Name: the Prophet Muhammad 1 2
Name: Muhammed=Highly Praised 1 2
Birth: 25 MAR 570 in Mecca 1 2
Death: 8 JUN 632 in Medina 1 2 of poisoned 1 2
Reference Number: 9303
Muhammad, the Messenger of God
(... -9 AH / 570-632 CE).
Muslims believe that Islam completes the revelation of God’s final messa ge to man through the Prophet Muhammad Praise Be Unto Him (PBUH) and the H oly Qur’an. For Muslims, God began His message with Judaism and Christiani ty, and Islam is the capstone of the monotheistic tradition. The Prophet ’s name means "the praised one" or "he who is glorified" and traditional ly every mention of the Prophet by name is followed by one of several invo cations. Usually it is sufficient to say ‘alayhis-salam’ or ‘Peace be up on him’ (PBUH). The Prophet is a descendant of the Prophets Ibrahim (Abrah am) and Ismail (Ishmael). His father was Abdullah, the son of Abdel Mutal ib and the grandson of Hashem who was the founder of the Hashemite clan.
As the Prophet was born after his father’s death, and in keeping with pre- Islamic tribal law, he was unable to inherit from his father and was se nt to be raised with a Bedouin foster mother, Halima al-Sa’diya, in the de sert. The Prophet returned to Mecca under the care of his uncle Abu Tali b, and as a young man, he earned a reputation for resolving inter-tribal d ifferences. In fact, he was known within his Quraysh tribe as al-Sadeq al- Ameen, or ‘the honest, the trustworthy’. When he was twenty-five he marri ed Khadija who bore the Prophet two sons that died in infancy, and four da ughters.
When the Prophet was forty years old, having already experienced vision s, he received the first revelation of the Qur’an and the Divine messa ge by the Angel Gabriel in a cave. His wife was the first to convert, foll owed by his young cousin ‘Ali, the son of Abu Talib, and Zeid his servan t. The Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) first began to publicly preach to his own c lan the Hashemites, and the first to convert from outside his family was A bu Bakr, his friend and influential merchant dealer. As the message spre ad and the followers of the new religion grew, so did the opposition in t he city of Mecca. The city was at the time the center of trade and pilgrim age because of the Ka’aba, which held for the Meccans many sacred objec ts and idols of worship.
With time, resistance to Islam became hostile and despite the ban plac ed on the Hashemite clan the Prophet remained uncompromising in his messa ge of monotheism. To escape persecution many Muslims left Mecca, and event ually so too did the Prophet when it was realized that his life was in dan ger. With many of his followers already established in al-Medina al-Munaww ara, the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) emigrated under the cover of darkne ss in order to evade the search parties. This celebrated journey (622 C E) became known as the Hijra (emigration) and was later designated to ma rk the first year of the Muslim calendar, as the Prophet’s arrival in Medi na marked the first Islamic state. Al-Medina al-Munawwara thereafter beca me known as the ‘city of the Prophet’.
Over the next six years the Prophet lived in Medina, spreading the wo rd of Islam and practicing its teachings. Soon, it became apparent that t he Muslims would have to face the Meccans in the field of battle in ord er to further spread God’s message. In March 624 CE, against a superior fo rce, the Muslims defeated the idol worshipping Meccans at the Battle of Ba dr, however only a year later the Muslims were defeated in the disastro us Battle of Uhud. In 628 CE the Prophet with 1000 men entered the wal ls of Mecca and soon afterwards the Prophet was acknowledged as the leade r. Fully established in Mecca, the Messenger of God sent great expeditio ns to the north of Arabia, inviting others to enter into Islam. This mar ks the beginning of Islam’s expansion towards Syria and Persia.
The ninth year of the Hijra (632 CE) is known as the "Year of Deputation s" when delegates came from all over Arabia to enter into Islam. On Ju ne 8 of that year, the Prophet died and was buried in accordance to his wi shes, in his house. The expansion of Islam continued extending from as f ar West as Spain to as far East as India within one hundred years. Today t here are around a billion Muslims in the world.
Hafsa Bint Umar
Maymuna Bint Al Harith
Zaynab Bint Khuzayma
Umm Habiba Ramla Bint Abu Sufyan
Zaynab Bint Jahsh
Juwayriyyah Bint Harith
Umm Salama Hind Bint Abi Umayya
Khadija Bint Khuwalyid b: 555
- Umm Kulthum
- Al Qasim Abd Allah Ibn Muhammad
- Fatima az-Zahra' b: ABT 606
A'isha b: 603
Sauda Bint Zam'a
Mary The Copt
- Ibrahim b: 632
Safiya Bint Huyayy b: 611
- Title: ddandrm.ged
Text: Date of Import: Nov 18, 2001
- Title: ralphroberts.ged
Text: Date of Import: Dec 15, 2003