Title: The Butler Family in America
Title: The Butler Family
Author: Jean Meaney
Publication: 36 Planters Wood Drive, Hilton Head Island SC. 29928
Title: Early TN Settlers, 1700s-1900s. Tombstones and manuscripts.
Title: DAR application of Mary Ormonde Butler, Sept. 8, 1927
Note: Stokely "had" in his possession an original engraved document signed by George Washington in Philadelphia on 27August 1795, a military commission, appointing Thomas Butler Lieutenant Colonel Commandant of the Fourth Sub Legion, accomplished in a secretarial hand, embossed white papered seal, engraved emblematic eagle at top and standards with scattered ordnance at bottom; signature and ink pale, cockled, glazed, and framed. (This is the description from Sotheby's in New York). Stokely had this in a brown paper sack and it was deteriorating very badly. The frame was similar to plaster of paris and it was breaking off. The document was fading. The decision was made to sell it at auction at Sotheby's which was done December, 1999. We did take a photo of it before it was sent to them, but it's not clear at all. Also, it had been folded several times before it was framed and the crease marks were every evident. At the time he sold it, he was not aware of who Thomas Butler was, and his relationship, if any.
Alias:<ALIA> The "Henry of Navarre" of the /Revolution/ Thomas Butler (1745-18 05) was commissioned 1st lieutenant, 1776, in the company of his brother, William, Col. Arthur St. Clair's regiment, receiving his commission as captain in the same year. He was born in Ireland; died in New Orleans, LA. DAR record 74984 "Studied law but enlisted as pvt. when Rev. War began. In almost every action of the Rev. War in the middle states. Commended by Washington at the Battle of Brandywine for his intrepid conduct in rallying retreating troops . In command of a battalion at Battle of Miami when his brother Gen. Richard Butler was killed and was shot off his horse but saved by his brother Edward. Col in regular army in New Orleans. Member of the Order of Cincinnati. Passed to his son, Judge Thomas Butler. Old Families of Louisiana, Butler Family, Page 355 Ormonde Plantation: Place of burial. On June 25, 1805, Col. Richard Butler, son and nephew of American Revolutionary war heroes bought the plantation home and land from Mrs. d'Trepagnier. From First Families of KY Thomas Butler, third son of the emigrant, was a student of law in the office of Judge Wilson,(a signer of the declaration of Independence from Carlisle), when, January 5, 1776, he was commissioned first lieutenant in his brother William' s company, St. Clair's battalion, October 4th of that year, for good conduct, he was promoted to be captain in the Third Pennsylvania. At the battle of Brandywine, Alexander Hamilton, then an aide on the staff of Washington, brought to him, upon the field, the thanks of the commander-in-chief, "for his intrepid conduct in rallying some retreating troops, and checking the enemy by a severe fire; and at Monmouth, General Wayne thanked him for defending a defile, in the face of a severe fire from the enemy, while Colonel Richard Butler's regiment made good its retreat." He remained in the army until the close of the war, taking part in many of the severest of its battles; then became a farmer in Pennsylvania. In 1791, before the outbreak of hostilities with the Indians, he re-entered the army, and led his men to the front; his rank was that of major. At St. Clair's defeat his leg was broken by a ball; but he kept his horse after receiving the wound, and, on horseback, led a charge against the savage warriors. With great difficulty, he was finally removed from the field by Edward, his surviving and youngest brother. In 1794, he was lieutenant-colonel commandant of the Fourth Sub-Legion, at Fort Lafayette, Pittsburg, and, more by the influence of his name, and by his threats, than by the force under his command, prevented the insurgents in Shay's rebellion from seizing that post. Not long after this he was ordered to the South. The State of Georgia claimed to own what was known as the Natchez district, and had enacted a statute for the establishment of a land office therein. Among other large sales of land Georgia had made ?? 3,500,000 acres, embracing the present north of Alabama, to the "Tennessee Company." ?? to own most of this territory, under her treaties with France and Great Britain, and a diplomatic correspondence was in progress between the United States and that power in regard to their respective rights. In the meantime, the Choctaws, Creeks, Cherokees and Chickasaws regarded with jealousy and bitter anger the projected seizure of their domain. The prompt action of Colonel Butler prevented an outbreak by the Indians. Zachariah Coxe had built a boat to transport an armed colony for the seizure of the Muscle Shoals, on the Tennessee river, in behalf of the "Tennessee Company," but Colonel Butler prevented this by issuing an order to his troops at South-West Point to keep a sharp lookout for the boat, and, if necessary, to fire upon and sink it. A complication with Spain was thus avoided. Colonel Thomas Butler was the gallant officer who won the ill-will of General Wilkinson, and was, by that conspirator, hounded. He died a short time later leaving the following instructions in his will: "Bore a hole through the bottom of my coffin, right under my head, and let my queue hang through it, that the damned old rascal will see that, even when dead, I refuse to obey his orders." Butler's burial instructions were followed.
BUTLER, Thomas Birth Date: 174? Birth Place: Pennsylvania, Volume: 23 Page Number: 314 Biographical Info: lt.col. Reference: Historical reg. of officers of the Continental Army. By Francis Bernard Heitman. Washington, DC, 1914. (685p.):138 Volume: 23 Page Number: 315 Reference: Heads of Fams. at the first U.S. census. Pa. By U.S. Bureau of the Census. Washington, 1908. (426p.): 64, 67, 76, 143, 163, 210 Ten "Series" of "Pennsylvnia Archives" have been so far published in from 5 to 31v. Ea. Philadelphia and Harrisburg. 1852- ( We have indexed Series 2, v.2 and v.8 ( early Pa. marriage recds.) And all the v. of SeriesV. Which contain nearly complete Pa. Rev. War recds.)s.2, v.2: 42; Ser.5:2:97, 634, 820, 911-12, 919, 931-2, 934, 940-1, 957-8, 1002, 1006; 4:124, 501; 5:519, 599, 635, 685; 7:291, 293; 5: 615, 627 Gen. Column of the " Boston Transcript". 1906-1941.( The greatest single source of material for gen. Data for the N.E. area and for the period 1600-1800. Completely indexed in the Index.): 30 Jul 1924, 2067
Important Note. Thomas Butler had only one wife Sarah Jane Semple who died in 1797. A woman named Abigail Bane married a Thomas Butler in PA Oct. 16, 1773 but it was a different Thomas Butler. That Thomas Butler died in 1803 and Abigail died in 1807.
Butler, Thomas (Lt. Colonel) 1799 Bell Canton, TN In Reports orders received from Mississippi territorial Governor to arrest Zachariah Cox
Zechariah Coxe made another attempt in 1797 to establish a colony at Mussel shoals, but was prevented by Col. Thomas Butler, commanding United States troops. He next appeared at Natchez, in command of a body of armed men, taking such authority that it was reported he would assume the government of the country on behalf of Georgia. Governor Sargent, soon after his arrival, ordered his arrest. He escaped to the Indian country, and his army returned to the pursuits of civil life.
1797 The following letter from Colonel Thomas Butler to Indian agent Benjamin Hawkins shows not all military leaders favored forcible removal of Indians from their lands:
". . .The Indians are unquestionably the rightful possessors of their lands; they have ever been so, and there is but two ways of ousting them, conquest or compact. . . . I remember your and my being together at Colonel Craig's when he urged the right of intrusion; he said he had lived their ten years, knowing himself to be an intruder, and five years of that time lived in an intrusion castle. I remember that the bare mention of intrusion as a right was new to you and me. . . ."
Source: Collections of the Georgia Historical Society, Vol. IX, Letters of Benjamin Hawkins, 1796-1806 (Savannah: Georgia Historical Society, 1916), p. 221.
Jun 1, 1796 Report Tennessee became a separate state.
Summer 1797 Report Major portion of a large body of Federal soldiers, principally companies of the 4th Regiment of Infantry, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel Thomas S. Butler, arrived in Nashville, then traveled overland to East TN where stationed at Fort Southwest Point (ref).
Aug 8, 1797 Report Colonel Butler's troops mustered at a camp near Knoxvile. Some of the men were left sick at Fort Blount. The muster rolls show that Edward Butler was a Captain in the 4th Regiment of Infantry, mustered August 4, 1797 for the period May 28, 1797 to July 31, 1797 (ref). Feb 14, 1798 Letter Lt. Col. Thomas Butler writing from Knoxville as "commanding in TN". Refers to numerous frauds of William Terrell in obtaining warrants & grants within boundary reserved for officers & soldiers of the NC Continental line. Also other letters re Judge Campbell's complaint and access to lands (ref).
Sep 18, 1798 Letter Zachariah Cox was a leader of a formation of the TN Company which purchased 3 million acres from Georgia (now Alabama) know as "the first Yazoo sale". Pres. Washington opposed and Col Thomas Butler prevented Cox's flotilla from passing down the Nolachucky River from his garrison at Southwest Point (ref).
Oct 2, 1798 History Abs from article written by J. George Morgan entitled, "Putnam County, Its History and Resources" published in the Cookeville Courier in 1890 as referenced by Lewis K. Smith in 1938. States that Col. Thomas Butler signed treaty, who was grandfather of Thos. H. Butler, Sec of State. J. Morgan's first wife was Mary Ann Butler, mother of Daniel Harvey, Mamie and Edgar Morgan (ref). Oct 2, 1798 Treaty Treaty between Cherokee and Col. Thomas Butler & Capt. George Walton. Apr 1799 Arch. Rpt Zacharial Butler listed as a private in Capt. Richard Spark's Company, III Regiment of Infantry, mustered by Liet. Col. Thomas F. Butler at pg. 481. Corp. Page Butler in Capt. Robert Thomson's Company, IV Regiment of Infantry, also musted by Liet. Col. Butler (ref).
May-Oct 1800 Arch. Rpt Corp. Page Butler and Prv. Zachariah Butler in Capt. Peter Grayson's Company, IV Regiment of Infantry (ref).
Feb 5, 1800 Letter Letter from Thomas Butler, Lt. Col. to James McHenry, Sec. of War. It appears that Thomas Butler provided background information and a statement of his understanding of the Tellico Treaty regarding a road call "the South West Point Road." Refers to Judge Walton who apparently also negociated the treat with Butler (ref). Jul 8, 1800 Letter Letter from Colonel Thomas Butler from Knoxville re suspected murder by Cherokee of Mr. Kilpatrick's son and a young man named Kyzer (ref). Nov 6, 1801 Petition Jackson County establish from Smith County.
1802 Tax List of taxable property & polls in Capt Davis's Company for 1802. Taken by James Butler, Esq. Shows James Butler 200 Clinch 1. Fn "One of the first justices of the peace and formely captain, Knox County militia, 1799; probably the James Butler who died 1803, with administration granted to 'Elizabeth Butler widow and relict.' Minutes, March 9, 1802, September 12, 1803; Moore, Commissions, 21." (ref). 1803 Petition Legislative petition to change the county boarder with Smith county. Signed by at least 100 petitioners including William and Welcome Butler. 1803 Tax List James Butler listed in Capt Hay's District (ref).
1803 Book Edward Butler (1763-1803) was a native of Mt. Pleasant, PA; at 15 an ensign in his brother Richard's regiment, 9th PA; Capt. on St. Clair's expedition of 1791, where Richard a major-general was killed; promoted to lieutenant Jan 28, 1779, and adjutant & inspector of Army 1793-4. In 1799 stationed at Tellico Blockhouse under older brother Lt. Col. Thomas. Close friend with Andrew Jackson who took children out of request from widow Isabelle Aug 3, 1803, "You have no doubt heard and felt for the loss myself and little family have sustain'd by the death of the best Husbands and Fathers... I beg your assistance. My dear children wants a guardian and you are their choice." (ref).
Knoxville, 12 April, 1798
Friends and Fellow Citizens:
By late accounts from the delegation of this state, I have received information that the treaty (Sen. ANDREW JACKSON wrote to Gen. JAMES ROBERTSON, January 11, 1798: "Policy dictated to us that the only thing that could strike at the root of opposition, and secure a treaty with the Cherokees. Opposition is on the decline, and I have no doubt but a treaty will be ordered." President Adams appointed commissioners, but spring and summer dragged out and it was October 2, 1798, when a treaty was finally completed at Tellico Block house, signed for the United States by GEORGE WALTON and Col. THOMAS BUTLER.) as I am now informed are now in this state, coming on to this place, and I expect that the Commissioners will arrive in a day or two. By the general government there is a large sum appropriated for the purpose of extinguishing the Indian claim, and I have no doubt but that it will be effected. Thus gentlemen you see the disposition of the government is to relieve your distresses; and, as such is the case, permit me to recommend to you patience and fortitude, hoping, as I do, that a very short period will relieve your sufferings and reinstate you all at your homes and plantations. I sincerely lament your sufferings, and shall always conceive it my duty, and feel a happiness in rendering you every service in my power.
"In the autumn of that year (1803), he was ordered to attend a General Court Martial, convened at Fredericktown, in Maryland, for the trial of Colonel Thomas Butler. The Colonel, it seems, had refused to obey an order of General Wilkinson requiring the hair of the officers and soldiers to be cropped. The old fashion queue, worn in the revolution, was still seen appended to the venerable heads of those gallant men, who yet remained in the service of their country. This instance of disobedience in the brave veteran, although undoubtedly a breach of rigid discipline, could not impeach his character, nor impair his standing. While his defence [defense] was reading and appeals were made to his past services, every eye melted in sympathy and sorrow, or kindled with indignation at what some conceived an arbitrary exertion of authority. The Court, however, sustained the validity of the regulation, and sentenced the Colonel to be reprimanded in general orders."
Col. Thomas Butler Obituary Carlisle Herald Nov. 1, 1805
"Now sleep the brave! who sink to rest With all their country's wishes blest"
Extract of a letter dated Nashville, 25th of Sept. 1805
"I had arrived at the house of the late Colonel Butler, a few days, where his child- ren were enjoying themselves in a very agreeable manner, in the prospect of seeing their only parent in a short time, as it was known that his Trial was over, and that he had been honourably acquitted by the Court Martial. But these pleasing hopes were soon dispelled, when on this morning we received a note from one of his friends in this place, with the melancholy information of his death."
New Orleans, Sept. 10
DIED-On Saturday last, at the farm of Mr. Richard Butler, about 8 leagues a- bove this city, Col. Thomas Butler, of the army of the United States. The limits of a newspaper will not permit us to do jus- tice to the character and services of the de- ceased. Let it suffice to say, that he served with distinguished merit during our revolu- tionary war--was the particular friend of Washington, and was ever ready to assert his country's rights, and defend her honour. Through life, his conduct was undeviating -ly that of a brave soldier and a gentleman. At the present crisis we can not estimate his loss. He was the darling of the army, and universally beloved wherever he was known.
It was a matter of pride that the Society of Cincinnati, at least those that remained Sr. Officers, kept their hair long and in a braid down the back of their heads. It was a symbol of their Membership. Thomas took great pride in his and when ordered to remove it by Gen. Wilkinson in New Orleans, refused and was court-martialed. This was 1803-1805, the feud between Thomas and Gen. Wilkinson, who ultimately turned out to be a traitor to his country. Anyway, Thomas contracted Yellow Fever and died during this ordeal. But he had the last laugh. He had his sons cut a hole in the back of his coffin. When they lifted it to bear him to the graveyard, his long braid hung down for all to see.
Thanks for the information and clarification.
I am searching for the father of the 5 Butler brothers that founded Butler's Landing Tennessee in Jackson Co, TN (now Clay Co). One piece of documentation has showed one of the brothers listing his father as "Thomas Butler" born 1750.
I have found at least 2 people who have posted their genealogy on ancestry.com showing these two Butler families being one in the same (Abigail Bane-1st wife, Sarah Semple-2nd wife). Internet researching is hard when mistakes are posted.
Thanks again for your information, I'll continue pursuing other avenues.
on 11/2/03 10:53 PM, [email protected]@aol.com at [email protected]@aol.com wrote:
I appreciate your sending the Census listing. I have a copy already and have delved into the thing that you mentioned. The extra children are easily explained. In a letter from Richard Butler in Pittsburgh to his brother Pierce in 1789 (The Butler Family in America) he mentions that Thomas not only is taking care of his elderly parents, his own little family, but is also taking care of 3 orphans. I don't think if they were Thomas' own children, Richard would have called them that. Besides, Col Thomas Butler would have been a bigamist because Abigail Bane died in 1807 and left a will.
This is a well-researched family. Two books have been written about them. Only Sarah Jane Semple is listed as wife. If documentation existed, surely it would have surfaced by now. The DAR has many descendant lineages well documented. The Society of the Cincinnatii also has documented lineages. Neither has Abigail Bane as a wife of Col. Thomas Butler. In fact, when I was in DAR Library this summer, they had flagged papers that proposed a lineage through children by Abigail Bane as incorrect. Sorry.
I looked this up on the Internet (see below). This shows that a Thomas Butler m. Abigail Bane but clearly not the same one from the dates and location.
http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/~jeanlee/Jean/WC04/WC04_122.HTML Thomas BUTLER Abigail BANE b. 8 Dec 1740/1741, Bucks Co. PA occ. edu. rel. d. ca 1801, Londongrove twp. Chester Co. PA br. ch. . b. occ. edu. rel. d. ca 1807, West Chester PA will probated Nov 20 1807. br. ch. .
Also found this:
From: [email protected]@aol.com <[email protected]@aol.com> To: [email protected]@rootsweb.com <[email protected]@rootsweb.com> Date: Thursday, June 15, 2000 6:54 PM Subject: [PACHESTE] Thomas Butler
>I am trying to find the children of Thomas and Abigail Bane Butler. They >married 16 Oct 1773, East Nottingham, Chester Co., Thomas died 1800 no will >but int, Abigail died 1807 with will. Has anyone see it? Does it tell her >children? I know dau. Amy who married Benjamin Brown. Is there a Thomas and >Jacob? Are they Quakers? Can't find any records.
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