Name: Paul Jabez TANNER
Given Name: Paul Jabez
Birth: 22 Apr 1810 in Woodville, Wilkinson, Mississippi
Death: 26 Dec 1860 in Cheneyville, Rapides Parish, Louisiana
Burial: 1860 Old Cheney Cemetery, Cheneyville, LA
Religion: Baptist/First Christian
Change Date: 30 Jun 2007
Owned "Walnut Grove" Walnut Grove was established between 1 835 and 1847.
1843 founded the Cheneyville's Christian (Campbelite) Church
1850 Rapides parish , LA US census age 40, planter $2,000
1851-1860 LA Sugar Census
1860 U.S. Census Louisiana Rapides Unknown Townships> age 50>farmer>pg 240
The schism that developed among members of Beulah Baptist c hurch in the 1840s in particularly interesting in its relat ion to the similar happenings across the southern frontier . Spirited Jabez Tanner whose parents were instrumental i n founding Beulah Baptist, led the dissenters to a final br eak with the older congregation. Since the entire communit y was almost totally connected with a maze of kinship ties , the break with the older church produced great pain and s uffering among family members and, as a descendant recounte d it, "The Up-the-Bayou Tanners didn't speak to the Down-th e-Bayou Tanners for years."
Jabez Tanner felt called upon to put the story of the devel opment of the schism, the breaking off and building of th e new church into print. He wrote that he was early accuse d of being a Campbellite, a popular frontier religious move ment, but he had never heard of it. He accordingly wrote fo r information. That a connection was made there can be litt le doubt, since Joseph and Alexander Campbell apparently vi sited Cheneyville and its new church.
(In 1840, Brooke County became home to Bethany College, th e first college in the state. Alexander Campbell, who als o founded the Disciples of Christ Church, founded Bethany C ollege. Bethany's central building, Old Main, was construct ed from 1858 to 1872. Built in the Scottish Gothic style, i t was modeled after buildings at the University of Glasgo w in Scotland. Old Main is on the National Register of Hist orical Sites.)
No more historic ruin survives in the parish than the fou r columns left of the Christian Church built in the 1840s o n Bayou Boeuf as Old Cheneyville.
1851-1860 LA Sugar Census
P.A. Champomier listed the following sugar cane planters, a nd their production in hogsheads of
sugar for 1851-52. "R" and "L" designate "right" or "left " of the river:
BAYOU BOEUF: Jabez Tanner................................L ..............147
(Research):PAUL JABEZ TANNER: Jabez was the twelfth chil d of Robert Tanner and Providence Robert. He was born in W oodville, Mississippi in April 1810, and died on Bayou Boeu f at his home, Walnut Grove, in December of 1863. In Jun e of 1833, he married his first cousin, Esther Providence ( Robert) Bettison. She had been born in 1815 and died in 18 71. Esther was the daughter of David Bettison and Sarah Ca therine Robert.
Walnut Grove was established between 1835 and 1847. It rep laced Magnolia Plantation, which was left vacant or rente d to others until it was purchased around 1870 by Henry Tan ner. Henry was Jabez's fifth son.
Originally, Walnut Grove was a 4,000 acre plantation with s everal barns, a cotton gin, a sawmill, a sugar mill, a gris tmill, a blacksmith shop, and a plantation kitchen. Cabin s were built for "the people" on either side of the entranc e road. Many Rapidians referred to the slaves as "the peopl e."
Jabez was a leader in Beulah Baptist Church, but at a poin t of strong disagreement with older, more conservative memb ers over the contents of "the creed," he, (along with Rever end William Prince Ford), led a movement to alter the creed . When this didn't work out, he and William proceeded to f orm the First Christian Church of Cheneyville, which was es tablished by 1843.
The crux of the problem was that one article of the creed
appeared to some members to give credence to predestination , which was not acceptable to church elders. It read: "W e believe in the everlasting love of God to His people; i n the eternal unconditional election of a definite number o f the human family to grace and glory." Church elders woul d have eliminated all the articles of faith, while Jabez an d William wished only to alter them. Many church members c alled the break-away group "Campbellites." This was the na me of a religious movement sweeping the country at that tim e, a movement that was offensive to mainstream Baptists. J abez and his followers resented the name, and although Jabe z investigated, most of them knew nothing about the movemen t.
In 1859, Jabez owned 5,500 acres, 900 of which were improve d. This made Walnut Grove the 15th largest plantation in th e parish, out of 89 large plantations. The census placed t he value of the real property at $179,600, and of the farm , including implements, at $122,000. Jabez housed his 89 s laves in thirty-six dwelling units, (an average of 2.47 per sons per unit). This was the second lowest and second mos t humane slave-housing density in the parish.
In 1859, he utilized ten horses, thirty asses and mules, si xteen working oxen, twenty milk cows, thirty head of othe r cattle, 175 sheep, and 200 swine. He produced 300 hogshe ads of sugar, 9,000 bushels of Indian corn, ten bushels o f peas and beans, 150 bushels of Irish potatoes, and 600 bu shels of sweet potatoes. He turned out 18,000 gallons of mo lasses and 400 pounds of wool.
Father: Robert TANNER b: 14 Feb 1769 in Beaufort District, SC
Mother: Providence ROBERT b: 30 Aug 1774 in Robertville, , Beaufort, South Carolina
Esther Providence BETTISON b: 30 Sep 1815 in Woodville, Wilkinson, Mississippi
6 Jun 1833
- Change Date:
24 Jan 2009
- Fredonia TANNER b: 1835 in Cheneyville, Rapides Parish, Louisiana
- Linn TANNER b: 31 Dec 1838 in Cheneyville, Rapides Parish, Louisiana
- Henry TANNER b: 1842 in Cheneyville, Rapides Parish, Louisiana
- Frank TANNER b: 1844 in Cheneyville, Rapides Parish, Louisiana
- Irene TANNER b: Abt 1844 in Louisiana
- Albert TANNER b: 1846 in Cheneyville, Rapides Parish, Louisiana
- Graham V TANNER b: 1849 in Cheneyville, Rapides Parish, Louisiana
- Sidney TANNER b: 22 Apr 1850 in Cheneyville, Rapides Parish, Louisiana
- Clifton TANNER b: Abt 1852 in Louisiana
- Cecil TANNER b: Abt 1854 in Louisiana
- Jerell TANNER b: Abt 1856 in Louisiana
- Estelle TANNER b: Abt 1858 in Louisiana