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  • ID: I2579
  • Reference Number: 2579
  • Name: Jacob DITTOE 1 2 3 4 5 6
  • Name: Jacob DITTO 7
  • Sex: M
  • Change Date: 19 AUG 2008
  • Note:
    Parish Archives - The History of Old St. Mary Church:

    Father Edward Fenwick, O.P.
    It was the appealing correspondence of Jacob Dittoe to Bishop Carroll of Baltimore that brought into Ohio Father Edward D. Fenwick, a Dominican priest from the monastery at St. Rose, Kentucky. Jacob Dittoe, a German Catholic, had settled in Ohio, near Somerset. In this locality, Jacob Dittoe, with several others of the same nationality, had cleared tracts in the forest for their homes. Father Fenwick, who later on Sunday, January 13, 1822, was consecrated the first Bishop of Cincinnati, found this group of Catholic pioneers and three other German Catholic families, numbering twenty persons.

    Another letter from Jacob Dittoe addressed to Father Fenwick was brought to the attention of Bishop Flaget of Bardstown, Kentucky. As a response to this letter of a pious Catholic, Bishop Flaget and Father Badin, who were on their way to Baltimore, crossed the Ohio River at Maysville, Kentucky, in 1812. They found a German Catholic by the name of William Cassel whose four children they baptized. On their way to Somerset they found the Dittoe and Fink families, where Bishop Flaget celebrated Mass and heard confessions. He wrote as follows regarding this trip:

    "On my journey to Baltimore, I found fifty Catholic families in the State of Ohio. I hear that there are many others scattered in various parts of the state, but those who have migrated into these regions have never seen a priest since they left their former homes. Hence many of those I met have almost forgotten their religion, and they are bringing up their children in complete ignorance. And this neglected portion of the flock committed to me, I am compelled to leave on account of the lack of workers, for I can scarcely send a missionary to them, even once a year.

    In the Fall of 1816, the Catholic Church in Kentucky was supplied with several newly-ordained priests. Father Fenwick began to give more time and service to the scattered Catholics in Ohio. He won for himself the zealous title "Apostle of Ohio."

    The first Catholic Church in Ohio
    On a tract of land cleared and purchased by Jacob Dittoe and his neighbor Catholics, about Somerset, was built the first Catholic Church in Ohio. It was a log house; a one-story structure, with the bare ground as a floor. Near this chapel was erected another log house of two rooms to serve as a rectory for the missionaries. This, the first Catholic Church of Ohio, was blessed by Fathers Fenwick and Young on December 6, 1818.
  • Birth: EITHER 25 SEP 1758 OR 1760
  • Note: Catholic history sources, and cemetery monument give birth as 1760. 8 2 9 5
  • Death: 30 JAN 1826 in Perry, OH 10
  • Burial: AFT 30 JAN 1826 St. Joseph Church, Perry, OH
  • Note: Jacob and Catherine Ann's names are on the stone honoring the original benefactors of St. Joseph. Jacob died at age 66. 10
  • Event: Event-Misc 1805 Perry, OH
  • Note:
    "The first permanant roots of Catholicism [in Ohio] are associated with the arrival of Jacob Dittoe who together with his brother-in-law John Finck, settled in the town of Middleton, between Zanesville and Lancaster, in 1805. They renamed the town Somerset and soon petitioned Bishop John Carroll of Baltimore for a priest to be sent to the area. Dittoe even went so far as to offer to donate 320 acres of land for a chapel and parish house."
    (from 580)
    582 says "...the Dittoes and their kinsfolk named Fink."
    11 12
  • Census: 1820 Reading Twp, Perry, OH
  • Note:
    There is only this one Jacob Ditto/Ditto in Ohio (next to Michael Ditto, 6 dwellings from John Ditto) where is Jacob Jr.?:
    1 male 45+
    1 female to 10
    3 females 16-26
    1 female 45+
  • Residence: 1790 Conewago, Adams, PA
  • Note: and members of the Conewago Chapel congregation. 4 6
  • Will: 02 MAR 1825 A/84, Perry, OH
  • Note: wife Anne Catherine; daughters Sarah Dittoe, Rachael wife of Joseph Hodge; Henry; Jacob (deceased)'s daughter Eleanor McC. Dittoe; Michael; John; Peter; brother Anthony. 6 13
  • Note:
    The History of St. Joseph: Edward Dominic Fenwick (1768-1832), hearing that Catholics in Ohio were longing for a priest, set out from Saint Rose in Springfield, Kentucky, the first Dominican priory in the country. Jacob Dittoe (1760-1826) welcomed him into his home, and there in 1808, Fenwick celebrated the first Mass in the state. A member of the Order of Friars Preachers, Fenwick had to return to his brethren, but was later assigned to serve as a missionary in Ohio. In 1818, Dittoe bought and donated 320 acres. Immediately, everyone helped to build the first church, a log structure only 22 feet in length by 18 in width. On the 6th of December, the modest church was dedicated...
    ...Logs from the home of Jacob Dittoe have been discovered. From these, a small replica of the first Saint Joseph Church was made. Today, it is on display in a little museum in the sacristy, the room that was once the Dominican choir. Much has been written about the great history of Saint Joseph Church. Learning it is a blessing.
  • Note:
    There are 3 Jacob Dittoe's in the 1819 Perry Co. Tax list.
  • Note: Early Perry Co. and Catholic histories speak frequently of Jacob and Catherine Dittoe, but not of siblings of Jacob. I have here assigned Joseph and Anthony as siblings due to their close birth dates. Monuments to all three of them are in St. Joseph Church Cemetery.
  • Event: Event-Misc 1802 Perry, OH
  • Note: "In 1802...a German farmer named Jacob Dittoe settled near what is today the village of Somerset in Perry County... 14
  • Event: Event-Misc 05 JAN 1805
  • Note: addressed another letter to Bishop of Baltimore John Carroll begging for a priest, and inviting the Bishop to visit. 14
  • Event: Event-Misc ABT 1803
  • Note: shortly after settling the area, Jacob wrote a letter to Bishop John Carroll asking for a priest. This letter was not answered (and possibly not received). 14
  • Note:
    See this entry from the 1883 History of Fairfield and Perry Counties...needs worked out...clearly Frank cannot be a son of this Jacob Dittoe.
    DITTOE, FRANK A., born May 9th, 1849, merchant, Somerset, Ohio.
    On his birth day, 1882, was married to Miss Mary E., daughter of Hon.
    W. E. Finck, of Somerset. His father was Jacob Dittoe, a native of
    Lancaster county, Pennsylvania, who came to Somerset with Frank's
    grandfather Joseph Dittoe, in 1813. The great grandmother, whose
    name was also Joseph, came from Alsace, France, where the name is
    spelled De Toe. Jacob Dittoe had an uncle John, who went to the
    State of New York,---Francis, who died in Pickaway county, Ohio;
    Anthony, who died in Perry county, Ohio; Peter, who lived and died
    in Virginia,---all of whom were brothers of Joseph Dittoe, the
    grandfather of Frank. The mother of Jacob, and grandmother of Frank,
    was, in her maiden days, a Miss Helen Grimm. The uncles of Frank
    A. Dittoe were: John, a farmer of Perry, who died up in ninety years
    of age, in Perry county, Ohio; Michael, a carpenter, who died single,
    in New Orleans, about the year 1829; Joseph, who was drowned in the
    Mississippi River a few years prior to the death of Michael, and Anthony
    Dittoe, the youngest brother of Jacob, who died in Edgar county, Illinois.
    Frank's father, Jacob Dittoe, was married in 1826 to Miss Sarah
    Cain, by Rev. N. D. Young. The daughters born to this wedlock
    were: Sarah and Mary, of Washington, D. C., where the latter deceased;
    Miss Lizzie and Eugenia, of Somerset, Ohio; Margaret, wife
    of William Dittoe, a lawyer of Davenport, Iowa; and Cecelia, wife of
    Hon. T. P. Cox, of Lancaster, Ohio. The sons were: Frank A., the
    subject of this sketch, John, and William, who died at the family homestead,
    in Somerset, sole and unmarried, and M. J. Dittoe, who went to
    the City of New York nearly thirty years ago, engaged as carpenter
    and architect, never married, and amassed a large fortune, which he
    divides liberally with his only surviving brother, Frank A., and the
    kindred of his household. In 1879 the writer obtained the following
    facts from the lips of Jacob Dittoe, then in his seventy-eighth year:
    There was not a house on Columbus street, Somerset, in 1813,
    and not one brick house in all the town. It had two taverns, and one
    dry goods store. Then, too, there was not a house in Zanesville from

    the present site of the court house there to the river bank---all commons,
    cow pasture, etc. Then Lancaster had but two dry goods stores, and
    the "Ohio Eagle " newspaper, St. Joseph's being the first Catholic
    church in Ohio. There came thither, not only the sons and daughters
    of the church to worship, but to enter the holy bonds of wedlock. Then,
    as now, no loyal daughter of the church would marry Catholic or
    Protestant husband who refused to be united in wedlock by a priest of
    Mother Church. Here the elder Thomas Ewing, afterwards the great
    jurist, lawyer, and statesman, of Lancaster, came to marry his wife, a
    Catholic daughter of Hugh Boyle, Clerk of Fairfield Common Pleas
    Court. Mr. Ewing had no notion of doing without a beautiful and
    charming wife because of such exacting rules of his wife's church, since
    these did not bind him to become a Catholic, but only the husband of a
    Catholic wife, which latter was agreeable to his preferences. It is a
    singular fact that the same priest. Rev. N. D. Young, who performed
    the marriage service, also performed the funeral service of this well
    known man. 3
  • Note: "Jacob Ditto, born 25 September 1758, died in 1826. He is identified in the Orphan's Court Docket. A bit more is known about Jacob. He has been discussed earlier in this chapter. He married Catherine Finck (born circa 1760) circa 1783, probably in York County. He and his brother Francis were twins. He owned land for a time in northwest Baltimore County, Maryland. His wife Catherine was a Catholic, and he converted to Catholicism after he married her. Jacob and his family moved to Perry County, Ohio, before 1820." 15
  • Event: Event-Misc JUL 1818 Hanover, Perry, OH
  • Note:
    "The Court of Common Pleas convened again in July, 1818, the bench
    the same as before, excepting that George Trout appears in the place of
    David Beckwith as one of the associate judges. Beckwith had died,
    and the County Commissioners had probably filled the vacancy by the
    appointment of Trout. The first business at this term, with the
    exception of receiving the report of the locating commissioners, was an
    application by Jacob DITTOe for an order vacating the town of Hanover,
    the first platted town within what is now the county limits. Hanover
    was laid out in 1804, fourteen years before the creation of Perry county.
    It was in Fairfield county and situated about four miles west of where
    Somerset was afterward located. The petition of Mr. DITTOe was
    granted, and an order made, vacating and making null and void the
    plat of the town of Hanover"
  • Census: 1790 Petapsko Lower Hundred, Baltimore, MD
  • Note:
    2 males 16+
    2 males <16
    2 females
    Note: The only other Ditto in the state is Abraham, also in Petapsko ...relationship? RJ.
  • Event: Event-Misc 04 JUN 1804 Fairfield (now Perry), OH
  • Note: entered two half-sections of property. 16

    Father: Joseph DETOE b: in Alsace, France
    Mother: Barbara

    Marriage 1 Catherine Ann SNEERINGER b: ABT 1764 Children
    1. Has Children Rachel DITTOE
    2. Has Children Jacob DITTOE Jr. b: ABT 1789
    3. Has Children John DITTOE b: ABT 1790 in MD
    4. Has Children Michael DITTOE b: 23 FEB 1791
    5. Has Children Peter DITTOE b: 18 JUL 1793 in Frederick, MD
    6. Has No Children Henry DITTOE b: 05 OCT 1795 in Adams, PA
    7. Has No Children Sarah (Sally) DITTOE b: 28 JUL 1803 in PA

    1. Title: Dittoe Research, Url:
      Abbrev: Dittoe - Geneocity
    2. Title: History of the Ditto Families 1700-2000
      Abbrev: Ditto History
      Author: Robert S. Riley
      Publication: McDowell Publications, Utica, Kentucky, 2002
        Name: Rick Jackson
    3. Title: History of Fairfield & Perry Counties, Ohio, Url:
      Abbrev: History of Fairfield & Perry Counties
      Author: E. S. Colburn, Compiler: A. A. Graham, transcriber; Perry County Historical Society
      Publication: W. H. Beers & Co., Chicago, IL, 1883
        Name: Internet
    4. Title: St. Patrick's People: Irish & English Catholics in Early Ohio History, Loc Control #: 2003103686
      Abbrev: OH - Catholic History
      Author: Lorle Porter, Ph.D.
      Publication: New Concord Press, Zanesville, OH, 2003
    5. Title: St. Joseph Church burials and interment records, Somerset, OH, Record Type: St. Joseph, Somerset, OH, Name Of Person: all found, Reader: Rick Jackson
      Abbrev: OH - Somerset, St. Joseph
      Publication: 2001-2004
    6. Title: Donald Schlegel
      Abbrev: Donald Schlegel
    7. Title: Census Microfilm, Record Type: Census
      Abbrev: Census Microfilm
        Name: Unknown

      Page: 1820
    8. Title: Dittoe/Ditto Posts - Gary, Url:
      Abbrev: Dittoe/Ditto Posts - Gary
      Ditto board 16 Sep 2001. Email address hidden.
      Page: Cites court records of Francis Ditto, & Riley's History of the Ditto Family.
    9. Title: St. Patrick's People: Irish & English Catholics in Early Ohio History, Loc Control #: 2003103686
      Abbrev: OH - Catholic History
      Author: Lorle Porter, Ph.D.
      Publication: New Concord Press, Zanesville, OH, 2003
      Page: 1760
    10. Title: Gravestone Photo
      Abbrev: Cemetery Photo(s)
      Various sources; Source noted in Memo of Tag.
      Page: St. Joseph Church
    11. Title: The Encyclopedia of American Catholic History, Isbn: 0-8146-5919-5
      Abbrev: American Catholic History
      Author: Editor: Michael Glazier and Thomas J. Shelley
      Publication: The Liturgical Press, Collegeville, MN, 1997
    12. Title: Illustrated History of the Diocese of Columbus, Isbn: 2-7468-0477-8
      Abbrev: Diocese of Columbus History
      Author: Donald M. Schlegel
      Publication: Editions du Signe, Strasbourg, France, 2001
    13. Title: Abstracts of Wills of Perry County, Vol. B: Vol B copied from Orig Vol A, Call Number: 929.377159 M132a
      Abbrev: OH - Perry - Will Abstracts
      Author: Compiler: Calvin J. McClintock
      Publication: 1960
      Names of interest from this source, which was viewed at OHS.

      1. "Catherine Downey under Rev. Thos Moore"

      2. Jacob Dittoe (p. 401) dated 3/2/1825
      Wife: Anne Catherine
      Children: Henry, Sarah, Jacob J., Michael, John, Peter, Rachel Hodge
      Executor: Brother Anthony & Son Michael
      Witness: Ed Keenan, Thomas., Martin & Ann Doyle

      3. Mary Kintz (p. 283). 2/4/1842, proved 7/25/1849
      No Husband
      Mother: Elena Dittoe
      Children: Mary Ann, Frederick, Geo., Chas., Anthony, Nancy Stine, Polly Walsh, Jos Finck, Mich. Dittoe
      Exec: Michael Dittoe & Joseph Finch
      Witness: Henry D. Hue & Jacob Dittoe

      4. William Rail (p. 381) dated "c/1/1816"
      No Wife
      Children: Susana, Geo., Mary, Magdaline, Souslin, Mary Poorman, Catherina Miller, Easter Brown, Hannah Rail, Eva Dittoe, Eliz Swank
      Exec: John Poorman & John Dittoe
      Witness: Michael & Henry Dittoe
    14. Title: A History of the Archdiocese of Cincinnati, Isbn: 2-7468-0060-8
      Abbrev: Archdiocese of Cincinnati History
      Author: M. Edmund Hussey
      Publication: Editions du Signe, Strasbourg Cedex, France, 1998
    15. Title: Dittoe/Ditto Posts - Gary, Url:
      Abbrev: Dittoe/Ditto Posts - Gary
      Ditto board 16 Sep 2001. Email address hidden.
      Page: Cites Riley's History of the Ditto Family.
    16. Title: Donald Schlegel
      Abbrev: Donald Schlegel
      Page: cites tract book and entries
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