Name: JACQUES BOIS DIT LABAGUETTE
Birth: 1671 in ST. JEAN-BAPTISTE, VILLE DE POITIERS, FRANCE
Baptism: 24 JUN 1671 ST. JEAN-BAPTISTE, VILLE DE POITIERS, FRANCE
Death: 13 NOV 1741 in RIV-OUELLE, KAMOURASKA, QUEBEC, CANADA
Burial: 14 NOV 1741 RIV-OUELLE, KAMOURASKA, QUEBEC, CANADA
Note: Our French-Canadian Ancestors by Thomas J. LaForest, Vol. XVIII(1994) pp. 59-69
Change Date: 11 OCT 2004
Jacques Bois dit LaBaguette
In Quebec, there are family names of Bois and Boies. If I referto my etymology, this last name certainly indicates a bois(wood) as in DuBois, Brisebois, Boisjoli and Boisbriant.
According to patient research carried out by descendant PaulBois and published in the revue L'Ancetre of the Societe deGenealogie de Quebec, it seems evident that a single Bois,Jacques, left descendants among us, in spite of the fact thatseveral people bearing this name came to Canada during theFrench Regime.
We do not know the French origins of about 10% of our originalancestors. We do not know the villages where ancestors Dionne,Caron, Cote, etc. were born. Thus is the same with JacquesBois.
Jacques Bois appeared for the first time in our registries atthe marriage of Jacques Gauthier dit Sanscartier, to AgatheFaye, on 25 February 1699, at the church of Notre-Dame deQuebec. Jacques Gauthier was a soldier in the Company deVaudreuil, originally from Sainte-Radegonde, city of Poitiers.How to explain the presence of Jacques Bois at this marriage?Was he also a soldier?
A big surprise: Jacques was accompanied by a certain MichelBois! Was this his brother? A cousin? No other official actrefers to the existence of this Michel Bois. However, theregistry of the patients of the Hotel-Dieu de Quebec, for thedate 8 September 1697, mentions the name of the 22 year-oldPhilippe Boit, a soldier originally from Labry. He receivedmedical care for 14 days. He had arrived fro France on thevessel Lamphitrite among a contingent of soldiers. Would hisPhilippe Boit have had a compound first name: Michel-Philippe?He would have been the one who accompanied Jacques at theFaye-Gauthier wedding. The hypothesis does make sense.
Another problem: a Michel-Philibert Boy was a school teacher atMontreal where, on 5 January 1690, he was designated as"associate brother' and, on 17 September 1693, he was classifiedas "associate cleric' about to travel to France. On 21 July1700, Michel-Philibert returned to the country as a priest. Hewas appointed curate of Sorel, then of Batiscan where, in 1714,he died at the age of 40. Should we conclude thatMichel-Philibert Boy and Michel Bois were two different people?The puzzle ends in a dead end.
The French origins of Jacques Bois remain unknown, Jacques wascertainly living in New France in 1698, probably even beforethat year. Did he come from Labry, present department ofMeurtre-et-Moselle, arrondissement of Briey, canton ofConflans-en-Jarnisy?...Or was he originally form the formerprovince of France called Brie, located between theIle-de-France and la Champagne?
OLD CLOTHES ON A LINE
On Wednesday, 22 August 1703, the Sovereign Council of thecolony shed new light on our ancestor.
Jacques Bois dit LaBaguette, and Louis Henri dit LeParisien,both soldiers of Langueuil, were accused o having stolen atnighttime some old clothes which surgeon and officer DominiqueThaumur, Sieur de LaSource, had left on a clothesline. Thecrime nearly merited the gallows! What would be the punishmentif they had stolen a horse?
On 9 July 1703, the judicial system was set in motion. Byordinance, the two criminals were imprisoned at Montreal. Then,the sentence was pronounced. Jacques Bois dit LaBaguette,received a whipping before being branded with a fleur de lys onhis shoulder.
LeParisien and LaBaguette protested against such severity. On10 December 1703, the sentence was reduced to naught on thecondition that each accused pay a fine of 5 livres for theexpenses of the court and disappear from the island of Montrealfor a period of 5 years. However, the two men were stillimprisoned for another robbery at the house of the innkeeperGuillaume Boucher. The two jailbirds were successful inescaping.
A second trail in absentia held on 31 July 1704 condemned thetwo to death by hanging, for escaping and repeating theiroffense. Alas! Louis Henri was captured and executed. As forJacques Bois dit LaBaguette, after he slipped through thedragnet, he disappeared into the mist towards the East.
These trials which, followed the excessive harshness of thetime, inform us that Jacques was a soldier. He had a surname ofLaBaguette. He liked playing practical jokes, but this was alittle much for the system to ignore!
Jacques Bois had learned at his expense that it was notprofitable to go up against the court, especially in New France.An end to youthful pranks which brought adult punishment.
Stealthily, between December 1703 and July 1704, he went downthe river as far as Riviere-Ouelle, far from Montreal and evenfrom Quebec, almost to the limits of the colonized country. AsJacques was quite presentable in looks and spirit, he knew howto become accepted by the population of the area.
On Monday, 24 November 1704, in the chapel ofNotre-Dame-de-Liesse of Riviere-Ouelle, the 27 year-old Jacques,married Anne Soucy, daughter of the ancestor Jean Soucy and ofJeanne Sauvenier. Eldest of a family of 4 children, she hadbeen born on the Ile-aux-Oies, on 5 September 1671.
Jacques Bois's bride was the widow of Jean Lebel whom she hadmarried on 16 August 1689. The Soucy-Lebel couple settled atRiviere-Ouelle on a piece of land 4 arpents in frontage on theriver by 42 deep. It had been ceded to them by SeigneurDeschamps on 28 February 1692.
Jean Lebel died unexpectedly on 10 October 1699, leaving a widowin mourning with 5 children in arms. Even a little naturaldaughter, Mare-Therese, born on 5 October 1703, completed thisyoung family on the brink of poverty.
By marrying the Lebel widow Jacques Bois accepted her 6children, all young, all beautiful, who did not ask for morethan to be loved and helped. Numerous descendants of thisSoucy-Lebel family owe a debt of immense gratitude to theiradoptive father Jacques Bois.
The ancestor continued to develop the farm owned and cleared inpart by Jean Lebel and Anne Soucy.
ON LAND AND SEA
There were 6 mouths to feed around Bois-Soucy table. Theindustrious father of the family cut back the forest with hisgood axe, farmed the land to get wheat and vegetables, andhunted wild game abundant in the region. He turned towards thesea, via the great river moved by twice-daily tides. In itsdepths were found fish of all species in profusion.
On 6 July 1710, an ordinance issued by the Intendant JacquesRaudot gave Jacques Bois and his 5 partners carte blanche to settraps for porpoise. This operation began atPointe-aux-Iroquois. The second partnership of fishermen fromRiviere-Ouelle should have lasted 30 years. What an illusion!It was dissolved rather quickly. Another one was established.
On 2 November 1710, Pierre Peyre, Denis Riverin, Louis Rouer,Sieur d'Artigny, from Quebec, and Jean Mignault, from theSeigneurie of la Bouteillerie, were partners for 7 years,sharing half the profits and losses from fishing for porpoiseand other fish. They fished in front of the homesteads ofMignault, Bois and Louis Dube. Jacques was in on this, but alittle in the background...the partners had only to fish sincethey had found solid financial backing.
Man proposes, God disposes. In 1715, the group of 6 fishermensplit in two; Francois Autin retired and death had taken 2 othermembers. What to do? On 16 May, it was decided that FrancoisAutin should remain a member of the partnership, that the widowsPelletier and Deschenes were welcomed there "instead and inplace of their husbands by providing a man capable of working".Forced partners, divided partners. On the preceding 7 March,Intendant Michel Begon had forbidden Francois Autin and thewidows Pelletier and Deschenes not to interfere with JeanMignault, Louis Dube and Jacques Bois in the fishing that theydid at Riviere-Ouelle.
Mignault, Dube and Bois continued some how or other to keeptheir partnership alive. The others let themselves be coaxedinto collaborating. The problem was not yet resolved on 11April 1718, since the Intendant, once again, ordered Autin andthe two widows to do their half of the fishing according totheir transaction reached in 1713. It all fizzled out about1720.
The profitability of this fishing was uncertain, since thearrival or absence of these beautiful cetaceans, cousins of thedolphin was unpredictable.
Porpoises preferred to amuse themselves at Pointe-Aux-Iroquoisrather than elsewhere. Thus, we understand why Jacques Boisbought, on 20 June 1711, a piece of land in standing wood with 4argents in frontage, located in this territory. He honored hissignature by paying 100 livres cash to the seller JeanneChevalier, widow of Guillaume LeCanteur, of Robert Levesque andof Seigneur Deschamps. The 3 Levesque brothers: Francois,Joachim and Joseph, also owners of this property, gave theirjoint consent with their mother.
One day it was also necessary to resolve the matter of dividingthe properties in favor of the Soucy-Lebel children. Thus, on14 January 1714, from the quill of notary Abel Michon, we learnthat Marie-Anne Lebel, daughter of the late Jean and of AnneSoucy, married since 26 November 1708 to Joseph Michel situatedat Pointe-aux-Iroquois, bordering Pierre Emond, being 8 perchesof frontal land. Jacques Bois paid "for six months of work".
At the end of January 1714, on the 26th to be precise, PierreSoucy, husband of Elisabeth Fouquereau, and Anne Soucy, wife ofJacques Bois, son and daughter of Jeanne Sauvenier, renouncedtheir part of the inheritance from the succession of theproperty to ancestor Jean Soucy dit Lavigne. The renunciationincluded a portion of land in Kamouraska and another borderingthat of Jacques Bois at Riviere-Ouelle. According to hiscustom, the ancestor signed Jacques Boy.
It was only 12 years later, on 25 June 1725, that Jacques Boisappeared in a transaction between himself and his adopteddaughter Marie-Francoise Lebel, mother of 3 children, and widowof Charles Soucier who died at La Pocatiere on 11 June 1723.Marie-Francoise admitted having already received as inheritancethe amount of 40 livres. Jacques Bois and her mother Anne Soucypromised to give her in 1726 a "pregnant" cow-calf and in 1727 abull and a young cow.
Marie Madeleine Dancause, mother of 10 children, lost herhusband Pierre Boucher. Pierre Dancause, appointed surrogateguardian, helped his sister to settle her affairs after theproperty inventory. There was an imbroglio on the subject of a"carriage". Jacques Bois and Pierre Dancause, his neighbor,declared on 18 February 1727, that there was nothing to makesuch a fuss about and that it had been done in good faith byJean Maisonneuve and Francois Boucher.
In short, through out all these years, Jacques Bois showedhimself to be a steady habitant, appreciated for his honesty,his social sense and his love of work.
The aveu et denombrement (census) of the Seigneurie of laBouteillerie, signed on 2 May 1725, informs us that beginning atla Pointe and going towards Kamouraska, there was the land ofJacques Bois with a width of 4 arpents with house, barn, stable,22 arpents of workable land and 5 in prairie. And that above,on the neighboring land, was found the farm of the Lebel heirs,of equal dimensions with also a house, barn, stable, 20 arpentsof farmed land and 4 in fallow land. The Lebel heirs and theBois heirs were on equal footing.
Let's remember that the Soucy-Lebel descendants throughMarie-Anne, Nicolas, Marie-Francoise and Marguerite Lebel owe adebt of immense gratitude to Jacques Bois and Anne Soucy.
Jacques and his wife brought into the world 9 children; they didnot all survive. Here are their given names: Marie-Therese,Jacques, Joseph, Jean-Bernard, Jean-Baptiste, Andre,Marie-Madeleine, Francis-Rene and Etienne, all born atRiviere-Ouelle and baptized, it seems, by Father Bernard deRoqueleyne.
1. Marie-Therese, natural daughter of Anne Soucy, becamelegitimate by joining the Bois family. Born on 5 October 1703at Riviere-Ouelle, she bore the family name of Bois. At LaPocatiere, about 1729, she became the wife of Louis Morais.
2. Joseph, godson of Jacques Gagnon on the first of September1707, died on 21 September 1714, at the age of reason, accordingto the expression of the time.
3. Andre was perhaps 2 years old when he left his loved ones.
4 & 5. Marie-Madeleine and Francois-Rene died in the cradle. TheBois human strength was thus quickly decimated.
6. The eldest of the sons, Jacques, on 25 February 1728, washired by Villedaigre Janneau. He agreed to go cod fishing inthe gulf, for a salary of 23 livres per month and "a handful ofcod".
At the time of his marriage contract to Angelique Mignier ditLagace, daughter of Michel and of Angelique Thibault, on 25November 1730, his father gave son Jacques 1 cow and 1 fat pig,and his father-in-law offered him the same thing plus a smallpig and a fine dress in muslin for his sweetheart.
The name of son Jacques is associated with Jean-BaptisteBonenfant in the construction of a mill at Riviere Saint-Jeanfor the account of Nicolas Lepage de La Fosse. It also appearedin the acts of the Provost of Quebec in December 1754. In 1760he was a Lieutenant of Militia at La Pocatiere.
According to Tanguay, his family had 11 children. The twinsJean-Barnard and Jean-Baptiste were born on 3 January 1710. Thefirst joined his life to Marie-Madeleine Pelletier, on 26November 1731; the couple had 3 daughters and 1 son. The secondmarried Angelique Morillon, on 14 January 1730, at La Pocatiere.
7. As for Etienne, we must not confuse him with another EtienneBoy, a navigator, who married Marguerite Falardeau, on 13November 1730, at Charlesbourg. Etienne, son of Jacques, becamethe husband of Marguerite Dorion at Quebec on 26 April 1745. Hehad signed a marriage contract on the preceding 20 April.Authorities attribute 9 children to him, including 8 daughters.
Three sons settled at La Pocatiere and the youngest lived in theQuebec region. Such is the rather limited human capital of thesecond Bois generation, but the busier (woodwork) was solidenough to face the centuries.
ON THE EDGE OF THE WOOD
By arriving in country as a soldier, Jacques Bois dit LaBaguettefound work rather hard to come by. The peace of 1701 had causeda great military cutback. Jacques then played dangerously withfire. But the experience opened the doors of wisdom to him andhe benefited thereby. At Riviere-Ouelle, he never went back onhis word. He was a generous and conscientious resident.
After 1730, his activities slowed down. On 10 October 1735, ourancestor made his will. He and Anne Soucy gave their 4 Boissons the ancestral land of 4 Arpents in frontage to be dividedinto 4 equal parts, 1 arpent to each. In return, the sons werecommitted to feed, clothe and support their parents according totheir condition.
Allegorically speaking, when he arrived at Riviere-Ouelle,Jacques was between the edge of the woods and the edge of theriver. The good years, which followed, permitted him to cutback the forest while living on the shores of life.
On Monday, 13 November 1741, he felt his end approaching anddeparted for a better world, one without borders. Anne Soucysurvived him by more than 2 years. She left her loved ones inFebruary 1743. Her body was buried in the parish cemetery ofRiviere-Ouelle on the 5th. She was more than 71 years old.Anne and Jacques had founded a family, which would perpetuatefrom century to century on North American soil.
Beginning at La Pocatiere, the Bois family swarmed into theprovince of Quebec, and also into the Charlevoix.
1. Among the most notable members, we must underline thepresence of Louis-Edouard Bois (1813-1889), 5th generation, sonof Firmin and of Marie-Anne Boissonneau. He was a distinguishedarchaeologist, an eminent compiler of several historical works,and an enthusiast of history. The first priest of the line ofJacques and of Anne Soucy, he bequeathed all his property,manuscripts and library, to the Seminary of Nicolet.
2. Henri-Charles Bois (1897-1962), son of Napoleon and of LuminaBelanger, was a native of Levis. He was an agronomist, aprofessor at the Institute d'agriculture de Oka, founder of theCorporation d'agronomie de Quebec and a liberal senatoraccording to his political allegiance. He died at Saint-Brunoon 18 July 1962.
3. Joseph-Honorius Bois (1881-1938), son of Joseph-Celestin andof Isabelle Guy, from Saint-Jean-Port-Joli, became director ofthe Ecole superieur d'agriculture de Sainte-Anne de LaPocatiere, from 1930 to 1938, and technical adviser for thegovernment of Quebec.
4. For several years, pilgrims to Sainte-Anne-de-Beaupre werewitnesses to the major repairs to the roofs and exterior stonesof the Basilica. The man responsible for these works carriedout with care and competence was named Raymond Boies, contractorfrom the city of Beaupre, Raymond, husband of Emma Racine, sonof Wilfrid and of Rosalie Pilote, from Charlevoix, had his nichein the 8th generation.
FAMILY NAME VARIATIONS
Known variations of BOIS are: Bard, Bau, Boies, Boisard, Boit,Boy, Charlebois and Dubois.
Bois, Jacques (Jean), baptized 24 June 1671, St-Jean-Baptiste,
Poitiers (departement vienne 86194), son of Rene Bois and Reine
Boyer; six siblings baptized at the same church. DGFQ pg. 120.
Luce Jean, L'Ancetre, vol. 18, pg. 53-57. Il est baptise sous
le prenom de Jean. son parrain se nommait Jacques Boyer (Ficher
In New France by 1698; origin unknown, soldier of M. Longueuil.
Age 27 in 1704 (Lebel).
Father: RENE BOIS b: ABT 1651 in ST. JEAN-BAPTISTE, VILLE DE POITIERS, FRANCE
Mother: REINE BOYER b: ABT 1656 in ST. JEAN-BAPTISTE, VILLE DE POITIERS, FRANCE
ANNE SOUCY b: 5 SEP 1671 in ILE-AUX-OIES, QUEBEC
24 NOV 1704
in RIV-OUELLE, KAMOURASKA, QUEBEC, CANADA
- JACQUES BOIS JR b: 1705 in RIV-OUELLE, KAMOURASKA, QUEBEC, CANADA
- JOSEPH BOIS b: 25 AUG 1707 in RIV-OUELLE, KAMOURASKA, QUEBEC, CANADA
- JEAN BAPTISTE BOIS b: 3 JAN 1710 in RIV-OUELLE, KAMOURASKA, QUEBEC, CANADA
- JEAN BERNARD BOIS b: 3 JAN 1710 in RIV-OUELLE, KAMOURASKA, QUEBEC, CANADA
- ANDRE-JACQUES BOIS b: 15 JAN 1712 in RIV-OUELLE, KAMOURASKA, QUEBEC, CANADA
- MARIE MADELEINE BOIS b: 28 JUN 1713 in RIV-OUELLE, KAMOURASKA, QUEBEC, CANADA
- FRANCOIS RENE BOIS b: 13 JUN 1714 in RIV-OUELLE, KAMOURASKA, QUEBEC, CANADA
- ETIENNE BOIS b: 1716 in RIV-OUELLE, KAMOURASKA, QUEBEC, CANADA