Stemwede immigrants, Duval and Beaver of Wisconsin, and other ancestries

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  • ID: I01009
  • Name: Johann Heinrich Wilhelm Buck
  • Sex: M
  • AKA: /Heinrich/
  • Birth: 10 DEC 1801 in Quernheim, Hannover, Germany 1
  • Death: AFT 1858 in (Quernheim, Hannover, Germany)
  • Note:

    In 1815, when he should normally have finished school and been confirmed, his pastor required that he attend an additional year. The pastor wrote, regarding him and another classmate: "Über diese beyden mage ich nicht zu urteilen und erbitte mir für dieselben besondere Prüfung. Beide lesen einigermaßen zusammen, doch sehr stümperhaft. Religiöse Erkenntnis: ganz im Anfange. Sittliches Betragen: desgleichen. Haben angefangen zu schreiben, nehmen etwas Unterricht. Dieser große Unfleiß im Schulbesuch ist wohl mit durch ihre ausnehmende Armuth veranlaßt."
    (Regarding these two I can't make a judgment and request a separate examination for them. They both read together a little, but very clumsily. Bible and catechism: just the basics. Deportment: the same. They have begun to write and are taking some lessons. This great lack of diligence in school attendance is no doubt due to their exceptional poverty.)

    Final confirmation report card, 1816 --
    Bible and catechism: below average
    Reading and writing: below average
    Arithmetic: "a little bit"
    (Source: Lemförde confirmation registers, Ephoral-Archiv, Diepholz, Niedersachsen)

    From 1833 to 1845, he and his family lived in a laborer's cottage on the Meyer farm at 6 Quernheim. By 1836, his father had come to live with them.

    In 1837, Pastor Jacobi of Lemförde and village leaders of Quernheim brought charges in court against Henrich and his wife for abuse of Heinrich's father:

    Written testimony by Pastor L. Jacobi of Lemförde on 17 June 1837:
    "Johann Hinrich Buck, Häusling zu Quernheim, und dessen Ehefrau Anne geb. Kreynhop haben sich gegen ihren alten, rechtlichen, aber friedlich durch das Schicksal oft schwer geprüften Vater, Gerd Buck, während meines Hierseyns häufig so pflichtvergessen, so ehr- und gewissenlos, so wahrhaft unchristlich und unmenschlich betragen, daß ich wohl fünf- bis sechsmal mich genöthigt gesehen habe, die jungen Leute privatim ernstlich an ihre Pflicht zu erinnern. Ich habe es an den dringendsten Vorstellungen, Bitten und Ermahnungen nicht fehlen lassen. Ich habe zuletzt, als ich vernahm, daß sie, vorzüglich die Frau, die rohesten und empörendsten Schimpf- und Scheltworte gegen den Alten sich erlaubt hatten, die landesherrliche Verordnung wegen Bestrafung der Kinder, die ohnehin jährlich einmal in der hiesigen Kirche vorgelesen wird, im Besonderen warnend ihnen vorgehalten. Ich hoffe, ihr hartes, gefühlloses Herz sollte durch das alles sich endlich einmal erweichen lassen und edleren Gesinnungen gegen ihren alten Vater Raum geben. Aber in dieser meiner Hoffnung sehe ich mich gänzlich getäuscht. Die jungen Leute benehmen sich gegenwärtig auf eine so wahrhaft unpassende und unmenschliche Weise gegen ihren Vater, daß ich mich kaum des Gedankens erwehren kann, daß es ihre geheime Absicht sey, letzteren theils durch verursachten Gram und Aerger, theils durch Versagung jeder helfenden Handreichung so bald als möglich unter die Erde zu bringen. Denn obwohl dem achtbaren Greise, der in den siebenziger Jahren steht, mehrfache Unterstützungen, namentlich auch an Kleidungsstücken verabreicht worden sind, und es nur der Reinigung der letzteren von Seiten seiner Schwiegertochter bedürfte, um ihn vor dem Vergehen im Elende zu schützen, so versagen ihm dennoch seine gottlosen Kinder auch diesen Liebesdienst, und er ist bereits der Gefahr sehr nahe, in Schmutz und Ungeziefer zu verkommen. Seine nächtliche Lagerstätte bietet alles da, was man Widerliches sehen kann. Er selbst, gegenwärtig eine Schattengestalt, ist das Bild des höchsten menschlichen Elends und Jammers. Ich glaube, ich würde eine schwere Schuld auf mein Gewissen laden, wolle ich nicht das verehrliche Königl. Amt hiervon in Kenntnis setzen u. dasselbe so dringend als möglich ersuchen, die obengenannten pflichtvergessenen Kinder wegen ihres bisherigen Benehmens gegen ihren Vater nicht nur zur Rechenschaft zu ziehen, sondern auch genügendlich mit Sorge tragen zu wollen, daß dem alten Manne auf seine letzten Tage und Stunden ein besseres Los bereitet werde. Er selbst, der kaum noch reden kann, fleht durch mich verehrliches Königl. Amt ehrfurchtsvoll um schnellen Beistand an, der in der That auch dringend Noth ist, was der Bauerrichter Clausmeyer und Vorsteher Wichmann in Quernheim bezeugen werden."

    ("Johann Heinrich Buck, laborer of Quernheim, and his wife Anne née Kreyenhop have, during my time here, behaved in such a truly neglectful, dishonorable, unprincipled, un-Christian, and inhumane manner toward their father, Gerd Buck -- old, upright, and genial, though often severely challenged by fortune -- that I have been compelled to speak with them in private five or six times to remind them forcefully of their responsibilities. I have not neglected to express the most emphatic remonstrances, entreaties, and exhortations. As I have become aware that they, and especially the wife, permit themselves the most vile and shocking abuse and invective against the old man, I have finally given them a warning under the official decree regarding punishment of children, which is read aloud annually in the church here. I hoped that their hard, unfeeling hearts would finally be softened and make room for virtuous sentiments toward their old father. But in this hope I have been completely mistaken. The young people on the contrary conduct themselves in such a truly unfit and callous way toward their father that I can barely avoid the thought that it is their secret desire -- partly through grief and vexation and partly through denial of required care -- to bury him as soon as possible. Although the venerable old man, now in his seventies, has been provided with much assistance, particularly clothing, and needs his daughter-in-law only to do laundry for him to keep him from slipping into destitution, his faithless children deny him even this act of kindness, and he is now in danger of descending into filth and vermin. His nightly resting place is as disgusting as anything that can be seen. He himself, now a mere shadow, is an image of the worst human misery and wretchedness. I believe that it would weigh heavily on my conscience if I did not bring this matter to the attention of government, and I request that as urgently as possible the above negligent children not only be called to account for their previous conduct toward their father but also be made to provide sufficient care so that the old man will have a better fate during his last days and hours. He himself, who can barely speak, respectfully pleads through me for government assistance, which is urgently needed, as will be affirmed by peasant judge Clausmeyer and village head Wichmann of Quernheim.")

    Note that Gerd Buck died two months after this testimony.

    By 1848, at the time of the confirmation of his daughter Charlotte, Johann Heinrich Wilhelm was described as destitute (unbemittelter). In the census of that year, he was listed as living with his wife and daughter at house number 35 in Quernheim. By 1852, the family had moved to a laborer's cottage on the Schwacke farm at 1 Quernheim; in the 1858 German census, he was widowed and living alone with his daughter Charlotte at the same farm.

    Since the churchbooks of Lemförde/Quernheim were destroyed in 1961, details of his life have been gleaned from surviving confirmation and other archives in Diepholz, Germany.




    Father: Gerd Buck b: ABT 1762 in (Quernheim, Hannover, Germany)
    Mother: Marie Margarethe Elisabeth Grabemeyer b: 21 JAN 1770 in Dielingen, Westphalia, Germany

    Marriage 1 Anne Margarethe Juliane Kreyenhop b: 9 FEB 1799 in Eschenhausen (4), Hannover, Germany
    • Married: NOV 1833 in Lemförde, Hannover, Germany
    Children
    1. Has Children Charlotte Christine Buck b: 18 DEC 1833 in Quernheim by 6, Hannover, Germany

    Sources:
    1. Title: z Confirmation document, Ephoralarchiv, Diepholz, Niedersachsen
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