Name: Richard MOLYNEUX
Suffix: of Sefton
Birth: ABT 1423 in Sefton, West Derby, Lancashire, England
Death: 23 SEP 1459 in Battle of Blore Heath, Staffordshire, England
Change Date: 11 OCT 2013
Sir Richard Molyneux of Sefton, co. Lancaster, d. Blore Heath, 23 Sep 1459, Chief Forester of the forests and parks of West Derbyshire. [Ancestral Roots]
Following copied from www.bloreheath.co.uk/battle.html:
Blore Heath was the site of the first major battle of the English Wars of the Roses, fought on September 23rd 1459 between the Houses of Lancaster and York. Some 17,000 men plus their families gathered at Blore Heath and fought a very bloody and brutal battle. Despite being outnumbered by three to one, the Yorkist leader used superior tactics and defeated the Lancastrian army led by Lord Audley, who was himself killed. The spot where Audley fell is marked to this day by a stone cross. The queen herself witnessed the battle from a nearby church steeple. It is said that the battle was so ferocious that the nearby Wemberton brook ran with blood for three days and three nights.
1. Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists, 7th Edition, by Frederick Lewis Weis, additions by Walter Lee Shippard Jr., 1999?Page: 23-34
2. Title: Magna Charta Sureties 1215, Frederick Lewis Weis, additions by Walter Lee Sheppard Jr, 5th Edition, 1999?Page: 25-10
3. Title: Newsgroup: soc.genealogy.medieval, at groups - google.com?Page: Kurt Green, 2 Mar 1997
from curt Hofemann note:
MOLYNEUX, Sir RICHARD, (d. 1459), soldier, was son of Sir Richard Molneux (d. 1439)...
The eldest son, Richard, received, by patent dated 26 July 1446, the chief forestership of the royal forests and parks in the wapentake, of West Derbyshire, the constableship of Liverpool, with which the family had long been connected, and stewardship of West Derbyshire and Salfordshire, a grant which was confirmed in 1459. He became a favourite of Henry VI, was usher of the privy chamber, and when, in 1458, a partial resumption of grants was made, a special clause exempted the lands of Molyneux. He sided with Henry in the wars of the Roses, and fell in 1459 at Bloore Heath (cf. Drayton, _Polyolbion_, song xxii). Some of the family sided with the Yorkists, and a confusion among them led to the statement that Sir Richard joined Salisbury on his march to Bloore Heath, and fought on the Yorkist side. Molyneux married Elizabeth, second daughter of Sir Thomas Stanley, and his son Sir Thomas fought against the Scots during Edward IV's reign, was knighted by Gloucester on 24 July 1482 at the siege of Berwick, and was one of the pall-bearers at Edward IV's funeral.
[The following of the Chetham Society's publications contain particulars of the Molyneux family; Correspondence of the third Earl of Derby, Lancashire Funeral Certificates, Visitations of Lancashire, 1533 and 1567, Wills and Inventories, Norris Papers, Hist. of Chantries; Proceedings of Historic Society of Lancashire and Cheshire, vols. iv. v. vi.; Rymer's _F?dera_; Holinshed's Chronicle, p. 649; Ramsay's Lancaster and York, ii. 215; Baines's Lancaster and Chester Past and Present, i. 377; Baines's County of Lancaster, passim; Bridgens's Church of Sefton; Ashcroft's Description of the Church of Sefton, pp. 14-24; Britton's Lancashire; Gregson's Fragments, passim.] A. F. P. [Ref: DNB, Editor, Sidney Lee, MacMillan Co, London & Smith, Elder & Co., NY, 1908, vol. xiii, p. 581]
* Prof. A. F. Pollard, author of this article.
http://blore.net/Interestfacts.htm from curt Hofemann note
Sir Richard Molyneux (ancestor of the Viscounts Molyneux). In favor with Henry VI, who by letters patent conferred upon him and sons and their heirs the chief forestships of the Royal Forest and parks of West Derby shire and the stewardship office of constable of Liverpool. He was slain at Blore-heath with Lord Audly, in the war of the Roses in 1459-60. [Ref: Molyneux History, p. 38]
Sir Richard Molyneux was in such high favor at court that in the act of resumption passed in the 36 Henry VI, we find this provisional clause, "Provided always that this act extend not, nor in ways be prejucicially unto Richard Molyneux, Esq.; of Sefton, one of the ushers of our privy chamber, in the Constableship of our Castle of Liverpool," &c. He fell fighting under Lancasteral banner at Bloore Heath (1459). He m. Elizabeth, 2d dau. of Sir Thomas Stanley, 5th Earl of Derby. Sir Richard had also the stewardship of West Derbyshire, the forrestship [sic] of our forest of Symonds Wood, and our parks of Croxteth, &c. He was afterwards knighted, and was slain at the battle of Bloore Heath, war of Roses, Sept. 23, 1459. He m. 2d, Jane Molineux. [Ref: Molyneux History, p. 39]
Sir Richard Molyneux, Knight, eldest son and heir of Sir Richard Molyneux,(1) of Sefton, married Elizabeth, eldest daughter of Thomas, Lord Stanley, of Lathom, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, and Comptroller of the Household and Chamberlain to Henry VI. She was sister to Thomas, first Earl of Derby. Sir Richard was appointed, 13th November, 1454, one of the Gentlemen Ushers of the Privy Chamber to Henry VI., and was high in favour of that monarch. He fell fighting under the Lancastrian banner at the battle of Blore Heath,(2) Staffordshire, on the 23rd September, 1459, having previously, with Sir Hugh Venables and others, received the young Prince's Livery of the Swans,(3) and was succeeded by his eldest son, Thomas...
(1) In 1437, "The King let to farm to Sir Thomas Stanley, and Sir Richard Molyneux, the herbage and pannage of his park at Toxteth, in the County of Lancaster, with the honey and wax of the bees in the oaks of the aforesaid park, swarming, and the heath there growing. To hold for 20 years, at a rent of £6 13s. 4d."--_Duchy Book_, 16 Henry VI.
(2) "There Molineux doth make a Milineux to die,
and Egerton the strength of Egerton doth try. _Drayton_.
(3) Those who fought for the House of Lancaster at Blore Heath wore the cognizance of a white swan, given them by Queen Margaret, who is said to have visited Chester in 1455.--Lysons' _Magna Britannia_. [Ref: Molineux Memoir, p. 12]
Father: Richard MOLYNEUX b: 5 OCT 1396 in Sefton, West Derby, Lancashire, England
Mother: Joan de HAYDOCK b: ABT 1400 in Bradley Hall, Eccleston, Lancashire, England
Elizabeth Joan STANLEY b: ABT 1427 in Wirrel Forest, Staffordshire, England
- Thomas MOLYNEUX b: ABT 1448 in Sefton, West Derby, Lancashire, England