The Phillips, Weber, Kirk, & Staggs families of the Pacific Northwest

Entries: 46457    Updated: 2015-06-11 05:23:07 UTC (Thu)    Owner: Jim Weber

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  • ID: I00440
  • Name: Alfred "The Great" West Saxon King of ENGLAND 1 2 3 4
  • Sex: M
  • Birth: 849 in Wantage, Berkshire, England 1 5
  • Death: 26 OCT 899 in Winchester, Hampshire, England 1
  • Death: 901 5
  • Event: Ruled 871-899 3
  • Burial: Winchester Cathedral, Winchester, England
  • Note:
    I name him King of England, but technically he was not, as he did not rule all of England, as the Danes still ruled the greater part of the East and the North. Not until Eadred did a king rule all of England, including Northumbria, and Eadred's son Edgar was the first king crowned as King of all England.

    Alfred ruled after his 3 older brothers died in battle.

    Alfred is the only English king to bear the title "The Great." He fought the Danes, with whom he divided up England, eventually taking Mercia and Northumberland from them, along with Wessex, Kent, and London, he had almost all of England at the end. He encouraged the production of copies of "The Anglo Saxon Chronicles."

    Alfred was one of the greatest men in history. He was crowned king at Winchester 871; founded the British Navy, organized the militia, compiled a code of laws, built schools and monasteries, and invited scholars to live at his court. He was a good scholar and translated many books.

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    Following copied from Barry Hummel, Jr, World Connect db=siderhummel, rootsweb.com:
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    From the late 8th century, attacks by Vikings from Scandinavia increased. After a major invasion in 865, the kingdoms of Northumbria and Mercia were rapidly overrun, and in 871 the Danish army attacked Wessex. The Wessex forces under the command of Alfred (reigned 871-99), then aged 21, defeated the Danes at the Battle of Edington in 878. The Danes withdrew to an area north of a frontier running from London to Chester and known as 'Danelaw'.

    This victory did not finish the Danish threat, and Alfred reorganised the Wessex defences by organising his army on a rota basis, so he could raise a 'rapid reaction force' to deal with raiders whilst still enabling his thegns and peasants to tend their farms. Second, Alfred started a building programme of well-defended settlements across southern England as a defence in depth against Danish raiders. Alfred also ordered the building of a navy of new fast ships to patrol the coasts and meet invaders before they penetrated inland.

    Other reforms included establishing a legal code (assembled from the laws of his predecessors and of the kingdoms of Mercia and Kent), and reforming the coinage. Illiterate in Latin until the age of 38, Alfred promoted literacy, religion and education, and directed the translation of works of religious instruction, philosophy and history into the vernacular; this was partly so that people could read his orders and legislation. The energetic royal authority demonstrated in Alfred's policies presaged the Wessex kings' rule of all England during the next century.




    Father: Aethelwulf King of Kent & WESSEX b: 806 in Wessex, England
    Mother: Osburh (Osberg) b: 810 in Isle of Wight, Hampshire, England

    Marriage 1 Ealhswith of MERCIA b: 849 in Gainsborough, Lincolnshire, England
    • Married: 868 1 5
    Children
    1. Has Children Aethelflaed of WESSEX , Queen of Mercia b: 869 in Wessex, Wessex, England
    2. Has Children Aelfthryth (Elfrida) Princess of ENGLAND b: ABT 872 in Wessex, England
    3. Has Children Edward "The Elder" West Saxon King of ENGLAND b: 875 in Wessex, England
    4. Has Children Athelstan of the SAXONS b: ABT 878 in Wessex, England

    Sources:
    1. Title: Magna Charta Sureties 1215, Frederick Lewis Weis, additions by Walter Lee Sheppard Jr, 5th Edition, 1999
      Page: 161-1
    2. Title: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists, 7th Edition, by Frederick Lewis Weis, additions by Walter Lee Shippard Jr., 1999
      Page: 1-15, 44-15
    3. Title: Encyclopedia Britannica, Treatise on
      Page: United Kingdom, Sovereigns of Britain
    4. Title: The Plantagenet Ancestry, by William Henry Turton, 1968
      Page: 19, 21
    5. Title: The Plantagenet Ancestry, by William Henry Turton, 1968
      Page: 21
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