I11417
  • Name: John WHEELER
  • Given Name: John
  • Surname: Wheeler
  • Sex: M
  • Birth: 14 MAY 1750 in England 1
  • Death: 23 APR 1843 in Wilton, Franklin County, Maine 2
  • Burial: Chesterville Center Cemetery, Chesterville, Franklin County, Maine 3
  • Event: FindAGraveMemorial
  • Note: 50561511 4
  • Event: Note-Nar01
  • Note:
    General narrative||
    John Wheeler was born in England. He immigrated to Edgecomb, Maine at the age of seventeen. Later he went to York, Maine to work in the tailors trade which he had learned from his father in England. During the Revolution, he served in the Naval Service with John Paul Jones. After the war he married Mary Ingraham of York and moved to Chesterfield, Maine in 1793. He died of cancer, 23 April 1843 at Wilton, Franklin, Maine (John Wheeler obituary, Franklin Register and Sandy River Farmer, Farmington, Maine, 11 May 1843, p. 58). [Compiler's note: This particular issue of the Register can not be found at any of the archival sites in Maine. However, the compiler has a photocopy of the applicable pages taken from the original that was found in the walls of an old Maine home in the process of being demolished].
    Obviously a tradition exists that John Wheeler was born in England, but this has been difficult to confirm. The History of Chesterville [Farmington, Maine : J.S. Swift, 1875], by Oliver Sewall, page 34, the statement is made that it is generally believed that Wheeler was born in England. Although this history was printed in 1875, the preface indicates the author made his last entry in 1858, a mere fifteen years after Wheeler's death. Also, on page 44, the author gives Wheeler's daughter-in-law, Charity (Linscott) Wheeler, credit for supplying details for his records. Although well advanced in age and totally blind, Charity seemed to be very intelligent and of good memory, according to Sewall.
    In the Chandler Descendants by George Chandler, printed in 1883, on page 642, the statement is made that John Wheeler was a deserter from the English army, who was afterward on board the "Paul Jones" in the American service. [Compiler's comment: Since the author got the name of the ship wrong, can we have faith in the statement that John Wheeler was a deserter from the English army? I am unable to confirm this; furthermore, I am unable to determine the parentage of John Wheeler, but it should not be dismissed that he was born in England.].
    The History of Chesterville, cited above, reports the wife of John Wheeler died of typhus fever in March 1814; his daughter Sally died two months later; his son's wife died May 1814; and Mrs. Chandler, a married daughter died 15 May 1814. (Compiler's note: J. Michael Poston, a Wheeler descendant and a senior scientist at the Laboratory of Biochemistry at the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, believes that such outbreaks are not typical of typhus fever, and that it was more likely typhoid fever that caused the multiple deaths. Probably all had been exposed to a common source of water contaminated with sewage containing Salmonella bacteria).
    In his pension record there is an affidavit dated 7 June 1820, signed by John Wheeler, in which he states his family consists of himself, his wife Betsey, fifty four years old, and Matthew Hitchcock, age eleven. Matthew is probably the son of Betsey by her first husband Samuel Hiscock who died 25 February 1815. (National Archives Film M804, Roll 2544, Frame 677).
  • Event: Note-Nar02
  • Note:
    Census analysis||

    Census analysis: Until 1850, only the head of house is listed by name in the census; members of the household are listed by age groups. Members of the household could include people outside the family; e.g., hired hands, servants, relatives, etc. Names in parenthesis below have been inserted by the compiler as a best guess.
    In the 1790 Maine Census, the family of John Wheeler is shown in the Town of York, York county. The family as enumerated shows one male over 16 (John Wheeler), two males under 16 (John Wheeler Jr., Edward Ingraham Wheeler); six females of any age (wife Mary, Mary, Lydia, Abigail, Elsie, one unknown).
    The 1800 census shows the family at Chester, Kennebec county, Maine. One male 45 plus (John Wheeler); one female 45 plus (wife Mary); one male 16-25 (Edward); one male 10-15 (George); one male 0-9 (William); two females 16-25 (Abigail, Elsie); one female 10-15 (Sarah); two females 0-9 (Jane and one unknown).
    Some of the Maine 1800 census schedules are unique in that there is a special column showing "year emigrated and the place from." For John Wheeler and a John Wheeler, Jr., immigration is from Massachusetts in the year 1792. In 1792 and up to 1820, Maine was a province of Massachusetts. This entry on immigration may mean he originally came from Massachusetts, and settled in Chester in 1792. In any event, it appears certain that John Wheeler was in York, Maine at least for the period 1776 to 1790.
    For 1810, place of residence is Chesterville, Kennebec county. One male 45 plus (John Wheeler); one male 16-25 (William); two females 45 plus (wife Mary and an unknown); one female 16-25 (Sarah); one female 10-15 (Jane).
    Wilton, Kennebec county in 1820. One male 45 plus (John Wheeler); one male 10-15 (Matthew Hitchcock, step-son of John Wheeler); one female 45 plus (wife Betsey).
    1830, same location. One male 80-89 (John Wheeler); one female 60-69 (wife Betsey).
    The 1840 census is unique in that any pensioners were listed by name in addition to the head of house. Now for Wilton, Franklin county, Maine we have head of house Jessie Hiscock. Jessie Hiscock is the husband of Jane Wheeler, daughter of John Wheeler. Listed in the Jessie Hiscock household is John Wheeler, pensioner, age 90. Also shown is a female 70-79 (Betsey, wife of John Wheeler).
  • Event: Note-Nar03
  • Note:
    Revolutionary War veteran||

    From the pension record of John Wheeler (National Archives Film M804, Roll 2544), from statements made by him, we find that he shipped as quartermaster on the Ranger, Continental Ship of War, at Portsmouth, New Hampshire about September 1777 with John Paul Jones as commander. The ship was detailed to take intelligence dispatches to France. On the passage to France, John Wheeler was placed on a captured prize brig. The prize went on to Bordeaux - John Wheeler rejoined the Ranger at Le Orient, France.
    The Ranger then cruised in the Bay Of Biscay and near the Isle of Man. Several prizes were taken and some shipping was sunk by the Ranger. A significant prize was the British twenty gun ship Drake which was captured and sailed to Brest. The Ranger then returned to Portsmouth, New Hampshire after about fifteen months. John Wheeler was released from the service then.
    John Wheeler was one of twenty-eight Warrant and Petty Officers of the Ranger who signed a petition at Brest, France on 15 June 1778. The petition addressed to Benjamin Franklin, then the Commissioner for the United States of America at Paris, France, asked for orders to return to America. The petition claimed John Paul Jones deceived the crew into signing on for a cruise of twelve months, when in fact the time limit was indeterminate (Papers of Benjamin Franklin [ Yale University Press, 1988], volume 26, pp. 621-623).
    [Compiler's note: Much has been written about this particular cruise of the Ranger. The reader can find the exciting details in any good book on John Paul Jones. One such book is John Paul Jones by Samuel Eliot Morison [Boston : Little, Brown and Company, 1959]. This book appears to be well researched, in fact the author debunks some of what was written previously on Jones]. A more recent publication is John Paul Jones and the Ranger, edited by Joseph G. Sawtelle, publication 20 of the Portsmouth Marine Society [Portsmouth, New Hampshire : Peter E. Randall publisher, 1994]. This last publication confirms John Wheeler as a quartermaster and member of a prize crew].
    One interesting account of part of the cruise, is the diary of Dr. Ezra Green, the Ranger's surgeon from 1 November 1777 to 27 September 1778. Dr. Green reports that the prize brig Mary was taken on 23 November 1777 which arrived in France on 5 December. This supports the claim of John Wheeler that he was put on a prize during the Ranger's voyage to France. (New England Historical and Genealogical Register, Volume 29, January 1875, pp. 13-24; April 1875, pp. 170-173). A footnote on page 13 reported the ship was poorly equipped for the cruise, however the crew was very good; and Captain Jones complains that there was only thirty gallons of rum for the voyage.
    Midshipman Joseph Green was put in charge of the prize brig Mary. Joseph Green applied for a revolutionary war pension; and his pension application file contains a certified copy of a set of orders issued on 23 November 1777 by John Paul Jones. Green was ordered to take the brig to Nantes Bourdeaux where the ship was to be turned over to American agents for sale as a prize (File number S. 37044, Revolutionary War Pension Application files, microfilm M-804, roll 1121 (Washington : National Archives), frame 0151).
  • Event: Note-Nar04
  • Note:

    In the Weld Road Cemetery, Wilton, Franklin County, Maine, there is buried Betsey T., shown as relict of Samuel Hiscock and John Wheeler. She died 25 December 1848, age 80 years, 9 months, 1 day (MOCA, series one, page FR 384).
    In the cemetery at Chesterville, Maine, there is a single monument inscribed with the birth and death dates of John and Mary Wheeler. After John's name is the inscription, A Soldier of the Revolution. (Marjorie Wheeler Bainton to John Chandler Clement, 15 October 1993).
    Appropriately, John Wheeler is buried with his first spouse and Betsey (Teague) (Hiscock) Wheeler is buried with her first spouse.

    Marriage 1 Mary (Molly) INGRAHAM b: 14 MAY 1755 in York, York County, Maine
    • Marriage Bann: 20 APR 1776 in York, York County, Maine 7
    • Married: 20 JUN 1776 in York, York County, Maine 8
    1. Has Children John WHEELER b: 15 MAR 1777 in York, York County, Maine
    2. Has Children Mary (Polly) WHEELER b: 20 APR 1778 in York, York County, Maine
    3. Has Children Edward Ingraham WHEELER b: 16 JUL 1780 in York, York County, Maine
    4. Has No Children Lydia WHEELER b: 06 OCT 1782 in York, York County, Maine
    5. Has Children Abigail Milk WHEELER b: 12 AUG 1784 in York, York County, Maine
    6. Has No Children Elsie (Eley) WHEELER b: 16 FEB 1787 in York, York County, Maine
    7. Has No Children George WHEELER b: 16 DEC 1789 in York, York County, Maine
    8. Has Children William Lyman WHEELER b: 02 APR 1792 in York, York County, Maine
    9. Has No Children Sarah (Sally) WHEELER b: 09 JUL 1794 in Chesterville, Maine
    10. Has Children Jane (Jenny) Sewell WHEELER b: 15 APR 1797 in Chesterville, Maine

    Marriage 2 Betsey TEAGUE b: ABT 24 MAR 1768
    • Married: 11 SEP 1817 3

    1. Title: Index of Revolutionary Veterans buried in Maine; also known as MOCA -- AR (or Rev. Soldiers). Produced from a card index held in Special Collections, Fogler Library, University of Maine at Orono
      Page: vol 3
    2. Title: John Wheeler obituary; Franklin Register and Sandy River Farmer, Farmington, Maine, 11 May 1843, page 58
    3. Title: Index of Revolutionary Veterans buried in Maine; also known as MOCA -- AR (or Rev. Soldiers). Produced from a card index held in Special Collections, Fogler Library, University of Maine at Orono
    4. Title: Find A Grave, online at
    5. Title: Compiler's knowledge, facts known to the compiler
    6. Title: U.S. Census schedules
    7. Title: "Vital Records of York, Maine," The New England Historical and Genealogical Register, a series beginning in volume 109
      Author: Bragdon, Lester MacKenzie
      Page: 115:217
    8. Title: Vital Records of York, Maine
      Publication: Picton Press, Camden, Maine, 1992
      Page: p. 359
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