Individual Page


Family
Marriage: Children:
  1. Marie Catherine Durand: Birth: 04 JUN 1666 in Sillery, Québec, Canada. Death: 23 NOV 1708 in Batiscan, Champlain, Québec, Canada

  2. Ignace Durand: Birth: 1669 in Sillery, Québec, Canada. Death: 29 NOV 1697 in Cap-St-Ignace, Québec, Canada

  3. Louis Durand: Birth: 13 NOV 1670 in Sillery, Québec, Canada. Death: JUN 1740 in Lanoraie, Québec, Canada


Family
Marriage: Children:
  1. Charles Couturier: Birth: 25 FEB 1673 in Cap-Rouge, Québec, Canada.

  2. Jacques Couturier: Birth: 09 FEB 1675 in Cap-Rouge, Québec, Canada. Death: ABT 1681 in Québec

  3. Geneviève Couturier: Birth: 25 MAR 1679 in Sillery, Québec, Canada. Death: AFT 1700

  4. Denis Joseph Couturier: Birth: 20 MAR 1682 in Ancienne Lorette, Québec, Canada.

  5. Jean François Couturier: Birth: 29 MAR 1684 in La Perade, Québec, Canada.

  6. Catherine Couturier: Birth: 16 APR 1687 in Batiscan, Champlain, Québec, Canada. Death: 25 MAY 1687 in Batiscan, Champlain, Québec, Canada


Notes
a. Note:   Catherine Annenontak was born in 1649. A tiny,
 bronze-tinted baby girl was born in a bark covered long house of the
 Hurons at Georgian Bay, near Lake Huron. The French
 missionary, Chaumonot, baptized her with the name of Caterine
 Annannontok, and affectionately dubbed her Belle Fleur de Bois,
 (beautiful flower of the woods). Her father, Nicolas Arendanke, was one
 of three principal chiefs of the Bear Clan. Both he and his wife, Jeanne
 Otrihoandet, were baptized by the black-robed Jesuits who came among
 their native peoples some years before. "Katerie," strapped
 securely in her colourful, beaded cradle-board on her mother's strong
 back looked like a tine sepia-toned doll with raven-black hair, bright
 obsidian eyes, a pug nose, and a little mouth constantly moving.
 Originally, there were approximately 25,000-30,000
 Hurons living peacefully in an area, roughly 40 by 20 miles, called
 "Huronia". Since the coming of the white man in the early 1600s, many
 of the Hurons perished from starvation and the white man's diseases.
 A far greater disaster struck in March 1649, when
 thousands of ferocious Iroquois from the Hudson River Valley attacked
 and practically annihilated the entire Huron Nation, including the five
 North American Martyrs. Only about 300 Hurons, mostly women, children,
 the infirm and the elderly escaped to nearby St. Joseph's Island. One of
 the survivors, carried to safety by her loving mother was Catherine.
 Sadly, her chieftain father was tortured and/or killed outright by the
 Iroquois on March 17th, 1649, while defending his people.
 After three months of hiding and recuperating from
 wounds and sickness, the surviving band of Hurons made a desperate dash
 for freedom by paddling their birch-bark canoes through hostile
 territory. Their perilous 1,500 mile escape route took them
 from Georgian Bay on Lake Huron, along the French River, across Lake
 Nipissing, down the Ottowa River, along the mighty St. Lawrence, past
 the Lachine Rapids to Montreal Island, finally arriving at the
 Fortress City of Quebec. They arrived on July 28, 1649, six weeks after
 their journey began. Kateri, her mother, and the other
 survivors of the Great Massacre were settled on the nearby Ile d'
 Orléans. On July 21st, 1654, Catherines's heroic mother was suddenly
 cut down by fever, leaving her five year old, an orphan. The little
 Indian Princess was then bought to the Ursuline convent in Quebec City
 where she was raised and educated by the Catholic nuns there. She was so
 beloved by them, that they called her, la petite créature de Dieu,
 (little creature of God) On Sept. 23rd, 1662, the Belle
 Fleur de Boise contracted to marry Jean Durand, dit LaFortune, a soldier
 of the famous Carignan regiment. He was previously engaged to a fickle
 Parisienne who broke her promise to him and to a subsequent suitor
 before finally marrying her third choice. The soldier and princess wed
 at Quebec City on Sept. 26th, 1662 in the presence of many officials
 and friends. Jean signed his name "J.Durand," while 14 yearr-old Kateri, signed her name "Catherine Huron." During their nine years of happy
 marriage, they were blessed with three children; Marie, Ignace and
 Louis. Both sons and the husband of Marie (Mathurine Cadot), became
 adventurous voyageurs, (canoe-men), who engaged in the lucrative fur
 trade between Montreal and the Great Lakes and the Pays d'en haut,
 (high country, the west). Early in 1672, Kateri received a
 terrible shock. Her husband Jean died suddenly at the premature age of
 35 years. Whether by accident, disease or tomahawk, Jean Durand left the
 "Creature of God" a young widow with three small children. The oldest
 was five years old, ironically, the same age at which Kateri had become
 orphaned. During those dangerous and hard times, it was necessary to
 forego the usual mourning period, so Catherine chose, from several
 suitors, Jacques Couturier, a 26 year-old Norman French bachelor as her
 second husband. The nuptials were at Quebec City on June 26th, 1672. To
 this union there were six enfants du deuxieme lit (children of the
 second bed), namely: Charles, Jacques, (died in infancy), Genevieve,
 Denis dit Joseph, Jean-Francois, and Catherine (died one month old). Like
 their step-brothers before them, Charles, Joseph, and Jean-Francois
 became voyageurs and coureurs de bois (wood runners/rangers). Again,
 however, Kateri sadly lost her husband, Jacques, prematurely at the age
 of 31 years. He succumbed to an epidemic of measles and scurvy during
 the year 1687-1688, in which over 1,400 people perished, nearly
 one-eighth of the French population. Ten years later Kateri
 married a third time, on August 26th, 1697, to Jean de Lafond,
 (1646-1716), widower of Catherine Senecal. He brought into this union
 three remaining dependent children from the eight begotten from his
 first wife. His mother was a sister to the first Governor of Three
 Rivers and the founder of Boucherville. It should be noted that Kateri
 signed herself, Catherine Durant on the marriage contract and Catherine
 Annannontak on the civil register. Shortly after this time, her heart
 was again broken by the loss of two of her sons in the flower of their
 youth. Ignace Durand died on Nov. 30th, 1697 at the age of 28 years, and
 Charles Couturier died on April 23rd, 1699, at the age of 26 years. There
 were no children born to her third and final marriage. A
 decade passed before the final curtain came down on the life story of
 the Amerindian Princess. Catherin "Kateri", Annannontak - Belle Fleur de
 Bois, The Little Creature of God - was taken from life's scene by an
 epidemic of yellow fever, called the French, Mal de Siam, (lit. Siam
 Sickness- perhaps like the 20th century Asian Flu). She had lived 60
 summers in two cultures. Her sacred memory evokes the motto of Quebec
 Province, exemplified on it's auto licence plates: Je me souviens, (I
 Remember). Let us remember with pride this bronze-tinted
 Native American as she really was, a beautiful, courageous, faithful,
 well-educated, intelligent (she spoke several languages), living,
 resourceful and humble individual.
 We. Remember!
  An early Native American ancestor, called by Jesuit missionaries "Catherine, the beloved child of God (Annennontak) a Huron girl," was a descendant of the Huron Nation. The Christian names of Catherine?s parents were Nicolas Arendanki, meaning "He who comes from beyond Arenda," and Jeanne Otrihondi. In 1649, the Huron Nation was almost anihilated by the Iroquois and Catherine's father was killed. Catherine, a new-born infant, and her mother took refuge with surviving Jesuit missionaries. When her mother died, Catherine, age 5, was taken by the Jesuits to Quebec, where she became a protege of Madame de la Peltrie, the founder of the Ursulines in Quebec, and the ward of Venerable Mere Marie de L?Incarnation at the convent. Catherine was called "Catherine, the little creature of God" when she married first to a French settler, Jean Durand. She signed her marriage contract as "Catherine, Huron." After the death of Durand, Catherine, "the beloved child of God," entered into a contract of marriage on June 28, 1672 to Jacques Couturier, son of deceased Jean Couturier and Marie Aumont, a native of the parish of St. Martin de Queneville in Caen, Normandy, France.
  Jean Durand was born in 1640, the son of Louis and Madeleine Malvand at Doeuil-sur-le- Mignon, St. Onge, France. The contract he signed to come to Canada to serve as a colonist for three years, states he was about 20 years old. He was to receive passage to and from Canada, board and room and 75 livres per year, payable at the end of each year.
  He sailed from LaRochelle on "Les Armes d Amsterdam" at the beginning of April, 1660 and arrived at Quebec the latter part of May. The three years of service was with Charles Gautier. His life, like all colonists during that period, was quite varied-- farming, fishing, lumbering, etc. It also included serving in the Militia, because during that time all colonists lived in constant fear of the Iroqouis indians. In fact, Pierre Pinelle, his close friend and neighbor at Cap-Rouge, was murdered by them. The gun was a necessary adjunct to the plow.
  It was during this period that the King of France decided to send young girls to Canada to become the wives of the colonists. They were called the "King's Daughters". On October 3, 1661, Jean Durand was engaged to one of these, Marie Fayette. They were to be married at a later date so we nearly had a King's daughter for an ancestor, however, before the wedding date arrived, they changed their minds, cancelled their engagement on January 12, 1662, and on her third engagement she married Nicholas Huot on July 24, 1662.
  The next girl to capture Jean's heart was a young indian maiden who had been a refugee from the massacre of the Huron Missions by the Iroquois in 1648. This mission is known as Martyr's Shrine at Midland, Ontario. Her parents, Nicolas Arendanki and Jeanne Otri-ho-Andet lived at the parish mission of La Conception. Nicolas was one of the first Indian Chiefs to embrace the Christian religion and was well known to the missionaries Brebeuf Lalemant and Isaac Jogues and others who were martyred during the massacre. Nicolas was among the missing and no doubt suffered martyrdom like many others on that fateful day.
  Jeanne, who had given birth to Catherine in 1648, was left destitute without any means of support. She, along with many others under the care of Father Chaumonot, fled to the Petun Indian Country, who were friends of the Hurons. This is described in great detail in the Jesuit Relations. The refugees that survived the hardships and starvation lived in exile until June 10, 1650, when some 300 christian hurons, with the help of the surviving missionaries and french soldiers, embarked in canoes for their long voyage to the Isle of Orleans. Those that survived the shipwrecks, hardships and accidents on the way arrived at the Isle of Orleans on July 23, 1650.
  Catherine and her mother, who were among the survivors, were in poor health. During the summer of 1654, she was placed in the Ursuline convent of Quebec. Catherine remained under the tutelage of the nuns where she was taught not only the french language but also the french way of life. It was an objective of the Ursulines, the Jesuits, the Intendant, including the King, to educate the young indian maidens to eventually become suitable wives to the french colonists. Laval, the first bishop of Canada arrived june 16, 1659, and about two months later administered the sacrament of confirmation to a good number of young girls, french as well as indian. Catherine was among this group. The records show "confirmed at the Ursuline convent August 10, 1659 Catherine, Huron, age 10." It was only 3 years later, September 29, 1662, that Catherine and Jean Durand signed a contract to be married. The contract reads as follows:
  "In the presence of Guillaume Andouart, secretary to the Administrative council, established at Quebec, by the King, notary in New France and the undersigned witnesses, here present Jean Durand dit Lafortune, son of Louis Durand and Madeleine Malvande, his father and mother from the burg of Deuil near the village of St Jean d'Angely in the Xaintonges, party of the first part, and Catherine Huronne.... party of the second part, both in the presence of their relatives and friends here named, Charles Gautier, Lord of Bois Verdun, Denis Duquet, a resident of Quebec, Jean Guyon, Pierre Pinel, Jean Drouart on behalf of the first part. Martin Boutet, representing and taking place of the father of the said Catherine Huronne, Dame Magdeleine de Chauvigny, widow of the late Charles de Gruel, while living the Baron of Pelletierie, Miss Thienette Deslprey, widow of the late Guillaume Guilmot, Esq., Lord Duplessis de Querbodo, Laurent Dubocq resident of this country have recognized and !
 witnessed..............
  Three days later, September 26, they exchanged their marraige vows in the parish church of Quebec, known today as the Basilica. The authentic copy of this document reads as follows:
  In the year of our lord, one thousand six hundred and sixty two on the 26th day of September after engagement and publication of one bann (having given dispensation for the other two) read at mass the 24th of September and discovering no legitimate obstacle, I, Henri de Bernieres, priest of this parish, having questioned Jean Durand, son of Louis Durand and Madeleine Malvande, father and mother, from the parish of Doeuil, vicarage of Xaintes in Xaintonge, party of the first part, and Catherine Annenontak, Huron daughter of Nicolas Arendanki and Jeanne Otre-ho-Andet, father and mother, from the town of St. Madeleine in the Conception parish, in the land of the Hurons, party of the second part, and having received their mutual consent, I solemnly joined them in marriage and gave them the marriage blessing, in the presence of witnesses: Rev. Fathers' Lalemant, Superior, and Francois LeMercier of the company of Jesus Martin Boutet known as St Martin, Mr Jean Madry, etc. Signe!
 d H. de Bernieres

b. Note:   Catherine Annenontak was born in 1649. A tiny, bronze-tinted baby girl was born in a bark covered long house of the Hurons at Georgian Bay, near Lake Huron. The French missionary, Chaumonot, baptized her with the name of Caterine Annannontok, and affectionately dubbed her Belle Fleur de Bois, (beautiful flower of the woods). Her father, Nicolas Arendanke, was one of three principal chiefs of the Bear Clan. Both he and his wife, Jeanne Otrihoandet, were baptized by the black-robed Jesuits who came among their native peoples some years before. "Katerie," strapped securely in her colourful, beaded cradle-board on her mother's strong back looked like a tine sepia-toned doll with raven-black hair, bright obsidian eyes, a pug nose, and a little mouth constantly moving. Originally, there were approximately 25,000-30,000 Hurons living peacefully in an area, roughly 40 by 20 miles, called "Huronia". Since the coming of the white man in the early 1600s, many of the Hurons perished from starvation and the white man's diseases. A far greater disaster struck in March 1649, when thousands of ferocious Iroquois from the Hudson River Valley attacked and practically annihilated the entire Huron Nation, including the five North American Martyrs. Only about 300 Hurons, mostly women, children, the infirm and the elderly escaped to nearby St. Joseph's Island. One of the survivors, carried to safety by her loving mother was Catherine. Sadly, her chieftain father was tortured and/or killed outright by the Iroquois on March 17th, 1649, while defending his people. After three months of hiding and recuperating from wounds and sickness, the surviving band of Hurons made a desperate dash for freedom by paddling their birch-bark canoes through hostile territory. Their perilous 1,500 mile escape route took them from Georgian Bay on Lake Huron, along the French River, across Lake Nipissing, down the Ottowa River, along the mighty St. Lawrence, past the Lachine Rapids to Montreal Island, finally arriving at the Fortress City of Quebec. They arrived on July 28, 1649, six weeks after their journey began. Kateri, her mother, and the other survivors of the Great Massacre were settled on the nearby Ile d' Orléans. On July 21st, 1654, Catherines's heroic mother was suddenly cut down by fever, leaving her five year old, an orphan. The little Indian Princess was then bought to the Ursuline convent in Quebec City where she was raised and educated by the Catholic nuns there. She was so beloved by them, that they called her, la petite créature de Dieu, (little creature of God) On Sept. 23rd, 1662, the Belle Fleur de Boise contracted to marry Jean Durand, dit LaFortune, a soldier of the famous Carignan regiment. He was previously engaged to a fickle Parisienne who broke her promise to him and to a subsequent suitor before finally marrying her third choice. The soldier and princess wed at Quebec City on Sept. 26th, 1662 in the presence of many officials and friends. Jean signed his name "J.Durand," while 14 yearr-old Kateri, signed her name "Catherine Huron." During their nine years of happy marriage, they were blessed with three children; Marie, Ignace and Louis. Both sons and the husband of Marie (Mathurine Cadot), became adventurous voyageurs, (canoe-men), who engaged in the lucrative fur trade between Montreal and the Great Lakes and the Pays d'en haut, (high country, the west). Early in 1672, Kateri received a terrible shock. Her husband Jean died suddenly at the premature age of 35 years. Whether by accident, disease or tomahawk, Jean Durand left the "Creature of God" a young widow with three small children. The oldest was five years old, ironically, the same age at which Kateri had become orphaned. During those dangerous and hard times, it was necessary to forego the usual mourning period, so Catherine chose, from several suitors, Jacques Couturier, a 26 year-old Norman French bachelor as her second husband. The nuptials were at Quebec City on June 26th, 1672. To this union there were six enfants du deuxieme lit (children of the second bed), namely: Charles, Jacques, (died in infancy), Genevieve, Denis dit Joseph, Jean-Francois, and Catherine (died one month old). Like their step-brothers before them, Charles, Joseph, and Jean-Francois became voyageurs and coureurs de bois (wood runners/rangers). Again, however, Kateri sadly lost her husband, Jacques, prematurely at the age of 31 years. He succumbed to an epidemic of measles and scurvy during the year 1687-1688, in which over 1,400 people perished, nearly one-eighth of the French population. Ten years later Kateri married a third time, on August 26th, 1697, to Jean de Lafond, (1646-1716), widower of Catherine Senecal. He brought into this union three remaining dependent children from the eight begotten from his first wife. His mother was a sister to the first Governor of Three Rivers and the founder of Boucherville. It should be noted that Kateri signed herself, Catherine Durant on the marriage contract and Catherine Annannontak on the civil register. Shortly after this time, her heart was again broken by the loss of two of her sons in the flower of their youth. Ignace Durand died on Nov. 30th, 1697 at the age of 28 years, and Charles Couturier died on April 23rd, 1699, at the age of 26 years. There were no children born to her third and final marriage. A decade passed before the final curtain came down on the life story of the Amerindian Princess. Catherin "Kateri", Annannontak - Belle Fleur de Bois, The Little Creature of God - was taken from life's scene by an epidemic of yellow fever, called the French, Mal de Siam, (lit. Siam Sickness- perhaps like the 20th century Asian Flu). She had lived 60 summers in two cultures. Her sacred memory evokes the motto of Quebec Province, exemplified on it's auto licence plates: Je me souviens, (I Remember). Let us remember with pride this bronze-tinted Native American as she really was, a beautiful, courageous, faithful, well-educated, intelligent (she spoke several languages), living, resourceful and humble individual. We. Remember! An early Native American ancestor, called by Jesuit missionaries "Catherine, the beloved child of God (Annennontak) a Huron girl," was a descendant of the Huron Nation. The Christian names of Catherine s parents were Nicolas Arendanki, meaning "He who comes from beyond Arenda," and Jeanne Otrihondi. In 1649, the Huron Nation was almost anihilated by the Iroquois and Catherine's father was killed. Catherine, a new-born infant, and her mother took refuge with surviving Jesuit missionaries. When her mother died, Catherine, age 5, was taken by the Jesuits to Quebec, where she became a protege of Madame de la Peltrie, the founder of the Ursulines in Quebec, and the ward of Venerable Mere Marie de L Incarnation at the convent. Catherine was called "Catherine, the little creature of God" when she married first to a French settler, Jean Durand. She signed her marriage contract as "Catherine, Huron." After the death of Durand, Catherine, "the beloved child of God," entered into a contract of marriage on June 28, 1672 to Jacques Couturier, son of deceased Jean Couturier and Marie Aumont, a native of the parish of St. Martin de Queneville in Caen, Normandy, France. Jean Durand was born in 1640, the son of Louis and Madeleine Malvand at Doeuil-sur-le- Mignon, St. Onge, France. The contract he signed to come to Canada to serve as a colonist for three years, states he was about 20 years old. He was to receive passage to and from Canada, board and room and 75 livres per year, payable at the end of each year. He sailed from LaRochelle on "Les Armes d Amsterdam" at the beginning of April, 1660 and arrived at Quebec the latter part of May. The three years of service was with Charles Gautier. His life, like all colonists during that period, was quite varied-- farming, fishing, lumbering, etc. It also included serving in the Militia, because during that time all colonists lived in constant fear of the Iroqouis indians. In fact, Pierre Pinelle, his close friend and neighbor at Cap-Rouge, was murdered by them. The gun was a necessary adjunct to the plow. It was during this period that the King of France decided to send young girls to Canada to become the wives of the colonists. They were called the "King's Daughters". On October 3, 1661, Jean Durand was engaged to one of these, Marie Fayette. They were to be married at a later date so we nearly had a King's daughter for an ancestor, however, before the wedding date arrived, they changed their minds, cancelled their engagement on January 12, 1662, and on her third engagement she married Nicholas Huot on July 24, 1662. The next girl to capture Jean's heart was a young indian maiden who had been a refugee from the massacre of the Huron Missions by the Iroquois in 1648. This mission is known as Martyr's Shrine at Midland, Ontario. Her parents, Nicolas Arendanki and Jeanne Otri-ho-Andet lived at the parish mission of La Conception. Nicolas was one of the first Indian Chiefs to embrace the Christian religion and was well known to the missionaries Brebeuf Lalemant and Isaac Jogues and others who were martyred during the massacre. Nicolas was among the missing and no doubt suffered martyrdom like many others on that fateful day. Jeanne, who had given birth to Catherine in 1648, was left destitute without any means of support. She, along with many others under the care of Father Chaumonot, fled to the Petun Indian Country, who were friends of the Hurons. This is described in great detail in the Jesuit Relations. The refugees that survived the hardships and starvation lived in exile until June 10, 1650, when some 300 christian hurons, with the help of the surviving missionaries and french soldiers, embarked in canoes for their long voyage to the Isle of Orleans. Those that survived the shipwrecks, hardships and accidents on the way arrived at the Isle of Orleans on July 23, 1650. Catherine and her mother, who were among the survivors, were in poor health. During the summer of 1654, she was placed in the Ursuline convent of Quebec. Catherine remained under the tutelage of the nuns where she was taught not only the french language but also the french way of life. It was an objective of the Ursulines, the Jesuits, the Intendant, including the King, to educate the young indian maidens to eventually become suitable wives to the french colonists. Laval, the first bishop of Canada arrived june 16, 1659, and about two months later administered the sacrament of confirmation to a good number of young girls, french as well as indian. Catherine was among this group. The records show "confirmed at the Ursuline convent August 10, 1659 Catherine, Huron, age 10." It was only 3 years later, September 29, 1662, that Catherine and Jean Durand signed a contract to be married. The contract reads as follows: "In the presence of Guillaume Andouart, secretary to the Administrative council, established at Quebec, by the King, notary in New France and the undersigned witnesses, here present Jean Durand dit Lafortune, son of Louis Durand and Madeleine Malvande, his father and mother from the burg of Deuil near the village of St Jean d'Angely in the Xaintonges, party of the first part, and Catherine Huronne.... party of the second part, both in the presence of their relatives and friends here named, Charles Gautier, Lord of Bois Verdun, Denis Duquet, a resident of Quebec, Jean Guyon, Pierre Pinel, Jean Drouart on behalf of the first part. Martin Boutet, representing and taking place of the father of the said Catherine Huronne, Dame Magdeleine de Chauvigny, widow of the late Charles de Gruel, while living the Baron of Pelletierie, Miss Thienette Deslprey, widow of the late Guillaume Guilmot, Esq., Lord Duplessis de Querbodo, Laurent Dubocq resident of this country have recognized and ! witnessed.............. Three days later, September 26, they exchanged their marraige vows in the parish church of Quebec, known today as the Basilica. The authentic copy of this document reads as follows: In the year of our lord, one thousand six hundred and sixty two on the 26th day of September after engagement and publication of one bann (having given dispensation for the other two) read at mass the 24th of September and discovering no legitimate obstacle, I, Henri de Bernieres, priest of this parish, having questioned Jean Durand, son of Louis Durand and Madeleine Malvande, father and mother, from the parish of Doeuil, vicarage of Xaintes in Xaintonge, party of the first part, and Catherine Annenontak, Huron daughter of Nicolas Arendanki and Jeanne Otre-ho-Andet, father and mother, from the town of St. Madeleine in the Conception parish, in the land of the Hurons, party of the second part, and having received their mutual consent, I solemnly joined them in marriage and gave them the marriage blessing, in the presence of witnesses: Rev. Fathers' Lalemant, Superior, and Francois LeMercier of the company of Jesus Martin Boutet known as St Martin, Mr Jean Madry, etc. Signe! d H. de Bernieres


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