Source: Appears as #17 on pg. 21, Levi Temple's Some Temple Pedigrees, 1900.,
Title: Some Temple Pedigrees; Genealogy of the Known desc. of Abraham Temple, who settled Salem, MA in 1636...
Page: #17, pg. 21
Author: Levi Daniel Temple
Publication: Boston, 1900
Note: c. 1713 - Benjamin Temple is born Hopewell Twp, Burlington (later Hunterdon - now Mercer), NJ.
c 1731 - Benjamin (age about 18) comes of age, and most likely (undocumented) serves in local county militia from time to time.
c. 1735 - It is believed that Benjamin Temple (age about 22) married first to a Miss Hart at about this time. While her given name has not yet been determined, it is assumed that she was probably related in some way to neighbor John Hart, a signer of the Declaration of Independence. At least two daughters are thought to have been born to this first marriage. Because they escape all direct mention in later records, it is possible (conjecture) that they may have died young. Research continues.
9 Mar 1735/6 - Benjamin Temple is listed by the Hopewell Town Meeting (along with Roger Woolverton) as "Overseers of Rogers Road." Source: The Town Records of Hopewell, New Jersey (New Jersey Society of the Colonial Dames of America, 1931), pg. 17.
2 Sep 1736 - Benjamin Temple's father, Abraham, makes his last will and testament, naming his tow oldest sons, Abraham and Benjamin as executors.
25 Mar 1737 - Benjmamin Temple acquires a mortgage from the Commissioners of the Loan-Office of the County of Hunterdon for �12 10s, using as collateral "Pieces or Parcells of Land Lying in the Township of Hopewell in the County of Hunterdon afores. bounded as followeth (Viz.) Beginning at a White Oak for a Corner at the Corner of John Hart and toward Harts Land Thence running Northeast Nine Chains Seventy five links to a Stone thence by Land of Abraham Temple Nineteen Chains & thirty eight links to a Red oak for a Corner Thence Two Chains Ninety two links to a hickory tree for a Corenr Thence thirteen Chains ninety two links to the first mentioned Corner Containing Eight Acres and twenty Rod Together with the Buildings & Improvements Thereon made and erected." Benjamin agrees to pay the mortgage in 15 equal payments of �0 15s 7d 1/2d due annually in the 25th of March. The mortgage is signed in Benjamin Temple's own hand and is witnessed by James Neilson and Benjamin's father, Abraham Temeple. Source: Hunterdon County mortages, C,D,E:82.
>>Ed. note: The back side of the mortgage instrutment records Benjamin Temple's annual payments. Benjamin paid off the mortgage 4 years early on 27 Apr 1749.
12 Jun 1744 - (father) Abraham Temple defaults on his mortgage (see Abraham's 30 Apr 1733 entry), and his 100 acre farm (and dwelling) are "Sold at Publick Vendue this Day to Benjamin Temple he being the Highest Bidder and he paid the sum of �11 12s 10p 1/2d being the full of the Within Mortgage & the Cost ___thereof. Source: Hunterdon County mortages, A,B:39.
>>Ed. note: At first reading the above mortgage language would appear to be ambiguous as to whether it refers to lands of his father Abraham, or Benjamin's older brother by the same name. Benjamin's father, Abraham, would live 10 more years until January 1754, and had a farm totaling 244 acres, of which he would will a 100 acre tract each to sons Abraham and Benjamin, with the remaining residue of 44 acres to also be surveyed and equally divided between them. However, the original mortgage was taken out in 1733, a full three years before his last will & testament was actually penned (2 Sep 1736), at which time (father) Abraham would will to (son) Abraham "All my Right & Title unto one hundred acres of land the East end of that Tract where he now Dwelleth to be Surveyed & to his Heirs and Asfigns for Ever." Likewise, he would will to his second born son, Benjamin, the west 100 acre tract, but making no similar mention of a dwelling. All that being said, it would appear that this is the father taking out the mortgage in 1733, since he would not even will the lands to his sons for a another three years. Regardless, in 1744, Benjamin paid off the forfeited mortgage on the only dwelling mentioned, thus presumably gaining title and possession. Albeit with some degree of caution, it might be assumed that father Abraham and brother Abraham continued to live with Benjamin on these lands until their respective deaths in 1754 and 1777. Research continues.
12 Mar 1744/5 - Benjamin Temple (along with Captain David Stout) is elected a Freeholder by the Hopewell Town Meeting. Source: The Town Records of Hopewell, New Jersey (New Jersey Society of the Colonial Dames of America, 1931), pg. 21.
11 Mar 1745/6 - Benjamin Temple (along with Captain David Stout) is again elected a Freeholder by the Hopewell Town Meeting. Source: The Town Records of Hopewell, New Jersey (New Jersey Society of the Colonial Dames of America, 1931), pg. 22.
Mar 1749/50 - Benjamin Temple (along with John Welling) is elected as Surveyor by the Hopewell Town Meeting. Source: The Town Records of Hopewell, New Jersey (New Jersey Society of the Colonial Dames of America, 1931), pg. 24.
c. 1749 - Benjamin (age about 36) marries second to Sarah Moore, daughter of neighbors Nathaniel Moore and Joanna Prudden, among the very first settlers in this section of the township.
15 May 1750 - Benjamin's younger borther, Timothy, makes his last will and testament, naming as executors, brother Benjamin Temple, and also Timothy's brother-in-law, John Hart, who would later become known as a signer of the Declaration of Independence.
1750 - Reflecting his growing prosperity, and to provide additional room for his new wife, Sarah Moore, expectant with child, Benjamin Temple builds a handsome, two 1/2 story brick vernacular farm house in the Georgian architectural style of the day.
>>Ed. note: In her scholarly research report on the Benjamin Temple House, respected Historic Preservation Specialist Heidi E. Harendza notes architectural evidence suggesting that the 2 1/2 story Benjamen Temple house may have in fact been built as a major addition to the much smaller, 1 1/2 story house probably built by his father, Abraham, on the same site. Logically, both structures may have been preceded by a first generation crude log cabin built on the site in about 1706 upon Abraham's arrival in what was then still generally unsettled wilderness. For a superb architectural discussion of the house, see Heidi E. Harendza, "Description and Plan for the Benjamin Temple House" (Jan 2000), pg. 11, manuscript collection, Benjmain Temple House Museum.
>>Ed. note: This handsome colonial period structure still survives today and has been been moved and restored as a museum which now located at 27 Federal City Road at Violet Cox Drive, Ewing, NJ, 08638. Interestingly, as noted elsewhere, Benjamin's great grandfather's house, built by Richard Temple in1671, also still survives today in Concord, Massachusetts as a private residence.
>>Locator note: The Benjamin Temple House (and presumably his father's house) were originally located in the area which is now generally encircled by exit ramp 4-B of I-95. Current SR 31 (old Hopewell & Ewing Turnpike) crosses I-95 north to south at this point, and just south of the site is the SR 31 intersection with Bull Run Road. The left (south) branch of the headwaters of Shabakunk Creek still reaches westward across the lower loops of the highway interchange and would have been the water source for the original Temple farm operations. The exact location of the original site is N40 17.431', W47 47.053', USGS 7.5' Pennington, NJ quad. The house was moved in May 1973 to make way for the construction of I-95 and has since been relocated .95 miles SE to an appropriate setting in a local park, where it has been restored as a museum. The museum is located at 27 Federal City Road, Ewing, NJ 08638.
27 Nov 1750 - (daughter) Joanna Temple is born, Hopewell Twp, Hunterdon (now Mercer), NJ.
c. 1752 - (son) Daniel Temple is born, Hopewell Twp, Hunterdon (now Mercer), NJ.
Jan 1754 (father) Abraham Temple (age 78) dies, Hopewell Twp, Hunterdon (now Mercer, NJ. It is assumed that he may have still been living (conjecture) in his older, original portion of the the house that his son Benjamin had built onto in 1750.
6 Feb 1754 - Benjamin Temple is granted letters testamentary in the adminstration of his father Abraham's estate. Source: Office of Secretary of State, Trenton, NJ, will 357J.
1755 - (daughter) Sarah Temple is born, Hopewell Twp, Hunterdon (now Mercer), NJ.
c. 1760 - (wife) Sarah Moore Temple (age about 32) dies. The date is totally uncertain and could actually range anywhere between 1755 and 1766.
c. 1766 - Benjamin (age 53) marries third to Ruth Rogers Horsful. She was the daughter of Joseph Rogers and Sarah Harrison, devout Quakers of neighboring Burlington County, NJ.
>>Ed. note: Ruth Rogers had married first 12 Jan 1748/49 to John Horsful, who later died 4 Dec 1761 in Upper Freehold Twp, Monmouth, NJ, leaving her a widow. When she married second to Benjamin Temple in 1766, she was immediately disowned by the Chesterfield Monthly Meeting (Quaker) for having married out of her faith (Benjamin had been raised as a Presbyterian). As an additional note of research interest, Ruth Rogers was a descendant of Ruth Bukman (b. 1659) who had sailed to America in November 1682 on the ship "Welcome" with William Penn.
6 Feb 1768 - "Benjn. Temple Esq Recordith A white Ram supposed to be two Years Old he is markt with a Latch Mark on the Right Ear and A half penny on the Under Side of the Near Ear he hath short wool and is Small of his Age." Source: The Town Records of Hopewell, New Jersey (New Jersey Society of the Colonial Dames of America, 1931), pg. 107.
30 Apr 1768 - Benjamin Temple is appointed as a Commissioner of Peace for Hunterdon County. Source: East Jersey Commisions A,B:16.
May 1768 - Benjamin Temple is granted a commision as a Justice of the Supreme Court of Hunterdon County. Source: East Jersey Commisions A,B:22.
May 1769 - Benjamin Temple is again granted a commision as a Justice of the Supreme Court of Hunterdon County. Source: East Jersey Commisions A,B:30.
14 May 1770 - Benjamin Temple is again granted a commision as a Justice of the Supreme Court of Hunterdon County. Source: East Jersey Commisions A,B:65.
7 May 1769 - Benjamin Temple is again granted a commision as a Justice of the Supreme Court of Hunterdon County. Source: East Jersey Commisions A,B:81.
7 Jun 1771 - Benjamin Temple is again appointed as a Commissioner of Peace for Hunterdon County. Source: East Jersey Commisions A,B:89.
1774 - The lands of Benjamin Temple and brother Abraham Temple (as well as neighbor Edward Hunt) are mentioned in the metes & bounds calls in a mortgage deed from Joseph Reed of Maidenhead to William Pidgeon of Burlington. Source: Hunterdon Mortgages 1:186, as also cited in Phyllis B. D'Autrechy, Index of Persons, Places and Subjects Volume 1 of Mortgages of Hunterdon County 1766-1793 (Hunterdon County Cultural and Heritage Commission 1990-1991)
11 Oct 1775 - "On the 11th inst. died at Hopewell, aged 20 years, Miss Sally Temple, daughter of Benjamin Temple, Esq., of Hunterdon county, New-Jersey, and on the 13th here remains were interred in the old Presbyterian burying ground, near Trenton..." Source: Dunlop's Penn'a Packet of July 24, 1775, as quoted by Heidi E. Harendza, Description and Plan for the Benjamin Temple House... (Jan 2000), manuscript collection, Benjamin Temple House Museum.
26 Dec 1776 - Benjamin Temple, an ardent supporter of the Revolution, "may" have either fought or played some informal logistical support role in the Battles of Trenton. While no direct documentation has yet been found (such as inclusion in a militia muster role), it is known that he had a saddle bag, gun, and bayonet in his property when it was inventoried after his death in 1777. Were these apparent military (based on bayonet) items part and parcel of his militia call-out kit, or were they simply spoils found on the battlefield? Their combined total appraised value of only �2 17s 6d suggests that they were not new or in pristine condition. Also see the 1 Jul 1780 entry regarding his 2-horse team being impressed into military service. Regardless, Benjamin's nephews, Daniel, Nathaniel and John, definitely did serve in the 1st Regiment of the Hunterdon County, Militia (See notes under their names for details).
22 Feb 1777 - "Benjamin Temple Esq records one Ram of A White Collar Soposed to be a year old No Ear Mark having Stumped horns" Source: The Town Records of Hopewell, New Jersey (New Jersey Society of the Colonial Dames of America, 1931), pg. 111.
Jul 1777 - Benjmain Temple dies intestate Hopewell Twp, Hunterdon (now Mercer), NJ.
>>Ed. note: Interestingly, Benjmain's brother Abraham, and perhaps even his half-brother, Return, all died at about the same time. While no evidence has yet been found to directly prove it, it begs the question as to whether the three brothers were among the many stricken down by the smallpox pandemic sweeping the army and local citizens in that year.
31 Jul 1777 - The Benjamin Temple estate is inventoried and appraised by James Burroughs and John Welling, Jr. Source: New Jersey Archives, Probate case #1048J.
= = =
"An inventory of the Goods and Chattles belonging to the Estate of Benjamin Temple Esq of Hopewell Deceas'd, Taken this 31 day of July 1777.
�. s d Wearing Apparel 23 7 0 Cash 111 17 0 Bonds; Bills & book Acct. 359 17 0 Clock 17�; Desk 5�; Looking Glass 5� 27 0 0 Pewter 12 Plates 18s; four Platters 16s; two basons & six spoons 6s/6p 2 0 6 Twenty-one plates 1.11.6, three platters & three basons 20s 2 11 6 Pewter teaware 0.7.6, Chany & delfware 2.15.8, silver tea spoons 4s 3 7 2 Broad Cloth 3�, Worsted 12s, ditto 2�, Remnants 7s 6d 5 19 6 Table cloth & napkins 2.4.6; Tea, pepper, alspice & chocolate 14s 3d 2 18 9 Razor's hone & bees-wax 1.5.0, Lintsey cards & wool combs 2.7.0 3 12 0 Hackles, Warming-pans, and Whitening Pots 2.17.6; Candlesticks 1s 2 18 6 Lock & Sheep-Shears 11s 6d; Andirons, Bottles and Sundrys 2.4.6 2 16 0 Case-bottles & Spectacles 1.2.6; Smoothing irons and Sundrys 4s 1 6 6 Looking glass & Dining Table 1.10.0; knives, Forks and Pillowcases 2.5.8 3 15 8 Sheets Table & Chairs 10.9.6; Linning Cloth and Yarn 1�7s 11 16 6 Candlestand and sugar 1� 15s; Saddlebags, Gun & Bayonets 2.17.6 4 12 6 Steelyards & Tea Kettle 2.12.6; Chairs 2� 3s 4 15 6 Bed Coverled, Bed-tick, & blankets 1.7.6 1 7 6 Side Saddle, whip, and Dining-table 2� 5s; Tea table 1� 5s 1 5 0 Chest of Drawers & Looking glass 5�; Bed beding & Sundrys 10� 10s 15 10 0 Pots & brushes 6s; Bed & furniture �13 and Ditto & chest of drawers 8�15s 22 1 0
Chairs Sheets & Sundrys 11� 2s; Looking glass and books 12.1.6 23 3 6 Beds and furniture 11� 4s; Chest of drawers, beds & furniture 11� 10s 22 14 0 Chairs cheese & wool 7.12.6; Side Saddle, Casks & Sundrys 3� 7s 10 19 6 Quilting frames & baskets 12s 6p; Chest of drawers & tables 3� 16s 4 8 6 Spinning wheels Looking glass and Leather 3.1.6 3 1 5 Bed and furniture, Andirons and Sundrys 2� 2 0 0 Dresser, chest and Sundrys 3� 6s 3 6 0 ______________ 690 4 5 (continued --page 2)
Iron potts, brass kettles, and Sundrys 4.5.6 4 5 6 Bake iron, frying-pan, kettle and trammels 2.0.6 2 0 6 Wheat meal, beacon and beef, cheese press and Sundrys 8.16.0 8 16 0 Tubs, Soap. Tar 1.12.0; Venigar and Barrels 15s 2 7 0 Old Cask, Earthenware and Iron kettle 2.3.0; Pails and Ladles 17s 3 0 0 Churns, Tub and fats, 1.1.0; Salts and Tallows 23.13.6 24 14 6 Matheglin, flax and great wheel 3.7.6; Tubs and Sundrys 1.4.6 4 12 0 Bed 5�, Iron & and brass kettles 20s; Waggon & Rideing chair 35.10.0 41 18 0 Waggon, wind-mills and Sundrys 18.15.0; Rideing Slay 3� 21 15 0 Old cask and Ceder Scanthing 2.1.6; Grind-stone & Sundrys 1.8.4 3 9 10 Sythes and Snead 16s; Shovels forks and Sundrys 1.10.0; Sadle 2.10.0 4 16 0 Flax-seed Hogsheads & Sundrys 1.15.0; Crow bar and bees 6.5.0 8 0 6 Twelve Shoats and Sundrys 4.12.6; Horses and meat Cattle 151.2.0 155 14 6 Plows and harrows 4.3.0; Indian corn in the ground 11.12.6 15 15 6 Wheat and Rye in the Stack 78.7.6; Sheep 36.14.8 115 2 2 Hogs 8.15.0; flax on the ground 1. IO.O; Hay and Sundrys 4.5.0 14 10 0 Broke flax 8s; beetles, wedges, and Sundrys 1.4.0 1 12 0 Boot-garters, Table-cloth and Sundrys 11s 3d 0 11 3 Negros 145�; Tongs and two falling axes 17s 145 17 0 ------------------------------
578 17 3 690 4 5 -------------------------------
1269 1 8 John Temple Administor of the within named Benjamin Temple Deceas'd Being duly sworn according to law did declare that this writing contains a true and perfect Inventory of all and Singular the Goods, Chattels, and Credits of the Deceased that has come to his knowledge or Possession or to the Possession of any other Person or Persons for its use. ------------ /s/ John Temple
Sworn Aug 2, 1777 Appraised by us
Before me, /s/ J. Paxton, Sur. /s/ James Burroughs /s/ John Welling, Junr. John Welling Jun, one of the Appraisers of the within Inventory being Duly Sworn According to
Law did depose and Say that the Goods, Chattels and Credits in the said Inventory Set down &
specified were by him Appraised According to their Just & True Respective Rates and Values
after the best of his Judgement & Understanding and that James Burroughs the other Appraiser
whose name is thereto Subscribed was present at the same Time and consented in all Things to
the doing thereof and that they Appraised all Things that were brot to their view for
Sworn Aug 2, 1777 Before me /s/ Jno. Welling junr.
/s/ Jared Paxton, Surrogate at Hopewell
= = =
2 Aug 1777 - John Temple, Nathaniel Temple and John Welling Jr, all of Hopewell Twp, give their bond in the amount of �2,540 pounds, proclamation Money in the matter of the of the administration, inventory, and appraisement of the estate of Benjamin Temple. Source: New Jersey Archives, Probate case #1048J.
>>Ed. note: While of not great importance, they had apparently already performed the inventory and appraisal two days before even being granted letters of administration and bonds to do so.
1778 - Benjamin Temple is listed as paying taxes in Hopewell Twp. Source: Hunterdon County, New Jersey Taxpayers 1778-1797 (T.L.C. Genealogy, Miami Beach, FL, 1990), pg. 175.
>>Ed. note: In that he had died several months before, these taxes may have been paid by his estate. In the alternative, this tax entry may actually be for his nephew, Benjamin, brother of Nathaniel and John (all sons of Benjamin's half-brother Return Temple).
1 July 1780 - Benjamin Temple, "Drew 2 1/2 bushels of corn for 1 two-horse team, private property impressed into service." Source: Wagonmasters-General's Department, "Account of Forage Issued the Private Property Teams Impressed in the Service" 1:72, NJ State Archives
>>Ed. note: The above Revolutionary War entry is ambiguous. Since it is recorded almost exactly three years after Benjamin Temple's death, was the 2-horse team actually impressed from his estate? Or was this entry actually for his nephew, Benjamin, who was one of Nathaniel and John's brothers (sons of Benjamin's half-brother Return Temple)?
>>Notes from other sources: "Benjamin Temple, son of one of the earliest settlers of the Ewing-Hopewell area, was a prosperous landowner, and a brother-in-law of John Hart, signer of the Declaration of Independence. An ardent support of the Revolutionary cause, he fought in the Battler of Trenton along with two of his nephews, John and Nathaniel Temple. Benjamin died in July of 1777." Source: Web site for the Benjamin Temple House & Museum (built 1750), now restored & relocated to Ewing, NJ <http://www.ewingtwp.net/bthouse.html>
>>Ed. note: The nephew mentioned on the Benjamin Temple House web site, Nathaniel Temple, would appear to be "our" Nathaniel who was later commissioned several months after the Battles of Trenton as a 2nd Lt. in the Hunterdon Militia. It is known that (our) Nathaniel Temple and brother John Temple did in fact serve as privates in Captain John Hunt's Company, Isaac Smith's First Regiment of Hunterdon County Militia sometime during the period of mid-June1776 to mid-May 1777 based on an undated muster roll for that militia company. Not mentioned on the Benjamin Temple web site is that Daniel Temple, another nephew of Benjamin's who was the first born of his brother Abraham, also served in the Revolutionary War and reportedly died on a British prison ship on 10 Apr 1781 at the age of 27. It is known the local militia companies assisted Washington when he crossed the Delaware and attacked the Hessian garrison at Trenton on 26 Dec 1776, although various details are still pending research. It is also known that elements of the Hunterdon County Militia assisted Washington during the second Battle of Trenton on 2 Jan 1777, after which Washington then used Trenton as a jumping off point for his advance on Princeton. For extensive notes on the Battles of Trenton in general, and Nathaniel and John's militia service in particular, see the notes section for 2nd Lt. Nathaniel Temple. Probable details of Benjamin Temple's militia service, if in deed he did serve, may be inferred from general notes on nephews Daniel, Nathaniel and John.
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