Name: Adam Wybe
ALIA: Adam /Wiebe/
Name: Adam Wijbe (Dutch form)
Name: Adams Wybe
Birth: 12 JUL 1584 in Harlingen, Friesland 1
Death: 1652 in Danzig (Gdańsk), Prussia
Emigrated 1616 From Harlingen to Danzig, West Prussia 2
Occupation: AFT 1616 became Wasserbaumeister of Danzig, West Prussia
From California Mennonite Historical Society Bulletin No. 37: December 1999; article by Peter J. Klassen entitled 'Poland, a Haven of Toleration':
Most of the early Mennonite settlers in this area (Danzig, West Prussia) came from the Netherlands, and thus spoke Dutch. Only in the second half of the 18th century did the Danzig church begin to use German.
Another Mennonite from the Netherlands, ADAM WIEBE, was hired to give Danzig an efficient water system; his engineering skills were also used to build part of the earthen walls that protected the city. For this project, he developed a special cable car system that provided aerial transport to bring soil from a nearby hill. Several other architects and artisans also left their mark on the city.
Most of the Mennonites however, who settled in this area found new homes away from the city in the marshy delta. Their skills in constructing drainage systems, building dams and windmills, dairying, and raising a variety of crops so established them as the model farmers of this area that a visitor described the transformed marshes as a fertile garden.
The conveyor of Adam Wybe in Dantzig (translated from French at the website "Transports de Montagne". It credits the development of the cable car and ski lift to the original innovative inventions of this ADAM WIEBE:
"In 1644, Dutch Adam Wybe von (from) Harlingen built a ground conveyor for a building site in Dantzig. Admittedly, during previous centuries there were already ropeways which resembled cable cars inn existance, but Wybe changed and improved it as follows:
It is the first to use industrially, a cable (rather a rope) in loop and continuous motion, and the first to multiply the 'vehicles'. It improved it by supporting the rope by pylons equipped with pulleys, and unloaded of the basket 'vehicles' by means of a swing. The machine was longer than 200 meters. It includes 3 or 4 wooden pylons, and seems to carry a score of 'vehicles' ".
From the website "Together in Gdansk Again" at: http://roots.gdansk.pl/en/postacie/wybitni.asp
Adam Wybe (koniec XVI w. - 1653) Gdańsk engineer and constructor:
He was born in Friesland. He lived in Gdańsk since ca. 1616. He became famous for many inventions and constructions: a horse-driven dredger, river ice cutter, and an acqueduct taking Radunia River waters over the moat in the Hucisko crossroads area. The construction in 1644 of rope railway (see old drawing), which transported earth from Biskupia Górka to one of the bastions, is his best known achievement. It was the first rope railway with many supports and the biggest built till the end of 19th century.
See: the novel 'Sweeter Than All the World', by Canadian author Rudy Wiebe:
Toronto, Ontario: Alfred A. Knopf, 2001. 438 pp. $35.95 hc. For a good review of the book, see: http://www.ss.ucalgary.ca/ces/JournalDatabase/CESDataFiles/CESJ_Bookreview s/CESv34no01Wiebe.htm
This novel tells of an Adam Peter Wiebe, a lapsed Mennonite in search of himself and his roots. He finds his namesake, the real ADAM WIEBE, the Dutch inventive genius from Harlingen, in the Netherlands, who moved to Danzig, West Prussia in 1616 and transformed the city with his inventions and improvements.
Margaretha Unknown b: ABT 1587 in probably Harlingen, Friesland
in Hansestadt, Danzig (Gdańsk), Prussia
- Jacob Wiebe b: BEF 1620 in Danzig (Gdańsk), Prussia
- Hans Wiebe b: ABT 1620 in Danzig (Gdańsk), Prussia
- Peter Wiebe b: ABT 1624 in Danzig (Gdańsk), Prussia
- Abraham Wiebe b: ABT 1628 in Danzig (Gdańsk), Prussia
- Mechalina Wiebe b: BEF 1630 in Danzig (Gdańsk), Prussia
- Title: Sweeter Than All The World
Author: Rudy Wiebe
Publication: Toronto, Ontario: Alfred A. Knopf, 2001. 438 pp. $35.95 hc.
Note: This book, even though it is a novel, is an excellent source of historical information on Adam Wybe as well as other early Mennonites and their trials and persecutions.
Note: My library
- Title: The Mennonite Encyclopedia
Author: Mennonite Historical Society of Canada
Note: Excellent source
Page: SUBJECT: Wiebe (Wieb) Surname
Text: "In 1616 Adam Wiebe came to Danzig from Harlingen, Holland".