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  • ID: P1810
  • Name: Andrew JUDDE Sir
  • Sex: M
  • Burial: St. Helen's Churchyard
  • Birth: 1492
  • Death: 1558 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
  • Note:
    {geni:occupation} Lord Mayor of London (1550), Lord Mayor of London
    *MORGAN, Sir William (c.1542-83), of Langstone and Pencoed, Llanmartin, Mon.
    *b. c.1542, 1st s. of Sir Thomas Morgan? of Pencoed by Cicely, da. of Sir George Herbert? of Swansea, Glam. m. Elizabeth, da. of '''Sir Andrew Judd, alderman of London''', s.p. suc. fa. 1565. Kntd . 1574.2
    It was found in the account books of the Skinners Guild that Andrew paid 20 Shillings to become one of the 'New Brethren'. [1.1]

    We next find Andrew on the will as a co-executor of his future father-in-law along with Mr. Mirfyn's own son. [1.2] In 1534, Andrew married a Ms. Mary Mirfyn, the daughter of the man he was co-executo r with her brother. [1.3] Mary was born in 1516, while Andrew was 42 at the time of marriage. [1.4]

    Andrew remarried about 1542 to a lady named Agnes. [1.5] In 1547, Andrew became the Treasurer of St. Bartholomew's Hospital. [1.6] The same as Sir Thomas Smythe, our direct ancestor. [1.7]

    To be able to do all this, Andrew was believed to be one of the richest and most prominent of all over seas Merchants in the early Tudor period. [1.8]

    As the Lord Mayor of London is elected by the members of all the Guilds, it would be safe to say the Andrew was liked by most everyone when he was elected in 1550 to be the Lord Mayor of London. [1.9 ] In 1553, now Sir Andrew Judd (e) was the main benefactor in the establishment of the Tonbridge School. [1.10]

    Sir Andrew, himself a distinguished member of this Company, left property in the City of London and in the parish of St Pancras as an endowment for the school. [1.11] The income from these estates i s at the disposal of the Governors for the general benefit of the Foundation. [1.12]

    Later, as this land was developed for housing the rents increased substantially, enabling the Skinners Company, who took over the management of the charity and governorship of the school on Sir Andrew 's death, to add to the Judde foundation a Workhouse (1720) and three more schools, including the Judd School in Tonbridge (1888) and Skinners School in Tunbridge Wells (1887). [1.13] Notes: Sir Andre w Judde, Lord Mayor of London, and one of the representatives of Archbishop Chicheley. [1.14] He [Major Cartwright] bequeathed a large part of his wealth towards founding and endowing a public schoo l in his native town. [1.15]

    Among the lands so bequeathed were certain "sand-hills on the back side of Holborn," then let for grazing purposes at a few pounds a year, but now covered with houses, and bringing in an income of sev eral thousands a year Sir Andrew Judde lies buried in St. Helen's, Bishopsgate, and his school now flourishes among the best grammar schools in the kingdom. [1.16] Situated in 150 acres, the school wa s founded in 1553 by Sir Andrew Judde under the Letters Patent of King Edward VI. [1.17]

    William married Elizabeth Judde, daughter of Andrew Judde Sir Lord Mayor and Mary Gallaher Mervyn, about 1557. [1.18]

    Annys married Andrew Judde, son of Oliver Judde and Unknown, about 1547. [1.19]

    Tunbridge in Kent
    It was a free school with the Skinners Company as its trustees. [2.1] The school still exists today giving its praise to Andrew as its founder. [2.2]

    Sir Andrew Judd, or Judde, after whom the street was named, was a native of Tunbridge in Kent, and was Lord Mayor of London in 1551. [2.3]

    Son of Edward Altham
    He [Twayne] would have most certainly known our John Smythe as he too was a Merchant. [3.1]

    James Altham. [3.2]

    Son of Edward Altham, Sheriff 1531 2. His first wife was sister of Sir Thomas Blanke (Lord Mayor 1582 3) and his second was daughter of Sir Andrew Judde (Lord Mayor 1550 1). [3.3]

    Sir Anthony, being in want of money, mortgaged it to Sir Andrew Judde, who subsequently foreclosed. [3.4]

    Sir Andrew died seised of the manor of Essetesford or Asheford, of a water-mill in the tenure of one Robinson, of the manor of Esture, 110 acres of pasture and thirty-six acres of meadow, and a renta l of 6 13s. [3.5]

    It therefore became necessary, when the estate passed to Sir Thomas Smythe and his wife Alice (on the termination of the life interest of Dame Mary, the wife of Sir Andrew Judde), to obtain a pardon o r authority from Parliament for a licence to hold the same; this was done, and a fee of 31 5s. [3.6]

    The following year Sir Thomas composed a long letter to the Master and Wardens of the Skinners Company requesting them to manage his estate as they were doing for his grandfather, Sir Andrew Judde, an d outlined his plans for relieving the poor of West Kent, and the scholars and staff of Tonbridge School. [3.7]

    Letters Patent of King Edward V1
    3.1 Tonbridge School was founded by Sir Andrew Judde in 1553 under Letters Patent of King Edward V1. [4.1]

    Mary Married
    Mary married Andrew Judde Sir Lord Mayor, son of Oliver Judde and Unknown, about 1534. [5.1]

    Fraternity of Corpus Christi
    Now John's youngest son, Andrew is the one our lineage goes through. [6.1] He [Twayne] paid 4 Shillings (entry monies) to join the Fraternity of the Assumption of our Lady in London. [6.2] In 1522 152 3, he [Twayne] belonged to another Guild, the Fraternity of Corpus Christi. [6.3]

    City Livery Companies
    The town's facilities were much enhanced in 1553 when Sir Andrew Judde founded Tonbridge School, a development much appreciated by the townsfolk who had little educational provision since Cardinal Wol sey suppressed the Priory in 1524. [7.1]

    After the death of its founder, Sir Andrew Judde, it passed into the hands of the Worshipful Company of Skinners, one of the oldest City Livery Companies. [7.2]

    Andrew Judde and Mary Mervyn
    Thomas married Alice Judde, daughter of Andrew Judde and Mary Mervyn, in 1554 in Weston Hanger, Kent Co, England, England. [8.1]

    Stephen Gardiner
    During Mary's reign Sir Andrew Judd's protestant sympathies brought him into conflict with Stephen Gardiner but he appears to have retained Mary's trust. [9.1]

    It was Sir John Fogge
    Andrew was born about 1492. [10.1] In the year 1520, Andrew capitalized on his training and became a full member of the ' Skinner' Company 'Guild in London. [10.2]

    The first recorded child said to have died at an early age was named Andrew and born about 1556. [10.3] Andrew was most likely named after the maternal grandfather, Sir Andrew Judde. [10.4]

    Alice Judde 1570 in England. [10.5] She was the daughter of 1093894. [10.6] Andrew Judde and 1093895. [10.7]

    The memory of Sir Andrew Judd and other benefactors is honoured in an annual Commemoration Service, held on Skinners Day at the very end of the of the Summer term. [10.8]

    Grandson of Sir Andrew Judde (Lord Mayor 1550 1), and uncle of the first Viscount Strangford. [10.9]

    It was Sir John Fogge, who for this and other reasons, for the Smyths, who lie in the south transept, Thomas, and Alicia his daughter of Sir Andrew Judde to whom the manor of Ashford had been close by . [10.10]

    On the 23rd of March 1517, we found the first evidence of Andrew as a Merchant of the Staple which meant that he was released from his apprenticeship just a little early, by paying the duty for a carg o of wool shipped to Calais. [11.1]

    September 1961
    Founded in 1553 by Sir Andrew Judde, it expanded considerably during the 19th century to become one of the major public schools. [12.1]

    The rents from this land were to provide funds for the new Tonbridge School, raising the sum of 13: 6s and 8d in 1558. [13.1]

    Sir Andrew Judde died in 1558 and was survived by his third wife, Mary, four sons and two daughters. [13.2]

    He [Wyatt's] is buried in St. Helen's Church on Bishopsgate in London, and a memorial there, thought to be commissioned by his heirs in about 1600, describes some aspects of his life. [13.3]

    It is not thought to be very accurate since, because of his [Wyatt's's] public duties, he [Wyatt's] never visited Russia and Guinea himself, though he was closely involved in the finance and organisat ion of expeditions there. [13.4]

    William Browne
    One of his [William Browne's] daughters married Sir Andrew Judde (Lord Mayor 1550-1), another married Sir Robert Cromwell, and was great-grandmother of the Protector and of John Hampden. [14.1]

    Percy Smyth
    In 1554, he [Percy Smyth] was married to Ms. Alice Judde, the daughter of Sir Andrew Judde. [15.1]
    Six times Master of the Skinners' Company, Mayor of Calais and of London, Merchant Adventurer and Knight, Sir Andrew Judde was a man who took financial risks, grew wealthy and founded in Tonbridge on e of the foremost public schools in England.

    Judde (also often spelt Judd) was born about 1492, the youngest son of a significant Tonbridge landowner John Judde, whose lands were mainly to the south of the Medway, including Barden Park. His elde r brothers inherited most of the estate, so Andrew went to London to seek his fortune. He was apprenticed between 1511 and 1517 to John Buknell, a man involved in both the fur trade, as a member of th e Skinners? Company, and the wool trade as a merchant of Calais ? then a strategic port in English hands. Kentish wool was exported there and bought by foreign buyers, so that merchants of the 'st aple?, as Judde became in 1517, benefited from the profits in trade and in currency exchange.

    Wool was not the only commodity traded through Calais. Sir Andrew?s name was also linked to trade in gold dust from Guinea, imports of oil and later also the fur trade with Russia. In 1533 he becam e Master of the Worshipful Company of Skinners, an annual post he was to hold six times. In 1550 he became Lord Mayor of London, when he was involved in a variety of problems ranging from the high pri ce of larks to cases of treason. He was knighted by Edward VI at Westminster in the following year.

    In his public life Sir Andrew attracted the favour of both Edward VI and Queen Mary despite the swing from Protestantism to Catholicism, through his overriding loyalty to the Crown. In spite of bein g nominally a Protestant, in Mary?s reign he was active in defending the city from Wyatt?s anti-Catholic rebellion.

    In 1553 there were two exciting developments in the life of Sir Andrew Judde. The first was that he received a charter from Edward VI to found a school in Tonbridge. Perhaps wishing to invest some o f his wealth for the benefit of the town in which he grew up, he bought 30 acres of pasture land known as ?sand hills? just to the south of St. Pancras in London. The rents from this land were t o provide funds for the new Tonbridge School, raising the sum of £13: 6s and 8d in 1558. Later, as this land was developed for housing the rents increased substantially, enabling the Skinners? Comp any, who took over the management of the charity and governorship of the school on Sir Andrew?s death, to add to the Judde foundation a Workhouse (1720) and three more schools, including the Judd Sc hool in Tonbridge (1888) and Skinners? School in Tunbridge Wells (1887).

    At its foundation, Tonbridge School was to be free, boarding and a grammar school. The last condition meant that the ?three tongues? of Latin, Greek and Hebrew should be taught. Another conditio n was that the school should be close to the Parish Church for regular worship and as Sir Andrew did not own land near enough, it is thought that he rented or bought land from his nephew Henry, who ha d just inherited land called ?Houselands? close to the centre of Tonbridge. The school opened there in 1553 with just 16 pupils, but now there are a total of about 3,200 children educated in Skinn ers? Company schools.
    The second important event in 1553 was the despatch of an expedition by the Merchant Adventurers Company of London, of which Sir Andrew was a prominent member. He and others financed the expedition t o look for a north east passage through the Arctic to Asia, and to find new markets for English wool. Two of the three ships were lost near Lapland, but the third drifted by accident into the gulf o f Archangel and its captain, Richard Chancellor, went on to make the difficult overland journey to Moscow to meet the tsar, Ivan the Terrible. He had with him a letter from the King and from that yea r the trade with Russia began and the Muscovy Company was created. Richard Judde, Sir Andrew?s son, was with Chancellor on his second expedition to Russia. On that occasion two of the four ships wer e lost which, with the first expedition, amounts to a less than fifty per cent rate of success. It was a risky enterprise but expeditions continued to be financed by the Company in which Sir Andrew pl ayed a leading role, and before long strict rules were drafted to improve safety and therefore the success of the expeditions. One expedition, to Guinea, brought back a rare trophy, the head of an ele phant, which Sir Andrew kept in his house to show to visitors.

    Sir Andrew Judde died in 1558 and was survived by his third wife, Mary, four sons and two daughters. He is buried in St. Helen?s Church on Bishopsgate in London, and a memorial there, thought to b e commissioned by his heirs in about 1600, describes some aspects of his life. It is not thought to be very accurate since, because of his public duties, he never visited Russia and Guinea himself, th ough he was closely involved in the finance and organisation of expeditions there. The epitaph reads:



    In addition to the Judd School, and Judd House at Tonbridge School, Sir Andrew?s name is commemorated by Judd Road in Tonbridge and Judd Street on what is now the Skinners' Company Estate in St. Pan cras.

    > Copies of An Essay on the Life of Sir Andrew Judde (1849) by George Maberley Smith and Sir Andrew Judde (1953) by H. S. Vere Hodge are in the Local Studies Collection at Tonbridge Reference Librar y.

    Transactions of the London and Middlesex Archæological Society, Volume 5 By London and Middlesex Archaeological Society Pg. 139-141
    * esult&resnum=3&ved=0CBcQ6AEwAjgK#v=onepage&q=Andrew%20Judde%201558&f=false


    For her wedding, young Mary Golding journeyed with her parents, Robert and Martha Golding, from their home in Bury St. Edmunds, Suffolk, fifty-four miles toward London, to the home of her grandmother , Dame Mary Judde, widow of many years, who lived luxuriously at Latton, near Epping, Essex. The bridegroom, duly named in the Latton Parish Register for 1595, was Bartholomew Gosnold. Mary Gosnold' s briday chamber may well have been that designated in the old lady's will a few years later as "the Queen's Chamber."

    Mary Judde, in marital adventures extending over half a century, had been united in holy wedlock successively to three wealthy London merchants, two of them widowers with children of their own by a pr evious mariage. Wen she died in 1601 she was possessed therefore of a numerous family and of considerable fortune, invested largely in household furnishings, although there was something over £2,00 0 to be distributed in cash bequests (undoubtedly equivealent to at least $150,000 today). From the persons mentioned in her will, with their known relatives, it is evident that great-grandson Barthol omew had joined a bewildering array of personages, some well remembered, others still living.

    This matriarch, Dame Mary Judde, with an allure for wealthy widowere, began life as Mary Mathew, of Colchester, Essex. she was entitled, she thought, to the arms of her forebears, which were in fact c onfirmed unto her shortly after she inherited her share of the Judde fortune. Her first husband was Thomas Langton of London, who left her with several marriageable daughters. One of these, Mary, marr ied Sir William Winter, Surveyor of the Navy, and brought into the world a large family, including several sons who became well-known mariners -- Nicholas Winter, Edward Winter (later knighted), and C aptain William Winter. Lady Mary Winter died in 1575 and the children, at any rate the younger ones, presumably passed into the custody of their grandmother, as Mary Judde in her will claims all of th e surviving ones as her own "sons" and "daughters". Since Mary Winter was a half-sister of another daughter of Mary Judde's who in turn became the mother of Mary Golding, Bartholomew Gosnold acquire d all these Winter grandchildren of Dame Mary's as "cousins", by marriage.

    Jane, another of Dame Mary's daughters by her first marriage, married John Barne, who thus became an uncle of Bartholomew's wife. He had interesting family connections of his own. His brother, Sir Geo rge Barne, a London merchant, served a term as Lord Mayor. A sister married first Alexander Carleill, giving John Barne as nephew the famous naval commander, Christopher Carleill. Secondly she marrie d Francis Walsingham, at the time a leading Member of Parliment, who was to become Queen Elizabeth's Secretary of State. Another of John Barne's sisters married Sir John Rivers, who also had serve d a term as Lord Mayor of London, and who was the father of Captain John Rivers, a well-known mariner.

    In a list of those who sailed with Drake on his expedition of 1585-1586, in the course of which he rescued the discouraged colonists of the first group sent to "southern Virginia" (today's Commonwealt h of Virginia and adjacent North Carolina), appear the names of these connections of the Judde family into which Bartholomew married about ten years later: Christopher Carleill and an Alexander Carlei ll, probably a nephew; Edward and Nicholas Winter, sons of the Surveyor of the Navy; and John Rivers. As lieutenant under Christopher Carleill we also find the name of Thomas Gates (knighted in 1596) , who appears somewhat mysteriously as an incorporator in the first Virginia Charter of 1606, which was granted after Bartholomew Gosnold had spent a year, perhaps two, in promoting the cause.

    On February 7, 1552, Mary Langton, nee Mathew, became the third wife of Sir Andrew Judde. This marriage took place, a chronicle of the period reveals, only five weeks after the decease of Thomas Langt on of the Skinner' Company. In due time she bore Sir Andrew a daughter named Martha, the only child of the marriage.

    By his first wife, Mary Mirfyn, Sir Andrew and had a daughter named Alice, who grew up to marry Thomas Smythe, commonly called "Mr. Customer Smythe" from his position as collector of customs duties fo r Queen Elizabeth, which, incidentally, permitted him to amass a huge fortune quite legitimately. The third son of Alice and Mr. "Customer" Smythe, also named Thomas, became a wealthier gentleman tha n his father and was knighted in 1603 -- undoubtedly in that order. This son, having made a forture in Russian furs, took the lead in the formation and direction of the East India Company, chatered b y Elizabeth in 1600. He also took the lead, it is believed, in the absence of definite records, in the formation and direction of the first Virginia Company of London. He held office in the Virginia C ompany as the presiding Treasurer for its first twelve years. This Company succeeded in settling a colony at Jamestown, Virginia, from which grew the United States.

    Little Martha Judde was born into the world to be half-sister not only of Lady Winter and Mistress John Barne, but also of Alice Smythe. Martha could have had only the vaguest of recollections of he r father, Sir Andrew Judde, who died before she had completed her sixth year; but surely she often stood before his memorial in St. Helen's Church, Bishopsgate, studying this record of her famous fath er's achievements:

    To Russia and Muscova
    To Spayne Gynny withoute fable
    Traveld he by land and sea
    Both Mayre of London and Staple
    The Commenwelthe he norished
    So Worthelie in all his daies
    That ech state full well him loved
    To his perpetuall prayes.

    Three wyves he had one was Mary
    Four sunes one mayde had he by her
    Annys had none by him truly
    By dame Mary had one dowghter
    Thus in the month of September
    A thousande fyve jundred fyftey
    And eyght died this worthie Staplar
    Worshipynge his posterytye.

    The third marriage of Dame Mary Judde -- who retained to the end of her days the name of the most famous of her three husbands -- was to James Altham, another London merchant, alderman, and sheriff. F or "contemptuous disobedyence" of a court order of the aldermen, he was dismissed from that office in 1561 and retired to Latton, where he bought not only the great Manor but also most of the village . This marriage brought into Dame Mary's family circle a new set of step-children, all mothered by James Altham's first wife, daughter of the London haberdasher, Thomas Blanke. Altham died in 1583, le aving his widow to enjoy for eighteen years her share of the fortunes of her three husbands.

    Dame Mary's will of 1601 is a wondrous affair of five large, closely written pages as copied for probate. It distributes he contents of some sixteen parlors and chambers. The chief beneficiaries wer e an unidentified Wolley family (probably that of one of her daughters), the Golding family, and the Barne family. The Winters, the Althams, and others, were minor beneficiaries.

    There were eight large bedsteads with their featherbeds and furnishings, and two little hanging beds. Mary Gosnold got one of the latter with its furnishings and all the household effects in the roo m that was known as Robert Golding's chamber. For all the beneficiaries there were lists reading like inventories, of what each was to receive, every item of fabric being mentioned individually, or, i n the case of napkins, given by the dozen. The grand total of the fabric articles, linens, damasks, Turkish covers, and others, by a rough count came to some 424 items; but that was not all, since th e hangings and furnishings of the beds were not separately itemized. Distributed also were sundry pieces of parlor furniture and some 120 pieces of plate, silver-gilt and silver. There were two sets o f "Apostle" spoons -- the usual present of sponsors at baptisms -- twelve each. Jewelry consisting of a gold chain and six rings, with diamonds, emeralds, rubies, and turquoise, were given to favorit e daughters and granddaughters.

    Martha was given, in addition to her long list of furnishings, her mother's coach with a pair of stallions and all their accessories, including "a quilt of yellow and blue sarcient" and a (cloth of) s ilver pillow with Dame Mary's arms on it. To Martha also was left a nest of gilt goblets with a cover, "which were Mr. Andrew Judds."

    By this will, apparently, the great manor house was denuded of its furnishings, or "movables", which were the personal property of Dame Mary Dudde -- according to the custom of the times. However, a s the Althams undoubtedly had the income from the lucrative lands about, and one of the sons, Sir James, became a Baron of the Exchequer, probably its refurnishing was not a troublesome matter financi ally.

    In the long list of servants and clergymen to receive bequests appear the names of Mr. Chatterton, Master of Emanuel College in Cambridge, who was to preach the funeral sermon, and of a Mr. Dunn, mini ster at Latton. The two thousand pounds in cash were evidently distributed among the more needy of the beneficiaries; the Goldings were not included among these.

    The Smythe grandchildren of Sir Andrew Judde, step-grandchildren of the testator, are not mentioned in this will, neither for that matter had Sir Andrew mentioned them in his. This branch of the famil y was possibly too saturated with wealth either to need or to appreciate bequests from the Juddes.

    There is scant information to be had about Robert Golding, Bartholomew Gosnold's father-in-law. He is named by Dame Mary as her son-in-law, the husband of her daughter Martha, and was to be an executo r of the will. In the latter part of his life, from 1580 until his death in 1610, Robert seems to have been a prominent and active citizen of Bury St. Edmunds, apparently a lawyer. He served as record er for the town of Eye -- he may have been a son of John and Christian Golding of Eye, whose wills mention a son Robert, a minor, not further identified. It is somewhat more than just possible that th is Robert Golding was the lawyer of the Inner Temple who was appointed "Reader" or honorary lecturer in 1579 and twice in 1588, and who became Treasureer of the Inner Temple, for the term 1589-1590 - - appointments usually crowning a brilliant career of a lawyer sufficiently wealthy to bear the expense of entertaining in the manner expected of the holder of these honors. If Martha's husband was th is lawyer of the Inner Temple, it means that at the age of about thirty-eight he married a girl half his age -- a happy outcome, perhaps, of a long association with the Judde family as Dame Mary's leg al adviser.

    This seems the more likely when the quetion is raised as to what circumstances let to the marriage of Anthony Gosnold's son to the daughter of Robert Golding. The best guess is that Gosnold and Goldin g were associated somehow, perhaps merely as friends, in the practice of law. Robert Golding of the Inner Temple entered upon his studies in the same years which found Anthony Gosnold studying law a t Gray's Inn. The two obviously began their practice of the profession at about the same time. Anthony Gosnold married late in life, his older son Bartholomew having been born only a year or two befor e Mary Golding. It would seem, therefore, that the two fathers had parallel and probably closely associated careers. If the identification of Robert Golding is correct, then the two were born withi n a year of one another, were at Cambridge together, studied law in the same years, married within a year of one another, and died only a year apart.

    But however the marriage of her daughter was brought about, Martha Gosding was predisposed toward a son-in-law who would sail the seas in the search of wealth. She had grown up in the society of merch ant adventurers at their highest level. Although only five or six years Sir Thomas Smythe's senior, she was -- as has ben pointed out -- his aunt, and he was a man who has been called the Cecil Rhodes , or alternatively the J. Pierpont Morgan of his day. Sir Thomas's sister, Martha Golding's niece, also has a claim to attention, since she became the second wife (succeeding Lady Stafford's daughter ) of Sir John Scott, one of Sir Thomas's associates and a leader in the first Virginia Company of London. Merchants who became Lord Mayors of London were indeed a commonplace in the family album of Ma rtha Golding.

    On the sea-going side, she was the aunt of the three sons of her older half-sister, Mary Winter, all of them naval officers. The eldest was Master Nicholas Winter. Next came Captain Edward Winter, lat er knighted, who married the daughter of the Earl of Worchester (and granddaughter of Earl of Huntington) -- the lady for whom a room was always reserved in Dame mary Judde's household. Lastly htere w as Captain William Winter, who sailed as far as Newfoundland with Sir Humphrey Gilbert and who was still living at the time of Bartholomew Gosnold's voyage to Norumbega.

    This was an age when couples joined together by God might not be put asunder by man. Marriages "made in heaven" created relationships as valid as blood ties. Brother-in-law and sisters-in-law thus bec ame "brothers" and "sisters". Martha Golding, accordingly, by what might today seem an unwarranted extension of "in-law" relationships, was an aunt of sorts to Captain Christopher Carleill and to Capt ain John Rivers, as well as aunt by birth to the sea-faring Winters. The Drake expedition in which members of her family participated was undertaken when Martha's daughter Mary was in her early teens . Who can doubt that glamorous tales of these adventures in the family circle prepared little Mary for a life as the wife of an adventurer such as Bartholomew Gosnold turned out to be!

    To this day, a large verdant island off the southern coast of Massachusetts, discovered by Bartholomew Gosnold in 1602, is named Martha's Vineyard. For nearly three centuries and a half no one has kno wn why Bartholomew gave it this name. Little Martha of the Dudde family in the course of years became a grandmother, and her name was given to Bartholomew's first born child, Martha Gosnold. In her ho nor, therefore, Bartholomew named this island, the first on the American coast to be given the name of one of Queen Elizabeth's subjects. The name is a banner flung aloft by Bartholomew Gosnold to pro claim to his own and to following generations that all of America was to be taken over by England's merchant adventurers. Marthat Golding, daughter of the adventuring City of London, with her ancestry , kinsmen and associations, represented for him the forces in England that wre to creat a new nation; and it was her hame, having become that of his own child, that he wished to prepetuate in the Ne w World.

    Married Mary Mirfyn who was born in 1516.

    Married Agnes

    Married Mary Matthews

    _P_CCINFO 2-2438

    Tonbridge School was founded in 1553 by Sir Andrew Judde, under Letters Patent of King Edward VI. The Charter ordained that the Governors of the school after the death of the Founder were to be the Wo rshipful Company of Skinners, one of the oldest City Livery Companies. Sir Andrew, himself a distinguished member of this Company, left property in the City of London and in the parish of St Pancras a s an endowment for the school. The income from these estates is at the disposal of the Governors for the general benefit of the Foundation. The memory of Sir Andrew Judde and other benefactors is hono ured in an annual Commemoration Service, held on Skinners' Day at the very end of the Summer Term.
    The school occupies an extensive site of about 150 acres on the northern edge of the town of Tonbridge, and is largely self-contained within that site. Since the foundation the school has been rebuil t twice on the original site.

    There are approximately 740 boys in the school, aged between 13 and 18, of whom about 420 are boarders and 320 are day-boys. Tonbridge is therefore predominantly a boarding school, and the general pat tern and philosophy of school organization and practice - the arrangement of the school day and the school week, the range of extra-curricular activities, the high teacher/pupil ratio (about 1:8), th e extent of pastoral care - are those of a full boarding school, enjoyed, of course, by boarders and day boys alike

    Tonbridge owes its existenceto Sir Andrew Judde, a man of remarkable energy and versatility. His lifetime's generosity and then the scale of his legacy ensured the School's survival. Indeed the Schoo l still relies heavily on his endowment. For 450 years, Sir Andrew Judde's endowment has
    been the financial backbone of the School. It will continue as an essential part of the School's funding.

    Father: John Oliver JUDDE II b: 1450
    Mother: Margaret CHICHE b: 1449

    Marriage 1 Mary MIRFYN b: ABT 1516 in Downe Court Manor
    • Married: 1534 in Probably St. Mary's Church
    1. Has Children Alice JUDDE b: 1531


    1. Date: 01 JAN 2012
      Text: First Name

    2. Date: 28 MAY 2012
      Text: First Name

    3. Date: 01 JAN 2012
      Text: Last Name

    4. Date: 28 MAY 2012
      Text: Last Name

    5. Date: 28 MAY 2012
      Text: Suffix

    6. Date: 28 MAY 2012
      Text: Place of Burial

    7. Date: 28 MAY 2012
      Text: Date of Death

    8. Date: 28 MAY 2012
      Text: Living Status
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