Name: Kublai KHAN 1 2
Birth: 1215 1 2
Death: 1294 1 2
Change Date: 12 OCT 2001 1 2
In Xanadu did Kubla Khan
A stately pleasure-dome decree:
Where Alph, the sacred river, ran
Through caverns measureless to man
Down to a sunless sea.
"Kubla Khan" by Samuel Taylor Coleridge, 1798
Kublai Khan Pronounced As: koobli kän , 1215-94, Mongol emperor, found er of the Yüan dynast y of China. From 1251 to 1259 he led military campai gns in S China. He succeeded (1260) his b rother Mongke (Mangu) as kh an of the empire that their grandfather Jenghiz Khan had founded . The emp ire reached its greatest territorial extent with Kublai's final defeat (12 79) of th e Sung dynasty of China; however, his campaigns against Japan (s ee kamikaze), Myanmar, Vietna m, and Indonesia failed. Kublai's rule as t he overlord of the Mongol empire was nominal excep t in Mongolia and Chin a. He recruited men of all nations for his civil service, but only Mong o ls were permitted to hold the highest government posts. He promoted econom ic prosperity by r ebuilding the Grand Canal, repairing public granarie s, and extending highways. He fostered Ch inese scholarship and arts. Alth ough he favored Tibetan Buddhism (Lamaism), other religions ( except Taois m) were tolerated. Kublai encouraged foreign commerce, and his magnifice nt capita l at Cambuluc (now Beijing) was visited by several Europeans, no tably Marco Polo, who describ ed it. It was long thought to be the city Xa nadu, featured in Coleridge's poem Kubla Khan. Ku blai's name is also spel led Khubilai, Kubilai, Koublai, and Kubla.
Mother: Sorghaghtani BEKI
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