Name: Riperata TE TUPUA
Given Name: Riperata
Surname: TE TUPUA
Given Name: Maumau
Birth: 1812 in Waimate North, Bay of Islands, New Zealand
Christening: 1851 Waimate North, Bay of Islands, New Zealand
Death: 21 Apr 1888 in Waimate North, Bay of Islands, New Zealand
Burial: 21 Apr 1888 Private Family Tribal Burial Ground, Waimate North, Bay Of Islands, Northland, New Zealand
Memoirs of Hare Hongi Ngapuhi, Ngai Tawake.
Change Date: 4 Jun 2012 at 17:43
Maumau was a chieftainess (Ariki-tapairu) descended from the leading chiefs of both the leading Northland Tai Tokerau tribes, Ngapuhi and Rarawa. The Ngai Tawake tribes were associated with the Waimate North, Kaikohe or Te Waimate area, while the Te Rarawa were associated more with the Hokianga Area.
She attended the Confederation of Chiefs of Aotearoa in 1828. She followed Hone Heke on many of his journeys and was sent by him to Waimate North in 1845 for her safety when he cut down the flag pole at Russell three times in protest at the removal of the shipping tax he was levying. after hearing about the Boston Tea Party Protest from the American Consul.
In her day it was considered to be good tribal policy to wed well born Maori maidens to favouring and acceptable Pakehas who could then be available to act as go-betweens in the matter of trading, and so on. For this reason, Maumau was united, according to Maori custom to Matthew Farleigh (of Farleigh, Kent, England)
They were married by the French Catholic Missionary Jean Baptiste Petit Jean who arrived on 6 Jan 1840.
ĞuğDEATH OF A GREAT MAORI PRIESTESS
Ğ/uğThe old times & the new by Hare Hongi.
On Saturday April 21, in the quiet and picturesque village of Waimate, Bay of Islands, Ri Maumau. Chieftainess of the Ngapuhi tribes and people breathed her last, and she may indeed be truly said to have passed away full of years. Her death seems to claim special attention, and that not only because of her rank, but because she was the last of the old order of Ngapuhi, and lived and died, as her ancestors did before her, a true Maori, strictly adhering to the last of the customary forms, principles, and traditions of her race.
Her demise extinguished the title of Ariki. The office was a hereditary one, descending from the principal chief to his son, but in the event of there being no male issue, the eldest daughter is instructed by him into all the mysteries of the order. At his decease, the office of Ariki at once devolves upon her, and in this instance she becomes the religious instructor of her people, the guardian of all charms, amulets, and everything of a tapu or sacred nature. By the death of Ro Maumau is, therefore dissolved the only link which bound the present generations to the ancient form of karakia. Her family which numbered eleven, of whom eight are still alive, embraced Christianity in the early days, and have grown old under its teachings.
As to her exact age, we can only arrive at something approximating to it, from the fact that in 1828, when the Ngapuhi chiefs drew up their first declaration of independence and formed the Confederation, she was present and had obtained maturity. In rank, she was the recognized head of the Ngapuhi tribes, as also those of Te Rarawa. From her grandparents sprang the band of Ngapuhi chiefs whose names are so familiar to Europeans, among whom we find the celebrated warrior, Hare Hongi Hike, and also Te Tareha, who went with him to England to pay their respects to King William IV; the brothers Tamati Waka Nene & Era Patuone, who were a shield to the early Europeans in times of trouble; Titore & Hakuene, the father of Ihaka Te Tae, ex -M.H.R. (lately deceased); Tawhai & Wi Tana Papahia, the noted chiefs of Hokianga; Te Haara, Te Tirarau Kukupa, & Pareore Te Awha, lately deceased; Pene Taui, as also the notable chief, Wi Tako Ngatata, M.L.C. who died quite recently at his home in Wellington.
Many others might be enumerated, but we will close the list of names with that of Hone Heke, who, acting under instructions which he had received from Hongi, destroyed the flagstaff erected at Kororareka by the English. Numerous accounts have been given to show the cause of his attack, but the following one, which we think has not yet appeared in print, is most undoubtedly correct: In his parting interview with several English noblemen and gentlemen, before his return to New Zealand, Hongi received the following caution;
"When you have safely arrived to New Zealand, endeavour to bear in your mind all the injunctions given to you here, viz, in England, for your future guidance and welfare, for we wish you and your people well. Above all things, remember this: if a certain thing, to wit, a cloth marked with different colours, is hoisted upon a high pole, cut it down. If you fail to do so, your people will be slaughtered.
At that time it was feared in England that France would take possession of New Zealand, and in all probability the warning given to Hongi was in order that he might defeat any attempt by the French to assume the sovereignty of the islands. Flags of different nations were submitted to Hongi and their meanings explained, and Hongi returned very much impressed with what he had seen & heard; and no doubt, fully understanding the purport of what had been said, he related all to Hone Heke. A few years afterwards Hongi died from the effects of a gunshot wound received in a tribal conflict. In 1840 the Treaty of Waitangi, which granted the sovereignty of these islands to her Majesty the Queen of England, was signed by a large number of chiefs. If we remember rightly, Heke did not sign. However, shortly afterwards the English flag was hoisted at Kororareka. As soon as Heke heard of it, it occurred to him that this must be the coloured cloth which Hongi had been warned of, and which meant destruction to his people. He immediately went to ascertain for himself, and there it was plainly enough, hoisted on a long pole. He at once carried into effect the command given to Homgi by cutting it down, and this originated what is known as Heke's war.
Re Maumau then advanced in years, attended Heke through subsequent dangers, when bullets were flying fast and thick in Kororareka, the first English town in New Zealand. But, as this mode of warfare was so different from the customary encounters when armed with the taiaha, pata paraoa, mere pounamu, and hoeroa, Heke (despite her remonstrances to the contrary) deemed it prudent to remove the chieftainess for safety to the Waimate, where she has since resided, and immediately after her arrival Kororareka was sacked.
On account of her isolated mode of living, her name was but little known to Europeans, but she was held in high esteem and with feeling almost approaching to veneration by her people. Fifty years ago her demise would have been the signal for the assembling of the tribes from far and near; but it is not so in these days, saturated, as the Maoris are, with legislation and counter legislation, when civilisation which is so clearly associated with the worship of the power of money, rears its triumphant head over the land of our fathers, dwarfing the generous feelings of genuine sorrow, which on an occasion of this kind were given free vent to in the sacred institution of the tangi. In these days the mind contributes but a passing thought to events of this nature. The almost involuntary exclamation, "aue, kua mate hoki,e!" is uttered, and immediately thereafter the mind returns to the consideration of the pressing dangers which have destroyed their peace of mind, and which threaten to altogether deprive them of the acres which they justly inherited from their forefathers.
May she rest in peace! She was ushered into this world at a time when Ngapuhi were in the full tide of their strength, a noble and unconquered nation; and she has left her people- what? Verily, as it is written, "Behold, the old order changeth".
Father: Te Tupua b: 1791 in Ngapuhi/Rarawa, Northland, New Zealand
Mother: Paua Te ANIWA b: in Ngapuhi, Northland, New Zealand
Matthew Underdown FARLEY b: 10 Feb 1804 in St. Laurence in Thanet, Ramsgate, Kent, England c: 25 Mar 1804 in St. Lawrence, Thanet, Kent, England
in Kororareka, New Zealand
- Change Date:
14 Jul 2010
- Jane FARLEY b: 5 Aug 1835 in Waimate, Northland, New Zealand. c: 1851 in Anglican Church, Waimate North, New Zealand
- Elizabeth Reripeti FARLEY b: 13 Jun 1838 in Waimate North, Bay of Islands, New Zealand c: 23 Jan 1841 in Waimate North, Bay of Islands, New Zealand
- Susannah Marella FARLEY b: 15 May 1839 in Waimate North, Bay of Islands, New Zealand c: in Anglican Church, Waimate North, New Zealand
- James FARLEY b: 7 Nov 1842 in Northland, New Zealand
- Margaret Makere Makereti FARLEY b: 25 Jul 1844 in Waimate North, Bay of Islands, New Zealand c: in Anglican Church, Waimate North, New Zealand
Tohia Niwaniwa PIRIPO b: Abt 1812 in Waitangi, Northland, New Zealand
in Waitangi, Northland, New Zealand
- Change Date:
4 Jul 2005
- Wiremu Pokai PIRIPO b: Abt 1845 in Waimate North, Bay of Islands, New Zealand
- Taurarua Henare PIRIPO b: Abt 1847 in Waimate North, Bay of Islands, New Zealand
- Wikiriwi PIRIPO b: 24 Dec 1848 in Waimate North, Bay of Islands, New Zealand
- Emere PIRIPO b: 1849 in Waitangi, Northland, New Zealand
- Ngapua Herepete PIRIPO b: 1854 in Waimate North, Bay of Islands, New Zealand
- Hiramai PIRIPO b: 1858 in Waimate North, Bay of Islands, New Zealand
- Motu Kokako PIRIPO b: 1858 in Waimate North, Bay of Islands, New Zealand