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  • ID: I62149
  • Name: Moyses (Primator) ben David Bunzl ABELES 1
  • Sex: M
  • Birth: ABT 1618
  • Event: Event 01 DEC 1671 Elected as a "rashe ha-kahal" (elder) of the Prague Jewish Community (five elders were elected)
  • Occupation: Leader of the Prague Jewish Community
  • Death: 04 NOV 1694 in Praha (Prague), Bohemia (Czech Republic) 2 3
  • Name: Moses Bumsla (Primator) ABELES
  • Name: Moses ben David ABELES 4
  • Name: Moses Buntzl ABELES
  • Name: Moyses ABELES
  • Name: Moyses Buntzel ABELES
  • Name: Moses ABELES-BUNZLAU 5 6
  • Name: Moses Abeles BUMSEL
  • Name: Moses Abeles PUNZEL
  • Event: Event 01 FEB 1673 Re-elected as a "rashe ha-kahal" of the Prague Jewish Community (five elders were elected) 7
  • Event: Event FEB 1677 Elected as a "rashe ha-kahal" (elder) of the Prague Jewish Community (five elders were elected) 8
  • Event: Event 16 MAY 1684 Elected as a "rashe ha-kahal" (elder) of the Prague Jewish Community (five elders were elected)
  • Event: Event 26 AUG 1689 Re-elected as a "rashe ha-kahal" (elder) of the Prague Jewish Community (five elders were elected)
  • Event: Elected "Primas" / "Primator" (Mayor / Head Elder) of the Prague Jewish Community Event BET 09 AND 10 SEP 1692 Praha (Prague), Bohemia (Czech Republic) 9
  • Name: Moses (Primator) ABELES
  • Occupation: Primator (Mayor) of the Prague Jewish Community Praha (Prague), Bohemia (Czech Republic)
  • Name: Moses (Primator) ABELES 10
  • Death: 1694 in Praha (Prague), Bohemia (Czech Republic) 10
  • Name: Moyses Bunzl ABELES 11 12 13
  • Name: Moyses David Bunzl ABELES 14
  • Event: Elected "Primas" / "Primator" (Mayor / Head Elder) of the Prague Jewish Community Event 21 JUL 1692 Praha (Prague), Bohemia (Czech Republic) 15
  • Note:

    Der Fall Simon Abeles: Eine kritische Anfrage an die zugänglichen Quellen
    By Marie Vachenauer

    p. 15

    Die Familie Abeles (Abel, Abele) war zu der Zeit eine angesehene und reiche Familie der Prager juedischen Gemeinde, die durch Verwandtschaftwbeziehungen mit andern bedeutenden juedischen Familien in ganz Europa verbunden war. Der Familienpatriarch Rabbi Moyses ben David Bunzl Abeles, Lazars Vater, war Primator der Prager Judenstadt. Anfang des Jahres 1694 hatte er fuenf Kinder: Joachim, Lazar (35 Jahre), Jacob (32 Jahre), Elieser (juengster sohn, 23 Jahre) und eine Tochter. [8]

    [8] AHMP: Rkp., Sign. 4816, Fol. 7-12. Ende des Jahres 1694 werden im Testament des Moyses Bunzl Abeles sein Sohn Lazar sowie sein juengster Sohn nicht genannt. Angegeben wird weiter eine Tochter, Simche (Simohe, Simole). Ungeachtet dessen wird spaeter der Appellationsbericht in der Vorrede seines "Processus Inquisitorius" angeben, Lazar waere "der Juedischen Primatoris zu Prag eintziger Sohn".

    _____________________________________________________________________________

    From 'The Prague Jewish Community in the Late 17th and Early 18th Centuries' by Alexandr Putik

    [p. 63]

    Heading the Prague Jewish Community was an elected self-government that
    enjoyed considerable powers in the political, economic and judicial spheres. The
    leading officials of the self-government were distinguished political
    representatives of the community which they represented before all state,
    municipal and ecclesiastic offices. The fundamental economic function of the
    self-government was to collect Jewish taxes from the members of the
    community, and to pay them to the State. Significant for the community's internal
    life was the fact that the self-governing body determined the concrete levels of
    the taxes to be paid by the individual taxpayers. The jurisdiction exercised by the
    self-government concerned both the religious and secular spheres.

    Endowed with the greatest power were five elders (star?í, Elteste, rashim,
    rashe ha-kahal) who rotated in the function of parnas of the month (purkmistr,
    Bürgermeister, Monatshalter, parnas ha-hodesh). During his monthly term, a
    parnas in effect managed the community's course of events. The community was
    headed by the first elder, or Mayor, who bore the traditional title of Primas or
    Primator (the two terms are used in both Czech and German, as well as in
    Hebrew texts) who above all represented the community externally. The second
    important group of elected representatives were community elders (obecní star?í,
    Gemeinelteste, tuvei ha-qahal), also totalling five members. Elders and
    community elders made up the board that enjoyed broad executive powers in
    political, administrative and financial matters. The third category of
    representatives was comprised of assessors (přísedící, Beisitzer, mevorarim,
    iqqarei ha-qahal) who had initially performed chiefly supervisory functions.267)
    Originally there had been ten assessors; however, following an administrative
    reform declared by an imperial rescript issued on September 20, 1684, their
    number rose to seventeen. The dignitaries of all three categories constituted the
    Assembly of Representatives (Vorstand, kahal) that voted on the most important
    community matters. On occasion, state authorities referred to this assembly as
    Magistrat.

    Traditionally, the elders' and community elders' jurisdiction concerned civil
    disputes and the prosecution of misdemeanours and less serious criminal
    offences. Their ten-member senate was called the Court of the Jewish Elders
    (Ältestengericht). The second Jewish secular institution invested with judicial
    powers was the Office of the Jewish Magistrate (Judenrichteramt). Within the
    context of the 1684 reform, this office was merged with the Court of the Jewish
    Elders. Beginning in that year at the latest, the assessors, too, sat in this court.
    This reformed Court of the Jewish Elders met four times a week in the presence
    of at least nine of the twenty-seven members of the assembly.

    [p. 80]

    The horrendous events linked with the court trial of Lazar Abeles in 1694 had
    a direct impact on the self-government's very ability to function. Broken by the
    family tragedy, Primas Moses Abeles died on Marheshvan 16, 455 / November
    4, 1694.

    _____________________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________________




    Father: David ABELES b: ABT 1595

    Marriage 1 BUNZEL b: ABT 1620 in Praha (Prague), Bohemia (Czech Republic)
      Children
      1. Has Children Chajim (Rabbi) ABELES b: ABT 1645 in Praha (Prague), Bohemia (Czech Republic)
      2. Has No Children Simcha ABELES b: ABT 1647 in Praha (Prague), Bohemia (Czech Republic)

      Marriage 2 b: ABT 1637
      • Married: ABT 1657
      Children
      1. Has Children Lazar ben Moses Bumsla ABELES b: BET 1658 AND 1659 in Praha (Prague), Bohemia (Czech Republic)
      2. Has No Children Jacob ABELES b: BET 1662 AND 1663 in Praha (Prague), Bohemia (Czech Republic)
      3. Has No Children Elieser ABELES b: BET 1671 AND 1672 in Praha (Prague), Bohemia (Czech Republic)

      Sources:
      1. Author: Marie Vachenauer
        Title: Der Fall Simon Abeles: Eine kritische Anfrage an die zugänglichen Quellen
        Page: p. 15
        Text: Der Familienpatriarch Rabbi Moyses ben David Bunzl Abeles, Lazars Vater, war Primator der Prager Judenstadt.
      2. Author: Dr. Samuel Steinherz
        Title: Jahrbücher der Gesellschaft für Geschichte der Juden in der Cechoslovakischen Republik
        Publication: Name: 1933;
        Note:
        Source Medium: Book

        Page: p. 134
        Text: Er starb am 4. November 1694 (Hock-Kaufmann, S. 1). Im Liber test. Jud. Nr. 4816, fol. 7 (im Prager Stadtarch.) befindet sich ein "Inventarium nach dem Moyses Abeles hinterbliebenen Verlassenschaft". Der gewaltsame Tod seines Sohnes Lazar in Verbindung mit der bekannten Affaere seines Enkels "Simon Abeles" duerfte seine Lebenskraft vorzeitig gebrochen haben.
      3. Author: Marie Vachenauer
        Title: Der Fall Simon Abeles: Eine kritische Anfrage an die zugänglichen Quellen
        Page: p. 219
        Text: Gemeinde, wurde ein kranker Mann. All die schrecklichen Ereignisse in seiner Familie, die er in den vergangenen Monaten erleben musste, hatten seinen Lebenswillen gebrochen. Er starb im Alter von ca. 65 bis 70 Jahren, am 4. November 1694. Bis zu seinem Tode hatte er Stellen in der "Alt-Neu Schule, in der Hohen Schul und in der Maysel Schul" bekleidet.
      4. Author: Alexandr Putík
        Title: The Prague Jewish Community in the Late 17th and Early 18th Centuries
        Publication: Name: In 'Judaica Bohemiae' Issue no. XXXV /1999, Státni Zidovské Muzeum v Praze / National Jewish Museum, Prague, 1999;
        Repository:
          Name: http://www.ceeol.com

        Note:
        Source Medium: Book

        Page: p. 70
      5. Author: Dr. Samuel Steinherz
        Title: Jahrbücher der Gesellschaft für Geschichte der Juden in der Cechoslovakischen Republik
        Publication: Name: 1933;
        Note:
        Source Medium: Book

        Page: p. 84
      6. Author: Státní zidovské muzeum (Jewish National Museum, Czech Republic)
        Title: Judaica Bohemiae
        Publication: Name: Praha (Prague), 1974;
        Note:
        Source Medium: Book

        Page: vol. 39, p. 87
      7. Author: Alexandr Putík
        Title: The Prague Jewish Community in the Late 17th and Early 18th Centuries
        Publication: Name: In 'Judaica Bohemiae' Issue no. XXXV /1999, Státni Zidovské Muzeum v Praze / National Jewish Museum, Prague, 1999;
        Repository:
          Name: http://www.ceeol.com

        Note:
        Source Medium: Book

        Page: pp. 72 - 73
      8. Author: Alexandr Putík
        Title: The Prague Jewish Community in the Late 17th and Early 18th Centuries
        Publication: Name: In 'Judaica Bohemiae' Issue no. XXXV /1999, Státni Zidovské Muzeum v Praze / National Jewish Museum, Prague, 1999;
        Repository:
          Name: http://www.ceeol.com

        Note:
        Source Medium: Book

        Page: p. 74
      9. Author: Alexandr Putík
        Title: The Prague Jewish Community in the Late 17th and Early 18th Centuries
        Publication: Name: In 'Judaica Bohemiae' Issue no. XXXV /1999, Státni Zidovské Muzeum v Praze / National Jewish Museum, Prague, 1999;
        Repository:
          Name: http://www.ceeol.com

        Note:
        Source Medium: Book

        Page: p. 79
      10. Author: Státní zidovské muzeum (Jewish National Museum, Czech Republic)
        Title: Judaica Bohemiae
        Publication: Name: Praha (Prague), 1974;
        Note:
        Source Medium: Book

        Page: vol. 39, p. 73
      11. Author: Marie Vachenauer
        Title: Der Fall Simon Abeles: Eine kritische Anfrage an die zugänglichen Quellen
        Page: p. 117
      12. Author: Marie Vachenauer
        Title: Der Fall Simon Abeles: Eine kritische Anfrage an die zugänglichen Quellen
        Page: p. 219
        Text: Moyses Bunzl Abeles, der amtierende Primas der Prager juedischen Gemeinde, wurde ein kranker Mann. All die schrecklichen Ereignisse in seiner Familie, die er in den vergangenen Monaten erleben musste, hatten seinen Lebenswillen gebrochen. Er starb im Alter von ca. 65 bis 70 Jahren, am 4. November 1694. Bis zu seinem Tode hatte er Stellen in der "Alt-Neu Schule, in der Hohen Schul und in der Maysel Schul" bekleidet.
      13. Author: Marie Vachenauer
        Title: Der Fall Simon Abeles: Eine kritische Anfrage an die zugänglichen Quellen
        Page: p. 15
        Text: Die Familie Abeles (Abel, Abele) war zu der Zeit eine angesehene und reiche Familie der Prager juedischen Gemeinde, die durch Verwandtschaftwbeziehungen mit andern bedeutenden juedischen Familien in ganz Europa verbunden war. Der Familienpatriarch Rabbi Moyses ben David Bunzl Abeles, Lazars Vater, war Primator der Prager Judenstadt. Anfang des Jahres 1694 hatte er fuenf Kinder: Joachim, Lazar (35 Jahre), Jacob (32 Jahre), Elieser (juengster sohn, 23 Jahre) und eine Tochter.
      14. Author: Marie Vachenauer
        Title: Der Fall Simon Abeles: Eine kritische Anfrage an die zugänglichen Quellen
        Page: p. 39
        Text: In: Freudenthal, Max: Leipziger Messgaeste. a.a.O., S. 176: Moyses David Bunzl Abeles wird in den Jahren 1668, 79, 82 unter den Messgaesten gefuehrt. -- AHMP: Rkp., Sign. 2710, LJA 2, Fol 494r, 494v: Moyses David Bunzl Abeles besass das Haus neben dem Haus des Rabbi Mardochai Meisel, einen Teil des Hauses ueberschrieb er im Jahre 1667 seinem Sohn Joachim.
      15. Author: Dr. Samuel Steinherz
        Title: Jahrbücher der Gesellschaft für Geschichte der Juden in der Cechoslovakischen Republik
        Publication: Name: 1933;
        Note:
        Source Medium: Book

        Page: p. 91
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