Zuber Family Tree

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  • ID: I2545
  • Name: Martin CHARTIER
  • Given Name: Martin
  • Surname: CHARTIER
  • Sex: M
  • Change Date: 29 OCT 2011
  • Note:
    "A passenger of the same ship, Mr. Robert Cavellier de LaSalle, would e nd up carrying a large liability with regards to the future of young Pi erre and Martin Chartier. They both turned out to be famous wood-runne rs and traders.........Martin, the discoverer of the site of Pittsburgh ( Penna.) may even be called the 'Greatest French explorer on his own in N orth America', a distinction to be shared with his half-breed son, also c alled Pierre.......Martin Chartier married in Maryland in 1693. His so n, Pierre, did the same about 1718. They both had Shawnee wives......I n the winter of 1679-80, according to Margry's, Rene's son, Martin Char tier was among LaSalle's companions when they built Fort Crevecoeur som ewhere along the Illinois River (2000 miles from Montreal). Martin was p robably with LaSalle during his first trip of 1669-1670 to Detroit and L ake Erie......From 1683-84, Martin and Pierre Chartier were fur trading a ssociates, and they had a settlement in Fort St Louis, although they ha d no trading permit. From 1685 to 1692, Martin Chartier made the incre dible trip from Montreal to Lake Michigan, then from there to the Cumbe rland River in Kentucky, then to the site of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, t hen across the Alleghenies and along the Susquehanna River to Maryland w here for a time he ran his own trading post."
    "Martin Chartier was a French outlaw who sought and found refuge among t he Shawnee, with whom he married and raised a family. A son, Peter Cha rtier became a chief among them, a hunter wise in the trading ways of w hites, who led them west to escape the encroachment of civilization.... Martin Chartier's only crime was that he had gone among the Shawnees 't hat owed him some beaver' without the permission of the colonial author ities, 'and when he came back, the Governor put him in prison and in ir ons, where he continued for several months; but at last got loose, made h is escape, and ever since hath used the woods.' He told it this way be fore the Maryland Provincial Council in 1692, at which time he resided t here with his Shawnee wife. He died in 1718, master of a huge trading h ouse and plantation on the Susquehanna River. He might have had severa l children, but only one son, Peter Chartier, handled the estate."
    "We find that the next recorded account of a white man's passing throug h our county was that of Martin Chartier, the white leader of the Shawn ee Indians, in the year of 1695, as they were migrating to the Ohio Riv er from Virginia. This tribe arrived on the great East-West Trail at A lliquippa's Gap, by the Warriors' Trail."
    "Martin Chartier, a trader at the mouth of the Susquehanna in 1692, die d at Dekanoagah in 1718."
    "The pioneer Indian traders in the territory now embraced in this count y [Lancaster] were Canadian Frenchmen, who first located along the Schu ylkill and Brandywine. One of the most noted of them, Martin Chartiere , married an Indian squaw. When the Shawanese came from the South and s ettled at Pequea Creek, he moved there and made his permanent residence a mong them. He spoke the Delaware language fluently, and acquired great i nfluence with these Indians. The chief Logan was anxious to be upon go od terms with him, and took especial pains to cultivate his friendship. T he loan commissioners, who were the Penns' agents for the sale of their l ands, gave him a large tract, extending from the mouth of Conestoga Cre ek several miles up the Susquehanna. He built his trading-post, and fi nally settled upon the farm afterwards owned by the Stehmans, at or nea r where they built a saw-mill in Washington borough. He died at this p lace in 1708. A message announcing his death was sent to Logan, who at tended his funeral. He left all his property to his only son, Peter Ch artiere, who married a Shawanese squaw."
    "Colonialist scholars tell us that it was not particularly uncommon at t hat time to find a white man disaffected with his own society living wi th an Indian tribe. What was rare, however, was to find a white man le ading an Indian tribe and this is precisely what both Martin Chartier a nd his son Peter did. The Shawnees that Martin Chartier met on the Mis sissippi River had been drawn there by the great French explorer, LaSal le. In 1692, Martin Chartier led a group of these Indians north to Mar yland, settling at a place known as Old Town. Several years later, they m oved to the Susquehanna River in Pennsylvania, an area then under the o fficial dominion of the Iroquois Indians. They then asked a local trib e, the Conestoga, to take them under their protection. In 1701, both t he Conestoga and the Shawnee appeared before William Penn and received f ormal permission for this arrangement. Martin Chartier set up a tradin g house in the area and the last we hear of him is that he passed away i n 1718."
    "Among the first settlers [Lancaster County, Pennsylvania] were a numbe r of French traders who had lived on the Schuylkill as early as 1690, a nd soon after 1700 removed to this valley. Chief among them were Peter B ezillion, Martin Chartier, Joseph Jessup and Captain James Letort. The y were shrewd business men, well acquainted with the various Indian lan guages, and were frequently employed as agents and interpreters for the P rovincial authorities. The many references to them in the Colonial rec ords are generally in important and honorable connections......Chartier c ame to the Province prior to 1690 and is sometimes referred to as 'the F rench glover of Philadelphia.' His trading post was on the Susquehanna , near the present city of Columbia, and where he died in 1718....."
    "Martin Chartier, one of the old French Indian traders, had his trading p ost and lived for many years adjoining the farm afterwards owned by Jam es Patterson, the Indian trader, and also the Susquehanna Indian town, t hree miles below the Columbia. The Penns gave Chartier a large tract o f land on Turkey Hill, in Lancaster county. Martin Chartier died in Ap ril, 1718. James Logan was at his funeral, which shows that he was hel d in high esteem by the Penns."
    Timeline of Events:
    1667 - arrived in Quebec with father, brother and sister
    1668 - meets a Shawnee boy turned over to the priests at Montreal who b ecomes his constant companion (Wolf, his future brother-in-law)
    1669 - on Louis Joliet's first expedition with his brother Pierre
    1672 - on Louis Joliet's second expedition with his brother Pierre
    1674 - living with the Shawnee in Illinois on the Wabash River
    By 1675 - Sewatha becomes his Shawnee wife
    1679 - goes with LaSalle to build Fort Crevecoeur on the Illinois River ( with Wolf)
    1683 - found trading with the Shawnee at Fort St Louis with his brother P ierre
    1684 - found in Lachine, Quebec
    1685 - living with Shawnee in Illinois territory
    1687 - arrested in Montreal
    1689 - found as a fur trade on the Cumberland River in Tennessee
    1690 - stopped in a Shawnee village in eastern Tennessee
    1691 - reunited on the Potomac River with old acquaintances from Fort S t Louis (LeTorts, Basillons, Godin, and Dubois)
    1692 - living with the Shawnee on the Potomac in Maryland; next in Balt imore County, Maryland, was jailed in Ste Marie & Ann Arundel Counties a s a French spy but escaped
    1693 - traveled with Shawnee leaving Virginia to go to Ohio
    1700 - found living on the Conestoga Creek in Lancaster County, Pennsyl vania
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22
  • Birth: 1655 in St-Jean-de-Montierneuf, Poitiers, Vienne, Poitou-Charentes, France
  • Baptism: 1 JUN 1655 St-Jean-de-Montierneuf, Poitiers, Vienne, Poitou-Charentes, France
  • Death: 1718 in Dekanoagah (Indian village around current Lancaster County), Pennsylvania, USA
  • Note: Administration of estate granted 18 April 1718 to James Logan of Philad elphia.



    Father: Rene CHARTIER b: 25 AUG 1621 in Poitiers, Vienne, Poitou-Charentes, France
    Mother: Madeleine RANGIER b: ABT 1625 in France

    Marriage 1 Sewatha STRAIGHT-TAIL b: ABT 1660 in Ohio, USA
    • Married: 1686 in Illinois, USA
    Children
    1. Has No Children Madeleine CHARTIER b: ABT 1678 in Illinois, USA
    2. Has No Children Charles CHARTIER-CHARLEVILLE b: ABT 1680 in Illinois, USA
    3. Has No Children Jean CHARTIER-CHARLEVILLE b: ABT 1686 in Illinois, USA
    4. Has Children Mary CHARTIER b: 1687 in Virginia, USA
    5. Has Children Pierre CHARTIER b: ABT 1690 in Tennessee, USA
    6. Has No Children Jacquette CHARTIER b: 1692 in Maryland, USA

    Sources:
    1. Abbrev: Chartier Families
      Title: Me Jean (Chartier) Robert, The Chartier Families (Portland, Ore gon: American Section of The Chartier Family Association, 1982), . egon: American Section of The Chartier Family Association, 1982.
      Page: page 46, 61
    2. Abbrev: Indian Blood: Finding Your Native American Ancestor
      Title: Richard L Pangburn, Indian Blood: Finding Your Native American Ances tor (Louisville, Kentucky: Butler Books, 1993), . stor. Louisville, Kentucky: Butler Books, 1993.
      Page: page 127
    3. Abbrev: Kernel of Greatness - Bedford County, PA
      Title: Winona Garbrick, editor, The Kernel of Greatness: An Informal Bicent ennial History of Bedford County (State College, Pennsylvania: Bedf ord County Heritage Commission, 1971), . tennial History of Bedford County. State College, Pennsylvania: Bed ford County Heritage Commission, 1971.
      Page: page 14
    4. Abbrev: Wilderness Trail
      Title: Charles Augustus Hanna, The Wilderness Trail: or The ventures and ad ventures of the Pennsylvania traders on the Allegheny path, 2 Volum es (New York and London: G P Putnam's Sons and Knickerbocker Press, 191 1), . dventures of the Pennsylvania traders on the Allegheny path. 2 Volu mes. New York and London: G P Putnam's Sons and Knickerbocker Press, 19 11.
      Page: Vol I, pg 280; Vol II, p 328
    5. Abbrev: Lancaster County, PA, History of
      Title: Franklin Ellis and Samuel Evans, History of Lancaster County, Pennsy lvania (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: Everts and Peck, 1883), . ylvania. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: Everts and Peck, 1883.
      Page: page 7, 15
    6. Abbrev: Trail of the Huguenots
      Title: G Elmore Reaman, The Trail of the Huguenots in Europe, the United St ates, South Africa and Canada (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing C ompany, Inc, 1986), . th Africa and Canada, . tates, South Africa and Canada. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing C ompany, Inc, 1986.
      Page: Page 283
    7. Abbrev: Dictionnaire Genealogique des familles du Quebec
      Title: Rene Jette, Dictionnaire Genealogique des familles du Quebec (Mo ntreal: Les Presses de Universite de Montreal, 1983), . ontreal: Les Presses de Universite de Montreal, 1983.
      Page: page 235
    8. Abbrev: Memorials of the Huguenots in America
      Title: Ammon Stapleton, Memorials of the Huguenots in America: with special r eference to the emigration to Pennsylvania (Carlisle, Pennsylvania: H uguenot Publishing, 1901), . l reference to the emigration to Pennsylvania. Carlisle, Pennsylvan ia: Huguenot Publishing, 1901.
      Page: Pages 88-89
    9. Abbrev: Shawnee Heritage I
      Title: Don Greene and Noel Schutz, Shawnee Heritage: Shawnee Genealogy and F amily History (Lulu.com: Vision ePublications, 2008), . amily History. Lulu.com: Vision ePublications, 2008.
      Page: p 63
    10. Abbrev: Shawnee Heritage II
      Title: Don Greene, Shawnee Heritage II: Selected Lineages of Notable Shawne e (Lulu.com: Fantasy ePublications, 2008), . ee. Lulu.com: Fantasy ePublications, 2008.
      Page: p 41 and 68
    11. Abbrev: Indians in Pennsylvania
      Title: Paul A W Wallace, Indians in Pennsylvania (Harrisburg, Pennsylva nia: Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission, 1993), . ania: Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission, 1993.
      Page: p 125-128
    12. Abbrev: American-Canadian Genealogist
      Title: American-Canadian Genealogist, Published Quarterly - website of s ociety: http://www.acgs.org/; (New Hampshire: American Canadian Genea logical Society). ociety: http://www.acgs.org/; (New Hampshire: American Canadian Genea logical Society).
      Page: Vol 19, No 2, p 61 "The Chartiers: An Indian Life"
    13. Abbrev: Indian Chiefs of Pennsylvania
      Title: C Hale Sipe, The Indian Chiefs of Pennsylvania (Lewisburg, Penns ylvania: Wennawoods Publishing, 1995), . sylvania: Wennawoods Publishing, 1995.
      Page: p 109-110
    14. Abbrev: Cumberland Valley, PA: 1930
      Title: George P Donehoo, A History of the Cumberland Valley in Pennsylvania (Harrisburg, Pennsylvania: Susquehanna History Association, 1930), . a. Harrisburg, Pennsylvania: Susquehanna History Association, 1930.
      Page: p 107-108
    15. Abbrev: Memoires de la Societe Genealogique Canadienne-Francaise
      Title: Memoires de la Societe Genealogique Canadienne-Francaise; (Montr eal, Quebec: Societe Genealogique Canadienne-Francaise). eal, Quebec: Societe Genealogique Canadienne-Francaise).
      Page: Vol XXX Nov 4, Oct-Nov-Dec 1979, p 293-296
    16. Abbrev: Nos Sources
      Title: Nos Sources, Quarterly Publication; (Joliette, Quebec, Canada: S ociete de genealogie de Lanaudiere, compiler). ociete de genealogie de Lanaudiere, compiler).
      Page: Vol 6, No 2, Jan-Feb-Mar 1986, p 129
    17. Abbrev: Chartier Families
      Title: Me Jean (Chartier) Robert, The Chartier Families (Portland, Ore gon: American Section of The Chartier Family Association, 1982), . egon: American Section of The Chartier Family Association, 1982.
      Page: Vol IV, The Descendants of Rene Chartier, p 6-8, 23-40
    18. Abbrev: Le Baron De Saint-Castin (in French)
      Title: Pierre Daviault, Le Baron De Saint-Castin (Montreal, Canada: dit ions De L'A. C.-F., n.d.), . tions De L'A. C.-F., n.d..
      Page: p 99-102
    19. Abbrev: Historical Register: Notes and Queries-Interior Pennsylvania
      Title: [Henry Egle], Historical Register: Notes and Queries, Historical and G enealogical, relating to Interior Pennsylvania, for the year 1884 ( Harrisburg, Pennsylvania: Lane S Hart, Printer and Binder, 1884), . d Genealogical, relating to Interior Pennsylvania, for the year 1884. Harrisburg, Pennsylvania: Lane S Hart, Printer and Binder, 1884.
      Page: Vol II, p 250-255
    20. Abbrev: Genealogie Quebec
      Title: Francois Marchi, Genealogie Quebec (http://genealogiequebec.info / : accessed ) c.info/ : .
      Page: Accessed; 3 February 2011
    21. Abbrev: Fichier Origine
      Title: Quebec Federation of genealogical societies, Fichier Origine (ht tp://www.fichierorigine.com/ : accessed ) i>. http://www.fichierorigine.com/ : .
      Page: Accessed; 3 February 2011
    22. Abbrev: Notes & Queries Pennsylvania
      Title: William H Egle, compiler, Notes and queries: Historical, biographica l and genealogical, chiefly relating to interior Pennsylvania, 1883 -1884: series 1-2; 1887: series 3, vol 1; 1891: series 3, vol 2; 1896: s eries 3, vol 3; 1895: series 4, vol 2; 1896-1900: annual volumes. (Harr isburg, Pennsylvania: Telegraph Printing and Binding House, from 1883 t o 1901), . al and genealogical, chiefly relating to interior Pennsylvania. 188 3-1884: Series 1-2; 1887: Series 3, vol 1; 1891: Series 3, vol 2; 1896: S eries 3, vol 3; 1895: Series 4, Vol 2; 1896-1900: Annual volumes. Harri sburg, Pennsylvania: Telegraph Printing and Binding House, from 1883 to 1 901.
      Page: 1895 Volume 2, Page 88
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