Daniel Criscow: Birth: Abt 1783. Death: wft est 1817-1878
Jacob A. Criscow: Birth: Abt 1793. Death: wft est 1841-1885
Sarah S. Criscow: Birth: Abt 1795. Death: wft est 1796-1889
Note: (1). A Revolutionary War Soldier by the name of, Corporal George Wilham (William) Grisgraw also spelled, Grisgaw, who inlisted and served with the South Carolina Third Regiment commanded by Colonel William Thompson and in Captain Felix Worley's Company in 1779, pay 7. 30 Dolls per month.
(2). Later I found this same name George Wilham Grisgaw when searching Mecklenburg County, NC, county will files. George Wilham Grisgaw signed the will of Michael Klein (Cline) as a witness in January 1783.
(3). George William Grisgaw sold property in Montgomery County, NC on Big Bear Creek to Absolom Harod Herwood (100 acres for 50 pounds) From book, "Montgomery County, NC Earliest Extant Deeds 1774-1842.
(4). George William Criskow, (Griskow) sold property to, Absolom Harod Herwood, January 2, 1793, Montgomery City. (This entry from another document of Montgomery County, NC). Notice the different spelling of surname from another entry as in (3) above.
(5). William Crisco paid $4.00 to N.C. Treasury Office for 40 acres of land in Montgomery County, NC, Cert. #8213 ENTERED 4-19-1819. ISSUED 12-15-1821.
PLEASE NOTE! Notice the spelling of this individual, (1). Corporal George Wilham (William) Grisgraw, (2). George Wilham Grisgaw, (3). George William Grisgaw, (4). George William Criskow, (5). William Crisco. This changing of the name is from a period of 40 years, (1779-April 19, 1819) These records were transcribed by, Betsy Pittman of Stanley and Montgomery Counties, NC.
THE EARLY BEGINNING
The earliest found records was an Elizabeth Cresco from East Barning, Kent, England who on October 18, 1629 was getting married to a Robert Thrush. We then have, James Crescoe who was transported to Maryland in the year of 1663. This man landed in the Annapolis, Maryland Area and the consensus from records is he came from somewhere in the United Kingdom. It is understood that these people were given their transportation to Maryland in return for some period of time in which they worked without pay to pay their transportation. This right of Mr. James Crescoe to his labor may have been given to someone else.
Turning to the 1790 United States Census, early Crisco family members, regardless of different spellings, are located. In that census for Salisbury District, Mecklenburg County, NC page 161, there is a William Crisco with the following listing:
1 free white male of 16 years and upward including head of household. 3 free white males under 16 years. 3 free white females including head of household.
Also there is a listing for a John Cresco in the 1790 Census of North Carolina but a copy of that is not available for this entry. As the two were of North Carolina, it would seem reasonable the two could be progenitors of the North Carolina family.
In the 1800 Mecklenburg County, NC Census:
Criscow, George (#1)
1 Male, age 26 - 45 1 female, age 26-45 4 males under 5 years 2 males of 10 years and under 16 years. 1 female under 5 years.
In the 1810 Montgomery County, NC Census
William Criscow (#2) 1 Male, age 16 and under 26 years. 1 female age of 16 and under 26 years.
George Criscow (#3)
1 male, age of 45 years and upwards. 1 female, age of 45 years and upwards. 2 males, age 16 and under.
John Criscow (#4)
1 male, age of 45 years and upwards. 1 female, age of 26 years, under 45. 1 male, age 10 years, under 16. 2 males, age 16 years, under 26
In the 1820 Guilford County, NC Census
George Chrisco (#5)
1 male, age 26 and under 45 years. 1 female, age of 26 and under 45 years. 3 males age of 10 and under. 1 female, age 10 and under.
In the 1830 Montgomery County, NC Censue
Jacob Crisco (#6) 1 male, age of 30 years and under 40. 1 female, age of 30 years and under 40. 2 male, age of under 5 years. 1 male, age of 5 years and under 10. 2 females, age of under 5 years. 1 female, age of 5 years and under 10.
Lewis Crisco (#7)
1 male, age of 30 years and under 40. 1 female, age of 30 years and under 40. 1 male, age of under 5 years. 1 male, age of 5 years and under 10. 2 females, age of under 10. 1 female, age of 60 years and under 70.
1830 Montgomery County NC Census
William Criscow (#8)
1 male, age 40 and under 50 1 female, age 40 and under 50 2 males, under 5 2 males, age 5 and under 10 1 female, under 5 3 females, age 10 and under 15.
In the 1830 Randolph County, NC Census
Coonrod Crisco (#9)
1 male, age of 30 years and under 40. 1 female, age of 30 years and under 40. 1 male, age of under 5 years. 2 males, age of 5 years and under 10. 2 Males, age 10 under 15 1 female, age under 5 years. 1 female, age 5 years and under 10.
In the 1840 Burke County, NC Census
Jacob Criscow (#10) 1 male, age of 40 years and under 50. 1 female, age of 40 years and under 50. I male, age of under 5 years. 2 males, age of 10 years and under 15. 1 male, age of 20 years and under 30. 1 female, age of under 5 years. 1 female, age of 10 years under 15. 2 females, age of 15 years and under 20. 1 female, age of 20 years and under 30.
In the 1840 Montgomery County, NC Census
William Crisco, Sr. (#11)
1 male, age of 50 years and under 60 1 female, age of 50 years and under 60. 1 male, age of under 5 years. 2 males, age of 5 years and under 10. 1 male, age of 10 years and under 15. 2 males, age of 15 years and under 20. 1 female, age of under 5 years. 1 female, age of 5 years and under 10 1 female, age of 10 years and under 15. 1 female, age of 15 years and under 20
In the 1840 Randolph County, NC Census
Lewis Crisco (#12)
1 male, age of 40 years - not over 50. 1 female, age of 30 - not over 40. 2 males, age of under 5 years. 1 male, age of 20 years - not over 30. 2 females age of under 5 years. 1 female, age 5 not over 10 2 females, age 10, not over 15 1 female, age 60, not over 70
William Crisco (#13)
2 males, age 20 not over 30. 1 female, age 60 not over 70.
Coonrod Crisco (#14)
1 male, age 50 not over 60. 1 female, age 10 not over 15. 2 males, age 10 not over 15. 1 male, age 15 not over 20
George Crisco (#15)
1 male, age 40 not over 50. 1 female, age 40 not over 50. 1 male, under 5 1 male, age 5 not over 10. 2 males, age 10 not over 15. 1 female, age 5 not over 10. 2 females, age 15 not over 20.
James. Crisco (#16)
1 Male, age 20 not over 30. 1 female, age 20 not over 30.
John Crisco (#17)
1 male, age 20 not over 30. 1 female, age 30 not over 40. 1 female, age 5 not over 10. 1 female, age 10 not over 15.
In'the 1840 Bedford County, TN Census
Daniel Chrisco (#18)
1 male, age 20 not over 30. 1 female, age of 40 years - not over 50. 1 male, age 10 not over 15. 1 female, age 15 not over 20.
1 Male, age of 20 years - not over 30. 1 female, age of 15 years - not over 20.
The documentry for the preceeding census may be found in the section that preceeds the family of William L. Crisco, Sr. and his wife, Nancy (__________) Crisco. All are given in the charts with large numbering from #2. thru #9 and covers the 1800 thru 1840 census. The other numbering #1 thru #19 is not a part of the census records but placed there for easier reference. The head of households are listed according to the given numbers to arrange their approximate date of birth and placing them into generation groups.
The head of households:
#1 1800 Mecklenburg County, North Carolina, George Criscow born after 1755 and before 1774.
#2 1810 Montgomery County, North Carolina, William Crisco born after 1784 and before 1794.
#3 1810 Montgomery County, North Caroiina, George Criscow born before 1765.
#4. 1810 Montgomery County, North Carolina, John Criscow born before 1765.
#5. 1820 Guilford County, North Carolina, George Chrisco born after 1775 and before 1794.
#6 1830 Montgomery County, North Carolina, Jacob Crisco born after 1790 and before 1800.
#7 1830 Montgomery County, North Carolina, Louis Crisco born after 1790 and before 1800.
#8 1830 Montgomery County, North Carolina, William Criscow born after 1780 and before 1790.
#9 1830 Randolph County, North Carolina, Coonrod Crisco born after 1790 and before 1800.
#10 1840 Burke County, North Carolina, Jacob Criscow born after 1790 ani before 1800.
#11 1840 Montgomery County, North Carolina, William Crisco born after 1780 and before 1790.
#12 1840 Randolph County, North Carolina, Lewis Crisco born after 1790 and before 1800.
#13 1840: Randolph County, North Carolina, William Crisco born after 1810 and before 1820.
#14 1840 Randolph County, North Carolina, Coonrod Crisco born after 1780 and before 1790.
#15 1840 Randolph County, North Carolina, George Crisco born after 1800 and before 1810.
#16 1840 Randolph County, North Carolina, James Crisco born after 1810 and before 1820.
#17 1840 Randolph County, North Carolina, John Crisco born after 1810 and before 1820.
#18 1840C Bedford County, Tennessee, Daniel Chrisco born after 1780 and before 1790.
#19 1840 Bedford County, Tennessee, Washington Chrisco born after 1810 and before 1820.
In an effort to group the early Criscos according to first, second and third generations they are placed according to age. The #1 George and #3 George are the same person and born ca 1755 thru 1765. In 1800 he was in Mecklenburg County, North Carolina and in 1810 was residing in Montgomery County.
The #5 George is not the same as #1 George and #3 George due to age. However, #5 George and #15 George appear to be the same person and probably the son of the older #1 George.
The #4 John Criscow born ca 1765 and probably a brother to #1 George Criscow. The two must be the two brothers which deserted the British Army if such is true. Number 4 John Criscow seemed to disappear from records very soon after 1810. In 1810 he showed having three Sons at home and appeared to be much older than his wife. This #4 John Chrisco and #1 George Chrisco must be considered the progenitors of the family and the first generation in North Carolina, along with the William Cresco given in the 1790 Census. The above #4 John Criscow could be the same John Cresco mentioned in the 1790 Census. Then there would appear to be three progenitors of the North Carolina Crisco families whatever the spelling.
The #2 William Crisco, #8 William Criscow and #11 William are the same person- William L. Crisco, Sr. who appeared in Montgomery County and when Stanly County was form in 1841, he was found in the new county. A report of his family is given under William L. Crisco, Sr. and wife, Nancy (__________) Crisco in this family history.
The #6 Jacob Crisco and the #10 Jacob Criscow is the same person. he appeared in Montgomery County, in 1830 and in 1840 was in Burke County, North Carolina. It is believed because Jacob was in Burke County and only Crisco family in Burke County at the 1840 time period, that Jacob Crisco could be the father of John Crisco who married Sarah Ellen Copeland, and had a daughter, Mary Polly Chrisco born 3 June 1841 in Burke County, North Carolina. She married Francis Newton Copeland. John Crisco and his wife, Sarah Ellen Copeland settled in Shannon County, Missouri and established the Chrisco Cemetery in that county. See more details under the Jacob Crisco family section.
The #7 Louis Crisco and #12 Lewis Crisco are the same person with a change of spelling of given name. He was in Montgomery County, North Carolina in 1830 and in 1840 appeared in Randolph County. Believed to have married Nancy Asbill, rather than her marrying a John Cresco as given in the Asbill History. When studying the 1850 and 1860 Randolph County, North Carolina history in conjunction with the Asbill history, the Lewis Crisco and Nancy Asbill connection can better be seen. See the Lewis Crisco section.
The #9 Coonrod Crisco and the #14 Coonrod Crisco are the same person appearing in 1830 and in 1840 in Randolph County, North Carolina. A fuller discussion of his family found in the family of Coonrod Crisco section.
The #13 William Crisco proved to be (by legal records) son of William L. Crisco, Sr. and wife Nancy. See his write-up in the William L. Crisco, Sr. section as William L. Crisco, Jr.
The #16 James Crisco is to young to be in the second generation.
The #17 John Crisco is to young to be listed in the second generation.
The above three are not listed in the second generation and the names of their fathers not known but they were fathered by second generation of fathers. Thus the three became third generation to North Carolina.
The #18 Daniel "Dan" Chrisco, the progenitor of the Bedford County, Tennessee Chriscos, is named with the North Carolina group because it is a proven fact that Daniel "Dan" Crisco was born in North Carolina, his father's name not known but he and Sophia Ingle were married on the 22nd. day of May 1811, in Orange County, North Carolina. His age bracket places him in the second generation of the North Carolina family. His family is entitle to a space in the North Carolina Crisco history.
The #19 Washington Chrisco is a son of the above Daniel "Dan' Crisco and Sophia Ingle. His full name is George Washington Crisco, a third generation, and born and married in Tennessee. Then migrating to Arkansas. See the Daniel "Dan" Crisco section which is mostly spelled Chrisco.
THE SECOND GROUPING
In the 1800 Census of Mecklenburg County, North Carolina, the George Criscow had a total of six sons reported and one daughter. Daughters are difficult to use in tracing families. By 1810 the same George Criscow had a report of two sons and no daughter reported. In 1820 Guilford County, North Carolina Census there was George Chrisco which reported five sons but due to his age bracket he is a different George. The younger George could be a son of the older George or of the older John.
In the 1810 Census of Montgomery County, North Carolina, there was an older John Chrisco which reported three males or sons. Each of the Sons were of older age, in otherwords John Chrisco had no real small children at home in 1810. The William Cresco of the 1790 Census reported a total. of three males or sons and these could be second generation sons but nothing in the 1800 thru 1840 Census indicates a William Cresco nor anyone else by Cresco.
Without having the name of Cresco in the of North Carolina Census, the names included in 1800 thrugh 1840 Census those census are used.
It has now been determined that the older George Criscow had a total of six sons and the older John Criscow had three sons. The nine males form the second generation of the Crisco family in North Carolina to begat the third generation. The second generation are given by name and approximate time of birth as follows:
1. William Crisco, Sr 1780-1794 2 .George Chrisco 1775-1794 3. Jacob Crisco 1790-1800 4. Louis Crisco 1790-1800 5. Coonrod Crisco 1790-1800 6. George Crisco~ 1790-1800 7. Daniel Crisco 1790-1800 8. Eighth 'son not ascertained 9. Ninth son not ascertained
The second generation of Sons are are now given by name and how many sons each have based solely on the 1800-1840 Census, not family records:
1. William Crisco, Sr sons 6 2. George Chrisco sons5 3. Jacob Crisco sons 4 4. Louis Crisco sons 5 5. Coonrod Crisco sons 5 6. George Crisco sons 4 7. Daniel Crisco sons 2
The two sons not ascertained have no information pertaining to their total number of sons. The above listing of the second generation have fathered a total of 31 sons based on the census used. When looking into the 1850 and 1860 Federal Census for North Carolina, some of the second generation sons are still living, and have produced sons and daughter since the year of 1840. Checking available records and the the 1850 and 1860 Census, the names of thirty seven, third generation, Sons begat by the second generation can be found. The following names some of the third generation and their approximate years of birth.
SOME OF THE THIRD GENERATION
1. William L. Crisco, Jr 1820 2. George William Criscoe 1821 3. Evan Alexander Crisco 1823 4. Shelby S. Crisco 1825 5. John Crisco 1829 6. Alfred W. Crisco 1834-35 7. David S. Crisco 1839 8. John Chrisco 1819 9. James Crisco 1810-1820 10.John Crisco 1810-1820 11.George Crisco 1800-1810 12.Barnabus Chrisco 1825 13.Lindsay Chrisco 1839 14.Arron Criscoe 1840 15.Daniel Criscoe 1843 16.George Criscoe 1845 17.Wright D. Chrisco 1843 18.Hardy Chrisco 1845 19.Jacob Chrisco 1823 20.Stephen Criscoe 1820 21.William Crisco 1827 22.Enoch Crisco 1827 23.George Crisco 1831 24.John Crisco 1840 25.Jepe Crisco 1849 26.Conrod Criscoe 1830 27.Jacob Criscoe 1836 28.William Chrisco 1815 29.George Washington Crisco 1823 30.Turner Chrisco 1816 31.Noah Criscoe 1828 32.David Crisco 1827 33.William Chrisco 1826 34.Barnabas Criscoe 1828 35.John Criscoe 1823 36.Jacob Criscoe 1822 37.John Chrisco 1830 38."Big" John Crisco 1817
The above report is abstracts from 1850-1860 NC Census, family records and some legal records and may not be 100 percent correct. What ever the variant spelling. Beginning with this generation, many of them have migrated to other states.
"TRACING THE FAMILY NAMES"
When entering into family history research, quickly it is found that the family name has varied in spelling through the process of time. Often when a person removes from Europe to America, the surname may go through a change if only by an alphabetical letter. When the change comes from Europe to America we call it, "Americanizing the name". After years in America, a family name may undergo a change with intent to do so but yet, there are those who drift into it.
The name first appeared in East Barnham, Kent, England with the marriage of Elizabeth Cresco to Robert Thrust. It next appeared in the 1600s as Cresco and in Maryland. It did so in the first Federal Census of 1790, as there was a John Cresco and a William Cresco in the census, and there was a James Crescoe migrated to America in 1663.
Some of the variant spellings are Cresco, Crescoe, Crisco, Criscoe, Chrisco, Chriscoe and Criscow.
The change of spelling of names may often come about by the census enumerators and persons writing legal papers. The CH may have entered into the name as it appears to have a CH sound in pronunciation.
Sometimes family disputes cause one or more members to change or add a letter to their name. At times it appears families just drift into a change or added letter. Example: When family members came in 1840s to Morgan County, Alabama, the spelling was Crisco and in more modern times, it is Criscoe unanimously. Yet, no one seems to know when the addition came in nor why the change.
The names in written records seem to move back and forth with time. Very early the spelling of Criscow appeared in the U.S. Census. It might be said, its a census enumerator's error. If so why did it appear in other states at later dates by various families. The name spelling of Criscow appeared in two counties of Alabama but not in Marshall and Morgan counties. For years, Crisco was used in Missouri but Chrisco was not used until 1880 Census. Example: Evan Alexander Crisco used the spelling for years, in 1880 Census it was Chrisco and then in his death it was Chrisco. Did he bring the change about or did it drift into the name. Originally it was Crisco. The Chrisco not only appeared in Missouri but other states. It became very numerous in North Carolina even with close kinship.
When pursuing the tracing of family history, it seems the first to be learned, "Two brothers came from Europe to America". Often that is true. In the early days of colonization in America, two men came over together for mutual safety and protection, and often they were brothers. This same idea holds true in the Crisco family. Often the two brothers were in the British Army but at times only one acted alone. Wheather it was one or two acting together, a choice was made to desert the British army and remain in America. In that case, their identy was changed and were on the move very often. Often the spelling of the surname was changed by only one letter which did not effect the pronunciation.
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