Name: William Hamilton MAXWELL
Given Name: William Hamilton
Prefix: Rev. 1 2 3 4 5
Birth: 30 Jun 1792 in Newry, Co. Armagh 1 6
Death: 29 Dec 1850 1 6
Change Date: 21 Jun 2015 at 14:32|
Father: James MAXWELL
Mother: Catherine HAMILTON
11 Sep 1817 7
- Change Date:
22 Mar 2016
- Thomas Dobbin MAXWELL
- Abbrev: Glenn Sutcliffe email 2008 Nov 30
Title: Glenn Sutcliffe email 2008 Nov 30
- Abbrev: Wikipedia
Text: (1792 - 1850) was a Scots-Irish novelist. He was born at Ne wry, and educated at Trinity College, Dublin. He claimed t o have entered theBritish Army and seen service in the Peni nsular War and the Battle ofWaterloo, but this is generall y believed to be untrue. Afterwards he took orders, but wa s deprived of his living for non-residence.
His novels, O'Hara, and Stories from Waterloo, started th e school of rollicking military fiction, which culminated i n the novels of CharlesLever. Maxwell also wrote a Life o f the Duke of Wellington (1839-1841), and a History of th e Irish Rebellion of 1798 (1845).
- Abbrev: http://www.maxwellsociety.com/Biography/Artists.htm
Text: William Hamilton Maxwell was born 30th June 1792 in Newry , CountyDown, Ireland, the only son of James Maxwell a resp ectable merchantand his wife Catherine Hamilton. William' s great grandfather had cometo Ireland from Scotland as a m ilitary commander but stayed on whenrewarded with a fair es tate for his services. William grandfather wasthen murdere d during the Great Rebellion leaving an infant son whothrou gh the dishonesty of his guardian lost his landed inheritan ce. Asa school boy, William was preoccupied with arms and t he military andbefore reaching manhood he claimed to have w itnessed twenty duels. Heentered Trinity College, Dublin i n December 1807 where he is said tohave read everything bu t the prescribed course. He did howevergraduated with disti nction in 1812. Whilst he had roundly declared hewould b e a soldier his family dissuaded him from that path not lea stbecause his Aunt and benefactor swore to cut him off with out a pennyif he entered "that ungodly profession". So it w as that William tookup holy orders, a career for which he m anifestly had no vocation. Hewas ordained in Carlow by th e Bishop of Ferns on 25th July 1813 a hadthe poor Curacy o f Clonallon overlooking the waters of CarlingfordBay. Sever al years later his Aunt, for whom had sacrificed so much,di ed and bequeathed him her fortune as stipulated. However, s ome legalinformality invalidated the will and a more distan t relative from whomshe had been estranged succeeded to th e estate. His fortunes changedwhen on 11th September 1817 h e married Mary, daughter of LeonardDobbin MP for the city o f Armagh and was soon after presented theRectory of Balla i n County Mayo, with a living of £400 a year, aconsiderabl e sum at the time. He was also created a PrebendaryMagistra te and was a Commissioner of the Peace. His neighbour, theM arquis of Sligo gave him a rent free cottage from where h e salliedforth on hunting and shooting expeditions. He wa s a regular guest ofgarrison at Castlebar where he became a n honorary member at theofficers mess. Here he listened t o the stories of the veterans of thePeninsular Wars and Wat erloo. In the early 1820s, William startedwriting and encou raged by his friends his first novel "O'Hara" waspublish i n 1825. Like many other first efforts it fell flat. But not discouraged he carried on writing when there was poor spor t in thefield and he produced his first hit with "Wild Spor ts of the West" in1832. Another sporting book followed th e next year and in 1834 hepublished "Stories of Waterloo" , thus the many hours spent wining anddining at the Castleb ar Garrison began to pay off. His publisher paidhim £100 fo r his latest book but urged him to extend the book with ano ffer of a further £200 which William duly accepted. Willia m was nowproducing a couple of books a year as well as writ ing for periodicals.His works were popular and sold well. B y 1844 he was spending littleor no time in his parish and w as soon deposed from this benefice.Thereafter he became a f ull time man of letters. His military writingsbecame standa rd text books of British military history and were soaccura te that he was rumoured to have been a military veteran him self,rumours that William did little to dispel. He had grea t success withhis "life of the Duke of Wellington" and hi s "History of the Rebellionin 1798" was avowedly meant a s a reply to Madden's "Lives of UnitedIrishmen". His hand h ad been prolific and by 1848 he had publishedsome twenty wo rks many meeting with successful sales but he had livedlif e to the full and had made little provision for the future . Heretired to Musselburgh near Edinburgh as his health dec lined and therehe died on 29th December 1850.
- Abbrev: http://www.pgil-eirdata.org/html/pgil_datasets/authors/m/Maxwell,WH/life.htm
Title: http://www.pgil-eirdata.org/html/pgil_datasets/authors/m/Ma xwell,WH/life.htm
1792-1850 [William Hamilton Maxwell]; b. Newry, Co. Down; e d. TCD, BA,1812; ord. 1813; Anglican clergyman in Connaught ; vicar of Balla, Co.Mayo, 1820; contrib. Bentley?s Magazin e and Dublin UniversityMagazine; originated the military no vel and provided the model for?rollicking? Anglo-Irish fict ion as practised by Lever in Stories ofWaterloo (1829) an d Wild Sports of the West (1832); his claim to havebeen a t Waterloo or, indeed, in the army, is unfounded; constantl yembarrassed by financial troubles, he saw the fad for hi s booksdecline severely; wrote a three-volume biography o f Wellington(1834-41) and other historical studies, includi ng an account of 1798in The Irish Rebellion (1845), ill. Ge orge Cruikshank, and likewisecautionary study of The Iris h Movements (1948); d. 29 Dec., inMusselburgh, near Edinbur gh; an obituary appeared in the Gentleman?sMagazine (June 1 851). CAB JMC IF DNB NCBE DIB DIW DIH DIL/2 MKA RAFSUTH FD A OCIL
O?Hara, or 1798, 2 vols. (London: J Andrews 1825); Storie s of Waterlooand Other Tales, 3 vols. (London: H Colburn 18 29); Wild Sports of theWest, 2 vols. (London: Richard Bentl ey 1832); The Field Book, orSports and Pastimes of the Unit ed Kingdom (London: Effingham Wilson1833); The Dark Lady o f Doona (London: Smith, Elder 1834); My Life, 3vols. (Londo n: R Bentley 1835); The Bivouac, or Stories of thePeninsula r War, 3 vols. (London: Richard Bentley 1837); The Victorie sof the British Armies, 2 vols. (London: R Bentley 1839); L ife ofField-Marshall His Grace the Duke of Wellington, 3 vo ls. (London: A.H. Baily 1841); Rambling Recollections o f a Soldier of Fortune(Dublin: W Curry 1842); The Fortune s of Hector O?Halloran and His ManMark Anthony O?Toole (Lon don: R. Bentley [n.d.]); Wanderings in theHighlands and th e Islands, 2 vols. (London: A. H. Baily 1844); Hintsto a So ldier on Service, 2 vols. (London: T. C. Newby 1845); Histo ryof the Irish Rebellion in 1798 (London: Baily Bros, Cornh ill 1845);Peninsular Sketches by Actors on the Scene, 2 vol s. (London: H.Colburn 1845); Captain O?Sullivan, or Adventu res, Civil, Military, andmatrimonial of a Gentleman on Half -Pay, 3 vols. (London: H. Colburn1846); Hill-Side and Borde r Sketches, 2 vols. (London: Richard Bentley1847); Brian O? Linn, or Luck is Everything, 3 vols. (London: RichardBentle y 1848); The Irish Movements: Their Rise, Progress, and Cer tainTermination (London: Baily Bros. 1848); Erin Go Bragh , or Irish LifePictures, with a biog. sketch by Dr. Maginn , 2 vols. (London: RBentley 1859).
Colin McKelvie, ?Notes Towards a Bibliography of William Ha miltonMaxwell 1792-1850?, in Irish Booklore, Vol. 3, No . 1 (1976) [q.pp.].
Stephen Gwynn, Irish Literature and Drama (London: Elkin Ma thews1936), p.76.
Patrick Rafroidi, Irish Literature in English: The Romanti c Period,1789-1850 (Gerrards Cross: Colin Smythe 1980), Vol . 2., p.136.
W. J. McCormack, ?Irish Gothic and After, 1820-1945,? in Se amus Deane,gen. ed., Field Day Anthology of Irish Literatur e, (1991), Vol. II,pp.831-854.
John Sutherland, review of Peter Garside, James Raven & Rai nerShöwerling, The English Novel 1770-1829: A Bibliographic al Survey ofProse Fiction published in the British Isles (O UP 2001), notes that W.H. Maxwell?s Stories of Waterloo (18 29) was only preceded by G.R.Gleig, The Subaltern (1825) a s fictional accounts of that historicalepisode, in Times Li terary Supplement, 8 June, 2001.
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Charles Read, ed., A Cabinet of Irish Literature (3 vols. , 1876-78),1794[?2]-1850; b. Newry, Co. Down; father of mil itary novel; travelledto battle-fields of Wellington; colle cted incidents in Bivouac, orStories of the Peninsular War ; wrote a life of Wellington; greatsuccess with Stories o f Waterloo (1829), following his historicalnovel O?Hara. Re ctory in Ballagh, Connaught, with shooting-lodge atBallycro y; Wild Sports of the West (1833, with new ed. 1915). Eri n goBragh (1859) is prefaced with biog. sketch by William M aginn.
Dictionary of National Biography, calls him an Irish noveli st,, grad.TCD; served in Penisular Campaign and at Waterloo [??]; rector ofBallagh, 182-44; originated rollicking styl e of fiction, whichculminated in Lever. NOTE, William Magin n [see supra] has a biog. noteon him describing him has a r omancing rollicking kind of Irish gent[in Erin Go Bragh, 18 59].
Stephen Brown, Ireland in Fiction (Dublin: Maunsel 1919), l ists O?Hara(1825); The Dark Lady of Doona (1836, and Fr. tr ans.); Adventures ofCapt. Blake; the Adventures of Hector O ?Halloran and his Man, MarkAntony O?Toole; The Adventures o f Captain Sullivan; Erin go Bragh(1859); Luck is Everything , or the Adventures of Brian O?Lynn (1860)See also Irishboo k Lover 1.
Brian Cleeve & Ann Brady, A Dictionary of Irish Writers (Du blin:Lilliput 1985), CITES Life of the Duke of Wellington , 3 vols.(1839-1841); History of the Rebellion in 1798 (184 5); Hints to aSoldier on Service (1845); Erin-
- Abbrev: http://towns.mayo-ireland.ie/WebX?14@222.RX18ezGXtd0.0@.ee79bb6
Title: http://towns.mayo-ireland.ie/WebX?14@222.RX18ezGXtd0.0@.ee7 9bb6
Text: William Maxwell (1792-1850)
William Hamilton Maxwell was Church of Ireland rector at Ba lla from1819to 1844. The son of a moderately prosperous mer chant, he was bornin Newry, Co.Down on 30th June 1792 and w as educated by Dr. Hendersonat his academy in Newry and a t Trinity College in Dublin.
He graduated in 1812 with a BA and although he wanted to jo in the armyand take part in the Napoleonic Wars, a rich aun t threatened todisinherit him unless he pursued a career i n law or in the church. TheBishop of Ferns subsequently ord ained him on 25th July 1813 and hebecame curate at a paris h near Newry where he served for six years. Hebecame popula r and hardworking and was appointed chaplain of the localMa sonic lodge in 1815.
In 1817 he married Mary Dobbin, daughter of an M.P.for Arma gh. Hisaunt died and his expected inheritance went instea d to a remote cousinbut due to his wife?s family connection s he was saved from financialruin. However in 1819 followin g a prank during which he swam in alocal lake and rode hom e naked and as a result of this disgrace it wasimpossible f or him to remain on as curate in the locality.
His Rector, Rev. John Davis, appointed him a Cannon in Ball a in theTuam diocese. During his stay at Balla he took no i nterest in hisparochial duties but enjoyed the shooting an d fishing which the areaafforded.
While in Balla he wrote some 14 novels including the famou s "WildSports of the West" Which was published in 1832. Dur ing this timeCastlebar was a thriving town of around 6,00 0 inhabitants and hestruck up a number of friendships wit h some of the military stationedthere especially the office rs of the 10th Hussars.
His life came to a sad end however. Continually in debt du e to hisextravagant lifestyle, he was relieved of his dutie s as a pastor dueto negligence. His marriage came to an en d and he emigrated toScotland. His writings here were o f a more sombre note and included"Wanderings in the Highlan ds and Islands" (1844).
Nearly penniless and a chronic alcaholic he died on 29th De cember 1850at Husselburgh, near Edinburgh at the age of 58 . Despite his sad endhe was highly regarded as an author an d received outstandingobituaries in the London Press in ear ly 1851.
By Brian Hoban
- Abbrev: http://www.maxwellsociety.com/Biography/Artists.htm
- Abbrev: Glenn Sutcliffe email 2008 Nov 29
Title: Glenn Sutcliffe email 2008 Nov 29