Kevin Hammond's Genealogy Project

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  • ID: I3150
  • Name: Nicholas OVERBURY
  • Given Name: Nicholas
  • Surname: Overbury
  • Suffix: I
  • Sex: M
  • Title: I
  • _UID: 23164B68A093384BADF87E80BD24D7373469
  • Note:
    He emigrated to America the year after his father died. Our Nicholas came to Virginia in 1654 as a “headright” for Colonel Abraham Wood who was a merchant, explorer and land trader. Based on ship records from Bristol, England, the port from which Nicholas sailed, he was not indentured or apprenticed like most other emigrants. Nicholas was employed in some capacity by Colonel Wood who was well known by the Overbury family. Virginia records show business transactions by Nicholas Overbey and Thomas Chamberlayne.

    Abraham Wood operated his trading business from Fort Henry which was built in 1645 for the defense of the citizens on the south side of the James River. It was on a bluff near the falls not far from where the Appomatox River enters the James River. The garrison had 45 soldiers from the surrounding counties and Abraham Wood was placed in command. The Fort and 600 acres were granted to Abraham Wood. The area is north of what is now called Petersburg, Virginia.

    From this little city of Fort Henry, Colonel Wood began exploratory journeys with pack trains of 50-100 horses loaded with trinkets, blankets and guns. In the year, 1650, he went on expeditions to the west and south with Edward Bland. In 1652, by order of the Assembly, Abraham Wood (then a Major) was granted the right to discover and trade for 14 years , places where no Englishman had ever been.

    By the year 1654, our ancestor Nicholas Overbey, Sr., had been brought from England by Abraham Wood to help him in some way with his growing business interests. By 1675, Wood had expanded his business journeys over the Great Smokies and into the powerful Cherokee Nation.

    There are no records of our Nicholas Overbey, Sr. owning any land of his own between 1654 and 1680. It is assumed that he traveled a lot and spent all these years helping Colonel Wood. He provided skilled labor and intelligence for the development of the trading empire and the management of the land holdings.

    Our Nicholas Overbey, Sr., was the father of a son born about 1659 in Virginia. The son was called Nicholas "ye younger" and "ye son". I shall call him Nicholas, Junior.

    In 1685 , our Nicholas, Sr. purchased a developed tract of land for his son Nicholas, Jr. with all houses, edifices, buildings, orchards, gardens, forests and all profit on this same tract of land and plantation. (Henrico Co., VA Deeds, 1677-1692) This frontier land was an area that was administered by Charles City County, VA, but was formed into Prince George Co., VA in 1705. The land was probably near Fort Henry, just south of the Appomatox River, in what was called Bristol Parish.The land was a wedding gift to Nicholas Overbey, Jr. Witnesses to the deed were Dysons, who lived near the site of Woods Church , five miles north of Petersburg, Viginia. It is considered the "Mother Church" of Bristol Parish and was named for Abraham Wood. Our Nicholas Overbey’s son (Jr.) learned well from his father and from Colonel Wood and by the year 1690, (Jr.) was earning more land for himself, by transporting his own "headrights" from England and taking land grants for their emigration.

    There were no further records of our Nicholas Overbey, Sr. after 1690 and I assume he died shortly after 1690, in Bristol Parish, Virginia (originally part of Charles City County), some where between the Appomatox River and the town of Petersburg, VA, not far from Fort Henry.
  • Birth: ABT 1628 in Isleworth, Middlesex, England 2
  • Death: AFT 1690 in Charles City County, Virginia 2
  • Immigration: 1654 America 2

    Father: Giles OVERBURY b: APR 1590 in Quinton, England
    Mother: Ann SHIRLEY b: ABT 1603 in Isfield, Sussex, England

    Marriage 1 Spouse Unknown
    • Married: ABT 1658 in Charles City County, Virginia 3
    1. Has Children Nicholas OVERBY b: ABT 1659 in Charles City County, Virginia

    1. Abbrev: Reference Book
      Title: "The Overby Story"
      Author: Libby Overby
      Publication: Gateway Press, Inc.
      Quality: 2
    2. Abbrev: Oral History
      Title: Oral family history
      Page: as per Harold Rainey
      Quality: 2
    3. Abbrev: Oral History
      Title: Oral family history
      Page: as per Harold Rainey
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